Frédéric Delmar

Frédéric Delmar
emlyon business school | EMLYON · Entrepreneurship and Innovation

PhD

About

85
Publications
49,097
Reads
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7,950
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
emlyon business school
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2018 - present
Lund University
Position
  • Professor
May 2012 - June 2018
Lund University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
Full-text available
The team behavior literature is ambiguous about the relations between members’ interpersonal processes—task debate and task conflict—and team performance. From a social influence perspective, we show why members’ interpersonal processes determine team performance over time in small groups. Together, over time, dissenting in-group minorities who sha...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to previous efforts to model the individual’s movement from wage work into entrepreneurship, we consider that individuals might transition incrementally by retaining their wage job while entering into self-employment. We show that these hybrid entrepreneurs represent a significant share of all entrepreneurial activity. Theoretical argum...
Article
We investigate how potential co-founders' perceptions of a founder's obsessive passion (OP) influence the decision to join a venture team. Using a conjoint experiment with a primary sample of 116 founder-entrepreneurs and validating it with an additional sample of 59 founder entrepreneurs, we found that potential co-founders were more likely to joi...
Data
We investigate how potential co-founders’ perception of a founder’s obsessive passion (OP) influences the decision to join a venture team. Using a conjoint experiment with a primary sample of 116 founder entrepreneurs and validating it with an additional sample of 59 founder entrepreneurs, we found that potential co-founders were more likely to joi...
Article
Full-text available
The 2019 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research has been awarded to Professor Boyan Jovanovic at New York University in the USA. Boyan Jovanovic has developed pioneering research that advances our understanding of the competitive dynamics between incumbent firms and new entrants, entrepreneurial learning and selection processes, and the importa...
Article
RESEARCH SUMMARY To prevent loss of control post‐IPO, founder‐CEOs can implement control‐enhancing mechanisms disconnecting ownership from voting rights. However, this decision places them in a rich versus king dilemma. If they choose to implement such mechanisms and secure the king position, they risk losing money at IPO. If they choose not to imp...
Article
This study examines how multiple blockholder structures affect family firm performance. Building on arguments from both principal–principal agency and familiness perspectives, we suggest that asymmetrical distribution of voting power among family and nonfamily blockholders hurts firm performance. Further, we suggest that the larger the number of bl...
Article
Full-text available
Although training and development is recognized as an important means to nurture corporate entrepreneurs in organizations, extant research has focused primarily on efforts to develop entrepreneurial leaders and nurture business creation in a school or university setting. We report on the findings of an inductive case study of corporate entrepreneur...
Article
Full-text available
We outline and test a decision-making theory of new venture growth and survival. Building upon research in entrepreneurship and decision making under risk, we hypothesize that entrepreneurs' attention to survival and aspiration reference points changes based on venture age (experience-based learning), size (differences in decision complexity), and...
Article
Honing and Samuelsson (2014, 2015) in their two papers have criticized the Delmar and Shane (2003) paper on several grounds: The data are difficult to replicate; conflicting results with another paper using the same data and similar independent variable; the inability to fully rule out reversed causality because of tied events; and what is the choi...
Article
Honig and Samuelsson (2014) recently published an article in this outlet criticizing “Does business planning facilitate the development of new ventures? “a paper I wrote with Scott Shane nearly 15 years ago. They claim that their effort adds to the discussion of (a) the merits of business planning, (b) data replication and extension, (c) sample sel...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurship is often defined as a process in which agents have decided to invest time, talent, and resources to exploit commercial opportunities and realize value. This process is uncertain, and the distribution of outcomes is kurtic and highly skewed, with a mean close to zero and some outliers way off to the right. In addition, the process i...
Article
How do different occupations, and specifically their economic features, affect the transition from paid employment to self-employment? Using Swedish employment data from 2002 to 2008, we investigate between-occupation differences in self-employment entry. After controlling for individual-level covariates, we find that the occupation’s mean of wage...
Article
This study investigates the King vs. Rich dilemma that founder-CEOs face at IPO. When undertaking IPO, founders face two options. They can either get rich, but then run the risk of losing the control over their firms; or they can remain kings by introducing defensive mechanisms, but this is likely to lead to lower IPO valuation. Using psychological...
Article
Among nascent entrepreneurs, there exists a high prevalence of children of self-employed parents.However, little research has actually examined the influence of self-employed parents on their children,and of those studies that do exist, most of the data have been retrospective innature. This longitudinal research investigates the influence of self-...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we suggest that the spillover of knowledge may not occur automatically as typically assumed in models of endogenous growth. Rather, a mechanism is required to serve as a conduit for the spillover and commercialization of knowledge from the source creating it, to the firms actually commercializing the new ideas. In this paper, entrepre...
Article
Endogenous growth theory suggests that technological knowledge stimulates growth, yet the micro foundations of this process remain obscure. Knowledge spillover theory posits that growth is contingent on the technology dependence of industries, forming the landscape for entrepreneurs to launch and grow ventures. We investigate these theoretical cont...
Article
In this paper we outline an evolutionary framework of entrepreneurial processes where by firms are started, grow, and exit from the market. We explain the important of such a framework in explaining both what contextual factor affects entrepreneurial processes and in explaining the distinction and interaction between self-employment and high-potent...
Article
'Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship taps into a growing trend of entrepreneurship research which recognises that not all start-ups are the same - and specifically that knowledge-intensive firms are important drivers of economic development. By focusing on the birth, growth and exit of knowledge-intensive firms, this book is a valuable addition to...
Article
Full-text available
In this chapter, we suggest links between previous and future research into the psychology, more specifically the motivation of entrepreneurs using a self-regulation perspective. Recent research in work motivation has shifted its focus from the single concept of goal setting and intentions towards a broader understanding of self-regulation processe...
Article
This study explores how the determinants of entrepreneurial intentions vary with age of the respondent in the context of the working-age adult population in Finland. The theoretical foundation of this analysis is based on Ajzen’s (1991) Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). The TPB is based on the idea that intentions have three conceptually independen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with causal effect estimation strategies in highly heterogeneous empirical settings such as entrepreneurship. We argue that the clearer used of modern tools developed to deal with the estimation of causal effects in combination with our analysis of different sources of heterogeneity in entrepreneurship can lead to entrepreneurship...
Conference Paper
This study examined how interpersonal processes in new venture teams affect performance. Specifically we examined the complementary effects of task debate and task conflict on team achievement of their first business plan. We followed 60 student teams over 22 weeks collecting data on four occasions. We found that creativity and goal setting are imp...
Article
This study addresses the role of small business managers’ growth motivation for business growth, taking into account the important effects of previous motives and feedback from earlier performance. We hypothesize that small business managers’ growth motivation has a unique influence on firm outcome measured as growth in sales and in number of emplo...
Chapter
Full-text available
An increasing number of scholars identify themselves as "entrepreneurship researchers" (and educators), and would refer to the field of research they are affiliated with as "entrepreneurship research." Many of these researchers would also have a second home in some other application area such as small business, family business, or innovation; in a...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the extent to which wage-earning workers are simultaneously self-employed, a phenomenon not thoroughly investigated in earlier studies. We use matched employee-employer databases to present a detailed investigation of self-employment patterns within the post industrial sectors in Sweden from 1990 to 2002. We find that persons th...
Article
Full-text available
We propose and test a model of Entrepreneurship Education (EE) based on an educational evaluation research perspective (Chen, 1990, 2005; Patton, 1997) to assess the impact on the participants in terms of conative, cognitive and behavioral outcomes (Bloom’s revised taxonomy of educational objectives, Krathwohl, 2002; Anderson, 2006; Kraiger et al.,...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars agree on the importance of new firms in knowledge-intensive fields for creating economic development and growth, yet there is still not a refined framework for assessing and predicting new firm performance. Absorptive Capacity (ACAP) is the capability of a firm to discover, recombine, and exploit technological knowledge internal and extern...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we examine the role of variable risk preferences and aspiration levels on the growth of 23,286 new Swedish firms. Using pooled time-series regression, we find that new and small firms react to performance feedback by threat rigidity, decreasing their levels of organic growth. Larger and older firms react in the opposite way by raising...
Article
This paper tests a real options model of stepwise entrepreneurial entry. We distinguish between part time and full time entry among the self employed in Swedish knowledge intensive industries. Two multinomial logit models tests the entry from employment to part- or full time entry in 1998, and to subsequent full time entry in 1999. The empirical ev...
Article
Full-text available
While earlier researchers have argued that the founding team's industry and start-up experience should positively affect new venture performance, robust empirical support for these arguments has been lacking. Moreover, theory suggests that the relationship between founding team experience and new venture performance may be more complex than previou...
Article
Full-text available
Considering significant reasons why some newventures are more likely than others to receive capital from external sources,it isargued that new venture finance follows a pattern of multistage selection over time. Using a sample of the life stories of 221 of new Swedish ventures in 1998, the venture financing process is analyzed from the perspectives...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper was to examine the factors affecting the future firm size expectations of nascent entrepreneurs. This was done by testing a decision model on a unique data set composed of a random sample of nascent entrepreneurs. The proposed model is based on four different components that were tested together as well as separately in or...
Article
Full-text available
Because a firm'sstart size and subsequentgrowth are significant for creating jobs, the expectations of nascententrepreneurs regarding these factors are investigated.A decision modelwhose dependent variable is the expected size of the firm is presented andtested by the researchers. The data for this longitudinal study were collected from 405 self-id...
Article
This study explores how high growth firms in Sweden contribute to job creation. Using the population of all firms in Sweden with more than 20 employees in existence in 1996 (n= 11,748), we analyse their annual development for the previous 10 years (1987 to 1996). We define as a sub-sample of high growth firms those ten percent of all firms that con...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate how the origin (commercial vs. academic spin-offs) of new high technology ventures affect their performance. We argue that academic spin-offs are less successful than commercial spin-offs. We use a multi-method approach combining case studies with quantitative analyses. Our data consist of a longitudinal data set on 82...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Data
Data form the Swedish PSED n=223, 1998-2000
Article
Full-text available
The process by which firm founders create new organizations is of considerable interest to evolutionary theorists and entrepreneurship researchers. This article tracks the life histories of 223 Swedish new ventures started between January and September 1998 by a random sample of firm founders. We explore the effect of legitimating activities on the...
Article
Drawing on goal setting theory, we argue that writing business plans before undertaking marketing activities should enhance the continuation of venture-organizing efforts. We examine 223 new venture-organizing efforts initiated in the first 9 months of 1998 by a random sample of Swedish entrepreneurs and show that those organizing efforts in which...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The engagement ,in entrepreneurship by the ,science and technology ,labor force is essential to economic development, but has not been assessed in previous research. Within the framework of occupational choice, utilizing human capital theory, we argue that entrepreneurship is associated with an opportunity ,cost in terms ,of foregone ,inco...
Article
Many prior researchers have criticized business planning, arguing that it interferes with the efforts of firm founders to undertake more valuable actions to develop their fledgling enterprises. In this paper, we challenge this negative view of business planning, arguing that business planning is an important precursor to action in new ventures. By...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses the role of small business managers' growth motivation for business growth, taking into account the important effects of previous motives and feedback from earlier performance. We hypothesize that small business managers' growth motivation has a unique influence on firm outcome measured as growth in sales and in number of emplo...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we investigate how small business managers’ beliefs concerning the con-sequences of growth influence their overall growth attitude. We find this to be an important question. Although previous research has shown that small firm growth is the most important source of new jobs (Davidsson, Lindmark, & Olofsson, 1994; 1996; Kirchhoff, 19...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores heterogeneity in how firms have achieved high growth. Using the population of all firms in Sweden with more than 20 employees in existence in 1996 (N=11,748), we analyzed their development for each year of the previous 10 years (1987 to 1996). From this population of all firms in Sweden, multiple criteria were used to define a s...
Article
This study focuses on small business managers’ motivation to expand their firms. More specifically, we examine the relationships between expected consequences of growth on the one hand, and overall attitude toward growth on the other. Data were collected in three separate studies over a ten-year period using the same measuring instrument. The resul...
Article
This study investigates the role of high growth firms for the creation of new employment in Sweden during the 1987-96 period. Our data set is unique in the sense that it captures both enterprise and company group levels of analysis, and in that organic growth can be separated from growth through acquisitions. The results do not support the notion t...
Article
Full-text available
New firms are often established through a series oforganizing activities, but little research exists regarding the impact of thesequencing of these activities on firm performance and survival.Thisstudy seeks to provide theoretical support for the belief that new ventureorganizing does impact firm performance. A literature review describes the findi...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores how high growth firms in Sweden contribute to job creation. Using the population of all firms in Sweden with more than 20 employees in existence in 1996 (n = 11,748), we analysed their annual development for the previous ten years (1987 to 1996). We defined as a sub-sample of high growth firms those 10 % of all firms that contri...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on a unique study of a large, random sample of business start-ups that were identified prior to the actual, commercial launch of the ventures. The purpose of this article is twofold. The first is to present frequencies on the involvement of the Swedish population in the small business sector (particularly in firm start-ups) and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Entrepreneurship is a key to economic development, because it has to do with the combination of new or old resources in new ways in order to create a business opportunity. These new ideas and innovations are often created by newly founded and small firms that engage in rapid growth. These firms even create new industries (Storey, 1994). Therefore,...
Article
Full-text available
The research presented in this research note relates to two partly overlapping topics in previous research on SMEs. Firstly, it extends earlier findings regarding the role of SMEs in job creation. Secondly, it illustrates in a quite dramatic fashion the importance of definitions and operationalisations in research on small business growth, somethin...
Article
The outcomes of the entrepreneurial organization process are based on three factors, which include the attributes of the entrepreneur/founders, the nature of the opportunity, and the organizing process.The organizing activities of Swedish entrepreneurs and how these activities impact the organizing process are examined. In addition, the antecedents...
Article
Several recent studies have drawn attention to the importance of team composition for the success of new business startups (Delmar & Shane, 2006; Ruef, Aldrich, & Carter, 2003). Teams are formed partly to more successfully explore and exploit large arrays of new products and services and potentially applicable business processes. This study extends...
Article
This paper examines how the use of mechanisms separating voting rights from cash flow rights – such as dual share classes, pyramid structures and voting pacts agreements– influence the valuation of firms at IPO. We claim that these mechanisms, adopted by founder-CEOs to insulate them against the market for corporate control and to maintain private...

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