Fred B. Bryant

Fred B. Bryant
Loyola University Chicago | LUC · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

233
Publications
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Introduction
Fred B. Bryant currently works at the Department of Psychology, Loyola University Chicago. Fred does research in Social Psychology, Positive Psychology and Psychometrics.

Publications

Publications (233)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Research has shown that beliefs about one's capacity to savour positive outcomes, a form of perceived control over positive emotions, are largely independent of beliefs about coping, a form of perceived control over negative emotions. Aim: To describe a new measure of savouring beliefs, the Savoring Beliefs Inventory (SBI). Method: Six...
Article
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We highlight critical conceptual and statistical issues and how to resolve them in conducting Satorra–Bentler (SB) scaled difference chi-square tests. Concerning the original (Satorra & Bentler, 200124. Satorra , A. and Bentler , P. M. 2001. A scaled difference chi-square test statistic for moment structure analysis. Psychometrika, 66: 507–514. [...
Article
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Bryant and Veroff (20077. Bryant , FB and Veroff , J . 2007. Savoring: A new model of positive experience, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. View all references, Savoring: A new model of positive experience. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates) have proposed that savoring, namely, regulating the emotional impact of positive events by o...
Article
We conducted confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of responses (N=803) to a self-reported measure of optimism, using full-information estimation via adaptive quadrature (AQ), an alternative estimation method for ordinal data. We evaluated AQ results in terms of the number of iterations required to achieve convergence, model fit, parameter estimates,...
Article
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As research on savoring has increased dramatically since publication of the book Savoring: A New Model of Positive Experience ( Bryant and Veroff, 2007 ), savoring has gradually become a core concept in positive psychology. I begin by reviewing the evolution of this concept, the development of instruments for assessing savoring ability and savoring...
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The current longitudinal study examined the relations between variables in four domains—contextual (SES, family conflict, stress), parent (caretaker depression), parenting (support hostility, autonomy granting), and child (negative affect, effortful control, sensory regulation, attachment)—and both the presence of generalized and separation anxiety...
Article
Objective: Resilience processes include modifiable individual and family-based skills and behaviors and are associated with better health and emotional outcomes for youth with Type I diabetes (T1D). There is likely heterogeneity among adolescents with T1D based on differing profiles of resilience processes. At-risk adolescents with lower levels of...
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We demonstrate the use of optimal data analysis to obtain a hierarchically optimal classification tree-based propensity score model for an application with three (treatment) groups, and to assess outcome differences between treatment groups after weighting observations by propensity scores to reduce threats to causal inference.
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine 1) discrepancies between expectations of motherhood and the experience of motherhood in the first 6 to 12 weeks postpartum, 2) relationships between maternal quality of life, mood, parental attitudes, and expectations, and 3) predictors of quality of life. Study design and methods: We used a desc...
Article
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Although considerable attention has been devoted to the topic of savoring positive experiences in adulthood (e.g., Bryant and Veroff in Savoring: A new model of positive experience, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Mahwah, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760701794434), research on adolescent savoring is lacking. To address this gap in the lite...
Article
Objective: This article reports the 3-year outcomes for the Supporting Teen Problem-Solving (STePS) multisite Randomized Control Trial (RCT); reporting the overall impact of the STePS trial, and the differential impact of each arm of the trial (a resilience promoting intervention [PRP T1D] vs. a diabetes education intervention [EI]) on diabetes-sp...
Article
Conceptualised as an adaptive positive emotion regulation strategy, savoring has been shown to mediate and moderate emotional reactions to positive life events. In contrast, in the present study, we sought to determine whether amplifying savoring might evidence an uplift propagation function paralleling the previously documented stress generation f...
Article
We extended the previous experimental work with older adults by testing mediating variables through which savoring valuable “life lessons” improves attitudes toward aging and boosts well-being. A sample of 202 adults aged 65 or older were randomly assigned to either an experimental condition (in which they reflected on important lessons life had ta...
Article
Experiencing positive emotions is paramount to derive vitality from daily lived experiences. Positive emotions are associated with a range of beneficial outcomes, including longevity, reduced incidents of stroke, improved sleep quality, larger social networks, increased prosocial behavior, lower cortisol levels, and increased endogenous opioids and...
Article
Positive emotion regulation is important for enhancing psychological well‐being. Previous studies have adopted a cross‐sectional design to examine the relationships between positive emotion regulation strategies and psychological functioning. Relatively little is known about the role of positive emotion regulation strategies in positive and negativ...
Chapter
Savoring is the capacity to attend to positive experiences and intentionally engage in thoughts and behaviors to regulate positive feelings that arise during those experiences. Greater enjoyment can occur through an increase in savoring responses that amplify the duration and intensity of positive feelings or through a decrease in responses that da...
Article
Child obesity is a major public health issue with a high disease burden. Although numerous contributing factors have been identified, the family home environment is a central context of influence that requires deeper understanding. The level of organization in the family home environment may influence obesity and obesogenic behaviors, but the liter...
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Recent research compared the ability of various classification algorithms [logistic regression (LR), random forests (RF), support vector machines (SVM), boosted regression (BR), multi-layer perceptron neural net model (MLP), and classification tree analysis (CTA)] to correctly fail to identify a relationship between a binary class (dependent) varia...
Article
Cultural differences in aggression are still poorly understood. The purpose of this article is to assess whether a tool for measuring aggression has the same meaning across cultures. Analyzing samples from Spain (n = 262), the United States (n = 344), and Hong Kong (n = 645), we used confirmatory factor analysis to investigate measurement invarianc...
Article
This study examined effects of risk factors in multiple domains measured in preschool and kindergarten on age 6 depression symptoms, and on changes in symptom levels between ages 4 and 6. Two models were examined in a large, diverse ( N = 796) community sample of children and parents. Risk variables included SES, stress, conflict, parental depressi...
Article
Full-text available
Savoring is defined as people’s capacity to attend to positive experiences and to regulate positive feelings in response to positive events. The purpose of this study was to develop a Japanese adaptation of the Savoring Beliefs Inventory (SBI-J). The SBI is a self-report measure designed to assess individuals’ beliefs about their ability to savor p...
Preprint
Cultural differences in aggression are still poorly understood. The purpose of this article is to assess whether a tool for measuring aggression has the same meaning across cultures. Analyzing samples from Spain (n=262), US (n=344) and Hong-Kong (n=645), we used confirmatory factor analysis to investigate measurement invariance of the refined versi...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Ways of Savoring Checklist (WOSC-J), adapted from the original English version of the Ways of Savoring Checklist (Bryant & Veroff, 2007). We translated and back-translated the WOSC-J, and administered it to 520 Japanese adults using an online surve...
Article
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States and exacts a disproportionate toll on minorities. Growing evidence demonstrates that perceived discrimination is a significant contributing factor to psychological distress, chronic low-grade inflammation, and cardiovascular health. However, little is known regarding th...
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Research has shown that explanatory style predicts negative mood outcomes as well as positive mood outcomes, but the mechanisms by which this occurs are unclear. We investigated here whether the manner in which people savor life events might help explain these relationships. Specifically, we examined whether amplifying and dampening savoring mediat...
Article
Objectives: This study examined the effects of savoring valuable life lessons on perceptions of aging and on well-being among older adults. Method: A total of 303 adults (mean age = 68.12 years) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions: savoring life lessons (n = 95), reflecting on negative aspects of aging (n = 129), or untre...
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The present study investigated antecedents of savoring beliefs and responses in a sample of South Korean college students. Historically, Korea has been strongly influenced by Chinese Confucianism, which emphasizes not only gender-role differentiation and patriarchal norms, but also the dampening of emotions as a culturally appropriate style of posi...
Chapter
We assert that the happy mind has learned to use savoring to cultivate well-being. After explicating the concept of savoring and examining variables that predict savoring ability and the use of specific savoring strategies, we review theoretical and empirical support for the notion that savoring promotes positive psychological functioning. We concl...
Article
In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the importance of self-care for psychologists and other mental health professionals. With the growth of positive psychology and preventive medicine, self-care is an emerging topic, promulgated as a means of avoiding the adverse effects of stress and promoting professional functioning and well...
Article
Our ability to predict which children will exhibit oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) at the time of entry into grammar school at age 6 lags behind our understanding of the risk factors for ODD. This study examined how well a set of multidomain risk factors for ODD assessed in 4-year-old children predicted age 6 ODD diagnostic status. Participants...
Article
Background: Social connections are a basic need of all humans. Loneliness is a perceived lack of both quantity and quality of social relationships. Prior research demonstrates that loneliness increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and poor health outcomes. Although African American (AA) women are at greater risk than non-Hispanic White...
Article
The Workplace Intergenerational Climate Scale (WICS) is designed to measure employees’ attitudes and perceptions about workers of different ages in the workplace. In Study 1, an initial 18-item measure was developed, reflecting five subscales: Intergenerational Contact, Workplace Intergenerational Retention, Positive Intergenerational Affect, Workp...
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Numerous studies indicated that agreement between parent and teacher ratings of symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children of all ages is poor, but few studies have examined the factors that may be associated with rater differences. The present study examined the contextual, parent, parenting, and child factors associated with...
Article
We investigated the protective impact of savoring capacity on the relationship between physical health and psychological well-being among older adults. A total of 266 adults over 55 years old (Mean?=?73.4 years) completed measures of savoring ability, self-reported health, and life satisfaction. Savoring ability moderated the relationship between h...
Article
Developmental psychopathologists have long posited a reciprocal relation between parenting behaviors and the development of child anxiety symptoms. Yet, little empirical research has utilized a longitudinal design that would allow exploration of this bi-directional influence. The present study examined the reciprocal relations between parental resp...
Article
The present study examined a cascade model of age 4 and 5 contextual, parent, parenting, and child factors on symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) at age 6 in a diverse community sample of 796 children. Contextual factors include socioeconomic status, family stress, and conflict; parent factors included parental depression; parenting fac...
Article
This paper introduces a special section of the current issue of the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice that includes a set of 6 empirical articles showcasing a versatile, new machine-learning statistical method, known as optimal data (or discriminant) analysis (ODA), specifically designed to produce statistical models that maximize predicti...
Article
.∗ Corresponding author. Department of Psychology, Loyola University Chicago, 1032 W. Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60660, USA. Tel.: +1 773 508 3033.© 2016 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Note to users: Corrected proofs are Articles in Press that contain the authors' corrections. Final citation deta...
Chapter
In this chapter, we review several measures of hope and optimism–two distinct but related types of expectations for the future. We begin by reviewing dominant theoretical perspectives on these two constructs and explicating the meaning of each term, including the conceptual uniqueness and overlap of hope and optimism. We also review commonly used m...
Article
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Objective: We examined whether or not CDC's zombie apocalypse campaign had the ability to achieve the agency's goals of educating young people about emergency preparedness and prompting them to get ready by developing an emergency kit and plan. While the campaign was extremely popular, we examined the question of whether the campaign had the capab...
Article
The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF) is a parent report measure designed to assess executive skills in everyday life. The present study employed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to evaluate three alternative models of the factor structure of the BRIEF. Given the executive functioning difficulties that commonly co-occur...
Article
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The use of automated CTA software to obtain an enumerated optimal (maximum-accuracy) classification tree analysis (EO-CTA) model is demonstrated and the resulting model is compared with a HO-CTA model developed using the same data.
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The use of UniODA software to obtain a hierarchically optimal (maximum-accuracy) classification tree analysis (HO-CTA) model is demonstrated.
Article
Effortless perfection is a term used to describe an intense pressure to be perfect without visible effort (Yee, 2003), and is thought to be linked to several indicators of maladjustment among college-age youth (Ruane, 2012; Yee, 2003). Although effortless perfectionism (EP) is a phenomenon referenced in popular culture, empirical support for this c...
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Grief, although traditionally conceptualized as a bereavement-related reaction, is also experienced by significant others in response to the profound cognitive and personality changes associated with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a loved one. Grief associated with the death of a loved one is related to increases in proinflammatory cytokines, ye...
Article
The purpose of this research was to develop and validate a conceptually and psychometrically solid measure for patriarchal beliefs in samples of U.S. American adults from diverse demographic and geographic backgrounds. In Study 1, we identified 3 correlated factors of the Patriarchal Beliefs Scale (PBS) in data collected from the Internet (N = 279)...
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This note contrasts the importance of the analysis of model residual values in assessing the invalidity of estimated Type I error rates for parametric methods, versus in determining ways of improving the validity of maximum-accuracy methods.
Article
Identifying the latent structure of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) may have important clinical and research implications. The present study compared existing dimensional models of ODD for model fit and examined the metric and scalar invariance of the best-fitting model. Study participants were a diverse (38.8 % minority, 49.1 % boys) community...
Article
The transition to college, which for the majority of youth coincides with the transition to emerging adulthood, is stressful and disruptive. Using latent growth curve modeling (LGM), this study examines the longitudinal course of psychosocial adjustment in a sample of 2,095 emerging adults, at three time-points across this transition: In the week p...
Article
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Anxiety and depression tend to co-occur in children. Studies indicate that higher levels of anxiety are associated with subsequent higher levels of depression, while depression may inhibit subsequent anxiety. It is important to increase our understanding of the temporal sequencing of these disorders and, particularly, to determine if suppression ef...
Chapter
Savoring interventions aim to improve people's ability to appreciate positive experiences and to regulate the positive feelings that are evoked by these experiences. This chapter reviews 16empirically-based interventions designed to enhance savoring, and is organized in terms of whether the interventions focus on savoring positive experiences from...
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Prior research investigating savoring behaviors and Type A behavior (TAB) found that extreme Type A undergraduates are most likely to score in the highest quintile on self-congratulation, and in the lowest three quintiles on memory-building. This study used scores on past-, present-, and future-focused savoring beliefs to discriminate 117 extreme T...
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This study used scores on measures of dispositional optimism and pessimism to discriminate 117 extreme Type A versus 131 extreme Type B college undergraduates. Consistent with a priori hypotheses the analysis revealed that Type As were significantly less pessimistic, and significantly more optimistic, than Type Bs.
Article
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Recent research tested the a priori hypothesis that Type A Behavior (TAB) undermines enjoyment of leisure time, and that this effect is mediated by savoring responses which hamper enjoyment. Findings suggested that the hypothesized A-B differences in savoring reflect differences in perfectionism rather than in time urgency. The present study uses t...
Article
There are distinct dimensions of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) that have been associated with symptoms of other disorders (heterotypic continuity). The present study compared the heterotypic continuity of a two-factor (Pitt-2) model and the three-factor model incorporated into DSM-5 with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Participants were a...
Article
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Abstract A growing number of evidence-based youth prevention programs are available, but challenges related to dissemination and implementation limit their reach and impact. The current review identifies common elements across evidence-based prevention programs focused on the promotion of health-related outcomes in adolescents. We reviewed and cod...
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The enumerated model was 20% more accurate, but 43% less par-simonious and 31% less efficient than the manually-derived model. Granularity afforded by the enumerated model enabled prediction of seven of eight incoming freshmen who left college. Substantive, policy, and methodological implications are considered. The relationship between student inv...
Article
Standard regression models best predict values that lie near the mean. Three examples illustrate how optimization of the regression model using an established methodology greatly improves accurate prediction of extreme values.
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To examine whether somatization mediates the relationship of coping styles and internalizing problems with abdominal pain. 230 school children (M age = 11.80 years; 43.8% male; 21.3% White) completed measures of coping style, anxiety, and depression early in the school year, and subsequently reported abdominal pain symptoms weekly. The results show...
Article
Students’ attitudes and anxieties about science were measured by responses to two self-report questionnaires. The cohorts were Danish and American students at the upper secondary- and university-levels. Relationships between and among science attitudes, science anxiety, gender, and nationality were examined. Particular attention was paid to constru...
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African American (AA) women are nearly twice as likely as non-Hispanic White (NHW) women to develop atherosclerosis associated with cardiovascular disease. Compelling evidence demonstrates that stress-related biomarkers, such as heat shock protein-70 (HSP70), are associated with increased atherosclerosis risk. Yet little is known about how social f...
Article
Genetic factors can play a key role in the multiple level of analyses approach to understanding the development of child psychopathology. The present study examined gene-environment correlations and Gene × Environment interactions for polymorphisms of three target genes, the serotonin transporter gene, the D4 dopamine receptor gene, and the monoami...
Article
Relatively few studies have examined multiple pathways by which risk factors from different domains are related to symptoms of anxiety and depression in young children; even fewer have assessed risks for these symptoms specifically, rather than for internalizing symptoms in general. We examined a theoretically- and empirically-based model of variab...
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Although studies of Type A behavior ceased in the early 1990s because of failures to replicate its connections with heart disease, the Type A behavior pattern of speed, impatience, perfectionism, drivenness, and hostility may nevertheless be important in understanding individual differences in the subjective quality of life. The present study teste...
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Objective/methods: This research evaluates the effectiveness of a psychosocial wellness seminar for first-year college students, from 2009 to 2011, using an 8-month prospective quasi-experimental design. Participants/results: Compared with controls (n = 22) involved in an alternative seminar, intervention participants (n = 29) showed no differen...
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Rectangular categorical designs (RCDs) are among the most prevalent designs in science. Categorical designs involve categorical measures. Examples of categorical measures include gender with two response categories (male, female), color with three response categories (red, blue, green), or political affiliation with many response categories. RCDs c...
Article
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UniODA and CTA software require an ASCII (unformatted text) file as input data. Arguably the most difficult task an operator faces in conducting analyses is converting the original data file from (a) whatever software package was used to enter the data, into (b) an ASCII file for analysis. This article first highlights critical issues concerning mi...
Article
Through multiple group structural equation modeling analyses, path models were used to test the predictive effects of sport type and both interpersonal (i.e., mothers' body dissatisfaction, family dynamics) and intrapersonal factors (i.e., athletic self-efficacy, body mass index [BMI]) on high school female sport participants' (N=627) body dissatis...
Article
Studies have found that general use of Facebook influences subjective well-being. However, fewer studies have explored the impact of specific use behaviors, such as information posted in status updates. The current study uses data collected from 251 Facebook-using undergraduate students through an online survey, and examines the valence and frequen...