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Franz Gunther Kuglitsch

Franz Gunther Kuglitsch

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21
Publications
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1,101
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Publications

Publications (21)
Chapter
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In this chapter we show results from an innovative multi-model system used to produce climate simulations with a realistic representation of the Mediterranean Sea. The models (hereafter simply referred to as the “CIRCE models”) are a set of five coupled climate models composed by a high-resolution Mediterranean Sea coupled with a relatively high-re...
Chapter
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Mediterranean climate change during the last 60 years is based on homogenized daily temperature and quality controlled precipitation observational data and gridded products. The estimated changes indicate statistically significant Mediterranean summer temperature increase and a reduction in winter precipitation in specific areas. Reconstructions of...
Chapter
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It is widely accepted that the Mediterranean basin represents one of the most prominent hot spots of climate change and is a particularly vulnerable region in the world. Recent trends toward a hotter and drier climate appear to be related to changes in atmospheric circulation patterns, particularly over the western Mediterranean. The combined effec...
Article
Instrumental temperature series are often affected by artificial breaks ("break points") due to (e.g.,) changes in station location, land-use, or instrumentation. The Swiss climate observation network offers a high number and density of stations, many long and relatively complete daily to sub-daily temperature series, and well-documented station hi...
Article
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Sudden changes caused by nonclimatic factors (inhomogeneities) usually affect instrumental time series of climate variables. To perform robust climate analyses based on observations, a proper identification of such changes is necessary. Here, an approach (named the “GAHMDI” method, after its components and purpose) that is based on a genetic algori...
Chapter
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This chapter considers a set of issues related to the synoptic climatology of the Mediterranean region (MR). The main Northern Hemisphere teleconnections affecting the MR and their role on temperature, precipitation, and atmospheric cyclones are described. The characteristics of the cyclones in the MR are presented. The role of teleconnections and...
Article
The relationship between summer-autumn floods in Central Europe and climate warming is poorly constrained by available instrumental, historical, proxy and model data. To investigate this relationship, a complete record of paleofloods, regional glacier length changes (and associated climate phases) and regional glacier advances and retreats (and ass...
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Homogenization methods are developed to reduce the impact of non-climatic factors on climate series. Martínex et al. (2009), (International Journal of Climatology, Doi 10.1002/joc.1884) applied a set of homogenization procedures to available Spanish temperature series. In this report, we address critical issues of that paper concerning a specific p...
Article
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Heatwaves have discernible impacts on mortality and morbidity, infrastructure, agricultural resources, the retail industry, ecosystem and tourism and consequently affect human societies. A new definition of socially relevant heatwaves is presented and applied to new data sets of high-quality homogenized daily maximum and minimum summer air temperat...
Article
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Instrumental daily series of temperature are often affected by inhomogeneities. Several methods are available for their correction at monthly and annual scales, whereas few exist for daily data. Here, an improved version of the higher-order moments (HOM) method, the higher-order moments for autocorrelated data (HOMAD), is proposed. HOMAD addresses...
Article
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We present an analysis of daily extreme precipitation events for the extended winter season (October–March) at 20 Mediterranean coastal sites covering the period 1950–2006. The heavy tailed behaviour of precipitation extremes and estimated return levels, including associated uncertainties, are derived applying a procedure based on the Generalized P...
Article
Full-text available
Heat waves have discernible impacts on mortality and morbidity, infrastructure, agricultural resources, the retail industry, ecosystem and tourism and consequently affect human societies. A new definition of socially relevant heat waves is presented and applied to new data sets of high-quality homogenized daily maximum and minimum summer air temper...
Article
Data quality control and homogenization are essential tasks to be performed before any climate change analysis. They help identifying and removing (or reducing) the effects of non-climatic factors, as station relocation or instrumentation changes. Regarding the break point detection, a new procedure based on a Genetic Algorithm and Hidden Markov Mo...
Article
Extreme precipitation events have a strong impact on economies and population. The understanding of their behavior is a crucial task to be dealt with. Besides index approaches, Extreme Value Theory can provide useful tools for that aim. A new procedure based on Generalized Pareto distribution has been developed and applied to a set of 20 daily wint...
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1] Homogenization of atmospheric variables to detect and attribute past and present climate trends and to predict scenarios of future meteorological extreme events is a crucial issue for the reliability of analysis results. Here we present a quality control and new homogenization method (PENHOM) based on a penalized log likelihood procedure and a n...
Article
Extreme temperature events such as the 2003 European summer heat wave have a strong impact on our environment, society and economy (Kovats and Koppe, 2005; Poumadere et al., 2005). The Greater Mediterranean Area (GMA) is considered as a „Hot Spot" of climate change (Giorgi 2006) which will suffer from even more severe and frequent heat waves in the...
Article
The subdivision of a time series into homogeneous segments has been performed using various methods applied to different disciplines. In climatology, for example, it is accompanied by the well-known homogenization problem and the detection of artificial change points. In this context, we present a new method (GAMM) based on Hidden Markov Model (HMM...
Article
The almost unanimously accepted fact of climate change has brought many scientists to investigate the seasonal and interannual variability and change in instrumental climatic records. Unfortunately, these records are nearly always affected by homogeneity problems caused by changes in the station or its environment. The European Cooperation in the F...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme temperature events such as the 2003 European summer heat wave have a strong impact on the environment, society and economy (Kovats, R.S. and C. Koppe, 2005; Poumadere, M. et al., 2005). In order to perform reliable and detailed analysis of extreme temperature events it is important to use long daily and high quality and temperature series....
Article
Full-text available
Water-use efficiency (WUE) has been recognized as an important characteristic of vegetation productivity in various natural scientific disciplines for decades, but only recently at the ecosystem level, where different ways exist to characterize water-use efficiency. Hence, the objective of this research was (a) to systematically compare different w...
Article
In this presentation we discuss ways to infer and to interpret water-use efficiency at ecosystem level (WUEe) from eddy covariance flux data and possibilities for scaling these patterns to regional and continental scale. In particular we convey the following: WUEe may be computed as a ratio of integrated fluxes or as the slope of carbon versus wate...

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