Frank Wesselingh

Frank Wesselingh
Naturalis Biodiversity Center | NCB · Marine biodiversity

PhD

About

217
Publications
104,903
Reads
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7,973
Citations
Citations since 2016
102 Research Items
4763 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - March 2017
Naturalis Biodiversity Center
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (217)
Preprint
Full-text available
Obtaining temperature data from the mid-Piacenzian warm period (ca. 3 Ma, Pliocene epoch) is a key factor in outlining the impact of projected anthropogenic climate change. The mid-Piacenzian warm period was a high-CO2 world with a paleogeography similar to modern times. The time interval has been used to validate and improve climate model retrodic...
Article
Full-text available
Quaternary Caspian Sea level variations depended on geophysical processes (affecting the opening and closing of gateways and basin size/shape) and hydro-climatological processes (affecting water balance). Disentangling the drivers of past Caspian Sea level variation, as well as the mechanisms by which they impacted the Caspian Sea level variation,...
Data
Supplementary information for "What are the drivers of Caspian Sea level variation during the late Quaternary?"
Data
Supplementary information for "What are the drivers of Caspian Sea level variation during the late Quaternary?"
Article
Full-text available
In the Miocene, a large wetland system extended from the Andean foothills into western Amazonia. This system has no modern analogue and the driving mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Dynamic topography and Andean uplift are thought to have controlled deposition, with allocyclic base level changes driven by eustasy and orbital forcing also pla...
Article
Full-text available
The declining biodiversity has upsetting consequences for social and economic development and represents a major concern for humanity. Legal and political framework plays an important role in biodiversity conservation planning, implementation, and coordination of actions. Legal provisions are complex and operate on different levels of governance (f...
Article
Full-text available
The declining biodiversity has upsetting consequences for social and economic development and represents a major concern for humanity. Legal and political framework plays an important role in biodiversity conservation planning, implementation, and coordination of actions. Legal provisions are complex and operate on different levels of governance (f...
Article
The malacological world has suffered a great loss. Adrianus Willem Janssen, better known as Arie W. Janssen, Nestor of research in the Netherlands on fossil and extant molluscs, passed away in the night of August 6, 2021, at the age of 84. During the last few months of his life, his physical condition had been rapidly deteriorating; despite this, u...
Article
Biodiversity and conservation assessments rise and fall with taxonomic accuracy. An example of a still largely unresolved taxonomy is found in the Gastropoda of the Caspian Sea. The present paper clarifies the taxonomy of the genus Abeskunus and its three species of anomalohaline gastropods endemic to the Caspian Sea. Based on material from Pleisto...
Article
Full-text available
The unique aquatic Pontocaspian (PC) biota of the Black Sea Basin (BSB) is in decline. The lack of detailed knowledge on the status and trends of species, populations, and communities hampers a thorough risk assessment and precludes effective conservation. This paper reviews PC biodiversity trends in the BSB (Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Ukraine, an...
Article
Full-text available
The Cretaceous–Paleogene mass extinction event 66 million years ago eradicated three quarters of marine and terrestrial species globally. However, previous studies based on vertebrates suggest that freshwater biota were much less affected. Here we assemble a time series of European freshwater gastropod species occurrences and inferred extinction ra...
Preprint
Aim The unique aquatic Pontocaspian (PC) biota of the Black Sea Basin (BSB) is in decline. Lack of detailed knowledge on the status and trends of species, populations and communities hampers a thorough risk assessment and precludes effective conservation. This paper aims to review PC biodiversity trends using endemic molluscs as a model group. We a...
Article
The Caspiinae comprise small gastropod species inhabiting low-salinity environments of the Pontocaspian region, specifically the Caspian Sea and the limans, estuaries and lower river reaches of the northern Black Sea Basin. There is considerable discrepancy in the literature as to which taxa are attributed to this hydrobiid subfamily, which of them...
Article
Full-text available
When dealing with stratigraphic successions in marginal basin settings, the geological record is often fragmented due to erosion and reworking processes. The North Sea Basin is an example: it has a fragmented Quaternary record; in particular, Middle Pleistocene intervals are poorly known. As a result, we have little insight into climate, marine env...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed observations at a large temporary outcrop south of Antwerp International Airport (northern Belgium) reveal the complexity of a thin interval of fossil-rich Pliocene sediments found on top of the upper Miocene Diest Formation. Based on the lithological characteristics and mollusc faunas, several units were tentatively attributed to the Katt...
Article
Full-text available
Water levels in inland seas and lakes globally will drop, often dramatically, over the 21st century in response to climate change. Based on the case of the Caspian Sea, we argue for a concerted campaign to raise awareness of threats to people, biodiversity and geopolitical stability.
Article
Full-text available
Romania and Ukraine share the Black Sea coastline, the Danube Delta and associated habitats, which harbor the endemic, aquatic Pontocaspian biota. Currently, this biota is diminishing both in numbers of species and their abundance because of human activities, and its future persistence strongly depends on the adequacy of conservation measures. Roma...
Article
Full-text available
The Caspian Sea is renowned for its endemic mollusk biodiversity. However, over the past decades, increasing anthropogenic pressures have caused decreases in abundances and even extinction of species. Both key pressures and endemic taxa are distributed spatially unevenly across the Caspian Sea, suggesting that ecologically different taxa such as ga...
Article
The Dardanelles region has formed a key gateway connecting the Eastern Paratethys and the Aegean/Mediterranean since the late Miocene. Its sedimentary sequences contain crucial information about connectivity and tectonics but so far lack unambiguous age constraints. Only a few Miocene marine episodes have been documented and fossil assemblages are...
Article
Full-text available
The scarcity of high-resolution empirical data directly tracking diversity over time limits our understanding of speciation and extinction dynamics and the drivers of rate changes. Here, we analyze a continuous species-level fossil record of endemic diatoms from ancient Lake Ohrid, along with environmental and climate indicator time series since la...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, 3D analyses, new indices to describe the complexity of morphological structures and sophisticated machine learning approaches have advanced morphometrical analyses to assist species determination. However, the applicability of these modern approaches to the determination of cryptic species or fossil taxa has rarely been investigate...
Presentation
Full-text available
Homo erectus paleoenvironments in the early Pleistocene Denizli Basin: an integrated paleontological, sedimentological and geochemical approach
Article
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Social networks, defined as sets of relationships between stakeholder organizations, are important determinants of constructive actions for biodiversity conservation. Such actions are achieved through cooperation between various stakeholders, exchange of information, and joint planning and implementation. We used a mix of qualitative and quantitati...
Article
Full-text available
Terrestrial fossil records from the SW Anatolian basins are crucial both for regional correlations and palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. By reassessing biostratigraphic constraints and incorporating new fossil data, we calibrated and reconstructed the late Neogene and Quaternary palaeoenvironments within a regional palaeogeographical framework....
Article
During the late Miocene, the Andean–Amazonian region experienced drastic climatic and environmental changes, notably due to a major phase in the Andean uplift. The fossil record is virtually undocumented for this period in the Subandean Zone, where very few palaeoenvironmental and palaeontological investigations have been undertaken. Here, we descr...
Article
The sedimentary record of the Caspian Basin is an exceptional archive for the palaeoenvironmental, palaeoclimatic and biodiversity changes of continental Eurasia. During the Pliocene–Pleistocene, the Caspian Basin was mostly isolated but experienced large lake level fluctuations and short episodes of connection with the open ocean as well as the Bl...
Article
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The Pontocaspian (Black Sea - Caspian Sea) region has a very dynamic history of basin development and biotic evolution. The region is the remnant of a once vast Paratethys Sea. It contains some of the best Eurasian geological records of tectonic, climatic and paleoenvironmental change. The Pliocene-Quaternary co-evolution of the Black Sea-Caspian S...
Article
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The Caspian Sea is an evolutionary island whose rich and endemic fauna have evolved in partial isolation over the past two million years. Baseline studies of pre-20th Century communities are needed in order to assess the severity of the current Caspian biodiversity crisis, which mostly involves invasive species. An inventory of late Holocene shelly...
Preprint
Full-text available
Romania and Ukraine share the Black Sea coastline, the Danube Delta and associated habitats, which harbor the unique Pontocaspian biodiversity. Pontocaspian biota represents endemic aquatic taxa adapted to the brackish (anomalohaline) conditions, which evolved in the Caspian and Black Sea basins. Currently, this biota is diminishing both in the num...
Article
The Caspian Sea, the largest isolated lake in the world, witnessed drastic lake‐level variations during the Quaternary. This restricted basin appears very sensitive to lake‐level variations, due to important variations in regional evaporation, precipitation and runoff. The amplitude, frequency and drivers of these lake‐level changes are still poorl...
Article
Full-text available
Palaeoecological records are required to test ecological hypotheses necessary for conservation strategies as short-term observations can insufficiently capture natural variability and identify drivers of biotic change. Here, we demonstrate the importance of an integrated conservation palaeobiology approach when making validated decisions for conser...
Article
Full-text available
The native Caspian Sea fauna underwent severe changes since the early 20 th century, mostly due to anthropo-genic activities. However, the nature, magnitude and rate of biodiversity change can only be assessed by comparison with natural baseline settings. A mostly in-situ mollusk fauna retrieved from Late Pleistocene (Hyrcanian, 107 ± 7 ka) deposit...
Article
Full-text available
Defining and recording the loss of species diversity is a daunting task, especially if identities of species under threat are not fully resolved. An example is the Pontocaspian biota. The mostly endemic invertebrate faunas that evolved in the Black Sea – Caspian Sea – Aral Sea region and live under variable salinity conditions are undergoing strong...
Article
Full-text available
Palaeoecological records are required to test ecological hypotheses necessary for conservation strategies as short-term observations can be insufficiently to capture natural variability and identify drivers of biotic change. Here, we demonstrate the importance of an integrated conservation palaeobiology approach to make validated decisions for cons...
Article
Full-text available
Nineteen species of fossil gastropods in a number of groups (Trochoidea, Littorinoidea, Architectoniconidea and Omalogyroidea), dominated by very small, planorbiform species are reported from the coastal zone of The Netherlands. In Dutch.
Poster
Full-text available
The unique history of connection and disconnection of Pontocaspian basins caused the fauna to adapt to specific salinity regimes. Currently the endemic Caspian fauna is under severe pressure from anthropogenic impact and many species seem to have diappeared. To be able to quantify the current decline, we need a natural baseline of the molluscs dive...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Black Sea and Caspian Sea experienced water level changes on various time-scales during the Quaternary period. The Caspian Sea in particular has undergone extreme water level changes ranging from tens to hundreds meters. Numerous studies have suggested that, the water level variations of this region have depended on both geophysical processes,...
Presentation
Full-text available
Disentangling Quaternary deposits and faunas in the Marmara Basin (Turkey) shows its key position between Mediterranean and Pontocaspian Basins
Presentation
Full-text available
The species composition, diversity and abundance of the native Caspian fauna are presently under severe pressure from invasive species and anthropogenic impact. However, the magnitude and rate of diversity decline and abundance loss can only be estimated based on comparison with communities that lived before the onset of the crisis. An in-situ moll...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper details a very diverse non-marine gastropod fauna retrieved from Caspian Pleistocene deposits along the Volga River north of Astrakhan (Russia). During time of deposition (early Late Pleistocene, late Khazarian regional substage), the area was situated in shallow water of the greatly expanded Caspian Sea. The fauna contains 24 spe...