Frank Tims

Frank Tims
University of South Florida | USF · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences

Ph.D.

About

47
Publications
13,004
Reads
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2,409
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1996 - June 2003
University of South Florida
Position
  • Professor (Full) Research (Cannabis Youth Treatment Study; Persistent Effects of Treatment Study); Departmental Research Committee, Grand Rounds
Description
  • Cannabis Youth Treatment Study; Persistent Effects of Treatment Study; Reviewed clinical trials; Published 3 books on addiction plus numerous journal articles. Currently Affiliate Professor.

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of the current study to assist in understanding the prevalence and clinical correlates of psychiatric distress in adolescents seeking outpatient services for marijuana abuse or dependency.Methods: In a multi-site randomized clinical trial, 600 adolescents and their parents were assessed at intake using the Global Appraisals o...
Article
Full-text available
The association of early alliance to treatment attendance and longitudinal outcomes were examined in 356 adolescents participating in a randomized clinical trial targeting cannabis use. Both patient and therapist views of alliance were examined, and outcomes were evaluated over 12 months after numerous other sources of variance were controlled. Pat...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the main outcome findings from two inter-related randomized trials conducted at four sites to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of five short-term outpatient interventions for adolescents with cannabis use disorders. Trial 1 compared five sessions of Motivational Enhancement Therapy plus Cognitive Behavioral Th...
Article
Many adolescents entering substance abuse treatment have coexisting mental health problems and are criminally involved. Examination of the complexities of substance use, mental health, and criminal justice involvement along with changes in these issues following treatment is needed. This study includes 941 males and 266 females enrolled in seven dr...
Article
Full-text available
An economic evaluation of five outpatient adolescent treatment approaches (12 total site-by-conditions) was conducted. The economic cost of each of the 12 site-specific treatment conditions was determined by the Drug Abuse Treatment Cost Analysis Program (DATCAP). Economic benefits of treatment were estimated by first monetizing a series of treatme...
Article
The five manual-guided treatment models tested in the Cannabis Youth Treatment study funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment are described. The five models include (a) a 6-week intervention consisting of two sessions of individual motivational enhancement therapy plus three sessions of group cognitive behavioral therapy (MET/CBT5); (b) a...
Article
Full-text available
Despite recent advances in the economic evaluation of adult substance abuse treatment, information and basic research is lacking on the cost of adolescent substance abuse treatment. The present study conducted an economic cost analysis of several outpatient adolescent treatment approaches. The Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) study evaluated five str...
Article
To evaluate the agreement between adolescent self-reported cannabis use, "on-site" qualitative urine screening, and quantitative laboratory testing. A cross-sectional study of intake and follow-up data from 248 adolescents entering substance abuse treatment for cannabis use disorders (abuse or dependence). This is part of the multi-site cooperative...
Article
Risk factors among adolescent substance abusers have been shown to correlate with substance use severity. Characteristics related to severity, such as demographic and family factors, peer influences, psychiatric co-morbidity and HIV risk behaviors, are examined for a sample of adolescent cannabis users entering treatment. These data are from a clin...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: This paper provides a description of the rationale, study design, treatments and assessment procedures used in the Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) experiment. Design: CYT was designed to (a) test the relative effectiveness, cost and benefit-cost of five promising treatment interventions under field conditions and (b) provide evidence based...
Article
Much of what is known about typical drug abuse treatment outcomes comes from a series of large-scale national prospective longitudinal treatment evaluation studies supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse over the past 3 decades. An overview of the historical context, research design, and findings from the Drug Abuse Reporting Program (DAR...
Article
Acknowledging the fact that the criminal justice system is currently awash with drug abusers and that prison drug abuse treatment has had a varied history in the United States, this article explores possible directions for the future of drug abuse treatment in prisons and jails. The current status of drug abuse treatment is reviewed, and selected t...
Article
Used the associative group analysis method of L. B. Szalay and J. Brent (1967) to compare free associations of 100 habitual drug users who had recently entered treatment with those of 100 residents from the same therapeutic community who were successfully treated. Ss received a booklet with 10 word themes and 30 pictures and were asked to write rel...
Article
Full-text available
Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/30212/1/0000602.pdf
Article
Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/67682/2/10.1177_109821409201300105.pdf
Article
Using research which shows treatment to be effective in reducing intravenous drug abuse, and the importance of retention in treatment as a determinant of outcome, compulsory treatment is examined and a set of policy and research recommendations are developed. Particularly, civil commitment and court diversion programs are reviewed for their potenti...
Article
Relapse and recovery are two related areas which are central to drug abuse treatment research and practice. The view of drug addiction and dependence as a chronic, relapsing disease is supported by both research and clinical experience. Recent research shows that many drug abusers have relatively short "addiction careers" and suggests that a better...
Article
This monograph reviews existing research related to civil commitment and mandatory treatment for drug abusers that might be applied to reduce the spread of the AIDS virus. With that purpose, a consensus statement was developed by the participant authors and is included. The consensus suggests that, based on the research that indicates that treatmen...
Chapter
Evaluation of social service programs is difficult under the best of circumstances. Problems of program variation, lack of control over the context in which evaluation is conducted, and difficulty in defining a single set of objectives and criteria applicable across programs all pose special challenges. An input-process-output model often proves in...
Article
Illuminates the current status of motivational and readiness factors in treatment and recovery. The initial section clarifies the motivational construct in the context of current recovery-stage formulations. The second section reviews empirical findings on motivation and readiness, drawn primarily from 3 lines of enquiry: stage formulations, motiva...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (M.A.) -- American University, 1968. American University, Dept. of Sociology. Thesis advisor: R. N. Morris. Bibliography: leaves 81-83. Masters Abstracts: 7:51, Spring 1969. University Microfilms, Inc. order no. 13-01525.

Questions

Question (1)
Question
We know neuroplasticity has a role in addiction. We also have longitudinal studies suggesting a maturing out in some individuals. How specific can we be about repair of brain circuits as a natural process?

Network

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Numerous motives for substance use may be identified. Sensation seeking, self-medication, secondary self-medication (e.g. management of withdrawal symptoms), and performance enhancement to name a few. Long term effects of substance use have been documented in the literature, but are variable.
Project
To provide analysis of early death in which drug addiction (but not overdose) was a contributing factor.