Frank Schultmann

Frank Schultmann
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | KIT · Institute of Industrial Production

Dr. rer. pol.

About

193
Publications
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4,026
Citations

Publications

Publications (193)
Article
In the coming decades, the number of end-of-life (EoL) traction battery systems will increase sharply. The disassembly of the system to the battery module is necessary to recycle the battery modules or to be able to use them for further second-life applications. These different recovery paths are important pathways to archive a circular battery sup...
Article
Full-text available
Densely built-up areas are challenged by reduced biodiversity, high volumes of runoff water, reduced evaporation, and heat accumulation. Such phenomena are associated with imperviousness and low, unsustainable utilisation of land and exterior building surfaces. Local authorities have multiple objectives when (re-)developing future-proof districts....
Article
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Increasing awareness of global and local climate change and the limited resources of land, surface, water, raw materials, urban green spaces, and biodiversity alter the exigencies of urban development. Already perceivable local climate changes such as heavy rains, droughts, and urban heat islands urge planners to take action. Particularly in densel...
Article
In cases where the private sector struggles to cope with the impact of a disaster, authorities seek to reduce the burden on the population and set up supply chains to distribute essential goods. Therefore, they estimate the demand and location of the affected people and open points of distribution to supply goods from, e.g., public buildings or spo...
Article
Remanufacturing is a key element of circular economy solutions as it aims at increasing the service lifetime of entire products or specific components, which may reduce the demand for new, resource-consuming devices. To assess the potential of disassembling and subsequent remanufacturing of EV batteries, we present a discrete event simulation appro...
Article
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This study deals with an extension of the resource-constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) by constraints on material flows released during the execution of project activities. These constraints arise from limited processing capacities for materials and maximum inventories of intermediate storage facilities. Production scheduling problems wi...
Article
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Thermochemical biorefineries for the production of chemicals and materials can play an important role in the bioeconomy. However, their economic viability is often questioned under the premise of the economy of scale. This paper presents a regional, modular biorefinery concept for the production of the platform chemicals hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)...
Article
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Global plastic production reached a new high in 2019. The high use of plastic leads to a high amount of plastic waste. Thereof, only 33% was collected for recycling in Europe. Plastic production depends on crude oil and energy and has high environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emissions. The recycling of plastic waste can reduce dependency o...
Article
Full-text available
Cyber-attacks have a tremendous impact on worldwide economic performance. Hence, it is vitally important to implement effective risk management for different cyber-attacks, which calls for profound attacker models. However, cyber risk modelling based on attacker models seems to be restricted to overly simplified models. This hinders the understandi...
Article
de Porenbeton ist aufgrund seiner hervorragenden Dämmeigenschaften ein häufig verwendetes Baumaterial für Mauersteine sowie vorgefertigte bewehrte Bauteile und Mineraldämmplatten – mit wachsender Beliebtheit. Altporenbeton aus dem Abbruch und Rückbau von Gebäuden wird derzeit hauptsächlich deponiert. Deponiekapazitäten nehmen jedoch ab und der rech...
Article
In many industrialized countries, a significant number of buildings were constructed prior to any energy-related building construction standards. Today, single-family houses (SFH/pl. SFHs) from this time still have a comparably poor thermal quality. This paper aims to examine and model the incentive effects of the German energy retrofit funding sch...
Conference Paper
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Cyber-security has emerged as one of the most pressing issues for society with actors trying to use offensive capabilities and those who try to leverage on defensive capabilities to secure their assets or knowledge. However, in cyber-space attackers oftentimes have a significant first mover advantage leading to a dynamic cat and mouse game with def...
Article
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Since the middle of the 20th century many any buildings were built without any energy standards and still have a comparably poor energy quality. To obtain an overview of the current thermal quality of buildings in a whole city district, it may be promising to work with thermographic images obtained by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Aerial thermogr...
Article
Increasing ageing of transport infrastructures requires a systematic resilience-based maintenance strategy. However, the assessment of risk and resilience is problematic due to the manifold influencing factors and mechanisms within the complex socio-technical system of infrastructure maintenance. This paper provides an analysis of the intricate pro...
Article
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Das Projektmanagement gewinnt aufgrund kürzerer Produktlebenszyklen und eines schnelleren technologischen Wandels an Bedeutung. Für ein erfolgreiches Projektmanagement ist die Un-terstützung durch geeignete Projektmanagementsoftware erforderlich. Da hierfür zahlreiche Produkte auf dem Markt sind, befasst sich diese Studie mit einer aktuellen Bestan...
Conference Paper
Der Beitrag beleuchtet das Konzept des Datenschutzes durch Technikgestaltung nach Art. 25 Abs.1 DSGVO im Spannungsfeld zwischen einer notwendigerweise abstrakten Risikoregulierung und den Gefahren der daraus folgenden Konkretisierungverantwortung datenverarbeitender Wirtschaftsunternehmen. Anhand einer spieltheoretischen Analyse wird nachvollzogen,...
Article
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de Die Elektromobilität wird als Schlüsseltechnologie zur Senkung der CO2-Emissionen im Straßenverkehr gesehen. In der Diskussion um die Klimabilanz der Elektromobilität wird allerdings der hohe ökologische Fußabdruck in der Herstellung batterieelektrischer Fahrzeuge wenig adressiert, der sich insb. durch die ressourcenintensive Traktionsbatterie e...
Article
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Collaboration in emergency logistics can be beneficial for governmental actors when supply chains need to be set up immediately. In comparison to research on humanitarian-business partnerships, the body of literature on so-called Public–Private Emergency Collaborations (PPEC) remains scarce. Private companies are only rarely considered within resea...
Article
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Worldwide, wind turbine stocks are ageing and questions of reuse and recycling particularly of rotor blades become urgent. Especially, rising rotor blade wastes face lacking good recycling options and exact quantification is difficult due to information gaps on the rotor blade size, mass and exact material composition. In a combined approach, the e...
Article
Purpose In this contribution, the purpose of this study is to extend the established social cost concept of humanitarian logistics into a preference-based bi-objective approach. The novel concept offers an efficient, robust and transparent way to consider the decision-maker’s preference. In principle, the proposed method applies to any multi-object...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thermal bridges are weak areas of building envelopes that conduct more heat to the outside than surrounding envelope areas. They lead to increased energy consumption and the formation of mold. With a neural network approach, we demonstrate a method of automatically detecting thermal bridges on building rooftops from panorama drone images of whole c...
Article
Electro-mobility is considered a key strategy to reduce GHG emissions in the transport sector and to make individual mobility more sustainable. However, the production of electric vehicles is accompanied by high environmental impacts, mainly due to the resource intensive high-voltage battery systems. Hence, a prerequisite for sustainable electro-mo...
Article
The chemical industry accounts for 20% of global industrial greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the plastics production is increasing worldwide by approx. 4% annually. To reduce GHG emissions and increase GHG transparency in chemical value chains despite industrial secrets, we developed an approach to estimate the product carbon footprint of chemica...
Poster
Full-text available
Usage of urban data to identify de-sealing potentials in dense urban districts
Article
Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) has a porous structure and excellent thermal properties. Therefore, it is a frequently used building material for masonry units, prefabricated reinforced components and lightweight mineral insulation boards with increasing popularity. Post-demolition AAC is currently mainly disposed of in landfills. Decreasing land...
Article
Full-text available
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions need to be reduced to limit global warming. Plastic production requires carbon raw materials and energy that are associated today with predominantly fossil raw materials and fossil GHG emissions. Worldwide, the plastic demand is increasing annually by 4%. Recycling technologies can help save or reduce GHG emissions, b...
Article
Full-text available
During pandemics, regular service provisioning processes in medical care may be disrupted. Digital health promises many opportunities for service provisioning during a pandemic. However, a broad penetration of medical processes with information technology also has drawbacks. Within this work, the authors use the COVID-19 pandemic to analyze the cha...
Article
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The production, use, and final disposal of goods are directly linked to various environmental impacts caused along their supply chains and over their entire life cycles. When assessing these impacts for energy‐consuming products such as consumer electronics, not only the emissions caused during production but also the energy consumption during the...
Article
The commitment of international governments to limit global warming to 2°C has led to an increased awareness and interest in sustainability from various stakeholders. Especially the ecological performances of corporations and their products regarding limiting greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) receives increasing attention. In Germany, almost 25% of th...
Article
Der Beschluss des OLG Düsseldorf v. 26.08.2019, Az.: VI Kart 1/19 (V) in dem Kartellrechtsverfahren gegen Facebook wurde jüngst von dem Bundesgerichtshof mit dem Beschluss vom 23.06.2020, Az.: KVR 69/19 aufgehoben. Damit ist das Verbot des Bundeskartellamtes vorläufig durchsetzbar, dass ohne Einwilligung die von Facebook unabhängige Internetnutzung...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is a great interest in society in making urban districts more sustainable. Sustainable and resource-efficient urban development (SDG 11) is a process that, based on the analysis of the initial situation, leads to the formulation of specific goals and must be planned, accompanied , assessed and managed. Thus, this contribution presents a funda...
Article
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In times of fast-growing stakeholder interest in sustainability, the ecological and social perspective of industrial companies and its products is gaining increasing importance. In particular, the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the automotive industry has come to the forefront of public and governmental attention. The transport sector accoun...
Article
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A shortage of water leads to severe consequences for populations. Recent examples like the ongoing water shortage in Kapstadt or in Gloucestershire in 2007 highlight both the challenges authorities face to restore the water supply and the importance of installing efficient preparedness measures and plans. This study develops a proactive planning ap...
Conference Paper
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Transport infrastructures form the backbone of today's interconnected real economy. Interruptions in the availability of these critical infrastructures occur, among other things, due to maintenance operations. Since companies and Supply Chains are dependent on planning security, an adequate notification time in advance of such interruptions is re-q...
Preprint
Full-text available
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions need to be reduced to limit global warming. Plastic production requires carbon raw materials and energy that are associated today with predominantly fossil raw materials and fossil GHG emissions. Worldwide, the plastic demand is increasing annually by 4%. Recycling technologies can help saving or reducing GHG emission...
Poster
Full-text available
To manage (natural) resources efficiently, their use has to be measured and assessed. Therefore, a management support tool for city planners and other stakeholders on district level is developed based on requirements (A). The basis is an adaptable set of core and optional indicators that are structured into "fields of interest" (B). This is complem...
Article
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This paper reports on people's preparedness, perception and behaviour of flood risk as well as their trust and attitude towards public authorities in the flood context. Two areas were studied: Catcliffe, situated near Sheffield in the United Kingdom, which was severely flooded in 2007, and Passau in Bavaria, Germany, which was hit by an extreme flo...
Article
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This paper examines recovery after major floods in the UK and Germany. It focuses on two areas that were badly hit by flooding: Catcliffe, near Sheffield in the UK, and Passau in Bavaria, Germany. It reports on surveys of residents and businesses in each place and on surveys of national flood experts in both countries. The two events were comparabl...
Article
In der Fahrzeugindustrie halten aktuell eine Reihe von Neuerungen Einzug. So sorgen neben dem Umstieg auf E‑Mobilität hochtechnologische Assistenzsysteme in Fahrzeugen für einschneidende Veränderungen. Eine weitere mit diesen neuen Systemen einhergehende Neuerung ist, dass Autos nun wie Smartphones mit regelmäßigen Updates versorgt werden. Der Hers...
Article
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Although infrequent, power outages can cause major disruption and incur huge costs. The increasing demand for electricity, more extreme weather events and the possibility of cyber-attack are increasing the risk of blackouts. This paper reports using scenario planning and role-playing exercises with German and French university students to investiga...
Article
de Verkehrsinfrastrukturen sind elementarer Bestandteil der heutigen global vernetzten Welt. Dennoch werden diese wichtigen Infrastrukturen in vielen Ländern zunehmend strukturell anfälliger, weil sie oft von Überalterung und einem zunehmenden Instandhaltungsrückstau geprägt sind. Insbesondere im Bereich der Wasserstraßen sind zudem die Kenntnisse...
Conference Paper
This article describes the definition and characteristics of borderland resilience studies as an academic field, and precisely its core phenomenon, major themes or components and challenges. The phenomenon of borderland resilience is firstly defined. The results of empirical studies complete the conceptual description. Finally, the article proposes...
Article
Health data privacy is essential for the acceptance of digital health applications. Hence, privacy is a precondition for future healthcare delivery. This study compares the perception of the current state of health data privacy in officially registered and therefore regulated health applications (medical devices) according to the medical product ac...
Book
Full-text available
Der vorliegende Schlussbericht des Forschungsprojektes „StAR-Bau“ wurde im Rahmen des Programms Nachhaltiges Bauen (NaBau) der Baden-Württemberg Stiftung erstellt. Das Projekt untersucht aktuelle und zukünftige Stoffströme im Bauwesen von Baden-Württemberg. Dafür wurde ein geeignetes regionales Stoffstrommodell für Gebäude und Straßeninfrastruktur...
Article
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Energy use related to buildings accounts for 35.3% of Germany's final energy consumption and nearly a third of greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, deep energy retrofit (DER) has a substantial role in the German energy efficiency strategy. Although many DER measures are economically viable, the pace of DER is below expectations and target value. A few s...
Article
We conducted an economic lab experiment to test for a two-player defender-attacker game the theoretical predictions and two variants of framing. We used framing to intensify the players' perceived conflict of interests in the underlying defender-attacker game by uniformly shifting payoffs (endogenous framing) and modifying wording (exogenous framin...
Article
Higher efficiency in raw material recycling is discussed as a key strategy to decrease the environmental impact of resource consumption and to improve materials’ availability in order to mitigate supply risks. However, particularly in the case of technology metals, demand is driven by specific emerging technologies from which recycling will not be...
Article
Countries all over the world try to promote the use of biomass in order to reach environmental goals. However, existing technologies and products contain many uncertainties that make the assessment of economically and environmentally sustainable utilization pathways very challenging. One country with an extremely high biomass potential is Thailand,...
Article
Material flows in the construction and demolition (C&D) sector remain high in many countries. But, their changes or reductions are essential for successful circular economies. Existing material flow analyses do not cover regional characteristics, stakeholders and impacts of policy measures and interactions. We contribute a new, unprecedented way o...
Article
Full-text available
Real Option analyses are broadly discussed in economics and finance and different analytic and numeric calculation methods for option values have been presented and successfully implemented in theoretical case studies and practical applications. However, real option analysis has not yet been applied for mandatory investments without monetary revenu...
Article
Supply chain risk management typically deals with the systematic identification, analysis and mitigation of risks which affect the whole supply chain network of a company. Business continuity management (BCM) forms part of supply chain risk management and is an important competitive factor for companies by ensuring the smooth functioning of critica...
Article
Durability of products and lifetime extension through improvements in product design, repair, reuse and refurbishment are integral components of the circular economy concept. Extended service lifetimes reduce the demand for new resource intensive products and hence contribute to an increase in resource efficiency and resource conservation. However,...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of climate change mitigation and increasing decentralized generation of energy from renewable sources, public acceptance of renewable energy (RE) has become an important issue in energy research. Many studies have addressed public acceptance through a case-based empirical lens with rather specific conclusions for individual technolog...
Article
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Diminishing fossil carbon resources, global warming, and increasing material and energy needs urge for the rapid development of a bioeconomy. Biomass feedstock from agro‐industrial value chains provides opportunities for energy and material production, potentially leading to competition with traditional food and feed production. Simulation and opti...
Article
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In the 1950s, nuclear power generation became important and many facilities were built. Today, because of political, technical or economic reasons many reactors are being or will be decommissioned. This highly impacts energy policy regarding future energy supply and the handling of decommissioning, including dismantling capacities, regulatory contr...
Preprint
In the 1950s, nuclear power generation became important and many facilities were built. Today, because of political, technical or economic reasons many reactors are being or will be decommissioned. This highly impacts energy policy regarding future energy supply and the handling of decommissioning, including dismantling capacities, regulatory contr...
Chapter
Co-firing of biomass in coal-fired power plants is considered one of the most economic ways of carbon dioxide abatement. We investigate the deployment and relocation of several semi-mobile processing facilities in order to supply a large coal-fired power plant with high-quality renewable energy carriers. Semi-mobile facilities are characterized by...
Article
Full-text available
During their lifecycles, buildings are changed and adapted to the requirements of generations of users, residents and proprietaries over several decades. At the end of their life time, buildings undergo either retrofit or deconstruction (and replacement) processes. And, modifications and deviations of the original building structure, equipment and...
Research
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Der Rückbau einer kerntechnischen Anlage ist ein Großprojekt mit geschätzten Rückbaukosten von mehreren hundert Millionen Euro und einer Projektlaufzeit von mehr als zehn Jahren. Aufgrund von politischen, technischen oder ökonomischen Gründen nimmt die Anzahl an rückzubauenden kerntechnischen Anlagen stetig zu. Während der Planung und Durchführung...
Book
Full-text available
In Folge intensiver Forschungs- und Entwicklungsarbeiten konnten bisher eine Vielzahl von Techniken und Verfahren zum Rückbau kerntechnischer Anlagen neu- bzw. weiterentwickelt und in der Praxis getestet werden. Verschiedene in der Vergangenheit erfolgreich durchgeführte Rückbauprojekte sowie der Fortschritt bei laufenden Rückbauprojekten belegen,...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on resilience stakes that characterize urbanizing cross-border regions. While cross-border regions are characterized by multiple sources of vulnerabilities that are inherent to their development and history, knowledge remains partial in relation to how these regions address disasters that could affect both sides of the frontie...
Chapter
Full-text available
Focal actors in disaster relief logistics are predominantly public authorities, emergency organizations, and NGOs, whereas private firms rather play a subordinate role—at least in the context of direct crisis intervention. Although it is entirely clear that engaging in public crisis management is not among the original tasks of commercial firms the...
Book
This chapter focuses on resilience stakes that characterize urbanizing cross-border regions. While cross-border regions are characterized by multiple sources of vulnerabilities that are inherent to their development and history, knowledge remains partial in relation to how these regions address disasters that could affect both sides of the frontie...
Article
By assessing the emissions of greenhouse gases of finished goods over their entire lifecycle, it can be seen that a significant part of the emissions is caused in production and related upstream processes. A strong focus on resource-efficient production techniques could provide possibilities for significant emission reduction in these processes. Th...
Article
Several project management standards (PM standards) support project management (PM) to accomplish project objectives. The selection of an appropriate PM standard is a strategic decision that should have been done very carefully because of its great impact on project success. Since there is a lack of studies which analyse and compare PM standards to...
Article
Several project management standards (PM standards) support project management (PM) to achieve project objectives. The selection of an appropriate PM standard is a strategic decision that should be made very carefully because of its great impact on project success. The aim of this study is to analyse and compare different PM standards and to recomm...