Frank Padberg

Frank Padberg
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Department of Psychiatry

M.D., Professor of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

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461
Publications
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15,382
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Publications

Publications (461)
Article
Importance: Insufficient treatment response and resulting chronicity constitute a major problem in depressive disorders. Remission rates range as low as 15% to 40% and treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is associated with low-grade inflammation, suggesting anti-inflammatory interventions as a rational treatment strategy. Minocycline, which inhib...
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Background Perceived loneliness and objective social network size are related but distinct factors, which negatively affect mental health and are prevalent in patients who have experienced childhood maltreatment (CM), for example, patients with persistent depressive disorder (PDD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). This cross-diagnostic stu...
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Introduction New insights into the pathophysiology of mental disorders and innovations in psychiatric care depend on the availability of representative, longitudinal and multidimensional datasets across diverse, transdiagnostic populations. Biobanks usually attempt to collect such data in parallel to clinical routine, which is resource-intensive, p...
Article
Objective Although relatively costly and non-scalable, non-invasive neuromodulation interventions are treatment alternatives for neuropsychiatric disorders. The recent developments of highly-deployable transcranial electric stimulation (tES) systems, combined with mobile-Health technologies, could be incorporated in digital trials to overcome metho...
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Objective: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide. It often shows a chronic course, and pharmacological treatment is rather ineffective for maintaining abstinence. New non-invasive brain stimulation techniques could help to improve AUD symptoms by rebalancing and synchronizing the disturbed prefrontal b...
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Background Late life depression (LLD) refers to major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults over 65 years. LLD is associated with high morbidity and poor treatment outcomes. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a novel treatment for MDD. Efficacy in LLD though is unclear. Our aim was to investigate tDCS efficacy by pooling randomised con...
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Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been associated with adverse psychosocial outcomes during the pandemic, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In a prospective online study using baseline and 10-week follow-up data of 391 German participants, we applied multiple mediation analyses to test to what extent COVID-19 perceived stressors mediate the...
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This study aimed to build on the relationship of well-established self-report and behavioral assessments to the latent constructs positive (PVS) and negative valence systems (NVS), cognitive systems (CS), and social processes (SP) of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework in a large transnosological population which cuts across DSM/ICD-10 di...
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Translational research on complex, multifactorial mental health disorders, such as bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, and substance use disorders requires databases with large-scale, harmonized, and integrated real-world and research data. The Munich Mental Health Biobank (MMHB) is a mental health-specific biobank that was...
Article
Objectives Though loneliness represents a public health concern, this complex unpleasant feeling is commonly neglected in psychiatric care and may constitute a new treatment target in clinical groups particularly prone to feeling socially isolated and lonely, e.g., persistent depressive disorder (PDD). Schema modes encompass a set of distinct cogni...
Article
Suicidal ideation and behavior (SIB) are common in persistent depressive disorder (PDD) and may be related to interpersonal dysfunction. While SIB has been extensively analyzed in other high-risk disorders (e.g., borderline personality disorder, BPD), data on interpersonal risk factors and effects of specific psychotherapy on SIB in PDD are limited...
Article
Background: Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) is considered effective and safe for depression, albeit modestly, and prone to logistical burdens when performed in external facilities. Investigation of portable tES (ptES), and potentiation of ptES with remote psychological interventions have shown positive, but preliminary, results. Researc...
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Background Current evidence points towards a high prevalence of psychological distress in refugee populations, contrasting with a scarcity of resources and amplified by linguistic, institutional, financial, and cultural barriers. The objective of the study is to investigate the overall effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a Stepped Care and Coll...
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Aims: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the prefrontal cortex has been frequently used to elicit behavioral changes in patients with schizophrenia. However, the interaction between prefrontal tDCS and electrophysiological changes remains largely uncharted. The present study aimed to investigate cortical electrophysiological...
Article
Background A central concept of attachment theory is that early experiences with close attachment figures shape the way we interact with and relate to other social partners throughout life. As such, early experiences of childhood maltreatment (CM) have been suggested as a key precursor of adult insecure attachment representations. As CM has been li...
Preprint
Translational research on complex, multifactorial mental health disorders, such as bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, and substance use disorders requires databases with large-scale, harmonized, and integrated real-world and research data. The Munich Mental Health Biobank (MMHB) is a mental health-specific biobank that was...
Article
Importance: Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects approximately 10% of the population globally. Approximately 20% to 30% of patients with MDD do not sufficiently respond to standard treatment. Therefore, there is a need to develop more effective treatment strategies. Objective: To investigate whether the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therap...
Article
Introduction Les troubles du sommeil liés à la sclérose en plaques (SEP) sont difficiles à traiter. La stimulation transcrânienne à courant continu (tDCS) pourrait avoir sa place dans ce contexte. Objectifs Il s’agit d’une étude en crossover visant à évaluer les effets de la tDCS bifrontale sur les aspects subjectifs (échelle de somnolence d’Epwor...
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Introduction Prefrontal cortex (PFC) regions are promising targets for therapeutic applications of non-invasive brain stimulation, e.g. transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which has been proposed as a novel intervention for major depressive disorder (MDD) and negative symptoms of schizophrenia (SCZ). However, the effects of tDCS vary in...
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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a promising treatment modality for psychiatric and neurological disorders. Repetitive TMS (rTMS) is widely used for the treatment of psychiatric and neurological diseases, such as depression, motor stroke, and neuropathic pain. However, the underlying mechanisms of rTMS-mediated neuronal modulation are not...
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The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) issued a call for a new nationwide research network on mental disorders, the German Center of Mental Health (DZPG). The Munich/Augsburg consortium was selected to participate as one of six partner sites with its concept “Precision in Mental Health (PriMe): Understanding, predicting, and preventi...
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Objectives Gamma transcranial alternating current stimulation (gamma tACS) is considered a non-invasive brain stimulation technique for modulation of cognitive performance and for treatment of psychiatric disorders. There is heterogeneous data on its effectiveness in improving working memory. Methods In this randomized crossover study, we tested 2...
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The COVID-19 pandemic is an inherently stressful situation, which may lead to adverse psychosocial outcomes in various populations. Yet, individuals may not be affected equally by stressors posed by the pandemic and those with pre-existing mental disorders could be particularly vulnerable. To test this hypothesis, we assessed the psychological resp...
Article
Background Sleep complaints are commonly reported by patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Several pharmacological and alternative interventions have been tried, but are usually faced by limited efficacy. Hence, exploring other methods such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), might be of interest. The aim of this study was to asse...
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Background : Around 20% - 30% of depressed individuals experience a chronic form of depression lasting two or more years. This naturalistic study investigates the characteristics and the course of chronic depressed patients (CD) during standard antidepressant treatment in comparison to not chronically depressed (NCD) patients. Methods : Data of 95...
Article
Introduction: Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) offer a promising alternative to psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments for depression. This paper aims to present a practical guide for its clinical implementation based on evidence from the literature as well as on the ex...
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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is currently evolving as an effective and safe therapeutic tool in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, already established rTMS treatment paradigms are rather time-consuming. With theta burst stimulation (TBS), a patterned form o...
Article
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and persistent depressive disorder (PDD) are related to interpersonal dysfunction which might become particularly apparent in situations of social exclusion (SE). While emotional responses to SE have been widely explored, behavioral data in clinical samples are lacking. In this cross-diagnostic study, we applie...
Article
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Zwangsgedanken und -handlungen sind für Betroffene meist quälend und können mit einer hohen Beeinträchtigung des sozialen und beruflichen Funktionsniveaus verbunden sein. Wir berichten von einer 30-jährigen Patientin mit bislang therapieresistenter Zwangsstörung, die mit transkranieller Gleichstromstimulation als Zusatzverfahren zur...
Chapter
Detecting reliable predictors of response to tDCS treatment for mood disorders could potentially facilitate treatment stratification and guide personalized treatment decisions, thereby enhancing treatment efficiency and reducing redundant treatments. Furthermore, hypothesis generation based on predictive information could streamline future research...
Chapter
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique that modulates the cortical excitability of the human brain by applying weak direct currents on the scalp through both anodal and cathodal electrodes. However, the mechanisms of tDCS action are not yet fully understood. Therefore, researchers are trying to f...
Article
Cognitive deficits and negative symptoms in schizophrenia are associated with poor functional outcomes and limited in terms of treatment. The Schizophrenia Treatment With Electric Transcranial Stimulation (STARTS) trial has shown efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving negative symptoms. In this secondary analysis,...
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted people’s lives across a broad spectrum of psychosocial domains. We report the development and psychometric evaluation of the self-report COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ), which assesses COVID-19 contamination anxiety, countermeasure necessity and compliance, mental health im...
Article
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show interpersonal deficits, and altered emotional and oxytocin (OT) responses to social exclusion (Cyberball). In order to extend previous findings, this study applies a novel Cyberball variant. Nineteen BPD patients and 56 healthy controls (HC) played Cyberball for 2 minutes of inclusion, 5 minu...
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Background Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of prefrontal cortex regions has been reported to exert antidepressant effects, though large scale multicenter trials in major depressive disorder (MDD) supporting this notion are still lacking. Application of tDCS in multicenter settings, however, requires measurement, storage and evaluatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Childhood maltreatment (CM)has been associated with adverse psychosocial outcomes during the pandemic, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In a prospective online study using baseline and 10-week follow-up data of 391 German participants, we applied multiple mediation analyses to test to what extent COVID-19 perceived stressors mediate the a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Depression is the most common morbidity during pregnancy. Available first-line therapy options are limited and depressive disorders in pregnant women are often untreated, leading to negative effects on maternal and fetal health. Objectives: The aim of this open-label pilot study is to extend evidence on the use of transcranial dire...
Article
Introduction: Due to the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, multiple measures have been implemented including social distancing and curfews. Both the disease and measures might cause stress, particularly in persons at risk, such as liver transplant (LT) recipients. Here, we evaluated the impact on psychosocial well-being of LT recipients....
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Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have clinically been evolving as separate disorders, though there is still debate on the nosological valence of both conditions, their interaction in terms of co-morbidity or disorder spectrum and their distinct pathophysiology. Objective: The objective of this review is to...
Article
Background Loneliness is a distressing and prevalent symptom in patients with persistent depressive disorder (PDD) that is associated with depression severity, a history of childhood maltreatment and rejection sensitivity. As loneliness is no primary focus of psychotherapy to date and the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP...
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Background In total numbers, Germany has faced the largest number of refugees and asylum seekers (RAS) in Europe in the past decade. Although a considerable proportion have experienced traumatic and stressful life events, there is no systematic review to date examining the prevalence of depressive symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
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Background Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) presents small antidepressant efficacy at group level and considerable inter-individual variability of response. Its heterogeneous effects bring the need to investigate whether specific groups of patients submitted to tDCS could present comparable or larger improvement compared to pharmacoth...
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Neuro-Cardiac-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (NCG-TMS) was studied for its potential to specifically target the frontal-vagal network. Previous research demonstrated that prefrontal stimulation led to significant heartrate slowing. We aimed to replicate these results in a larger sample and extend the findings to investigate dose-response...
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Oxytocin is well-known for its impact on social cognition. This specificity for the social domain, however, has been challenged by findings suggesting a domain-general allostatic function for oxytocin by promoting future-oriented and flexible behavior. In this pre-registered study, we tested the hypothesized domain-general function of oxytocin by a...
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Personality organization and mentalization of depressive inpatients in a long-term-studyObjectives: In a naturalistic long-term follow-up design this study investigated the improvement of depressive symptom severity, mentalization deficiency and personality organization. Methods: 300 patients with depressive symptoms were assessed at three evaluati...
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Background Psychiatry is facing major challenges during the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID)-19 pandemic. These challenges involve its actual and perceived role within the medical system, in particular how psychiatric hospitals can maintain their core mission of attending to people with mental illness while at the same time providing relief...
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Introduction: The Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) was developed for the treatment of persistent depressive disorder (PDD), where comorbid personality disorders (PD) are common. In contrast to other PD, comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD) is often regarded as an exclusion criterion for CBASP. In clinical sett...
Article
Current hypotheses on the therapeutic action of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) in psychiatric disorders build on the abundant data from neuroimaging studies. This makes NIBS a very promising tool for developing personalized interventions within a precision medicine framework. NIBS methods fundamentally vary in their neurophysiological proper...
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Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation intervention investigated for the treatment of depression. Clinical results have been heterogeneous, partly due to the variability of electric field (EF) strength in the brain owing to interindividual differences in head anatomy. Therefore, we investigated whether EF...
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Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over prefrontal cortex (PFC) regions is currently proposed as therapeutic intervention for major depression and other psychiatric disorders. The in-depth mechanistic understanding of this bipolar and non-focal stimulation technique is still incomplete. In a pilot study, we investigated the effects of b...
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Functional and structural MRI of prefrontal cortex (PFC) may provide putative biomarkers for predicting the treatment response to transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in depression. A recent MRI study from ELECT-TDCS (Escitalopram versus Electrical Direct-Current Theror Depression Study) showed that depression improvement after tDCS was a...
Article
Kultursensible Psychotherapie ist ein wichtiger Bestandteilin der Versorgung von PatientInnen mit Fluchterfahrungenund psychischen Erkrankungen. DolmetschergestützteGruppentherapie stellt im Speziellen ein effektivesund gut durchführbares Behandlungsangebot fürgeflüchtete PatientInnen dar. Der Artikel erläutert anhandvon zwei Fallbeispielen Inhalte...
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Zusammenfassung Über die letzten Jahre entwickelten sich Neuromodulationsverfahren zu einer dritten Säule neben Pharmakotherapie und Psychotherapie in der Behandlung psychischer Erkrankungen. Besonders in der Behandlung von Menschen mit einer Schizophrenie könnten Hirnstimulationsverfahren eine Alternative oder Ergänzung zu den etablierten Therapie...
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Social rejection and exclusion (ostracism) represent main stressors in daily life and even threaten mental and physical health. Abundant data from subjective measures in social exclusion paradigms are available, but the dynamic behavioral response is largely unexplored. Here, we applied modified variants of the Cyberball paradigm in two consecutive...
Article
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent, disabling disorder with high rates of treatment resistance. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a safe, tolerable noninvasive neuromodulation therapy with scarce evidence for OCD. This double-blind, randomized, and sham-controlled study investigates the efficacy of tDCS as add-on trea...
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Der Einsatz von DolmetscherInnen in der Psychotherapieermöglicht effektive und kultursensible Interventionenbei PatientInnen mit Migrations- und Fluchterfahrung.Die Möglichkeit, das eigene Erleben in der Muttersprachezu artikulieren, befähigt die PatientInnen, sich imSinne eines Empowerment-Prinzips aktiv am therapeutischenProzess zu beteiligen. Di...