# Frank NeumannUniversity of Adelaide · School of Computer Science, ECMS

Frank Neumann

PhD

## About

397

Publications

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6,664

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

January 2016 - present

January 2015 - December 2016

January 2013 - April 2015

## Publications

Publications (397)

Generating diverse populations of high quality solutions has gained interest as a promising extension to the traditional optimization tasks. This work contributes to this line of research with an investigation on evolutionary diversity optimization for three of the most well-studied permutation problems, namely the Traveling Salesperson Problem (TS...

Reallocations of time between daily activities such as sleep, sedentary behavior and physical activity are differentially associated with markers of physical, mental and social health. An individual’s most desirable allocation of time may differ depending on which outcomes they value most, with these outcomes potentially competing with each other f...

Evolutionary algorithms have been widely used for a range of stochastic optimization problems in order to address complex real-world optimization problems. We consider the knapsack problem where the profits involve uncertainties. Such a stochastic setting reflects important real-world scenarios where the profit that can be realized is uncertain. We...

Recently different evolutionary computation approaches have been developed that generate sets of high quality diverse solutions for a given optimisation problem. Many studies have considered diversity 1) as a mean to explore niches in behavioural space (quality diversity) or 2) to increase the structural differences of solutions (evolutionary diver...

Diversification in a set of solutions has become a hot research topic in the evolutionary computation community. It has been proven beneficial for optimisation problems in several ways, such as computing a diverse set of high-quality solutions and obtaining robustness against imperfect modeling. For the first time in the literature, we adapt the ev...

Linear functions play a key role in the runtime analysis of evolutionary algorithms and studies have provided a wide range of new insights and techniques for analyzing evolutionary computation methods. Motivated by studies on separable functions and the optimization behaviour of evolutionary algorithms as well as objective functions from the area o...

Linear functions play a key role in the runtime analysis of evolutionary algorithms and studies have provided a wide range of new insights and techniques for analyzing evolutionary computation methods. Motivated by studies on separable functions and the optimization behaviour of evolutionary algorithms as well as objective functions from the area o...

Quality diversity (QD) algorithms have been shown to be very successful when dealing with problems in areas such as robotics, games and combinatorial optimization. They aim to maximize the quality of solutions for different regions of the so-called behavioural space of the underlying problem. In this paper, we apply the QD paradigm to simulate dyna...

How someone allocates their time is important to their health and well-being. In this paper, we show how evolutionary algorithms can be used to promote health and well-being by optimizing time usage. Based on data from a large population-based child cohort, we design fitness functions to explain health outcomes and introduce constraints for viable...

Estimation of distribution algorithms (EDAs) provide a distribution-based approach for optimization which adapts its probability distribution during the run of the algorithm. We contribute to the theoretical understanding of EDAs and point out that their distribution approach makes them more suitable to deal with rugged fitness landscapes than clas...

The Makespan Scheduling problem is an extensively studied NP-hard problem, and its simplest version looks for an allocation approach for a set of jobs with deterministic processing times to two identical machines such that the makespan is minimized. However, in real life scenarios, the actual processing time of each job may be stochastic around an...

Recently different evolutionary computation approaches have been developed that generate sets of high quality diverse solutions for a given optimisation problem. Many studies have considered diversity 1) as a mean to explore niches in behavioural space (quality diversity) or 2) to increase the structural differences of solutions (evolutionary diver...

Quality diversity (QD) algorithms have been shown to be very successful when dealing with problems in areas such as robotics, games and combinatorial optimization. They aim to maximize the quality of solutions for different regions of the so-called behavioural space of the underlying problem. In this paper, we apply the QD paradigm to simulate dyna...

Diversification in a set of solutions has become a hot research topic in the evolutionary computation community. It has been proven beneficial for optimisation problems in several ways, such as computing a diverse set of high-quality solutions and obtaining robustness against imperfect modeling. For the first time in the literature, we adapt the ev...

Chance constrained optimization problems allow to model problems where constraints involving stochastic components should only be violated with a small probability. Evolutionary algorithms have been applied to this scenario and shown to achieve high quality results. With this paper, we contribute to the theoretical understanding of evolutionary alg...

Active Directory is the default security management system for Windows domain networks. We study the shortest path edge interdiction problem for defending Active Directory style attack graphs. The problem is formulated as a Stackelberg game between one defender and one attacker. The attack graph contains one destination node and multiple entry node...

How someone allocates their time is important to their health and well-being. In this paper, we show how evolutionary algorithms can be used to promote health and well-being by optimizing time usage. Based on data from a large population-based child cohort, we design fitness functions to explain health outcomes and introduce constraints for viable...

Evolutionary algorithms are bio-inspired algorithms that can easily adapt to changing environments. Recent results in the area of runtime analysis have pointed out that algorithms such as the (1+1) EA and Global SEMO can efficiently reoptimize linear functions under a dynamic uniform constraint. Motivated by this study, we investigate single- and m...

Evolutionary algorithms have been widely used for a range of stochastic optimization problems in order to address complex real-world optimization problems. We consider the knapsack problem where the profits involve uncertainties. Such a stochastic setting reflects important real-world scenarios where the profit that can be realized is uncertain. We...

The compact genetic algorithm (cGA) is an non-elitist estimation of distribution algorithm which has shown to be able to deal with difficult multimodal fitness landscapes that are hard to solve by elitist algorithms. In this paper, we investigate the cGA on the CLIFF function for which it has been shown recently that non-elitist evolutionary algori...

Computing diverse sets of high quality solutions for a given optimization problem has become an important topic in recent years. In this paper, we introduce a coevolutionary Pareto Diversity Optimization approach which builds on the success of reformulating a constrained single-objective optimization problem as a bi-objective problem by turning the...

Active Directory (AD) is the default security management system for Windows domain networks. We study a Stackelberg game model between one attacker and one defender on an AD attack graph. The attacker initially has access to a set of entry nodes. The attacker can expand this set by strategically exploring edges. Every edge has a detection rate and...

There has been a growing interest in the evolutionary computation community to compute a diverse set of high-quality solutions for a given optimisation problem. This can provide the practitioners with invaluable information about the solution space and robustness against imperfect modelling and minor problems' changes. It also enables the decision-...

Generating instances of different properties is key to algorithm selection methods that differentiate between the performance of different solvers for a given combinatorial optimization problem. A wide range of methods using evolutionary computation techniques has been introduced in recent years. With this paper, we contribute to this area of resea...

In this work, we consider the problem of finding a set of tours to a traveling salesperson problem (TSP) instance maximizing diversity, while satisfying a given cost constraint. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of applying niching to maximize diversity rather than simply maintaining it. To this end, we introduce a 2-stage approach w...

The theory of evolutionary computation for discrete search spaces has made significant progress since the early 2010s. This survey summarizes some of the most important recent results in this research area. It discusses fine-grained models of runtime analysis of evolutionary algorithms, highlights recent theoretical insights on parameter tuning and...

Active Directory is the default security management system for Windows domain networks. We study the shortest path edge interdiction problem for defending Active Directory style attack graphs. The problem is formulated as a Stackelberg game between one defender and one attacker. The attack graph contains one destination node and multiple entry node...

Stockpiles are essential in the mining value chain, assisting in maximising value and production. Quality control of taken minerals from the stockpiles is a major concern for stockpile managers where failure to meet some requirements can lead to losing money. This problem was recently investigated using a single reclaimer, and basic assumptions. Th...

In real-world optimisation, it is common to face several sub-problems interacting and forming the main problem. There is an inter-dependency between the sub-problems, making it impossible to solve such a problem by focusing on only one component. The traveling thief problem~(TTP) belongs to this category and is formed by the integration of the trav...

Topology optimisation of trusses can be formulated as a combinatorial and multi-modal problem in which locating distinct optimal designs allows practitioners to choose the best design based on their preferences. Bilevel optimisation has been successfully applied to truss optimisation to consider topology and sizing in upper and lower levels, respec...

Computing sets of high quality solutions has gained increasing interest in recent years. In this paper, we investigate how to obtain sets of optimal solutions for the classical knapsack problem. We present an algorithm to count exactly the number of optima to a zero-one knapsack problem instance. In addition, we show how to efficiently sample unifo...

Political misinformation, astroturfing and organised trolling are online malicious behaviours with significant real-world effects that rely on making the voices of the few sounds like the roar of the many. These are especially dangerous when they influence democratic systems and government policy. Many previous approaches examining these phenomena...

The Minimum Spanning Tree problem (abbr. MSTP) is a well-known combinatorial optimization problem that has been extensively studied by the researchers in the field of evolutionary computing to theoretically analyze the optimization performance of evolutionary algorithms. Within the paper, we consider a constrained version of the problem named 2-Hop...

In the last decade remarkable progress has been made in development of suitable proof techniques for analysing randomised search heuristics. The theoretical investigation of these algorithms on classes of functions is essential to the understanding of the underlying stochastic process. Linear functions have been traditionally studied in this area r...

We contribute to the theoretical understanding of randomized search heuristics for dynamic problems. We consider the classical vertex coloring problem on graphs and investigate the dynamic setting where edges are added to the current graph. We then analyze the expected time for randomized search heuristics to recompute high quality solutions. The (...

Chance constrained optimization problems allow to model problems where constraints involving stochastic components should only be violated with a small probability. Evolutionary algorithms have recently been applied to this scenario and shown to achieve high quality results. With this paper, we contribute to the theoretical understanding of evoluti...

The Minimum Spanning Tree problem (abbr. MSTP) is a well-known combinatorial optimization problem that has been extensively studied by the researchers in the field of evolutionary computing to theoretically analyze the optimization performance of evolutionary algorithms. Within the paper, we consider a constrained version of the problem named 2-Hop...

We consider the subset selection problem for function f with constraint bound B that changes over time. Within the area of submodular optimization, various greedy approaches are commonly used. For dynamic environments we observe that the adaptive variants of these greedy approaches are not able to maintain their approximation quality. Investigating...

Evolutionary algorithms based on edge assembly crossover~(EAX) constitute some of the best performing incomplete solvers for the well-known traveling salesperson problem~(TSP). Often, it is desirable to compute not just a single solution for a given problem, but a diverse set of high quality solutions from which a decision maker can choose one for...

Subset selection with cost constraints is a fundamental problem with various applications such as influence maximization and sensor placement. The goal is to select a subset from a ground set to maximize a monotone objective function such that a monotone cost function is upper bounded by a budget. Previous algorithms with bounded approximation guar...

Recently, there has been an interest in studying non-uniform random k-satisfiability (k-SAT) models in order to address the non-uniformity of formulas arising from real-world applications. While uniform random k-SAT has been extensively studied from both a theoretical and experimental perspective, understanding the algorithmic complexity of heterog...

Computing sets of high quality solutions has gained increasing interest in recent years. In this paper, we investigate how to obtain sets of optimal solutions for the classical knapsack problem. We present an algorithm to count exactly the number of optima to a zero-one knapsack problem instance. In addition, we show how to efficiently sample unifo...

We contribute to the theoretical understanding of randomized search heuristics for dynamic problems. We consider the classical vertex coloring problem on graphs and investigate the dynamic setting where edges are added to the current graph. We then analyze the expected time for randomized search heuristics to recompute high quality solutions. The (...

Computational social science uses computational and statistical methods in order to evaluate social interaction. The public availability of data sets is thus a necessary precondition for reliable and replicable research. These data allow researchers to benchmark the computational methods they develop, test the generalizability of their findings, an...

In this study, we consider the subset selection problems with submodular or monotone discrete objective functions under partition matroid constraints where the thresholds are dynamic. We focus on POMC, a simple Pareto optimization approach that has been shown to be effective on such problems. Our analysis departs from singular constraint problems a...

In practise, it is often desirable to provide the decision-maker with a rich set of diverse solutions of decent quality instead of just a single solution. In this paper we study evolutionary diversity optimization for the knapsack problem (KP). Our goal is to evolve a population of solutions that all have a profit of at least $(1-\varepsilon)\cdot...

Computing diverse sets of high-quality solutions has gained increasing attention among the evolutionary computation community in recent years. It allows practitioners to choose from a set of high-quality alternatives. In this paper, we employ a population diversity measure, called the high-order entropy measure, in an evolutionary algorithm to comp...

The Stockpile blending problem is an important component of mine production scheduling, where stockpiles are used to store and blend raw material. The goal of blending material from stockpiles is to create parcels of concentrate which contain optimal metal grades based on the material available. The volume of material that each stockpile provides t...

Randomized search heuristics such as evolutionary algorithms are frequently applied to dynamic combinatorial optimization problems. Within this paper, we present a dynamic model of the classic weighted vertex cover problem and analyze the runtime performances of the well-studied algorithms randomized local search and (1 + 1) EA adapted to it, to co...

Political misinformation, astroturfing and organised trolling are online malicious behaviours with significant real-world effects. Many previous approaches examining these phenomena have focused on broad campaigns rather than the small groups responsible for instigating or sustaining them. To reveal latent (i.e., hidden) networks of cooperating acc...

Generating diverse populations of high quality solutions has gained interest as a promising extension to the traditional optimization tasks. We contribute to this line of research by studying evolutionary diversity optimization for two of the most prominent permutation problems, namely the Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP) and Quadratic Assignmen...

In this paper, we investigate the impact of uncertainty in advanced ore mine optimisation. We consider Maptek's software system Evolution which optimizes extraction sequences based on evolutionary computation techniques and quantify the uncertainty of the obtained solutions with respect to the ore deposit based on predictions obtained by ensembles...

Heuristic algorithms have shown a good ability to solve a variety of optimization problems. Stockpile blending problem as an important component of the mine scheduling problem is an optimization problem with continuous search space containing uncertainty in the geologic input data. The objective of the optimization process is to maximize the total...

Addressing a complex real-world optimization problem is a challenging task. The chance-constrained knapsack problem with correlated uniform weights plays an important role in the case where dependent stochastic components are considered. We perform runtime analysis of a randomized search algorithm (RSA) and a basic evolutionary algorithm (EA) for t...