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Frank Mueller-Langer

Frank Mueller-Langer
University of the Bundeswehr Munich

Professor

About

54
Publications
18,999
Reads
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605
Citations
Introduction
Digital economy, data economics, innovation economics
Additional affiliations
April 2012 - present
Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law
Position
  • Optimal Pricing and Quality of Academic Journals and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Forced Open Access: A Two-Sided Model
February 2012 - present
Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law
Position
  • EDaWaX - European Data Watch Extended
July 2011 - July 2011
Annual Conference of the Society for Economic Research on Copyright Issues
Position
  • The Google Book Search Settlement: A Law and Economics Analysis
Education
October 2004 - December 2008
UNIVERSITY OF HAMBURG, Graduate College of Law and Economics, Department of Economics
Field of study
October 2003 - September 2004
UNIVERSITY OF HAGEN, Department of Business Studies
Field of study
September 2000 - October 2001
UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA, Department of Economics
Field of study

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
We investigate three alternative but complementary indicators of market power on one of the largest online labour markets (OLMs) in Europe: (1) the elasticity of labour demand, (2) the elasticity of labour supply, and (3) the concentration of market shares. We explore how these indicators relate to an exogenous change in platform policy. In the mid...
Article
Full-text available
Intensified by the COVID-19 pandemic, online labour markets are at the core of the economic and policy debate about the future of work and the conditions under which we work online. We analyse the effects of an increase in the cost of on-site work induced by COVID-19-related mobility restrictions on the substitution between on-site and remote job p...
Article
We analyze optimal pricing and quality of a monopolistic journal and the optimality of open access in a two-sided model. The predominant aspect of the model that determines the quality levels at which open access is optimal is the nature of the relationship between readers and authors in a journal. In contrast to the previous literature, we firstly...
Article
Full-text available
Before the arrival of digital car data, car manufacturers had already partly foreclosed the maintenance market through franchising contracts with a network of exclusive official dealers. EU regulation endorsed this foreclosure but mandated access to maintenance data for independent service providers to keep competition in these markets. The arrival...
Article
Auf Online-Arbeitsmärkten können Projekte weltweit im Home-Office erledigt werden. Sie stehen – verstärkt durch COVID-19 – im Mittelpunkt der Debatte, unter welchen Bedingungen wir online arbeiten. Eine neue Fallstudie zeigt, dass geschlechtsspezifische Lohnunterschiede auf einem der weltweit größten Online-Arbeitsmärkte durch geschlechtsspezifisch...
Article
Full-text available
Universities in developing countries have rarely been able to subscribe to academic journals in the past. The “Online Access to Research in the Environment” initiative (OARE) provides institutions in developing countries with free online access to more than 11,500 environmental science journals. We analyze the effect of OARE on (1) scientific outpu...
Article
We study the endogenous network formation of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements by means of hypergraphs and introduce the equilibrium concept of multilateral stability. We consider multi‐country settings with a firm in each country that produces a homogeneous good and competes as a Cournot oligopolist in each market. Under endogenous tarif...
Preprint
Full-text available
We explore whether there is a gender wage gap in one of the largest EU online labor markets, PeoplePerHour. Our unique dataset consists of 257,111 digitally tradeable tasks of 55,824 hiring employers from 188 countries and 65,010 workers from 173 countries that made more than 2.5 million wage bill proposals in the competition for contracts. Our dat...
Article
Full-text available
Does data disclosure have an impact on citations? Four leading economics journals introduced a data disclosure policy between 2004 and 2006. We use panel data consisting of 17,135 article citing-year observations from 1996 to 2015 for articles published in these journals. Empirical articles that did not disclose data (46% of the sample) serve as a...
Article
Full-text available
We explore whether there is a gender wage gap in one of the largest EU online labor markets, PeoplePerHour. Our unique dataset consists of 257,111 digitally tradeable tasks of 55,824 hiring employers from 188 countries and 65,010 workers from 173 countries that made more than 2.5 million wage bill proposals in the competition for contracts. Our dat...
Article
Full-text available
This study looks at car data markets from an economic perspective. We start from several options for the technical characteristics of data access points that have been discussed among stakeholders in the automotive industry. We examine the structure of data markets that are likely to emerge from these characteristics and the implications for the we...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate how often replication studies are published in empirical economics and what types of journal articles are replicated. We find that between 1974 and 2014 0.1% of publications in the top 50 economics journals were replication studies. We consider the results of published formal replication studies (whether they are negating or reinforc...
Article
We analyze the effect of open access (OA) status of journal articles on citations. Using cross-sectional and panel data from mathematics and economics, we perform negative binomial, Poisson, and generalized method of moments/instrumental variable methods regressions. We benefit from a natural experiment via hybrid OA pilot agreements. Citations to...
Article
Mandatory disclosure of research data is an essential feature for credible empirical work but comes at a cost: First, authors might invest less in data generation if they are not the full residual claimants of their data after the first journal publication. Second, authors might ”strategically delay” the time of submission of papers in order to ful...
Article
Existing theory suggests that three “order effects” may emerge in multi-stage tournaments with information feedback. First, participants adjust effort across stages, which could advantage the leading participant who faces a larger “effective prize” after an initial victory (leading-effect). Second, leading participants might engage in sabotage acti...
Article
Replication studies are considered a hallmark of good scientific practice. Yet they are treated among researchers as an ideal to be professed but not practiced. To provide incentives and favorable boundary conditions for replication practice, the main stakeholders need to be aware of what drives replication. Here we investigate how often replicatio...
Article
Universities in developing countries have rarely been able to subscribe to academic journals in the past. The “Online Access to Research in the Environment” initiative (OARE) provides institutions in developing countries with free online access to more than 5,700 environmental science journals. Here we analyze the effect of OARE registration on sci...
Article
We study the hybrid open access (HOA) citation effect. Under HOA pilot agreements, HOA is assigned for all articles of eligible authors. We use unique data on 208 (1,121) HOA (closed access) economics articles. We control for the quality of journals, articles and institutions and citations to RePec pre-prints. Performing Poisson quasi-maximum likel...
Article
We provide evidence for the status quo in economics with respect to data sharing using a unique data set with 488 hand-collected observations randomly taken from researchers ’academic webpages. Out of the sample, 435 researchers (89.14%) neither have a data & code section nor indicate whether and where their data is available. We find that 8.81% of...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious diseases are among the main causes of death and disability in developing countries, and they are a major reason for the health disparity between rich and poor countries. One of the reasons for this public health tragedy is a lack of lifesaving essential medicines, which either do not exist or badly need improvements. In this article, we...
Article
Full-text available
We study the endogenous network formation of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements by means of hypergraphs and introduce the equilibrium concept of multilateral stability. We consider multi-country settings with a firm in each country that produces a homogeneous good and competes as a Cournot oligopolist in each market. Under endogenous tarif...
Article
Full-text available
With the spread of the internet and new opportunities for publishing academic works digitally at virtually no costs, the traditional copyright model has recently been put under critical review which is for at least two reasons: First and foremost, a vast increase in subscription prices for academic journals has forced (university) libraries to sign...
Article
Two “order effects” may emerge in dynamic tournaments with information feedback. First, participants adjust effort across stages, which could advantage the leading participant who faces a larger “effective prize” after an initial victory (leading-effect). Second, participants lagging behind may increase risk at the final stage as they have “nothing...
Article
We analyse optimal pricing and quality of a monopolistic journal and the optimality of open access in a two-sided model. The predominant aspect of the model that determines the quality levels at which open access is optimal is the nature of the (non-linear) externalities between readers and authors in a journal. We show that there exist scenarios i...
Article
We analyze optimal pricing and quality of a monopolistic journal and the optimality of open access in a two-sided model. The predominant aspect of the model that determines the quality levels at which open access is optimal is the nature of the relationship between readers and authors in a journal. In contrast to previous literature, we firstly sho...
Article
The regulation of vertical relationships between firms is the subject of persistent legal and academic controversy. The literature studying vertical trade relationships seems to assume that an upstream monopolist prefers downstream competition over exclusive distribution arrangements. We derive precise conditions for when an upstream monopolist pre...
Article
Many tournaments consist of multiple stages under asymmetric conditions. We analyze the efficiency of tournaments in which the order of a temporary advantage is randomly allocated by the tournament regulation. We find that the order in which the players have this advantage does not have an effect on the probability of winning the tournament. We the...
Article
The regulation of parallel trade is a fiercely debated issue in the global trading system. This paper investigates the welfare effects of parallel trade freedom for different levels of trade costs and market size. It is found that parallel trade freedom has a positive effect on global welfare if countries are sufficiently heterogeneous in terms of...
Article
The literature studying vertical trade relationships seems to assume that an upstream monop- olist would prefer downstream competition over exclusive distribution arrangements. In this paper, we derive precise conditions for when an upstream monopolist will prefer a competing distribution system over an exclusive distribution arrangement in the dow...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious diseases are among the main causes of death and disability in developing countries and the major reason for the health disparity between rich and poor countries. One of the reasons for this public health tragedy is the lack of lifesaving essential medicines that either do not exist at all or badly need improvements. In this article, we c...
Article
Full-text available
Beginning in December 2004 Google has pursued a new project to create a book search engine (Google Book Search). The project has released a storm of controversy around the globe. While the supporters of Google Book Search conceive the project as a first reasonable step towards unlimited access to knowledge in the information age, its op-ponents fea...
Article
Infectious diseases are among the main causes of death and disability in developing countries, and they are a major reason for the health disparity between rich and poor countries. One of the reasons for this public health tragedy is a lack of lifesaving essential medicines, which either do not exist or badly need improvements. In this article, we...
Article
Full-text available
The regulation of parallel trade has become a critical issue in the global trading system, as the welfare effects of parallel trade freedom are generally ambiguous. In this paper we investigate the welfare effects of parallel trade freedom for low, intermediate, and high trade costs and different levels of market size. By analyzing a game played be...
Article
Full-text available
In a recent paper, Prof. Steven Shavell (see Shavell, 2009) has argued strongly in favor of eliminating copyright from academic works. Based upon solid economic arguments, Shavell analyses the pros and cons of removal of copyright and in its place to have a pure open access system, in which authors (or more likely their employers) would provide the...
Chapter
The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (henceforth, TRIPS Agreement) is to date the broadest multilateral agreement on intellectual property (IP). In particular, the TRIPS Agreement is a result of the negotiations of the Uruguay Round (1986-1994), which finalized the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) by c...
Book
Virtually no research is targeted at developing medicines for tropical diseases as the expected market returns from R&D into these diseases in the private pharmaceuticals sector are too low. Frank Müller-Langer addresses the market failure with respect to R&D for medicines for tropical diseases and the lack of short-term access to affordable medici...
Article
Full-text available
Countries can freely decide whether to permit or ban parallel trade. Article 6 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) – being the only provision in the various international agreements on intellectual property rights that deals with the treatment of parallel trade – preserves the territorial priv...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to compare negligence rules and strict liability rules and to examine the allocative effects resulting from the application of different liability regimes. It first discusses unilateral accidents, while the more complicated bilateral cases follow afterwards. Each section starts with a discussion of the rule of no liab...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a simple double marginalization model with complete information, in which an original manufacturer of a pharmaceutical product faces potential competition from parallel imports by a foreign exclusive distributor. The model suggests that parallel imports will never occur in the sub-game perfect Nash equilibrium, as it will always be benef...
Article
The economic analysis of the intellectual property law system constitutes an extensive refi nement of the research methodology relating to intellectual property rights. The IMPRS-CI combines these two most relevant research strands to a new area of research: the economic and legal analysis of intellec- tual property rights enforcement.
Article
In a double marginalization model which is played between a domestic monopolistic manufacturer of pharmaceuticals and a foreign exclusive distributor, I examine the impact of parallel trade freedom on the manufacturer’s profit. I also analyze its impact on global welfare for low, intermediate, and high trade costs and different levels of heterogene...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (22)
Project
In this special issue for "Managerial and Decision Economics" we collect eight papers analyzing the future of academic publishing from an economics perspective, dealing with (A) academic publishing and measurement of academic performance, (B) the comparison of the open versus closed access regime from a social welfare perspective and (C) recent policy attempts towards the future of academic publishing in the digital world. Editors: Thomas Eger/ Marc Scheufen
Project
The research initiative INDOR aims to combine and integrate interdisciplinary perspectives on the comprehensive subject area "Individual&Organization". Starting points are the manifold challenges that arise for individuals in organizations and for organizations as institutions. These include learning, knowledge transfer, career and development, communication and cooperation as well as leadership and coordination. The shaping of the relationship between individual and organisation should be considered as a cross-sectional task for all members and managers of any organisation, the handling of which can benefit considerably from scientific observation from different professional perspectives. In particular, the manifold interactions between only apparently very different topics can be better worked on and made visible through cooperation in a research centre. Die Forschungsinitiative "Individuum und Organisation in der digitalisierten Gesellschaft" zielt inhaltlich darauf ab, interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf das umfassende Themenfeld „Individuum⊕Organisation“ zu verbinden und zu integrieren. Ausgangspunkte sind die vielfältigen Herausforderungen, die sich für Individuen in Organisationen und für Organisationen als Institutionen ergeben. Hierzu zählen unter anderem das Lernen, der Wissenstransfer, die Karriere und Entwicklung, Kommunikation und Kooperation sowie Führung und Koordination. Die Gestaltung des Verhältnisses von Individuum und Organisation soll als Querschnittsaufgabe für alle Mitglieder und Führungskräfte einer jeden Organisation betrachtet werden, deren Bearbeitung von der wissenschaftlichen Beobachtung aus unterschiedlichen fachlichen Perspektiven erheblich profitieren kann. Insbesondere die vielfältigen Wechselwirkungen zwischen nur scheinbar sehr unterschiedlichen Themen können über die Zusammenarbeit in einem Forschungszentrum besser bearbeitet und sichtbar gemacht werden.