Frank Hennemann

Frank Hennemann
Zoologische Staatssammlung München · Section: Hemiptera

About

111
Publications
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487
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
264 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Introduction
Frank H. Hennemann is working on the systematics, taxonomy, biogeography and biology of Stick and Leaf Insects (Phasmatodea) mainly from South and Central America and the Caribbean. Currently projects in various countries of the "New World" include Hispaniola, French Guiana, Brazil, Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia and Mexico. New taxa described: - 1 new subfamily - 4 new tribes - 36 new genera - 1 new subgenus - 251 new species - 8 new subspecies. Website: www.Phasmatodea.com

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
The genus Pterinoxylus Serville, 1838 is redescribed and revised at the species level. It is distributed throughout most of Central America, the northern half of South America and also has one species on the Lesser Antilles. Two new species are described from Costa Rica: P. cocoense n. sp. from both sexes and the eggs and P. speciosus n. sp. from b...
Article
Four new species of the genus Phantasca Redtenbacher, 1906 (Phantasca bulbosa n. sp., P. arlequina n. sp., P. kawensis n. sp. and P. margaritae n. sp.) from French Guiana are described and illustrated. The female of P. femorata Hennemann, Conle, Bellanger, Lelong & Jourdan, 2018, is re-described due to subsequent discovery of an adult specimen, and...
Article
The concept that complex ancestral traits can never be recovered after their loss is still widely accepted, despite phylogenetic and molecular approaches suggest instances where phenotypes may have been lost throughout the evolutionary history of a clade and subsequently reverted back in derived lineages. One of the first and most notable examples...
Article
A review of the stick and leaf insects of Sulawesi, Peleng Island and the Sula islands is presented, along with complete checklists of species. The genera Hemiplasta Redtenbacher, 1908 and Nesiophasma Günther, 1934 are reviewed in detail and distinguishing keys to all known species are provided. Distinguishing keys are also provided to the Sulawesi...
Article
The new genus Bostriana n. gen. is described exclusively for the Bolivian species B. boliviana (Piza, 1939) n. comb., which previously was of uncertain generic affiliation and provisionally attributed to Dyme Stål, 1875. The new monotypical genus belongs to a subgroup of New World Phasmatodea currently referred to as Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini...
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The new genus Andeocalynda n. gen. is described and the supposed relationships are discussed. The genus is restricted to the mountainous Andean regions of Ecuador and Colombia. Nine new species are described and illustrated: A. aspericollis n. sp., A. banosense n. sp., A. brevicercata n. sp. and A. lojaense n. sp. from Ecuador based on the males on...
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The subfamily Platycraninae Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 is polyphyletic in the traditional treatment. None of the genera attributed to the subfamily is closely related to the type-genus Platycrana Gray, 1835, which has already been suggested by morphological studies. The main key feature of Platycraninae traditionally used to characterize the subfam...
Preprint
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A bstract The concept that complex ancestral traits can never be re-acquired after their loss has grown popular since its initial formulation and it’s often referred to as Dollo’s law. Nonetheless, several macroevolutionary evidences - along with molecular ones - suggest instances where complex phenotypes could have been lost throughout a clade evo...
Article
Phasmatodea species diversity lies almost entirely within its suborder Euphasmatodea, which exhibits a pantropical distribution and is considered to derive from a recent and rapid evolutionary radiation. To shed light on Euphasmatodea origins and diversification, we assembled the mitogenomes of 17 species from transcriptomic sequencing data and ana...
Article
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After successful laboratory rearing of both males and females from a single clutch of eggs, the genus Nanophyllium Redtenbacher, 1906 (described only from males) and the frondosum species group within Phyllium (Pulchriphyllium) Griffini, 1898 (described only from females) are found to be the opposite sexes of the same genus. This rearing observatio...
Article
The enigmatic, monotypic genus Laciphorus Redtenbacher, 1908 (type species: Laciphorus lobulatus Redtenbacher, 1908) is redescribed and its taxonomic position is explained. It belongs to a subgroup of ‘anareolate’ Phasmatodea currently referred to as Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini: ‘Bacteria-group’ and now members of a clade termed Occidophasmata...
Article
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The new Hesperophasmatini–genus Sigaruphasma gen. nov. from Hispaniola is described and illustrated. It is remarkable for violating several of the previously stated diagnostic features of the tribe Hesperophasmatini Bradley and Galil, 1977. It is well characterized by the cylindrical, cigar–like body of females, proportionally very short legs, stro...
Article
The present paper describes 16 new species and one new genus from French Guiana and numerous taxonomic changes are proposed to the Phasmatodea of French Guiana. Fifty-six new combinations, twenty-six new synonymies, two lectotypes and four neotypes are designated.
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Two new species of Taraxippus Moxey, 1971 are described and illustrated: T. samarae sp. nov. from Costa Rica and Panama and T. perezgelaberti sp. nov. from the Dominican Republic. Both sexes and the previously unknown eggs are described. The genus is recorded from Central America for the first time. A distribution map and a discussion of the distri...
Article
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A large species of leaf insect from Obi Island, Indonesia is here described as Phyllium regina n. sp. which is currently only known from a single female specimen. With the description of this new species, and review of its closest relatives, Phyllium caudatum Redtenbacher, 1906 and Phyllium riedeli Kamp & Hennemann, 2014, these species share a uniq...
Article
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The Phylliidae of Wallacea are here reviewed, with notes on species distributions. Phyllium (Phyllium) tobeloense Größer, 2007 is also here recorded as having a new subspecies from Morotai Island, Phyllium (Phyllium) tobeloense bhaskarai Cumming, Le Tirant, and Hennemann ssp. nov. based largely upon the distinct egg morphology. To conclude a key to...
Article
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The neotropical genus of stick insects, Phantasca Redtenbacher, 1906, was recently revised by Hennemann et al. (2018). However, the females and eggs of several species remain unknown, including all five species recorded from Brazil. The female and egg of Phantasca phantasma (Westwood, 1859) are here described for the first time, based on material a...
Article
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Four new species of Lobolibethra Hennemann & Conle, 2007 (Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini: “Clonistria-group”) are described and illustrated. Lobolibethra carbonelli sp. nov. and L. pozuzoae sp. nov. from eastern Peru are described from both sexes and the eggs, L. tricarinata sp. nov. from southeast Ecuador is described from the female and male, an...
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The new species Acrophylla bhaskaraisp. n. from Larat Island, Indonesia, is described from both sexes and the egg. It is the second species of the genus Acrophylla G ray , 1835 known from outside Australia and the first record of the genus from Wallacea. The discovery raises the number of genera of the tribe Phasmatini known to occur within the bou...
Article
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The South American genus Phantasca Redtenbacher, 1906 (Phasmatodea: Diapheromeridae: Diapheromaerinae) is re-diagnosed and revised at the species level. The precedingly unknown eggs are described for the first time. The genus Pterolibethra Günther, 1940 (type species: P. heteronemia Günther, 1940) is re-synonymised, with Phantasca (syn. nov.) and c...
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The areolate Oriental family Heteropterygidae Kirby, 1893 is critically reviewed and the results of the present study contradict the arrangement suggested by Zompro (2004), but in most aspects agree with a molecular study presented by Whiting et al (2003) and a phylogenetic study presented by Bradler (2009). The family is critically discussed and n...
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The anareolate New World subfamily Cladomorphinae Bradley & Galil, 1977 is reviewed and keys to the six tribes currently included are presented; these are: Cladomorphini Bradley & Galil, 1977, Cladoxerini Karny, 1923, Cranidiini Günther, 1953, Pterinoxylini n. trib., Hesperophasmatini Bradley & Galil, 1977 and Haplopodini Günther, 1953 rev. stat.....
Article
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The tribe Phasmatini Gray, 1835 predominantly includes very striking stick insects of remarkable size, most of which are characteristic for their large and often colourful wings. The tribe represents roughly half of the Giant Stick Insects of Wal-lacea, a subregion in Eastern Indonesia comprising thousands of islands that are separated by deep wate...
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The female and egg of the new Papuan leaf insect Phyllium (Phyllium) riedeli n. sp. are described and illustrated. The species belongs in the siccifolium species-group of the subgenus Phyllium and, with a body length of 56.3 mm, represents the smallest leaf insect so far described for the genus. The type-specimens are stored in the State Museum of...
Article
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The new genus and new species Tainophasma monticola gen. nov., sp. nov., a highly montane taxon which is remarkable for its very small size, compact body, short legs and proportionally very large head, is described and illustrated from both sexes and the egg.
Article
The two genera Tagesoidea Redtenbacher, 1908 (Type-species: Necroscia tages Westwood, 1859) and Eurynecroscia Dohrn, 1910 (Type-species: Eurynecroscia festiva Dohrn, 1910, = Tagesoidea nigrofasciata Redtenbacher, 1908), both subfamily Necrosciinae, are re-diagnosed. Eurynecroscia is shown to be a valid genus and removed from synonymy with Tagesoide...
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A detailed redescription and review of the north Central American genus Paracalynda Zompro, 2001 is presented, which presently contains only two known species. A re-description is provided for the type-species P. picta (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907), which is only known from the unique male holotype. P. utilaensis (Zompro, 1998) was originally descri...
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The two Central American genera Hypocyrtus Redtenbacher, 1908 and Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (Xerosomatinae: Hesperophasmatini) are revised at the species level. Extended redescriptions of both genera are presented along with keys to the species contained. Detailed descriptions and illustrations of all seven known species are provided. Hypocyrt...
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Studies of Neotropical Phasmatodea XII: Pseudophasma lakini sp. n. - a new stick insect from eastern Ecuador (Phasmatodea: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae) Pseudophasma lakini sp. n., a remarkable new phasmid from the eastern Andean slopes of Ecuador (Province Napo) is described and illustrated (both sexes and eggs). The original specimens wer...
Book
Colombia is amongst the 17 megadiverse countries in the world mainly due to its privileged position in northwestern South America and its highly complex topography. The latter includes the Andes and various types of environments ranging from tropical lowland rainforest over dwarf forest and Parámo to lowland savannas. Hence, it represents close to...
Article
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A taxonomic survey of the anareolate neotropical tribe Cladomorphini Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893 (subfamily Cladomorphinae) is provided, along with a redescription and keys to the seven genera now contained. Two genera previously only known from the females, are redescribed and revised at the species level. The monotypical Aplopocranidium Zompro, 20...
Article
Thirteen species of Phyllium (Phyllium) Illiger, 1798 are studied and (re)described in detail with emphasis on those species which exhibit more or less well developed alae in the females and those occurring in the Philippine Islands and on Palawan. Amongst these five new species are described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs: Ph. (Ph.)...
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Oreophoetes topoense n. sp. from Ecuador, Tungurahua Province, Rio Topo is described and illustrated for both sexes; eggs are described. It differs from all other species in the genus Oreophoetes Rehn, 1904, by a striking coloration and by morphological features of the insects’ genitalia and eggs. Keys are provided to distinguish the four known spe...
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The genus Decidia Stål, 1875 is revised with an updated description of the genus, descriptions of all four known species, illustrations and keys provided. The male of the type-species Decidia sorana (Westwood, 1859) is described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description of the females is presented. Examination of the Colombian Perupha...
Article
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The genus Decidia Stål, 1875 is revised with an updated description of the genus, descriptions of all four known species, illustrations and keys are provided. The male of the type-species Decidia soranus (Westwood, 1859) is described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description of the females is given. Examination of the Colombian Peruph...
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Numerous color morphs of the southern twostriped walkingstick (or “devil rider”), Anisomorpha buprestoides (Stoll, 1813) (Phasmatodea: Areolatae: Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Anisomorphini), predominantly from Florida, are described and illustrated. Three main color forms of A. buprestoides are recognized: white, orange and brown. Type spe...
Article
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The genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 (type-species: Taeniosoma sanchezi Bolívar, 1897) is currently known only from the Philippine Islands and Taiwan, but here shown to extend eastwards as far as to the Solomon Islands, Northern New Guinea and even Fiji. A taxonomic review of the genus, and updated keys to the species are presented. The type-species...
Article
The genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 (type-species: Taeniosoma sanchezi Bolívar, 1897) is currently known only from the Philippine Islands and Taiwan, but here shown to extend eastwards as far as to the Solomon Islands, Northern New Guinea and even Fiji. A taxonomic review of the genus, and updated keys to the species are presented. The type-species...
Article
Numerous color morphs of the southern twostriped walkingstick (or "devil rider") Anisomorpha buprestoides (Stoll, 1813), predominantly from Florida, are described and illustrated. Three main color forms of A. buprestoides are recognized: white, oarnge and brown. As the type-specimens of A. buprestoides are lost but colored illustrations were provid...
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Variation in the female of Menexenus polycanthus Dohrn, 1910 (Diapheromeridae: Lonchodinae) from Sangihe is commented on, and the egg and spectacular male are described and illustrated for the first time. This has resulted in transfer to a new genus, Acanthomenexenus, where it is proposed that several former Menexenus species from Sulawesi belong.
Data
FIGURE 1. Geographical distribution of Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907. The dotted line indicates the still fractional knowledge on the distribution of the genus and its borders indicate the known limits of its distribution.
Data
FIGURES 16 – 20. Phasmotaenia bukaense n. sp. 16. Habitus of Ƥ HT (SMFM); 17. Apex of abdomen of Ƥ from Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (lateral view) [scale = 5 mm]; 18. Apex of abdomen of Ƥ from Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (dorsal view) [scale = 5 mm]; 19. Egg (dorsal view) [scale = 1 mm]; 20. Egg (lateral view) [scale = 1 mm].
Data
FIGURES 21 – 26. Phasmotaenia guentheri n. sp. 21. Habitus of Ƥ HT (MNHU); 22. Habitus of Ƥ PT (BMNH, No. 845038) [Photo by P. D. Brock, © BMNH]; 23. Tegmina and alae of Ƥ PT (BMNH, No. 845039); 24. Tegmina and alae of Ƥ PT (BMNH, No. 845038); 25. Ƥ apex of abdomen (lateral view); 26. Ƥ apex of abdomen (dorsal view)
Data
FIGURES 2 – 9. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933). 2. Habitus of Ƥ captive reared from Central Malaita Id.: Kwara’ae Province (coll. FH, No. 0513 - 7); 3. Habitus of Ƥ from Maramasike Id. (coll. FH, No. 0513 - 1); 4. Habitus of 3 captive reared from Central Malaita Id.: Kwara’ae Province (coll. FH, No. 0513 - 5); 5. Lateral view of head and thor...
Data
FIGURES 33 – 40. Phasmotaenia spinosa n. sp. 33. Habitus of Ƥ PT (coll. FH, No. 0602 - 3); 34. Habitus of 3 PT (coll. FH, No. 0602 - 6); 35. Head and thorax of Ƥ PT (BMNH); 36. Ƥ apex of abdomen (lateral view); 37. Ƥ apex of abdomen (dorsal view); 38. 3 apex of abdomen (lateral view); 39. 3 apex of abdomen (dorsal view); 40. Mid leg of Ƥ (anterolat...
Data
FIGURES 41 – 47. Phasmotaenia virgea n. sp. 41. Habitus of Ƥ HT (BMNH, No. 845349). [Photo by P. D. Brock, © BMNH]; 42. Habitus of 3 PT (BMNH, No. 845350). [Photo by P. D. Brock, © BMNH]; 43. Ƥ apex of abdomen (lateral view); 44. Ƥ apex of abdomen (dorsal view); 45. 3 apex of abdomen (lateral view); 46. 3 apex of abdomen (dorsal view); 47. Mid leg...
Data
FIGURES 48 – 58. Eggs of Phasmotaenia spp. in dorsolateral view. 48. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933), Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (culture-stock); 49. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933), Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (culture-stock); 50. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933), Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (cult...
Data
FIGURES 62 – 64. Live captive reared specimens of Phasmotaenia spinosa n. sp.: 62. adult 3, 63. Defensive reaction of Ƥ displaying its bright red and black wings (© R. Krijns), 64. adult Ƥ (© R. Krijns).
Data
FIGURES 10 – 15. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933). 10. Apex of abdomen of Ƥ from Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (lateral view); 11. Apex of abdomen of Ƥ from Central Malaita Id., Kwara’ae Province (dorsal view); 12. Apex of abdomen of Ƥ from Maramasike Id. (lateral view); 13. Apex of abdomen of Ƥ from Savo Id. (lateral view); 14. Apex...
Data
FIGURES 61. Mating captive reared couple of Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933), the enlargement in the lower left corner shows the genitalia during copulation with the extremely elongated, gonapophyses of the Ƥ well seen.
Data
FIGURES 1 – 2. Decidia blapoides (Redtenbacher, 1906) n. comb. 1. Ƥ HT (MNCN). 2. 3 (MNHN, coll. Finot). FIGURES 3 – 4. Decidia doylei (Caudell, 1906) n. comb. 3. Ƥ (MNCN). 4. 3 (MNCN).
Data
FIGURES 11 – 19: Genitalia of Decidia spp. [scale = 1 mm]. 11. D. blapoides (Redtenbacher, 1906), 3 (MNHN), apex of abdomen (lateral view). 12. D. blapoides (Redtenbacher, 1906), Ƥ HT (MNCN), apex of abdomen (lateral view). 13. D. doylei (Caudell, 1906), 3 (MNCN), apex of abdomen (lateral view). 14. D. doylei (Caudell, 1906), Ƥ (MNCN), apex of abdo...
Article
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The family Phasmatidae Gray, 1835 is reviewed and the subfamily Phasmatinae shown to be polyphyletic. Based on features of the exosceleton of the insects, egg-morphology and copulation habits a new arrangement of Phasmatidae is proposed. The monophyly of Lanceocercata Bradler, 2001 is confirmed but this name shown to be a synonym of Phasmatidae, he...
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The genus Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906 is revised at the species-level, based upon examination of all necessary type-material and extensive material housed in ANSP, CMNH and USNM mainly collected on nine international expeditions and collections at 280 sites distributed throughout the geography of the Dominican Republic from 2001 through 2004. A re-desc...
Article
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A complete taxonomic catalogue of the Stick and Leaf-insects (Phasmatodea) recorded or described from the mainland China (excluding Taiwan) is presented. 241 valid species are listed, which are currently attributed to 50 genera, 5 families and 7 subfamilies. Genera and species are listed alphabetically. All available type-data is provided based mai...
Article
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The genus Parastheneboea Redtenbacher, 1908 is recorded for the first time from the Yunnan Province and Chongqing municipality, China. Two new species are described and illustrated: P. foliculata n. sp. from Yunnan based on the female and eggs, and P. simianshanensis n. sp. from Chongqing based on the male alone. The systematics of Parastheneboea a...
Article
The genus Parastheneboea Redtenbacher, 1908 is recorded for the first time from the Yunnan Province and Chongqing municipality, China. Two new species are described and illustrated: P. foliculata n. sp. from Yunnan based on the female and eggs, and P. simianshanensis n. sp. from Chongqing based on the male alone. The systematics of Parastheneboea B...
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The new genus Lobolibethra n. gen. is established in the tribe Diapheromerini, with Lobolibethra panguana n. sp. designated as the type-species. Three new species are described: L. boliviana n. sp. from the Chapare Province of Bolivia and L. mutica n. sp. from North Peru from the females only, the type-species L. panguana n. sp. from East Peru from...
Article
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The subfamily Lonchodinae is a large but still rather poorly studied group of Old World Phasmatodea. The collections of the authors include numerous species of Lonchodinae from the Philippine Islands of Samar, Mindoro, Panay, Babuyan and Luzon, some of which are here studied in detail. Two new genera and eleven new species are described. Keys to th...
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Six species of Pseudosermyle Caudell, 1903 occurring in Mexico are discussed. Three new species from Mexico are described and illustrated, all of which are closely related to Pseudosermyle phalangiphora (Rehn, 1907): P. chorreadero n. sp. from both sexes, P. procea n. sp. and P. claviger n. sp. from the males only. The males of P. inconguens (Brunn...
Article
Full-text available
Six species of Pseudosermyle Caudell, 1903 occurring in Mexico are discussed. Three new species from Mexico are described and illustrated, all of which are closely related to Pseudosermyle phalangiphora (Rehn, 1907): P. chorreadero n. sp. from both sexes, P. procera n. sp. and P. claviger n. sp. from the males only. The males of P. inconguens (Brun...
Article
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The new genus Jeremiodes gen. nov. is established with J. guianensis spec. nov. designated as the type-species. The new genus includes three species, two of which are described as new. Jeremiodes guianensis spec. nov. from French Guiana is described and illustrated from both sexes. Jeremiodes bolivianus spec. nov. from the Chapare Province of Boliv...
Article
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A review of the genera Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 and Andropromachus Carl, 1913 is provided. Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 has erroneously been synonymised with Spiniphasma Chen & He, 2000. The latter genus is shown to be a junior synonym of Andropromachus Carl, 1913 (syn. nov.) and consequently Spinohirasea Zompro is re-established as a valid genus (st...
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The genus Cranidium Westwood, 1843 (Type-species: Diapherodes (Cranidium) serricollis Westwood, 1843) is re-described. Bacteria clavigera Redtenbacher, 1908 is shown to represent the male of Cranidium gibbosum (Burmeister, 1838) (new synonym). Detailed descriptions and illustrations of both sexes and the eggs as well as a complete synonymic list ar...
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The new genus Papuacocelus n. gen. (Type-species: Papuacocelus papuanus n. sp.) is described from Papua New Guinea (Morobe Province) and is related to Dryococelus Gurney, 1947, Thaumatobactron Günther, 1929 and Eurycantha Boisduval, 1835. The type-species Papuacocelus papuanus n. sp. is described and illustrated. The male holotype is deposited in B...
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Anisomorpha clara, n. sp., from Hispaniola is described and illustrated from both sexes. It is the first record of true Anisomorpha Gray, 1835, in the Greater Antilles.
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The genus Hermarchus Stål, 1875 (type-species: Phibalosoma pythonius Westwood, 1859) is an artificial taxon. The new genus Macrophasma n. gen. (type-species: Hermarchus biroi Redtenbacher, 1908) is described to contain all New Guinean species currently in Hermarchus Stål, as these differ considerably from the type-species of Hermarchus Stål from Fi...
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The little-known monotypic genus Paracyphocrania Redtenbacher, 1908 (Phasmatinae: Phasmatini) is reviewed and now comprises two species: P. lativentris Redtenbacher, 1908, and P. tecticollis (Redtenbacher, 1908) comb. nov., which are described and illustrated. A neotype is designated for P. lativentris which is newly recorded from Sulawesi.
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Trachyaretaon brueckneri sp. nov. from the Babuyan Islands (Northern Philippines), a new species of the genus Trachyaretaon Rehn & Rehn, 1939 is described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs. For comparison, illustrations of the type-species T. echinatus (Stål, 1877) are provided. Keys are provided to distinguish the taxa of Trachyaretaon...
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Peruphasma schultei n. sp., a remarkable new phasmid from the Cordillera del Condor in Northern Peru is described and illustrated from both sexes and the eggs. It is the first species of Peruphasma Conle & Hennemann, 2002 known to have rudimentary tegmina and alae. The original specimens were collected by Dipl. Biol. Rainer Schulte (INIBICO NGO, Ta...