Frank Hagedorn

Frank Hagedorn
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL | WSL · Forest Soils and Biogeochemistry Research Unit

About

239
Publications
47,111
Reads
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8,840
Citations
Citations since 2016
103 Research Items
5273 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (239)
Conference Paper
Im Schweizer Wald traten im Trockensommer 2018 vorzeitige Blattverfärbung und Welken bereits im Juli auf. Der Frage, ob dieses Phänomen vor allem auf die hohe Trockenintensität im Jahr 2018 zurückzuführen ist, oder aber sich als Folge eines Bodenwasserdefizites des trockenen Jahres 2015 ergab, sind wir mit einem Modell nachgegangen, das den Wassert...
Conference Paper
Der Boden ist eine zentrale Schnittstelle in Waldökosystemen. Er erfüllt wichtige Funktionen als Lebensraum, als Speicher für Kohlenstoff und Nährstoffe, und er reguliert die Wasser- und Stoffkreisläufe. Für alle Bodenfunktionen spielt die organische Bodensubstanz eine Schlüsselrolle. Aufgrund des feuchten und kühlen Klimas sowie der relativ nachha...
Conference Paper
Wälder sind zunehmend von Sturmschäden betroffen. In einem Projekt der Eidgenössischen Forschungsanstalt WSL wurde untersucht, wie sich Windwürfe auf die Kohlenstoffspeicherung im Waldboden auswirken. Hoch gelegene Nadelwälder sind besonders anfällig für Kohlenstoffverluste aus dem Boden. Im Unterschied zu Wäldern tieferer Lagen werden dort grösser...
Chapter
Afforestation and reforestation of arable land enhances soil C sequestriationn. Optimized forest management to sustainably maximize stocks of soil organic carbon. Coniferous forests store more C in the topsoil whereas broadleaf forests store more C in the subsoil. However, on the landscape scale total soil C stocks are similar. Current forest manag...
Article
Anthropogenic nitrogen (N) input is known to alter the soil microbiome, but how N enrichment influences the abundance, alpha-diversity and community structure of N-cycling functional microbial communities in grasslands remains poorly understood. Here, we collected soils from plant communities subjected to up to 9 years of annual N-addition (10 g N...
Article
Storms represent a major disturbance factor in forest ecosystems, but the effects of windthrows on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks are poorly quantified. Here, we assessed the SOC stocks of windthrown forests at 19 sites across Switzerland spanning an elevation gradient from 420 to 1550 m, encompassing a strong climatic gradient. Results show that...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract During the particularly severe hot summer drought in 2018, widespread premature leaf senescence was observed in several broadleaved tree species in Central Europe, particularly in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). For beech, it is yet unknown whether the drought incited a decline towards tree mortality or whether trees can recover in th...
Article
Soil microbial biomass and microbial stoichiometric ratios are important for understanding carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we compiled data from 8862 observations of soil microbial biomass from 1626 published studies to map global patterns of microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), microbial bi...
Article
Ongoing climate warming is increasing evapotranspiration, a process that reduces plant-available water and aggravates the impact of extreme droughts during the growing season. Such an exceptional hot drought occurred in Central Europe in 2018 and caused widespread defoliation in mid-summer in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forests. Here, we re...
Article
Full-text available
Central Europe has been experiencing unprecedented droughts during the last decades, stressing the decrease in tree water availability. However, the assessment of physiological drought stress is challenging, and feedback between soil and vegetation is often omitted because of scarce belowground data. Here we aimed to model Swiss forests' water avai...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental conditions, fertilization systems and cultivation practices in greenhouses differ from those in arable soil. Despite being a widespread intensive management practice, large uncertainties exist on the effects of long‐term fertilization on soil organic carbon (SOC) in greenhouse cultivation. The objective of this study was to explore th...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic contamination of ecosystems has increased dramatically over the last decades, raising concerns about the negative impacts of plastic particles on aquatic and terrestrial systems. In recent years, the focus of most research has shifted from large fragments (macroplastic) to micro- (<5 mm) and more recently to nano-plastic (<1000 nm) particle...
Conference Paper
Storms represent a major disturbance factor in forest ecosystems, but the effects of windthrows on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks are quantitatively poorly known. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of windthrow-induced changes in SOC stocks in Swiss forests by combining field-based measurements and modelling simulations. We measured the SOC...
Article
Full-text available
Leaching is one major pathway of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) losses from forest ecosystems. Using a full factorial N×P fertilization and irrigation experiment, we investigated the leaching of dissolved organic and inorganic P (DOP and DIP) and N (DON and DIN) from organic layers (litter, Oe/Oa horizons) and mineral A horizons at two European be...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change effects are strongest in forest ecosystems at the limit of their distributions. Despite the evidence that treelines have shifted upwards by hundreds of meters, knowledge of the associated changes in the stand biomass is limited. In this study, stand biomass and changes to it during the last centuries were estimated along 20 altitudin...
Article
Full-text available
Summer droughts strongly affect soil organic carbon (SOC) cycling, but net effects on SOC storage are unclear as drought affects both C inputs and outputs from soils. Here, we explored the overlooked role of soil fauna on SOC storage in forests, hypothesizing that soil faunal activity is particularly drought‐sensitive, thereby reducing litter incor...
Article
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Climate change exposes ecosystems to strong and rapid changes in their environmental boundary conditions mainly due to the altered temperature and precipitation patterns. It is still poorly understood how fast interlinked ecosystem processes respond to altered environmental conditions, if these responses occur gradually or suddenly when thresholds...
Article
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The intensity and frequency of droughts events are projected to increase in future with expected adverse effects for forests. Thus, information on the dynamics of tree water uptake from different soil layers during and after drought is crucial. We applied an in situ water isotopologue monitoring system to determine the oxygen iso- tope composition...
Article
Full-text available
In this case study analysis, we identified fungal traits that were associated with the responses of taxa to 4 global change factors: elevated CO2, warming and drying, increased precipitation, and nitrogen (N) enrichment. We developed a trait-based framework predicting that as global change increases limitation of a given nutrient, fungal taxa with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Leaching is one major pathway of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) losses from forest ecosystems. Using a full factorial N×P fertilization and irrigation experiment, we investigated the leaching of dissolved organic and inorganic P (DOP and DIP) and N (DON and DIN) from organic layers (litter, Oe/Oa horizons) and mineral A horizons at two European be...
Article
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its t...
Article
Full-text available
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its t...
Article
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its t...
Article
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its t...
Article
Full-text available
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its t...
Article
Full-text available
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity, and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphomonoesterases play an important role in the soil phosphorus (P) cycle since they hydrolyze P monoester to phosphate. Their activity is generally measured in soil extracts, and thus, it remains uncertain how mobile these enzymes are and to which extent they can be translocated within the soil profile. The presence of phosphomonoesterases in s...
Article
Enhanced frequency and intensity of freeze-thaw cycle (FTC) owing to global climate change may influence soil carbon (C) and phosphorus (P) cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. However, a comprehensive understanding of soil C and P cycling in response to FTC is still lacking. Here, we compiled data of 2471 observations from 75 publications and conduc...
Article
Full-text available
Above and belowground compartments in ecosystems are closely coupled on daily to annual timescales. In mature forests, this interlinkage and how it is impacted by drought is still poorly understood. Here, we pulse-labelled 100-year-old trees with 13 CO2 within a 15-year-long irrigation experiment in a naturally dry pine forest to quantify how droug...
Article
Full-text available
The role of carbon (C) and nutrient uptake, allocation, storage and especially their interactions in survival and recovery of trees under increased frequencies and intensities of drought events is not well understood. A full factorial experiment with four soil water content regimes ranging from extreme drought to well-watered conditions and two fer...
Article
Full-text available
Pyrogenic carbon (PyC) is produced by the incomplete combustion of vegetation during wildfires and is a major and persistent pool of the global carbon (C) cycle. However, its redistribution in the landscape after fires remains largely unknown. Therefore, we conducted rainfall simulation experiments on 0.25 m2 plots with two distinct Swiss forest so...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding controls on the persistence of soil organic matter (SOM) is essential to constrain its role in the carbon cycle and inform climate-carbon cycle model predictions. Emerging concepts regarding the formation and turnover of SOM imply that it is mainly comprised of mineral-stabilized microbial products and residues; however, direct eviden...
Article
Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Pyrogenic carbon (PyC) is produced by the incomplete combustion of vegetation during wildfires and is a major and persistent pool of the global carbon (C) cycle. However, its redistribution in the landscape after fires remains largely unknown. Therefore, we conducted rainfall simulation experiments on 0.25-m 2 plots with two distinct Swiss forest s...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Climate change increases the frequency of drought events and leads to higher variability in precipitation. Drought impairs rhizosphere (root and the root-associated microbiome) functioning in trees and leads to a reduced assimilate supply belowground. It remains unclear if rhizosphere and thus whole-tree functioning can quickly recover...
Article
Früher Laubfall der Buche während der Sommertrockenheit 2018: Resistenz oder Schwächesymptom? Die Sommertrockenheit 2018 führte in verschiedenen Regionen der Schweiz zum vorzeitigen Laubfall bei Bu-chen (Fagus sylvatica L.). Es stellte sich die Frage, ob dieser Laubfall als Resistenzreaktion aufgefasst werden soll, die den Buchen einen physiologisc...
Article
Full-text available
An improved identification of the environmental variables that can be used to predict the content of soil organic carbon (SOC) stored belowground is required to reduce uncertainties in estimating the response of the largest terrestrial carbon reservoir to environmental change. Recent studies indicate that some metal cations can have an active role...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding controls on the persistence of soil organic matter (SOM) is essential to constrain its role in the carbon cycle and inform climate-carbon cycle model predictions. Emerging concepts regarding formation and turnover of SOM imply that it is mainly comprised of mineral-stabilized microbial products and residues, however, direct evidence i...
Article
Full-text available
Soil nitrogen (N) availability is critical for grassland functioning. However, human activities have increased the supply of biologically‐limiting nutrients, and changed the density and identity of mammalian herbivores. These anthropogenic changes may alter net soil N mineralization (soil net Nmin), i.e., the net balance between N mineralization an...
Article
Altered drying-rewetting patterns due to climate change may affect soil nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. The responses of soil N and P cycling to drying and rewetting cycles can vary with drying-rewetting patterns, experimental methods, ecosystems, and soil types, thus making a synthesis of these studies necessary...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To quantify tree biomass and stand productivity of treeline ecotones and identify driving factors. Location treeline ecotones of seven regions from the South to Polar Urals, spanning a latitudinal gradient of 1,500 km. Taxa Picea obovata, Betula pubescens, Larix sibirica. Methods Stand biomass and productivity were estimated across 18 elevat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Modelling essential drivers of lateral redistribution of pyrogenic carbon under a controlled condition experiment
Article
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In der Schweiz gelangt nach wie vor zu viel Stickstoff und Phosphor in die Umwelt. Kritische Belastungsgrenzen für Stickstoffeinträge in die Umwelt sind vielerorts deutlich überschritten. Vor allem die Stickstoff- und Phosphorüberschüsse der Landwirtschaft und die Stickstoffemissionen des Verkehrs belasten die Umwelt und beeinträchtigen die Biodive...
Article
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Carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) become released in inorganic or organic forms during decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM). Environmental perturbations, such as drying and rewetting, alter the cycling of C, N, and P. Our study aimed at identifying the patterns and controls of C, N, and P release in soils under beech forests. We ex...
Article
Full-text available
Soil nitrogen mineralisation (Nmin), the conversion of organic into inorganic N, is important for productivity and nutrient cycling. The balance between mineralisation and immobilisation (net Nmin) varies with soil properties and climate. However, because most global-scale assessments of net Nmin are laboratory-based, its regulation under field-con...
Article
Soil organic matter (SOM) is sensitive to land use and to physico-chemical soil properties as well soil microbial communities controlling SOM stabilization. Our study aimed at exploring how carbonates of Mediterranean soils – known to stabilize SOM by enhancing soil aggregation and binding SOM by calcium – are affecting SOM and microbial communitie...
Article
Upward shifts of mountain vegetation lag behind rates of climate warming, partly related to interconnected changes belowground. Here, we unravel above- and belowground linkages by drawing insights from short-term experimental manipulations and elevation gradient studies. Soils will likely gain carbon in early successional ecosystems, while losing c...
Article
Full-text available
Quantitative constraints on soil organic matter (SOM) dynamics are essential for comprehensive understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle. Deep soil carbon is of particular interest as it represents large stocks and its turnover times remain highly uncertain. In this study, SOM dynamics in both the top and deep soil across a climatic (average te...
Article
Full-text available
While vegetation has intensively been surveyed on mountain summits, limited knowledge exists about the diversity and community structure of soil biota. Here, we study how climatic variables, vegetation, parent material, soil properties, and slope aspect affect the soil microbiome on 10 GLORIA (Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine enviro...
Article
Full-text available
Storing large amounts of organic carbon, soils are a key but uncertain component of the global carbon cycle, and accordingly, of Earth System Models (ESMs). Soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics are regulated by a complex interplay of drivers. Climate, generally represented by temperature and moisture, is regarded as one of the fundamental controls. H...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen (N) inputs from atmospheric deposition can increase soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in temperate and boreal forests, thereby mitigating the adverse effects of anthropogenic CO2 emissions on global climate. However, direct evidence of N-induced SOC sequestration from low-dose, long-term N addition experiments (that is, addition of < 50 kg...
Article
Full-text available
In the article by Forstner et al. (2018), the surnames of co-authors Katharina M. Keiblinger and Patrick Schleppi were misspelled. We apologize and ask readers to cite the corrected version of the article as presented here. Further, equation (1) was incorrectly formulated in the original article. The original equation shown is only correct if hi is...
Article
Full-text available
The content of organic carbon (C) in soils is not stable, but depends on a number of environmental variables and biogeochemical processes that actively regulate its balance. An improved identification of the environmental variables that can be used as predictors of soil organic C (SOC) content is needed to reduce uncertainties of how the soil C res...