Frank J. Bernieri

Frank J. Bernieri
Oregon State University | OSU · School of Psychological Science

Ph.D.

About

61
Publications
66,588
Reads
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5,634
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
2120 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Full-text available
The present investigation reports the convergent and discriminant validity coefficients for two versions of Farmer and Sundberg’s (Journal of Personality Assessment, 50(1), 4–17, 1986) boredom proneness scale. Boredom proneness, a trait that refers to an enduring tendency to disengage from the environment, has been neglected by the field of psychol...
Article
Full-text available
We report the different personality profiles associated with five different empathy scales assessed by the face valid Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index and the empirically derived Hogan Empathy Scale. Participants arranged in groups of 5–7 worked and socialized together in groups for nine weeks before evaluating each other using Ten-Item Persona...
Article
Full-text available
Recent reviews of the emapthy literature have) revealed that nearly half of the published studies on empathy employed an empathy measure that did not align precisely with the theoretical definition the author provided. This may occur because researchers might not know what each published empathy scale actually measures. The present research begins...
Article
Full-text available
Most people do not have direct access to knowledge about the inner workings of robots. Instead, they must develop mental models of the robot, a process that is not well understood. This article presents findings from a long-term, in-the-wild, qualitative, hypothesis-generating study of the mental model formation process. The focus was on how (quali...
Preprint
Full-text available
Privacy-sensitive robotics is an emerging area of HRI research. Judgments about privacy would seem to be context-dependent, but none of the promising work on contextual "frames" has focused on privacy concerns. This work studies the impact of contextual "frames" on local users' privacy judgments in a home telepresence setting. Our methodology consi...
Article
Previous work on trait perception has evaluated accuracy at discrete stages of relationships (e.g., strangers, best friends). A relatively limited body of literature has investigated changes in accuracy as acquaintance within a dyad or group increases. Small groups of initially unacquainted individuals spent more than 30 hr participating in a wide...
Conference Paper
Privacy-sensitive robotics is an emerging area of HRI research. Judgments about privacy would seem to be context-dependent, but none of the promising work on contextual "frames" has focused on privacy concerns. This work studies the impact of contextual "frames" on local users' privacy judgments in a home telepresence setting. Our methodology consi...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of robots into our society will also introduce new concerns about personal privacy. In order to study these concerns, we must do human-subject experiments that involve measuring privacy-relevant constructs. This paper presents a taxonomy of privacy constructs based on a review of the privacy literature. Future work in operationaliz...
Article
Although age-related deficits in emotion perception have been established using photographs of individuals, the extension of these findings to dynamic displays and dyads is just beginning. Similarly, most eye-tracking research in the person perception literature, including those that study age differences, have focused on individual attributes glea...
Article
Tennis and Dabbs (1975) reported that physically attractive males showed a positivity bias when rating the attractiveness of others. The opposite pattern was observed for females. We attempted to replicate and extend these findings by: (1) using self-assessed attractiveness rather than the experimentally derived attractiveness measure used in previ...
Article
Full-text available
Some studies have revealed evidence for proximity seeking following interpersonal rejection, whereas other studies have found evidence of relational distancing (Williams, 2007). This study examined whether both processes could occur simultaneously within face-to-face interactions. Participants were accepted or rejected by one person and then intera...
Article
Full-text available
Seventy-nine participants rated their involvement and satisfaction with time spent in each of 14 roles (e.g., me as a student), as well as overall life satisfaction. They also described themselves in each of these roles, as well as five general self-conceptions (e.g., ideal self), by repeatedly selecting from a list of traits. Each participant’s se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We determined the extent to which the assessment of self-monitoring (Snyder, 1974, 1987) was biased by the interpersonal domain salient at the time of administration. Participants (113 women and 68 men) completed the original 25-item Self-Monitoring Scale as well as five different modified versions of the scale that instructed respondents to consid...
Article
Many personality traits have been proposed to predict a person’s ability to judge another. The predictive abilities found for these traits have been inconsistent. Funder and others (e.g., Gilbert, 1989; Trope, 1986) suggested that social knowledge, motivation to read others, and the ability to multitask are essential components of accurate judgment...
Article
Teacher behaviour reflecting their differential expectations was investigated in a context-minimal method, where judges rate extremely brief (10-second) clips of videotaped teacher behaviour, separated into isolated non-verbal and verbal channels (face, body, speech content, tone of voice, etc.). Teachers were recorded when talking about and talkin...
Article
Full-text available
We examined whether handshakes improved the accuracy with which participants judged a set of targets. Handshakes are interpersonally coordinated behaviors that require motivation and practice to perform well. Therefore conscientiousness may predict how well handshakes are executed. If so, a person's conscientiousness may be more accurately perceive...
Article
It is an open question as to how impressions formed via computer-mediated communication (CMC) differ from those formed face-to-face (FtF). Some research suggests that judgments of others formed while interacting over CMC are more favorable than judgments formed in FtF, while other researchers argue the pattern is in the opposite direction. We sough...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the assessment of individual differences, emphasizing the major paradigms and instruments for assessing the accuracy of nonverbal cue processing, and discussing characteristics of the stimuli and judgment methodologies. Interpersonal sensitivity is the accuracy in judging the meanings of cues given off by expressors, as well...
Article
We investigated the ability of adults and children to perceive the Big Five personality traits in others from “thin slices” of the behavioral stream. Targets were videotaped in five carefully crafted situations, each designed to maximally reveal a different trait domain. In addition, each target’s personality was assessed by close friends or parent...
Article
Full-text available
We hypothesized that increasing the amount of individuating but case-irrelevant information about a target in a date-rape trial (i.e., either the defendant or the victim/witness) would increase attributions of responsibility for that target and would thus influence judgments of defendant guilt. As predicted, merely adding trivial information, such...
Article
ABSTRACT Moderator variables for cross-situational consistency can be tested m two different ways (a) a trait-specific manner which examines differences in cross-situational consistency among traits, or (b) a person-specific manner which examines differences in cross-situational consistency among people The present study examined moderator effects–...
Article
Full-text available
We hypothesized that participants in love and more experienced in romantic love (e.g., schematics) would perceive love more accurately than those who were not in love and less experienced. Judges viewed and rated a series of 25 thin-slice video clips of couples for whom their love for another was known via Sternberg's (Psychological Review, 93, 119...
Article
Full-text available
Social perceivers are believed to report their perceptions in terms of subjective cues (e.g., warmth, agreeableness, etc.) more than objective cues (e.g., gestures, head nods, etc.). The authors examined perceivers’ awareness of and control over both types of cues when making social judgments. Consistent with past theorizing, Study 1 demonstrated t...
Article
This research explored the relation of endogenous testosterone levels to behavior in brief social encounters. In four studies, 358 college students whose testosterone levels were known entered a room and (1) stood and spoke to a video camera, (2) stood and talked with an experimenter, (3) sat and talked with an interviewer, or (4) sat and talked wi...
Article
Although questions about how people respond to others' nonverbal cues have always been central to the study of nonverbal communication, the study of individual diVerences in accuracy of nonverbal cue processing, or interpersonal sensitivity, is a more recent endeavor. This chapter focuses on assessment of individual diVerences, emphasizing the majo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the present study, naive observers evaluated the initial greeting that took place within 59 employment interviews. Two trained interviewers conducted each employment interview, which was videotaped. After each twenty-minute interview, the two interviewers completed a post-interview questionnaire evaluating the candidates on their interview perfo...
Article
Full-text available
Over the course of 5 consecutive days, each author agreed to be ostracized for a day at work by the other four coauthors. All coauthors’ offices were in close proximity and were located solely on a single floor and wing of their academic building. Each morning, the name of that day's ostracized individual was drawn, and a scarlet letter “O” was pla...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relative impact different channels of communication had on social perception based on exposure to thin slices of the behavioral stream. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that dyadic rapport can be perceived quickly through visual channels. Perceivers judged the rapport in 50 target interactions in one of five stimulus d...
Article
(From the book) "Civil Inattention Exists--In Elevators" / Miron Zuckerman, Marianne Miserandino and Frank Bernieri / Shows how environment, space, and gaze combine to create situations in which people manage interaction by politely deciding not to interact. / "Stereotypes and Nonverbal Cues: Showing How We Feel about Others during Cross-Cultural I...
Article
Ecology of rapport and its perception within 2 contexts (i.e., adversarial and cooperative) were examined from a Brunswikian perspective. A lens model analysis determined (a) which observable cues were indicative of rapport, (b) whether observer judgments covaried with such cues, and (c) whether observers could assess accurately the rapport between...
Article
The efficacy of cognitive feedback and the relative ineffectiveness of outcome feedback has been well documented in the judgment literature (Balzer, Doherty, & O′Connor, 1989). The relevant research leading to this conclusion, however, has been characterized by artificially constructed tasks with rigidly controlled stimulus properties which may not...
Article
Interpersonal perception was examined cross-culturally by having samples of Greek and American subjects view and judge the level of rapport throughout the same series of 50 dyadic interactions recorded in America. The overall pattern of results showed that: (a) the judgment policies and accuracy of the Greek and American samples were remarkably sim...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of self-other data for the study of person perception accuracy is illustrated and discussed. Length of acquaintance, length of cohabitation, and trait empathy were investigated for their moderating effects on person perception accuracy, defined as the level of self-other agreement. Self-other agreement was computed four ways. A trait-b...
Article
Full-text available
The validity of a rating paradigm used to measure relative degrees of movement coordination occurring within social interaction (i.e., interactional synchrony) was examined. Untrained judges viewed video clips from 60 dyads, each recorded in two interaction contexts. Two types of video displays were generated. In one condition, judges rated interac...
Article
For 49 Greek students rs of depression and accuracy of tracking the negative partner in a videotaped dyad replicated U.S. results.
Article
6 more depressed scoring undergraduates rated perceived rapport more accurately but lower than 39 nondepressed students and tracked a negative partner more than a positive one, suggesting affect in social perception must be studied carefully.
Article
Full-text available
This research examined the impact of self-regulatory styles on the degree of consistency between behaviors and self-reported attitudes and traits. It was predicted that individuals who regulate their behavior in an autonomous manner would be more like{y to display behavior consistent with their self-reported attitudes and traits than individuals wh...
Article
Chow (1991) has defined the experimental logic and methodology described by Rosnow and Rosenthal (1989) as being incompatible with his notion of `conceptual rigor' and even antithetical to the requirements of internal and external validity. The purpose of this response is to suggest: (a) that the two approaches in question are not, in their entiret...
Article
Students differing in ages and teachers differing in experience were exposed to extremely brief samples of teacher behavior when talking about, and talking to, students for which they held high or low expectations. Judgments of teacher characteristics as well as those of the unseen student with whom the teacher was involved were collected. An expec...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relation between the amount learned by high school students in a brief teaching session conducted by their peers and two aspects of the interpersonal sensitivity of teacher and student, encoding ability and decoding ability. Encoding ability was measured with a paper-and-pencil scale of empathic sensitivity believed to m...
Article
Developmental change in twin similarity was examined with age contrasts in a meta-analysis of twin studies from 1967 through 1985. Intraclass rs were coded from 103 papers that included data for monozygotic or dizygotic twins, or for both, on personality or intelligence variables. Analyses indicated that there was a general tendency for some intrac...
Article
This study tested the prediction that 3 variables—self-reported trait relevance, consistency, and observability—would moderate correlations between self-ratings and peer ratings. These predictions received considerable support when the 3 moderators were measured by ranking procedures (i.e., rank ordering traits in terms of their standing on each mo...
Article
In this article we present a brief exposure method of assessing teachers' verbal and nonverbal behavior. Highly biased and unbiased teachers were videotaped addressing their classes, and judges rated randomized 10-s clips. Leakage, the transmission of more positive affect in controllable channels while negative affect is given away involuntarily in...
Article
High school students in 19 teaching dyads were measured for their degree of interpersonal coordination and rapport. Two types of movement coordination were identified and rated by a group of untrained judges: the degree of perceivedmovement synchrony, and the extent ofbehavior matching. Ratings of movement synchrony in true interactions were signif...
Article
Full-text available
We examined a new method for studying synchrony (i.e., the coordination of movement between individuals in social interactions) in two studies. Raters viewed video clips of interactions and judged the level of synchrony occurring between a mother and a 14-month-old child. Some of the video clips were genuine interactions, but most were pseudointera...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Harvard University, 1988. Includes bibliographical references.
Article
This paper presents a relatively context-free method of assessing teacher behavior. The context is removed through the use of extremely brief (10-second) clips of videotaped teacher behavior, separated into isolated nonverbal and verbal channels. This method makes it possible to trace subtle within-teacher differences in isolated visual and verbal...
Article
Full-text available
The imposition of external constraints on an activity has frequently been shown to undermine intrinsic motivation. Given that limits must often be set upon peoples' activities, especially in parenting and education, the present study addressed the question of whether limits can be set without undermining intrinsic motivation for the activity being...
Article
Elevators were used as a field setting to examine the existence of civil inattention (Goffman, 1963)—the rule that in a transient encounter strangers give visual notice to each other and then withdraw attention. In Sutdy 1, confederates recorded the behavior of single riders in elevators. It was found that about half of all riders gave the confeder...
Article
Five experiments examined the effects of attribution, salience, and representativeness of a target person's behavior on consensus bias—the tendency to generalize from the target's behavior to the behavior of the group. Ss were 762 undergraduates. Exp I showed that actors and observers induced to make a situational attribution for a behavior perceiv...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Toledo. "A thesis [submitted] as partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Master of Arts degree in Psychology." Includes bibliographical references (leaves 61-69). Advisor: Dr. Frank J. Bernieri.

Questions

Question (1)
Question
If the height of a test information curve (not item information curve) indicates the discriminability of a test at a given level of a trait, then doesn't it follow that the range of test scores in the tails of this distribution are uninformative (unreliable)? It seems to me that an inevitable conclusion from IRT is that, for most publish scales, extreme test scores will be inherently noisy and therefore should not be given prominence in data analysis (e.g., treating test scores as a continuous variable and using all of the data including extreme scores) because of the high leverage these data points will have in determining the solutions. At the very least, it seems IRT would compel researchers to either trim their data (e.g., omit the top and bottom 5 or 10% of scores) or in some cases treat the data discretely and perform ANOVA's instead. How does one reconcile the Test Information Curve and prescription to analyze data as a continuous variable without trimming extreme scores?

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