Frank Baiden

Frank Baiden
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine | LSHTM · Department of Clinical Research

MBCHB MSC PHD FHEA

About

101
Publications
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Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
Background/Significance Much of the literature on head injury (HI) prevalence comes from high-income countries (HICs), despite the disproportionate burden of injuries in low to middle-income countries (LMICs). This study evaluated the HI prevalence in the Kintampo Injury Registry, a collaborative effort between Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC...
Article
Introduction: Severely sick-children presenting at primary healthcare facilities need referral to higher level facilities for better care. Adherence to referrals and quality of care received by those referred could serve as critical steps towards their survival.Objective: To describe experiences with severely sick children referred to higher-level...
Article
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Background: Alcohol use among adolescents can result in many health issues and is linked to future health and economic problems, motor vehicle crash involvement and interpersonal violence. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use among in-school adolescents and factors associated with its use in a Municipality in Ghana. Methods:...
Article
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Background: Alcohol use among adolescents can result in many health issues and is linked to future health and economic problems, motor vehicle crash involvement and interpersonal violence. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use among in-school adolescents and factors associated with its use in a Municipality in Ghana.
Article
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Background Over a decade of implementing a global strategy to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Ghana through mass drug administration, the disease is still being transmitted in 11 districts out of an initial 98 endemic districts identified in 2000. A context-specific evidence-based quality improvement intervention was implemented in the Bole Distr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Over a decade of implementing a global strategy to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Ghana through mass drug administration, the disease is still being transmitted in 22 districts out of an initial 98 endemic districts identified in 2000. A context-specific evidence-based quality improvement intervention was implemented in the Bole Distr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Over a decade of implementing a global strategy to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Ghana through mass drug administration, the disease is still being transmitted in 22 districts out of an initial 98 endemic districts identified in 2000. A context-specific evidence-based quality improvement intervention was implemented in the Bole Distr...
Article
Full-text available
Ghana has been implementing Mass Drug Administration (MDA) since the year 2001, and Lymphatic Filariasis transmission has been interrupted in 76 out of the 98 targeted districts. The remaining districts have a microfilaria prevalence above the 1% threshold needed for the interruption of transmission. This study assesses the level of lymphatic filar...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Over a decade of implementing a global strategy to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Ghana through mass drug administration, the disease is still being transmitted in 22 districts out of an initial 98 endemic districts identified in 2000. A context-specific evidence-based quality improvement intervention was implemented in the Bole Distr...
Article
The sharing of sexually explicit materials using internet-enabled devices by adolescents (sexting) is an issue of global concern. Very little is known about it in sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted a self-administered survey among a randomly selected group of high school students in Tema, Ghana. Students’ self-esteem was assessed using the Rosenberg...
Article
Introduction: Persons with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs as the abled people but they often face barriers to SRH information and services which are necessary for healthy and safe relationships, protection from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study sought to access the SRH services...
Article
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Background: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDT) that target histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2) are important tools for Plasmodium falciparum diagnosis. Parasites with pfhrp2/3 gene deletions threaten the use of these mRDTs, and have been reported in Africa, Asia, and South America. We studied blood samples from three African countries to determine...
Article
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Radiation and radioactive isotopes form part of our natural environment. Elevated levels of these radioactive isotopes in the environment can pose a threat to our health. A greater proportion of the natural radiation is from the radioactive gas radon. Although it cannot be detected by human senses, radon and its progenies are of health concern as i...
Article
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Methods Due to the complexities associated with implementing evidence-based programs (EBP) such as the lymphatic filariasis MDA and variability in the context, an initial assessment to identify implementation bottlenecks associated with the quality of implementation of lymphatic filariasis MDA in the Bole District of Ghana was conducted using a mix...
Data
Exploring knowledge and understanding of lymphatic Filariasis. (DOCX)
Data
Exploring the understanding of mass drug administration exercise in study districts. (DOCX)
Data
Knowledge about lymphatic filariasis in Bole District. (DOCX)
Data
Knowledge of mass drug administration in Bole District. (DOCX)
Data
Pre and post intervention mass drug administration coverage in Bole Districts. (DOCX)
Data
Exploring suggestion on how to reach community members and improve mass drug administration. (DOCX)
Data
Post intervention knowledge about the disease and mass drug administration. (DOCX)
Article
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Background Sex composition of living children within the context of “sex preference” and its association with various reproductive health outcomes has been extensively studied in South and South East Asia. Although sex preference has been observed in sub-Saharan Africa, there is paucity of research on sex composition of living children and its asso...
Article
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Ghanaian children (2176) aged <5 years who presented with undifferentiated acute respiratory distress were tested for respiratory pathogens using a BioFire FilmArray polymerase chain reaction assay. Rhinovirus and/or enterovirus was detected in 36% of the assays, respiratory syncytial virus in 11%, and parainfluenza in 7%. Respiratory syncytial vir...
Article
Background The Volta River Authority Hospital (VRAH) is a district hospital associated with a large public works project in Akosombo, Ghana, that has developed a reputation for high-quality care. We hypothesized that this stems from a culture of safety and standardized processes typical of high-risk engineering environments. To investigate this, we...
Article
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Background Many of the 28 million deaths from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low‐ and middle‐income countries each year could be prevented through early detection and intervention. The introduction of screening for NCDs in community pharmacies (CPs) in Ghana could enhance access to early detection. Methods We surveyed clients in three district...
Article
Introduction: Fresh vegetables are an important source of vital nutrients. Poor farming practices and improper washing put consumers at risk of parasitic infections. This study explored the presence of parasitic contamination of commonly-consumed vegetables procured from two markets in Ghana. It also explored the decontamination effects of washing...
Article
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Background A One-Health approach is advocated to ensure effective rabies surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa. Information is needed to assess the current state of dog bites and rabies in Ghana. We analyzed data on reported events in the Eastern Region of Ghana from 2013 to 2015 to generate information that can be used for rabies elimination in Ghana...
Article
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Background: An analysis of the causes of death in developing countries is needed to improve healthcare delivery. The aim of this study was to conduct a descriptive analysis of the causes of death at the University of Ghana Hospital from 1979 to 2015. Methods: Data were extracted from the electronic database of the University of Ghana Hospital. D...
Article
Objective: The practice of skin lightening (SL) persist despite warnings about its harmful health effects. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable and at risk of prolonged use of SL products. We explored SL practices among high school students in Ghana, West Africa. Study design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: We used a self-administered que...
Article
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Since 2010, the World Health Organization has been recommending that all suspected cases of malaria be confirmed with parasite-based diagnosis before treatment. These guidelines represent a paradigm shift away from presumptive antimalarial treatment of fever. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) are central to implementing this policy, intended t...
Article
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Background: In low-income and middle-income countries, invasive mechanical ventilation is often not available for children at risk of death from respiratory failure. We aimed to determine if continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a form of non-invasive ventilation, decreases all-cause mortality in children with undifferentiated respiratory dis...
Article
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Maternal death audits are crucial to the reduction of maternal deaths. The aim of this study was to identity factors contributing to maternal deaths at Eastern Regional Hospital of Ghana. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Quantitative data on all the maternal deaths from January to December 2012 was extracted from completed audit form...
Article
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Objectives To examine the impact of use of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria on prescribing of antimicrobials, specifically antibiotics, for acute febrile illness in Africa and Asia. Design Analysisof nine preselected linked and codesigned observational and randomised studies (eight cluster or individually randomised trials and one observational s...
Article
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Objectives The overuse of antimalarial drugs is widespread. Effective methods to improve prescribing practice remain unclear. We evaluated the impact of 10 interventions that introduced rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (mRDTs) on the use of tests and adherence to results in different contexts. Design A comparative case study approach, analysing...
Article
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Sexually transmitted infection (STI) affects the reproductive health of both men and women worldwide. Condoms are important part of the available preventive strategies for STI control. The lack of proper risk-perception continues to impede women’s ability to negotiate condom use with their partners. This paper is the outcome of secondary analysis o...
Article
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Background: Unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortions are major public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. In the Western Region of Ghana, unsafe abortions account for 3.8% of all maternal deaths. Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) give women opportunity to prevent unwanted pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected sexual intercourse. T...
Article
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Background: The presumptive approach of confirming malaria in health facilities leads to over-diagnosis of malaria, over use of anti-malaria drugs and the risk of drug resistance development. WHO recommends parasitological confirmation before treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in all suspected malaria patients. The use of m...
Article
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Background: Over 2 billion people are infected with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and about 240 million are chronic carriers of the virus. Chronic HBV infection is an important cause of liver cancer. The infectivity of HBV is hundred times higher than the HIV virus yet it receives comparatively little attention in public health. The study assessed knowl...
Article
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We developed a test battery for use among children in Bangladesh, Ghana, and Tanzania, assessing general intelligence, executive functioning, and school achievement. The instruments were drawn from previously published materials and tests. The instruments were adapted and translated in a systematic way to meet the needs of the three assessment cont...
Conference Paper
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The aim of the study was to conduct an analysis of mortality trends at the institution from 1979 to 2015. The objectives were to conduct cross-sectional and temporal analysis of the mortality trends using demographic data. Relevant data from medical cause of death certificates at the institution were assessed. The mortality data was analysed by age...
Article
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Background Covert contraceptive use (CCU) in sub-Saharan Africa is an indication of women’s inability to exercise autonomy in their reproductive choices. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of CCU among a sample of FP clients in a municipality of Ghana. Methods We conducted a mixed method study among women attending...
Article
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Background Health facility data are more readily accessible for operational planning and evaluation of disease control programmes. The importance, potential challenges and limitations of using facility based survey as an alternative tool for monitoring changes in local malaria epidemiology were examined. Methods The study involved six areas within...
Article
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Rigorous evidence of ‘what works’ to improve health care is in demand, but methods for the development of interventions have not been scrutinized in the same ways as methods for evaluation. This paper presents and examines intervention development processes of eight malaria health care interventions in East and West Africa. A case study approach wa...
Article
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Background: Malaria-endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa are shifting from the presumptive approach that is based on clinical judgement (CJ) to the test-based approach that is based on confirmation through test with rapid diagnostic tests (RDT). It has been suggested that the loss of the prophylactic effect of presumptive-administered ACT in ch...
Article
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Introduction: Clinical trials conducted in sub-Saharan Africa have helped to address the prevalent health challenges. The knowledge about how communities perceive clinical trials is however only now evolving. This study was conducted among parents whose children participated in past clinical trials in northern Ghana to assess their knowledge and p...
Article
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Background During the last decade, the number of clinical trials conducted in sub-Saharan Africa has increased significantly which has helped to address priority health problems in the region. Navrongo health research centre since it was established in 1989, has conducted several trial studies including rectal artesunate trial in the Kassena-Nankan...
Conference Paper
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To provide the descriptive epidemiology of the 7,148 injured patients enrolled in an Injury registry database prospectively collected in 2 hospitals in Northern Ghana.
Article
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Abortion continues to be used as a method of family planning by many women. The complications of unsafe abortions are a major contributor to maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ghana. This study explored the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on abortions in 156 communities within the Kintampo Health and Demographic Surv...
Article
Background: Obtaining informed consent is part of the expression of the principle of participant autonomy during clinical trials. It is critical that participants understand the content of informed consent forms and remain in a position to seek independent advice on its content. We conducted a survey among past participants of a clinical trial in...
Article
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Timely and appropriate management of febrile illness among children under five years of age will contribute to achieving Millennium Development Goal-4. The revised World Health Organization-Global Malaria Programme's policy on test-based management of malaria must integrate effectively into the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI). Thi...
Article
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To meet the greater demand for skilled personnel in Emergency Medicine (EM) in Ghana, the authors developed an in-service course in basic acute care for Physician Assistants (PAs) working in district hospitals. Methods: An initial training of trainers course was held for twenty-two PAs. From this initial group, ten were selected as Senior Trainers....
Article
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Family planning is known to prevent maternal deaths, but some social norms, limited supplies and inconsistent use makes this difficult to achieve in most low- and middle-income countries. In spite of the high fertility levels in most sub-Saharan African countries and the potential economic benefits of family planning, its patronage remains very low...
Article
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Introduction: the burden of disease represented by snakebites is widely underestimated and often neglected public health problem in the tropics. There is insufficient epidemiological data to guide distribution of antivenin and proper management of venomous snakebites. We describe the presentation, management and outcome of snakebites in two distric...
Article
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Background Unintended pregnancies may carry serious consequences for women and their families, including the possibility of unsafe abortion, delayed prenatal care, poor maternal mental health and poor child health outcomes. Although between 1993 and 2008, unintended births decreased from 42% to 37% in Ghana, the rate of decline is low, whilst level...
Article
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Background The case management of febrile children in hospitals’ and health centres’ pre-roll out of the new WHO policy on parasitological diagnosis was assessed. The delivery of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) at these two levels of the health system was compared. Methods Structured observations and exit interviews of 1,222 febrile children...
Article
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The presumptive approach was the World Health Or- ganisation (WHO) recommended to the management of malaria for many years and this was incorporated into syndromic guidelines such as the Integrated Manage- ment of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI). In early 2010 however, WHO issued revised treatment guidelines that call for a shift from the presumptive to...