Francoise Claro

Francoise Claro
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle · Direction Expertise

PhD DVM

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47
Publications
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771
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Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Global warming is affecting habitat quality and availability on our planet and some species are predicted or are by now changing their distribution range. Here we show that loggerhead turtles have already started to expand their nesting range into the Western Mediterranean, which has until recently hosted only sporadic nests. We compiled informatio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
L'établissement d'un réseau cohérent de sites Natura 2000, composé de sites d'importance communautaire (SIC) désignés en zones spéciales de conservation (ZSC) et de zones de protection spéciale (ZPS), constitue un objectif majeur au regard de la mise en œuvre des Directives « Habitats-Faune-Flore » (DHFF, 92/43/CEE) et « Oiseaux » (DO, 2009/147/CE)...
Book
Full-text available
Chapter 1.1: Purpose and scope The purpose of this Document is to guide Member States in the review and update of the assessment of their marine waters in respect of each marine region or subregion, according to Article 17(2)(a) in conjunction with Articles 8(1) and 9(1) MSFD, which is due for reporting by 15 October 2024 and in subsequent reportin...
Article
Full-text available
Delineating priority areas for highly mobile marine megafauna represents a major challenge for conservation biology. To manage such areas, one must understand both their spatial properties (i.e., location, number, extent), and the level of exposure to a number of given pressures. Here, we used a combination of ensemble distribution models, field-ba...
Article
Full-text available
Climate-induced environmental changes are profoundly impacting marine ecosystems and altering species distribution worldwide. Migratory organisms, including sea turtles, are expected to be particularly sensitive to these variations. Here, we studied changes in the size structure and reproductive activity of loggerhead turtles in the French Mediterr...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A l’occasion d’un audit de la Commission européenne sur l’évaluation coordonnée des espèces et habitats marins dans le cadre des Directives Oiseaux (DO), Habitats-Faune-Flore (DHFF) et de la Directive-Cadre Stratégie pour le Milieu Marin (DCSMM), une étude approfondie a été réalisée sur le niveau d’intégration de la surveillance et de l’évaluation...
Chapter
While the physical impact of meso- and macrodebris on biota is broadly documented, microplastics (MPs) are also known to induce various detrimental effects on organisms but their physical impacts are still under debate. Scientific reports indicate that our knowledge of the physical impact of MPs on biota is very limited. The most frequent effects o...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to characterise the genetic structure and composition of 245 individuals of loggerhead sea turtles collected from stranding and bycatch events along the French Mediterranean coasts (Gulf of Lion, Provence and Corsica). We obtained sequences of the mitochondrial control region for two fragments (683 bp and 241 bp for 170 and 51 indiv...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In: Casale P., Hochscheid S., Kaska Y., Panagopoulou A. (Eds.). Sea Turtles in the Mediterranean Region: MTSG Annual Regional Report 2020. https://www.iucn-mtsg.org/regional-reports
Article
Full-text available
The following protocol is intended to respond to the requirements set by the European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directives (MSFD) for the D10C3 Criteria reported in the Commission Decision (EU), related to the amount of litter ingested by marine animals. Standardized methodologies for extracting litter items ingested from dead sea turtles a...
Article
Adverse impacts of marine litter is documented on >1400 species, including marine megafauna (fish, birds, sea turtles and mammals). The primary impacts include ingestion and entanglement, and there is increasing concern about chemical contamination via ingestion. Numerous survey approaches and monitoring programs have been developed and implemented...
Book
Full-text available
SWOT Report XIV features an up-to-date, comprehensive map of sea turtle distribution in the Mediterranean, a picture of loggerhead movements in the Atlantic, and expert answers to the most frequently asked questions about sea turtles. Other articles explore the effects of red tides on turtles, best practices for transporting stranded turtles, and...
Article
Entanglement of marine fauna is one of the principal impacts of marine litter, with an incidence that can vary strongly according to regions, the type and the quantity of marine litter. On the seafloor, areas dominated by sessile suspension feeders, such as tropical coral reefs or deep-sea coral and sponge aggregations, have been termed “animal for...
Article
The Mediterranean Sea has been described as one of the most affected areas by marine litter in the world. Although effects on organisms from marine plastic litter ingestion have been investigated in several oceanic areas, there is still a lack of information from the Mediterranean Sea. The main objectives of this paper are to review current knowled...
Poster
Developing a Good Environmental Status (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) for sea turtles in the Mediterranean Sea. State-of-art and first results.
Presentation
Impacts of marine litter on sea turtles: through the implementation of a indicator of marine litter abundance and impacts
Article
Full-text available
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Service du Patrimoine naturel CP 41, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris cedex 05 La France a une responsabilité patrimoniale élevée à l'égard des tortues marines (6 des 7 espèces présentes, sites de ponte majeurs en outre mer) ; ces espèces, qui font partie des espèces les plus menacées (statut liste rouge UICN « vulné...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Les tortues marines figurent sur la liste rouge des espèces menacées établie par l’Union Mondiale pour la Nature et certains experts estiment que les captures accidentelles constituent une des principales menaces pour leur survie. La présence sur le territoire national français de 6 des 7 espèces de tortues marines et d’habitats majeurs pour leur c...
Article
The Hainan black-crested gibbon Nomascus sp. cf. nasutus hainanus is on the verge of extinction. Following studies in the late 1980s and early 1990s only limited observations were made of the remaining population in the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on Hainan Island, China, and the most optimistic estimation of the population size was 23 indiv...
Article
Full-text available
We constructed and analyzed the RBG-banded karyotype of five deer species: Chital (Axis axis), White-lipped deer (Cervus albirostris), Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa), Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor) and Eld's deer (Cervus eldi siamensis). Among these five species, only Eld's deer had been previously karyotyped using R-banding. In order to identi...
Article
The Vietnamese sika deer (Cervus nippon pseudaxis) is an endangered subspecies; it has disappeared in the wild, but is being bred in zoological parks. We studied the neutral genetic diversity and population structure of herds kept in different European zoos, using nine microsatellite loci. The goal was to evaluate the consequences of founding effec...
Article
R-banded chromosomes of Vietnamese sika (VS) deer (Cervus nippon pseudaxis, 2N = 66), a threatened subspecies of sika deer endemic to Vietnam, are presented for the first time and were compared with bovine R-banded chromosomes to define a standard karyotype. Nineteen VS deer autosomes (CNP) were identified on the basis of the banding pattern relati...
Article
Sequences from complete mitochondrial control regions (mtDNA CR) were used to infer phylogenetic relationships in 25 Cervinae taxa. Cervus splits into clades that are partially discordant with current species delimitations. Nominate Cervus elaphus includes two divergent clades that must be referred to as species elaphus (European elaphoid deer) and...
Article
Full-text available
Among the three subspecies generally recognized within the Eld's deer (Cervus eldi)--C. e. eldi, C. e. thamin, and C. e. siamensis--C. e. siamensis is considered to be particularly endangered following its disappearance from a major portion of its original range. The only captive breeding population of this subspecies is in the zoological parks at...
Article
Full-text available
The Canidae (36 species) and Felidae (34-37 species) are two families of carnivores represented by numerous exotic species in zoos or wildlife reserves. To some extent, the diseases of these species are similar to those of dogs and cats, and are therefore relatively well known. However, there are differences in sensitivity to infectious agents, tre...
Article
The karyotype of the addax (Addax nasomaculatus, 2n = 58) has been investigated by RBG and CBG banding techniques. All chromosomes are acrocentric except the first pair of autosomes, which is submetacentric. The X chromosome is the largest acrocentric, and the Y chromosome is a medium sized acrocentric. According to the standard conventions used fo...
Article
The RBG banded karyotype (2n = 38) of the blesbok (Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi) comprises 8 pairs of metacentric, 3 pairs of submetacentric and 7 pairs of acrocentric autosomes. The X and Y chromosomes are acrocentric. The 11 pairs of biarmed chromosomes correspond to Robertsonian translocations involving the chromosomes equivalent to goat and catt...
Article
Karyotypes of five males and one female scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) were prepared using lymphocyte and skin cells. CBG-, GTG-, and RBG-banded chromosomes were analysed and the banding patterns were compared with those of cattle, revealing a high level of homoeology except for chromosomes 9, 14, 21, Y, and X. Standard karyotypes are proposed...
Article
The karyotype of the sable antelope has been investigated by RBG- and GTG-banding techniques. Chromosome preparations were made from peripheral blood lymphocytes, and primary fibroblast cells were cultured from skin biopsies. The RBG-banded chromosomes were identified and classified according to the standard conventions used for cattle and goat. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The cytogenetic survey of a captive population of Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) in Saudi Arabia has permitted the detection of a Robertsonian translocation involving chromosome pairs 17 and 19. This population has been constituted with animals from various arabian peninsula countries. The origin of this translocation is uncertain. Our results sugges...
Article
1) Agence des aires marines protégées ; (2) Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Préambule « L'impact des déchets marins sur la flore et la faune des océans est un problème que nous devons aborder aujourd'hui avec beaucoup plus de rapidité » a déclaré le 25 mars 2011 Achim Steiner, le directeur du PNUE lors de la 5ème Conférence internationale sur...

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