Françoise Benhamou

Françoise Benhamou
Université Paris 13 Nord | Paris 13 Nord

About

106
Publications
11,902
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665
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
255 Citations
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Publications

Publications (106)
Chapter
Convergence between media (TV and press industry) and telecoms is growing in the USA and in Europe (especially France). Streaming video services and the use of smartphones to watch TV require efficient connections and explain this growth pattern, despite early failure to establish causality. New business models based on contents and personal data e...
Chapter
Technological breakthroughs are an enabler in the convergence between telecommunications operators and media. Close economic examination put at stake the interpretation based on vertical integration and complementary strategies of telecom operators and content producers. Approach to convergence must be renewed because situation is not the same as 2...
Article
How to regulate digital platforms? It is not obvious how to regulate digital platforms. There are tools, but the objectives need to be clarified; and questions, asked about the tools. Furthermore, work must be done, from a European perspective, on the many forms of regulation. Breaking regulations out of the compartments into which they have been f...
Article
The economist Baumol demonstrated in the 1960s the economic dilemma of the performing arts facing ineluctably rising unit costs. «Baumol's cost disease» (Baumol, 1985) describes the lack of productivity of cultural activities. Rise in wages without productivity leads to an increase in relative prices, a fall in demand and a decline in performing ar...
Article
Cultural commodities and activities generate figures in terms of both income and expenditure. While this data sheds light on the cultural sector and the issues at stake within it, culture should still be seen as a specific field of the economy; careful consideration should be taken in placing it in competition with other sectors modelled on princip...
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A growing body of literature is devoted to testing the reality of the “long-tail” phenomenon. This literature is mostly, if not exclusively, focused on the impact of Internet on the distribution of sales by product. However, the long tail also raises the issue of a possible change in the usual market structure of cultural industries: an oligopoly w...
Article
This paper investigates the main characteristics of the eBook market at the beginning of the 2010s. Although just emerging in Europe, the eBook market is much more developed in the USA, thanks to the launch of the Amazon Kindle in 2007 in addition to other tablets. It argues that the peculiarities of the eBook market lead to unfair competition betw...
Article
In France, the State plays an essential role in the preservation and development of heritage (museums, historical monuments, archaeological sites, etc.): it enacts laws and regulations and allocates credits. Economic theory provides arguments in favor of this public intervention. But it also demonstrates the limitations. The tradition of interventi...
Book
Le droit d'auteur est l'objet de débats passionnés ; le sujet est passé du cercle fermé des spécialistes à un véritable enjeu de société. La contestation numérique constitue la manifestation la plus visible des multiples remises en question dont il a pu être la cible. À partir d'un retour sur les fondements de ce droit, ce livre de deux économistes...
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Full-text available
The long walk towards a cognitive appropriation of the web. The case of comic books While an abundant literature has developed on the specificities of information on the Web, little work has addressed the relative importance of the acquisition of information on the Web as opposed to off the Web, and the role played by individuals’ experience with b...
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The article analyzes the two contrasted effects of copyright usually highlighted by the economic literature: incentives to create, but barriers to diffusion, in the case of the TV industry, which is a specific area, more industrialized than other cultural industries. A survey of 468 author’s earnings on 196 fictions broadcasted on the five main Fre...
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Paris 13 Villetaneuse University was the first to propose a publishing training course; it started in the early 1970s. Organised today with two specialised master's degrees (Editorial Politics and Book Marketing), these training courses are supported in research matters by the Information and Communication Science Laboratory (LABSIC), which dedicat...
Article
Le developpement de l’internet pose desormais des problemes lies a son architecture. Il faut gerer l’encombrement des connexions, sanctionner les comportements deviants et limiter l’usage commercial des donnees personnelles. Mais comment construire des regulations pour un reseau qui est par nature global et supranational ?
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En quoi l'économie de l'immatériel (société de l'information, nouvelles technologies) et le cadre juridique qui en définit les règles influencent, perturbent, modifient, facilitent les missions de protection et de valorisation classiques du patrimoine en termes de conservation, de sélection, d'accès et de diffusion. Il sera ici question, sous une p...
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Full-text available
In 2004, The editor-in-chief of Wired magazine, Chris Anderson, made the assumption that the Internet was bringing together scattered markets for cultural products that had not hitherto been lucrative due to their narrow market appeal. With sales of these products aggregated, he argued, they were now becoming profitable. This assuption, referred to...
Article
Economic Models in a Growing Market: The Electronic Book Whilst the market for electronic books (or e-books) is still stuttering into life in France and represents less than 1% of publishers’ turnover, the commercial strategies being implemented by both traditional and new players in the book publishing industry are laying the foundations for vario...
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The World Heritage List. The Strength of the Words in Support of a Coming Economic Development The World Heritage list of monuments and sites is extremely diverse. It draws a common denominator of a global heritage, especially based on the threat of destruction or deterioration. This paper presents some conclusions of a study conducted for the Fren...
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Full-text available
Les chaînes de télévision françaises entretiennent des relations étroites avec l’industrie du cinéma. Elles coproduisent un volume conséquent de films (à hauteur de 30 à 40% des investissements totaux effectués dans la production cinématographique), elles en diffusent un nombre impressionnant (1490 en 2006 pour les seules chaînes hertziennes, dont...
Article
Alors qu’une experimentation sur la gratuite s’acheve pour quatorze musees et monuments nationaux, faut-il envisager de rendre tous les musees nationaux gratuits ? L’opposition simple du gratuit et du payant n’apparait pas tres eclairante : mieux vaut pouvoir moduler des formes de gratuite et des niveaux de tarif en fonction des publics et d’object...
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Full-text available
Despite the lack of a clear definition of the concept, “cultural diversity” has remained a core issue for more than a decade (WTO, UNESCO, etc.). The aim of this paper is to begin to fill this gap. We argue that cultural diversity is a multi-dimensional concept and that accurate metrics must rely on three criteria: variety, balance and disparity. W...
Book
Au-delà de la question de la rémunération des auteurs, des artistes interprètes et des ayants droit, le droit d'auteur constitue le pivot autour duquel se sont organisées les industries culturelles. Bousculé par les nouvelles technologies de l'information, les pratiques qu'elles permettent, et par la montée d'une culture de la gratuité, il subit de...
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Full-text available
Comment la question du goût est-elle comprise par l'économiste? Faut-il substituer à l'hypothèse de stabilité des préférences l'hypothèse de hiérarchies multiples de préférences en compétition? Ce chapitre propose quelques pistes de recherche pour l'intégration du goût à l'analyse des consommations culturelles.
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Copyright Economics. 3. Television The essay explores the retribution of television writers and film makers. It first examines royalty flows, which transit either directly from producers to writers or indirectly via collective fee gathering and management agencies. The essay goes on to assess the remuneration of writers, particularly as it proceeds...
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Full-text available
Copyright Economics. 5. A The digital revolution affects every branch of the cultural industries to varying degrees. It is radically altering the copyright system and the methods for remunerating artistic creation. We are seeing a sort of wild chase among models that are changing incessantly, accompanied by inevitable adjustments in rules and prac...
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Full-text available
In his essay on imitation in the arts, Adam Smith considers that the exact copy of an artwork always deserves less merit than the original. But the hierarchy between copies and originals has changed over time. So has the perception of copies by lawyers, philosophers, art historians and curators. The development of a market for copies is part of a w...
Chapter
A Multicriteria Analysis of Cultural Diversity : French Books Publishing Cultural diversity is more and more intertwined with cultural policy. But cultural diversity is a notion that can be misleading too. The aim of this contribution is to clarify this notion by opposing a demand side and a supply side cultural diversity. Taking as a basis the pub...
Article
Les musées ont de tout temps été confrontés à des problématiques économiques, qu'il s'agisse de leur financement, de la mise en valeur des collections, de l'évaluation de leur « efficience » ou de la question de la fixation d'un « juste » prix. Les évolutions de la science économique donnent prise à l'utilisation de nouveaux outils pour aborder la...
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Full-text available
This paper is based on the findings of a study carried out for the French Ministry of Culture on the economics of contemporary art galleries. The study was conducted in 1998 and concerned the whole set of art galleries in Paris, and also a sample of galleries in other locations in France and in four foreign countries (the USA, the UK, Switzerland,...
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Full-text available
Copies have had good and bad times. Considered almost as worthy as originals during the Renaissance, they fell into disrepute in the late 19th Century. However, because of the many functions they exercise (preserving memory, training of young artists, inspiring variations), markets for copies never fully disappeared. In this paper, we survey the re...
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The growth of employment in audiovisual andperforming arts activities during a ten year period(1981–1992) in France and in Great Britain was theresult of a double tendency: An increasing number ofindividuals with cultural occupations working incultural industries and structural changes in thelabour market (more flexible workforce, increasingfragmen...
Chapter
Culture is traditionally a key field of French policy. Cultural institutions are heavily dependent on public support, and the most important museums belong to the state. Nevertheless what (1991) calls the ‘Cultural State’ — a state strongly involved in the arts — is increasingly becoming obsolete. French cultural institutions are becoming less bure...
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Our purpose is to analyse, in the case of listed or registered2 public or private monuments and houses, the bases, the conditions and the effects of public intervention. In France, each time a monument is listed or registered by the administration, its conservation depends, directly or indirectly, partially or totally, on public funding. First, pub...
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The foundation and the limits of the notion of public service in the cultural sector Many cultural organizations belong to the public sector in France in accordance with the idea of the role of culture for the citizens' education. But the development of a crisis of public financing and of the belief in the superiority of the market led to a reducti...
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There is a permanent expansion of the number of sites or properties listed as historic monuments in France. This expansion and the lack of productivity gains in the sector of restoration lead, within a stable economy, to an ever greater proportion of the national income being earmarked for upkeep and restoration. Hence the number of monuments to be...

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