Françoise Bartiaux

Françoise Bartiaux
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · IACCHOS - Institute for the Analysis of Change in Contemporary and Historical Societies

PhD in Demography, MS in Sociology, research and teaching in environmental sociology, having also taught mixed methods. Professor and senior scientist at the Université catholique de Louvain.

About

107
Publications
23,807
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
909
Citations
Introduction
Françoise Bartiaux is sociologist and demographer (PhD). She currently works as a Professor and senior scientist at the Université catholique de Louvain. She does research in environmental sociology, energy poverty, quantitative and qualitative research. One of her recent publications is "Sustainable energy transitions and social inequalities in energy access: A relational comparison of capabilities in three European countries".

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Full-text available
The influences of energy transitions on social inequity are multidimensional in their attributes and connections. For adequate accountability of their social correlates, policies aiming to implement a transition towards sustainable energy supply and demand have also to be evaluated regarding their influences on social inequalities, namely in terms...
Article
Full-text available
Based on empirical data on “green” practices according to household size, this article questions the role, if any, given to close personal relationships by social practice theories in sustaining or not daily life practices. Data are mainly drawn from an Internet survey conducted in Belgium in 2006 by WWF-Belgium on daily practices, related to food,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper questions the long-held paradigm of consumers' rationality as well as its corresponding policy tool, the supply of information. Theoretical considerations as well as empirical evidence from a research on residential energy consumption in Belgium show that both environmental information – namely on climate change – and customised advice t...
Article
Full-text available
The social-class dimension of energy consumption has been rather neglected relative to other theoretical approaches to energy use, despite its potential deployment in energy policies. This paper aims at investigating energy policy-related inequalities across social classes with respect to three dimensions highlighted by environmental-justice theori...
Article
Energy poverty is a multidimensional issue and the capability approach is fruitful to show how energy-poor households are restricted in many aspects of well-being. With reference to Nussbaum’s Central Capabilities, and based on qualitative interviews, this contribution aims to illustrate how energy-poor people are limited in five capabilities in th...
Article
Full-text available
Deze etnografische bijdrage heeft betrekking op de energiearmoede en het steunbeleid in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest. De gegevens werden verkregen tussen 2014 en 2017 en bestaan uit waarnemingen op het terrein en diepte-interviews met mensen in energiearmoede. Ons onderzoek toont aan dat de praktijken en negatieve emoties van deze mensen moet...
Article
Full-text available
Cette contribution ethnographique porte sur la précarité énergétique et les politiques d’aide dans la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. Les données produites entre 2014 et 2017 consistent en observations de terrain et entretiens approfondis avec des personnes en précarité énergétique. Notre enquête montre que les pratiques et les émotions négatives de...
Article
Full-text available
This ethnographic contribution focuses on energy poverty and aid policies in the Brussels-Capital Region. The data produced between 2014 and 2017 consist of field observations and in-depth interviews with people affected by energy poverty. Our study shows that the practices and negative emotions of these people must be understood in the context of...
Book
Full-text available
This publication presents the results of the 2GENDERS research project on energy poverty in Belgium.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents the state of the art, the objectives and the research questions of the 2GENDERS research project on energy poverty in Belgium.
Chapter
Full-text available
This Chapter briefly summarises the article written by Frogneux et al. (2014) during the 2GENDERS research project.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the energy justice nexus, drawing on Sen and Nussbaum’s concept of capabilities. Our contribution operationalises most of the ten capabilities defined by Nussbaum (2000), and examines them for all households of Belgium in relation to household access to energy and especially to affordable warmth. We argue that inequities regard...
Chapter
Full-text available
To conclude this important research on energy poverty, we first turn back to and answer the four initial research questions that were presented in Chapter 2. By their transversal character, they provide a good way for summarising our findings across the chapters. We then conclude with a call for policies dedicated to fight energy poverty in Belgium...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents the results of the analysis of the 60 in-depth interviews made with persons living in energy poverty in Belgium (20 in the 3 Regions). After a presentation of the methodology of this qualitative survey, the first section is devoted to the material and social factors causing or aggravating energy poverty before an analyis of ev...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nine policy recommendations conclude the 2GENDERS research. They are related to energy policy (federal and regional level), housing policy (mainly regional level), and social integration (federal and municipal level). They were inspired by the analysis of the in-depth interviews and of the fieldwork and were discussed with the members of the users’...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to explore whether a relationship exists between extreme weather events, sexual violence, and early marriage. We selected two districts in Bangladesh that are vulnerable to extreme weather events: Sunamganj, which experiences flash flooding, and Brahmanbaria, which experiences cyclones and related floods. Survey data was collected f...
Presentation
Full-text available
3 – 5 September 2018, University of Exeter, UK
Presentation
Full-text available
For households living in energy poverty, defined here as households facing difficulties in their access to affordable warmth, buying food is often neither mundane nor compulsive but carefully reflected upon according to limited financial means. What is referred to as the heat-or-eat dilemma in the literature on energy poverty (Beatty et al., 2014)...
Chapter
In this chapter we attempt to synthesize two relevant bodies of social theory which can be used to understand how human beings—consumers, distributors, producers, and regulators—act in relation to energy systems. The two key words are actions and systems. Practice theories deal with how social life is constituted by practices, or is a product there...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter présents some results of a qualitative research on the practices, représentations and experience of persons living in energy poverty in one area of Belgium. The approach is from the bottom-up, with interviews with such persons. Results show the difficulties experienced by these persons, namely the mental load of ceaseless financial cal...
Chapter
This chapter présents and discusses the gender roles associated with energy retrofit, namely but not only roof insulation. The empirical part is a mixed-method research conducted in Belgium.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter describes selected technical, social, and policy approaches to reducing energy demand. It concentrates mostly on energy reduction in homes (including domestic technologies and appliances). Following from the discussion in Chapter 7, this chapter addresses the ways in which energy use is (and is not) problematized. As we show in this ch...
Chapter
This chapter provides a critical overview of technical, economic, social, and cultural aspects of energy demand. Comparative data from different countries show upward trends in both the efficiency and consumption of energy. These trends are dynamic and heterogeneous, both across and within nations. The role energy plays in society is complex and mu...
Chapter
Les théories des pratiques sociales sont de plus en plus utilisées en sociologie de la consommation de l’énergie. Ce chapitre poursuit deux objectifs : présenter ces théories des pratiques sociales, puis en illustrer la pertinence par une étude empirique auprès de propriétaires de maisons sur les labels et les rénovations qu’ils ont effectuées ou n...
Chapter
This chapter gives an overview of energy poverty in Belgium: its definitions and the proportions affected, as well as the main policy instruments dealing with energy poverty at the federal and regional levels. Policies of the municipalities of the Brussels Region are also outlined and compared.
Chapter
Full-text available
Ce chapitre est consacré à la pauvreté énergétique en Belgique. D’entrée de jeu, il faut définir cette notion, et la différencier de celle de « précarité énergétique », plus utilisée en France. C’est l’objet de la première section de ce chapitre. Ensuite, est proposée une estimation de la population touchée par ce phénomène – et la définition chois...
Article
Full-text available
Energy poverty has been conceptualized as an environmental injustice by Walker and Day (2012). Our paper is an extension of this approach and situated it in a critical way inside Amartya Sen’ work on capabilities (1999, 2009). We show on the one hand how Sen’s idea of justice, which is based on the notion of capability, is relevant to think energy...
Chapter
Cette contribution porte sur les recherches et politiques qui visent à réduire la consommation d’énergie fossile, et donc les changements climatiques, et qui sont menées principalement en Europe et en Amérique du Nord. La description critique de ces recherches et politiques est aussi l’occasion de montrer comment les questions environnementales glo...
Article
Full-text available
Energy consumption inconspicuously bridges nature and culture. Modern societies and cultures depend on intensive energy use from the extraction of natural resources. In fact, the industrialization process required large amounts of energy, but main sources such as oil and coal, have been gradually depleted and found to be heavily polluting the envir...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines whether and how energy retrofitting of owner-occupied dwellings can be understood within the framework of social practice theories. Practice theories help to shift the focus towards more collective approaches and practices, rather than towards individuals. In addressing this question, energy retrofits are described and their v...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In European societies characterised by an already old 'system of automobility' (Urry, 2004), how can committed car drivers get out of this system? Which processes are involved? Through which conditions is this change made possible? What is the im-portance of contextual factors, such as regional mobility poli-cies and so on? And, last but not least,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social theories of practice are more and more used as conceptual framework in studies on energy consumption. These theories are first summarized in this paper. The main part of the paper draws on several empirical studies using the practice approach and done in several countries by different authors. Depending on the practice(s) studied, it may be...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies how consumers' reported practices related to food, energy use in housing, daily mobility, and tourism are combined and structured. Social practice theories are the main theoretical framework of this research. Data are drawn from a sensitisation campaign run by the WWF-Belgium and the methods developed to attempt to translate the...
Chapter
This chapter introduces energy needs and decent lifestyle and their social and cultural preconceptions. It acknowledges, on one hand, that there are "biologic needs" related to every human existence and, on the other hand, that these are radically relative, historically and culturally. Therefore, it seems misguided to try to define "needs" as a par...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper sketches the framework of policies dealing, often indirectly, with energy poverty in Belgium and originating in social laws, a federal competence. As most competences related to energy are dealt with at the Regional level, this paper is mainly focused on Wallonia, the Southern and French-speaking Region of Belgium and on several policy i...
Article
Full-text available
Do apartment owners in Bulgaria and Latvia carry out energy-saving practices in their homes, and what are the justifications thereof? Do they relate these practices to climate change or to their environmental knowledge? These are the main questions investigated in this research. Data are drawn from a qualitative survey of dwellers’ renovation activ...
Data
This paper investigates levers and brakes for carrying out energy effective retrofits in private dwellings in Latvia and in Bulgaria. In both countries, 24 home owners occupying either their apartment or their single family house, were interviewed in 2009-10 about their energy-saving renovation works and their justifications, both in cities and in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates levers and brakes for carrying out energy effective retrofits in private dwellings in Latvia and in Bulgaria. In both countries, 24 home owners occupying either their apartment or their single family house, were interviewed in 2009-10 about their energy-saving renovation works and their justifications, both in cities and in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the past few years social practice theories have been used, discussed and developed in the sociology of consumption, namely in the field of energy consumption. This paper exam-ines whether and how the renovation of dwellings, including energy renovations, can be understood within this perspective. It describes and compares energy-related renovat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarises the findings obtained for Wallonia (the Southern Region of Belgium) on energy-related renovations and on the Energy Performance Certificates (EPC). Although the knowledge on the EPC is very good among our interviewees, the effect of the EPC to bring about energy retrofit is very small at the time of the survey (2009-2010). Th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The outline of this chapter is the following: First, the samples in Belgium (Wallonia), Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Latvia and Portugal are described. Second, the housing stocks in these five countries and the renovations made by the interviewed home owners are briefly presented. The third and fourth sections deal with the roles of energy labels,...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article décrit et évalue les procédures de mise en place d’une enquête téléphonique effectuée en 2004 en Belgique sur un échantillon représentatif de 1 000 ménages. Cette enquête était consacrée à l’étude des pratiques et représentations liées à la consommation d’énergie des ménages. Nous présentons le questionnaire, les pré-tests et l’échantil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper begins with a deconstruction of the notion of "needs" and energy "needs", with insights from anthropology, sociology and philosophy. The paper continues by recasting energy consumption and production into a socio-political stake with a reference to our common human condition and a list of several policy options to reduce energy consumpti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today, children are the focus of communication and sensiti-sation measures to increase their environmental concern and their energy saving behaviours. Th is paper aims at exploring whether, with whom and how children may be actors relative to these environment and energy issues. In particular, this paper identifi es the sources of information and i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sociological works dealing with change in energy consumption are rather recent and less numerous than economic studies or researches in social or environmental psychology. This paper presents the sociological and anthropological approaches that are the most relevant for getting a better understanding of the complexity of the factors shaping individ...
Article
Full-text available
Home owners have been interviewed about the energy performance certificate of their house and about the energy retrofit they intend, or not, to do to implement the recommendationsthat they received with teh certificate. Results show that these recommendations are often not implemented and highly prioritizised and this publication explores the reson...
Article
Full-text available
Energy labels on buildings are mandatory in Europe since 2006 with the application of the European directive 2002/91/CE on the energy performance of buildings. Therefore, it is relevant to analyse how the labels work in those countries that already have experiences with them. This article analyses how house owners have interpreted and used the know...
Article
Full-text available
Th e energy analysis research and policy community faces a strong internal set of traditions and curbs that are socially and fi scally desirable to follow. Th ey take form in a set of conven-tionalized frameworks and assumptions, operating separately from and sometimes contradicting scientifi c ideals. Th ese frameworks constrain what can be said a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The scope of this paper is to analyse behavioural change and its rationales by comparing household- waste sorting practices with other habits and criteria that are related to ‘green’ shopping. Results obtained for Belgium are compared with results from other European countries, whether they come from research on household -waste sorting and green s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cette contribution vise à présenter quelques apports méthodologiques qui ont été développés pour rendre réalisable avec un budget modéré une enquête téléphonique sur un échantillon représentatif de 1 000 ménages. Cette enquête a été effectuée en Belgique en septembre 2004 et portait sur les pratiques et représentations sociales liées à la consommat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report shows the results of a large-scale quantitative survey that was realised by WWF-Belgium in 2006 in order to quantify teh ecological footprint of the Belgian population.
Chapter
Full-text available
The relationships between population and environ- ment are complex and numerous, and this area of research has been little frequented by demographers. In consequence, our contribution has a double objec- tive: to take account of this complexity and diversity, and to suggest some lines of reflection in an attempt to understand why demographers have...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ce chapitre discute deux exemples de recherche dite "mixte", l'un avec un dispositif séquentiel, l'autre avec un dispositif convergent.
Article
Full-text available
This paper compares household electricity consumption in Denmark and Belgium on the basis of survey data and na-tional statistics and it shows that there is a higher level of electricity consumption in Belgium. The first part of the pa-per focuses on background variables and shows that the Danish background variables can explain 30-40% of the var-i...
Chapter
This chapter compares age differences and education-levels différences between monogamous and polygynous households in Cameroon.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper aims at examining the relationships between in-dividuals and society in the sector of domestic energy con-sumption with a socio-anthropological perspective: the focus is on how interactions between household members are socially shaped. Based on empirical material gathered in Belgian households of at least two persons, the paper has two...
Book
Full-text available
Cette monographie étudie la nuptialité en Belgique à partir des recensements belges de 1991 et 1981, et des statistiques d'état civil. Un chapitre est consacré à la divortialité, un autre à l'assortiment des conjoints.
Chapter
La définition et le statut donnés aux objets (mise au rebut, objet de don, mise au recyclage...) permettent de mettre à jour les contours de l'identité individuelle, conjugale et familiale.
Article
Within pockets of immigrants, social relations are inevitably formed between immigrants and those already on the territory at the time of the former's arrival. Whether or not these relationships are of a hostile nature, well-meaning or steeped in indifference (that is, the non-perception of the immigrants), we wish to demonstrate that all these rel...
Article
Full-text available
empruntons la Terre aux enfants d'aujourd'hui et de demain (Publié dans la revue Lumen Vitae
Article
The principle of “differentiated responsibilities” of North and South in protecting the climate system against global warming is recognized in the Rio Framework Convention on Climate Change. We focus here on the quantification of one aspect of this issue: population growth versus growth in CO2/capita emissions. We first mention several problems rai...
Article
Full-text available
La dénatalité enregistrée en Italie en 1916-1919 a déstabilisé le marché matrimonial dès le milieu des années 1930. Ce déséquilibre fut résolu par des modifications importantes dans le croisement des générations, modifications que l'on peut encore bien observer par une analyse par couple des données individuelles du recensement de 1981. L'on évalue...
Article
Full-text available
This article shows the relations between elderly living arrangements and their migration patterns in Italy.
Article
The decline in the birth rate recorded in Italy between 1916 and 1919 began to affect marriage market as early as the midthirties. This imbalance was resolved through major changes in the relative ages of the spouses, which continue to be apparent in a couple analysis based on individual data drawn from the Census of 1981. The role of mortality and...
Article
Full-text available
Retirement migrations of Milaneses. This paper studies for 1981 the retirement migrations from the metropolitan area of Milan. We have used both census data (household sample) and register data (all migrations in 1981). The findings show that retirement migrations do exist in the metropolitan area of Milan, although they are rather rare. Men migr...