François-Xavier Le Bourdonnec

François-Xavier Le Bourdonnec
Université Bordeaux Montaigne | UB3 · Department of Art History and Archaeology

Ph. D.

About

166
Publications
39,945
Reads
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1,452
Citations
Citations since 2016
94 Research Items
939 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
I am interested in Archaeological Chemistry. Currently, I am involved in the development and use of rocks and minerals “fingerprinting” methods to study the provenance of Palaeolithic to Neolithic stone industry raw materials. More specifically, my experience focuses on flint and obsidian provenance studies. I also consider that field experience must be an essential part of any significant contribution in Archaeometry.
Education
October 2003 - November 2007
Université Bordeaux Montaigne
Field of study
  • Archaeometry
September 2002 - June 2003
Université Bordeaux Montaigne
Field of study
  • Archaeometry
September 2001 - June 2002
University of Angers
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences

Publications

Publications (166)
Article
The site of Renaghju has the largest excavated area of any Neolithic site on the island of Corsica (Western Mediterranean). Its lowest layer, exposed over a few hundred meters square contained a rich Early Neolithic Cardial ceramic and lithic industry dated by 14C to the second half of the 6th millennium BC. Obsidian, a raw material exogenous to th...
Article
Sourced from the Tyrrhenian Islands and exchanged over long distances, obsidian was used widely across prehistoric Western Europe. An obsidian core and bladelets from a newly discovered rockshelter site in south-eastern Spain, however, raised the possibility of an unrecognised mainland source of obsidian. EDXRF analysis of the Early Magdalenian fin...
Article
Full-text available
Characterising thin mineral layers on heterogeneous media is a significant challenge in archaeometry. Nevertheless, obtaining such geochemical and mineralogical data can, in many cases, provide valuable information about the original raw-material procurement strategies and document the chaîne opératoire leading to the finished object. In this contr...
Article
Xicotó Rockshelter (Alòs de Balaguer, Lleida, Spain) is located in the eastern Pre-Pyrenean range in north-east Iberia, in the middle Segre River Basin. Since 2013, archaeological works have been developed by a team from the Prehistoric Studies and Research Seminar (SERP) at the University of Barcelona and up to three sedimentary levels have been i...
Conference Paper
Research conducted over the past 20 years on mineral raw material provenance in Corsica provides us with an overview of the circulation and diffusion patterns of raw materials on the island and in the surrounding areas during the Neolithic. Drawing upon the identification and inventory of potential sources, further progress in analytical methods, a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Obsidian sourcing studies in the Caucasus have long focused on the modern Armenian territory, at the expense of other areas. Although excavation campaigns are multiplying in Western Azerbaijan, thus completing our knowledge of the prehistoric populations of the region, few data are available on the obsidian consumption patterns of Nakhchivan, an au...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The authors present the results of new chemical characterizations of Early Neolithic obsidian artefacts yielded by the excavations carried out at Cave Pollera in 1971-1973. We analysed four artefacts from the Impresso-Cardial layer III, level XXII. The finds had already been analysed by neutron activation (INAA) at the end of the 1970s during Lawre...
Conference Paper
L’étude des derniers groupes Mésolithiques dans le bassin occidental de la Méditerranée a bénéficié d’une continuité de recherches focalisées surtout sur les zones littorales européennes. Les recherches récentes conduites en Afrique du Nord ont montré que, dans les deux rives de la Méditerranée, le Mésolithique semble se développer et évoluer d’une...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The multi-method study of a Pyrenean lithological tracer, the Montgaillard-Montsaunès chert type, is presented in this paper. These cherts outcrop in the northern Pyrenees, in three outcrops belonging to two Upper Cretaceous formations: the marly flysch cherts from the Campanian-Maastrichtian (Buala and Montsaunès outcrops) and the grey flysch cher...
Conference Paper
Mesopotamia and the pastoral-based, hierarchical communities of the Eurasian steppes. Renowned for its wealth in natural resources, it has recently been envisaged as a potential bridge transmitting goods and knowledge between Eurasia and the Near East. This paper summarizes the cultural evolution of the South Caucasus between ca. 6200 and 3500 BCE...
Article
Full-text available
A datação por traços de fissão aplicada em estudos do Plio-Quaternário é pouco conhecida no Brasil. O objetivo principal do presente manuscrito, redigido em língua portuguesa, é apresentar e fazer ampla divulgação das potencialidades desta metodologia aos pesquisadores que atuam nesse domínio temporal das ciências da natureza no nosso país. Para ta...
Conference Paper
La circulation de matières lithiques en Corse durant la Préhistoire fait depuis plusieurs années l’objet de solides recherches, notamment à travers les études de provenance du silex et de l’obsidienne. Ces analyses ont démontré que l’usage de méthodes scientifiques visant à caractériser géochimiquement et minéralogiquement les artefacts peut permet...
Article
Full-text available
The origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate1–3. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa1–6. Here we describe the partial skeleton of a roughly 2.5- to 3.0-year-old child dating to 78.3 ± 4.1 thousand years ago, which was recovere...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Depuis 2016, le PCR « Réseau de lithothèques en région Centre - Val de Loire » (PCR CVDL) s’inscrit dans une perspective longue de recherche sur les modes d’exploitation des ressources lithiques et sur la territorialité des groupes humains préhistoriques. Outre l’étude ou la révision de séries archéologiques de l’espace régional, la caractérisation...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Depuis 2016, le PCR « Réseau de lithothèques en région Centre - Val de Loire » (PCR CVDL) s’inscrit dans une perspective de recherche sur les modes d’exploitation des ressources lithiques et sur la territorialité des groupes humains préhistoriques. Outre l’étude ou la révision de séries archéologiques de l’espace régional, la caractérisation précis...
Article
Full-text available
Recent archaeological research has highlighted the potential role of mobile pastoral groups in the diffusion of raw materials and technological innovations between the Southern Caucasus and North‐western Iran from the Neolithic onwards. Two successive projects, PAST‐OBS and SCOPE, were designed to explore this hypothesis through the study of obsidi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le PCR « Réseau de lithothèques en AuvergneRhône-Alpes » offre un cadre nouveau pour la pétroarchéologie et s’engage pour une science ouverte qui passe par la mise en place de formats d’échanges standardisés répondant à des normes internationales. Il contribue ainsi à la réalisation et la diffusion de fiches numérisées et harmonisées nécessaires à...
Article
The Fuente del Trucho Cave (Asque‐Colungo, Huesca, Spain) is located in the central Pre‐Pyrenean range in NE Iberia, in the Arpán ravine, a tributary of the Vero River. The mouth of the cave is 22 m wide and it is oriented to the SE. The entrance gives access to a 24 m deep hall. Palaeolithic paintings were discovered in the cave in 1978. The Fuent...
Article
This paper reports the results of a recent geological and archaeological survey conducted in the Sarab district (Sabalan area) in Northwestern Iran. This survey aimed to identify potential obsidian outcrops in the region and to investigate archaeological sites in the vicinity to assess their obsidian exploitation patterns. We located a new obsidian...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Car ils constituent l’essentiel des vestiges parvenus jusqu’à nous, les silicites (silex, cherts, silcrètes, silices hydrothermales) sont depuis toujours au cœur des réflexions sur les peuples sans écriture. Pourtant, pour diverses raisons scientifiques, méthodologiques et académiques, la détermination approfondie des matériaux lithiques – la pétro...
Article
Full-text available
Caune de Belvis (Aude, France) is located in the northern slopes of the eastern Pyrenees, in south-east France. Excavations at the site during the final decades of the past century identified several human occupations from the Late Mousterian (Maroto et al. 2003) and the Magdalenian periods (Sacchi 1993). The archaeological remains are mostly compo...
Article
The Chaves cave (Huesca, Spain) is located in the central Pre‐Pyrenean range in NE Iberia. It is a huge cave opening to the east, which was systematically excavated between 1975 and 2007. Several human occupations from the Upper Palaeolithic and the Neolithic periods were documented. Archaeological investigations had barely covered a tenth of the t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Projet Collectif de Recherche « Réseau de lithothèques en Auvergne Rhône-Alpes »
Article
Full-text available
Studies on the origin of lithic raw materials have become increasingly important since the 1980s. Sourcing studies play a key role in appreciating territory management and group mobility, which are two major issues of the archaeology of prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies. Most approaches use only part of the potential information contained withi...
Article
The geographical name of Monegros has traditionally been used to describe a high‐quality, dark‐coloured chert originating in a carbonate lacustrine environment, being one of the most important long‐distance tracers in south‐west Europe during prehistory. This chert type outcrops in the Monegros region, situated in the Ebro Basin (north‐eastern Iber...
Article
Chert was one of the most used lithic raw materials by Palaeolithic groups to make their tools. Their char-acterisation is essential for determining their provenance and inferring mobility patterns and lithic procurement strategies. The Pyrenees-a mountain range traditionally viewed as a natural boundary between the Iberian Peninsula and the rest o...
Article
Full-text available
Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, which enables the characterization of structures of a variety of materials whatever their crystallinity/amorphous state, is used in the present work to determine the provenance of two raw materials, namely marbles and cherts. Regarding marbles, the ¹³C NMR signal of the carbonate function contains information...
Article
Recent research into the European Neolithisation process and the development of farming communities reveals a diverse and complex cultural landscape. In the Western Mediterranean, it is now well known that the first agro-pastoral economy appears around 6000 BCE in south-eastern Italy and that part of these sites, often grouped under the generic ter...
Article
Full-text available
This paper contributes to an understanding of the distances and choices involved in raw material procurement strategies by Upper Palaeolithic communities through a Pyrenean geo-archaeological case study. Methodologically, it involved using Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) with a focused proton beam to determine the concentration and distribut...
Article
Neanderthal material culture patterning in Western Europe has been primarily approached from retouched stone tools and associated flake production methods. While considerable effort has been devoted over the past decade to better characterize Middle Palaeolithic lithic techno-complexes (LTCs) in this region, the extent to which they reflect cultura...
Presentation
Recent research on the Chalcolithic period and the Bronze Age in the Southern Caucasus has highlighted the seasonal movement of mobile pastoralists groups from north-western Iran towards the rich pasturelands of the Azerbaijani and Armenian highlands, where obsidian sources abound. Such links between Iran and the Caucasus are for example suggested...
Presentation
Until recently, few research programs had focused on the dynamics of obsidian consumption in Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan), despite the strategic location of this region between the rich pastures and obsidian outcrops of the Southern Caucasian highlands and the wintering lowlands of the Urmia lake (north-western Iran). Previous studies had already given...
Poster
Le projet 'De la Transhumance à la Mine. Le Rôle des Pasteurs Nomades dans les Exploitations Protohistoriques de l'obsidienne en Iran et au Caucase' [PAST-OBS, ANR-10-LABX-52], mené de 2016 à 2018, s’est attelé à explorer la relation entre exploitation des ressources naturelles, innovations technologiques et pasteurs nomades. Dans ce but, ce projet...
Presentation
Full-text available
The production of abstract engravings is considered an indicator of modern cognition and a mean for recording and transmitting information in a durable manner. Few abstract engravings were discovered at archaeological sites predating the African Later Stone Age and the European Upper Palaeolithic. No convincing evidence of such behaviour is known f...
Article
Numerous prehistoric populations around the world have made intensive use of the conchoidal properties of obsidian, a volcanic glass, to make tools and weapons. For archaeologists, knowing the geological origin of these artifacts is vital to reconstruct population movements and interactions. In this paper, we discuss the results obtained by Laser-I...
Article
Full-text available
An exceptional discovery was made in 2013 in the northern French Alps, at the Grande Rivoire site in Sassenage (Isère department): an obsidian bladelet from Sardinia was found in a cultural horizon dated to about 5360–5210 cal b.c. The abundant arrowheads found with it are characteristic of the Early Neolithic in the South of France (Cardial/Epicar...
Chapter
En Corse, les outils taillés en obsidienne sont fréquents dans les séries néolithiques, or cette matière première vitreuse est allochtone. Rechercher ses sources potentielles est une étape clé pour appréhender l’organisation des habitats préhistoriques et les interactions entre les groupes humains en zone tyrrhénienne. La communication proposée s’e...
Article
Full-text available
In the framework of a postdoctoral project to geochemically characterise Pyrenean cherts, a new marine chert outcrop in the Central Pyrenees has been defined. This new discovery, called the Buala outcrop, and its flysch chert type, provide new information about marine chert sources in the Pyrenean chain, leading us to reconsider prehistoric chert p...
Article
Full-text available
This paper details an integrated characterisation study of a substantial assemblage of obsidian artefacts (n = 519) from the Syrian Neolithic site of Qdeir 1 (El Kowm oasis). The results of the chemical characterisation (using ED-XRF and SEM–EDS) have been coupled with the typo-technological data. Such an approach has allowed us (i) to identify fou...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Depuis 2016, le PCR « Réseau de lithothèques en région Centre - Val de Loire » s’inscrit dans une perspective de recherche sur les modes d’exploitation des ressources minérales et sur la territorialité des groupes humains préhistoriques.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le programme collectif de recherche, « Réseau de lithothèques en Nouvelle-Aquitaine » existe depuis 3 ans. Il joue un rôle important dans la consolidation d’une structure coopérative de recherche à l’échelle régionale et nationale. Le présent rapport expose un état de l’art des activités menées à bien en 2018 pour participer de façon efficace à la...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le programme collectif de recherche réseau de lithothèques en Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes existe depuis 12 ans. Il est à l’initiative d’une synergie désormais reconnue sur l’origine des matières premières. Sa fonction est essentielle dans la consolidation d’une structure coopérative de recherche aux échelles régionale et nationale. Démarche nécessaire, qu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the wake of the discovery of numerous large blade workshops at Le Grand-Pressigny site (Indre-et-Loire, France), which initially aroused great interest, the mid-Loire Valley region became central to studies of flint diffusion. Despite the quality of the initial work, the widely shared view now is that the capacity for this concept to continue to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Montlleó open-air site is located in the hearth of the Catalan Pyrenees, at 1040 m asl. The site, placed in one of the largest high-attitude valleys in the Pyrenees, the Cerdanya Valley, is a natural road to cross the Pyrenees in the Eastern part. The site was discovered in 1998 and has been annually excavated since 2000. Two different human occupa...
Presentation
Started in 2016, the PAST-OBS project ‘From transhumance to the mine: the role of nomadic pastoralists in the protohistoric exploitation of obsidian in Iran and the Caucasus’ (dir. Dr. Le Bourdonnec; LaScArBx ANR-10-LABX-52) aims to investigate the exploitation of natural resources and the rise of mobile pastoralism in the Lesser Caucasus from the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Au cours de ces dernières années un intense travail de terrain a été fait sur la Chaîne Pyrénéenne, avec le but de déterminer les gîtes à silex utilisés potentiellement par les groupes humains préhistoriques (Sánchez de la Torre, 2015). Dans le cadre de ces études, notre attention a été focalisée sur un type de silex qui semble avoir circulé sur qu...