François G Schellevis

François G Schellevis
Amsterdam University Medical Center | VUmc

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800
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20,335
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Publications

Publications (800)
Article
Full-text available
Background The Western Pacific Region (WPR) is exposed each year to seasonal influenza and is often the source of new influenza virus variants and novel pathogen emergence. National influenza surveillance systems play a critical role in detecting emerging viruses, monitoring influenza epidemics, improving public disease awareness and promoting pand...
Article
Cardiometabole ziekten (CMZ), zoals hart- en vaatziekten en diabetes mellitus type 2, zijn wereldwijd doodsoorzaak nummer 1. Mede door een vergrijzende bevolking vormen ze een nog altijd groeiende ziektelast en veroorzaken ze een enorme druk op de zorgkosten. In de huisartsenpraktijk is de zorg voor patiënten met reeds bestaande CMZ onomstreden, ma...
Article
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Aim To explore the perceived barriers and facilitators in the management of the patients having diabetes with comorbidities by primary care physicians. Methods A qualitative In-Depth Interview study was conducted among the primary care physicians at seventeen urban primary health care centres at Bhubaneswar city of Odisha, India. The digitally rec...
Article
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Background A high response rate is an important condition for effective prevention programs. We aimed at gaining insight into the characteristics and motives of non-responders in different stages of a stepwise prevention program for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) in primary care. Methods We performed a non-response analysis within a randomized con...
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Objective To examine the association between intrapartum synthetic oxytocin and child behavioral and emotional problems and to assess if maternal depressive or anxious symptoms or mother-to-infant bonding play a mediating role in this association. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Population-based Pregnancy Anxiety and Depression Study. P...
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Background Telephone triage is used to facilitate efficient and adequate acute care allocation, for instance in out-of-hours primary care services (OPCSs). Remote assessment of health problems is challenging and could be impeded by a patient’s ambiguous formulation of his or her healthcare need. Socioeconomically vulnerable patients may experience...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The Western Pacific Region (WPR) is exposed each year to seasonal influenza and is often the source of new influenza virus variants and novel pathogen emergence. National influenza surveillance systems play a critical role in detecting emerging viruses, monitoring influenza epidemics, improving public disease awareness and promoting pan...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: Since cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) are a frequent cause of death worldwide, preventive strategies are needed. Recruiting adults for a health check could facilitate the identification of individuals at risk for CMD. For successful results, participation is crucial. We aimed to identify factors related to unwillingness to parti...
Article
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Background Cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) are the major cause of death worldwide and are associated with a lower quality of life and high healthcare costs. To prevent a further rise in CMD and related healthcare costs, early detection and adequate management of individuals at risk could be an effective preventive strategy. The objective of this stu...
Article
Background Patients with multimorbidity who frequently contact the general practice, use emergency care or have unplanned hospitalisations, may benefit from a proactive integrated care intervention. General practitioners are not always aware of who these ‘high need’ patients are. Electronic medical records are a potential source to identify them....
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Background: Cardiometabolic diseases are the most common cause of death worldwide. As part of a collaborative European study, this paper aims to explore the implementation of primary care selective-prevention services in five European countries. We assessed the implementation process of the selective-prevention services, participants’ cardiometabol...
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Background Hospital-acquired influenza potentially leads to significant morbidity and mortality in already vulnerable patients, but its overall burden is not fully understood. We undertook this study to estimate the incidence and trends of hospital-acquired laboratory-confirmed influenza among adults, and to compare clinical characteristics between...
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Background During pregnancy, about 10 to 20% of women experience depressive symptoms. Subclinical depression increases the risk of peripartum depression, maternal neuro-endocrine dysregulations, and adverse birth and infant outcomes. Current treatments often comprise face-to-face psychological or pharmacological treatments that may be too intensive...
Article
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Background Prevention programs for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease are feasible, but evidence for the cost-effectiveness of selective CMD prevention programs is lacking. Response rates have an important role in effectiveness, but methods to increase response rates have r...
Article
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Background Owing to the rising disease burden of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), prevention programmes for CMD are increasingly implemented in primary care. Organisational practice characteristics and availability of preventive services may be associated with a more effective programme. Aim To identify possible organisational success factors from...
Article
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Background Low socioeconomic position (SEP) is related to higher healthcare use in out-of-hours primary care services (OPCSs). We aimed to determine whether inequalities persist when taking the generally poorer health status of socioeconomically vulnerable individuals into account. To put OPCS use in perspective, this was compared with healthcare u...
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Dutch general practitioners (GPs) and medical specialists (MSs) create collaborative patient care agreements (CPCAs) to improve intraprofessional collaboration. We set out to identify contradictions between the activity systems of primary and secondary care that could result in expansive learning and new ways of working collaboratively. We analysed...
Article
Als huisarts doen we ons best om de kernwaarden van de huisartsenzorg in de praktijk te brengen. Vergeleken met andere landen doen we dat goed. Dat blijkt uit een analyse van een grootscheeps internationaal onderzoek onder huisartsen en hun patiënten.
Article
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Globally, millions of women and their children suffer due to preventable morbidity and mortality, associated with both underuse and overuse of maternal and newborn care. An effective system of risk selection that differentiates between what care should be provided and who should provide it is a global necessity to ensure women and children receive...
Article
(Int J Obstet Anesth. 2019;39:22–28) Although epidural analgesia remains the preferred method of labor analgesia, remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a popular alternative due to its quick onset and rapid metabolic properties. Remifentanil PCA has been used in Europe for several years, but its safety has been questioned by some due t...
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Background: The rising prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) calls for effective prevention programs. Self-assessment of CMD risk, for example through an online risk score (ORS), might induce risk reducing behavior. However, the concept of disease risk is often difficult for people to understand. Therefore, the study objective was to assess...
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AimPain is increasingly treated with opioids. Potential harms of opioid therapy disproportionally affect older patients. This study aims to provide information on trends, nature and duration of opioid prescribing to older adults, in primary care and to explore differences between older patients from different ages.Methods Primary care data (2005–20...
Article
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Background: A proactive person-centred care process is advocated for people with multimorbidity. To that aim, general practitioners may benefit from support in the identification of high-need patients, i.e. patients who are high or suboptimal users of health services and/or have a poor quality of life. To develop such support, we examined whether...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim To explore the perceived barriers and facilitators in the management of the patients having diabetes with comorbidities by primary care physicians. Methods A qualitative In-Depth Interview study was conducted among the primary care physicians at seventeen urban primary health care centres at Bhubaneswar city of Odisha, India. The digitally reco...
Article
Full-text available
Background Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important outcome for chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus that is associated with complications, comorbidities, and lifelong care. Objectives The present study aims to explore the impact of comorbidities on the different dimensions of HRQL among type 2 diabetic patients attending primar...
Article
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Non-response in prevention programs for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) in primary care is often overlooked. The aim for this study was to define factors that influence the primary response to a selective CMD prevention program and to determine response-enhancing strategies that influence the willingness to participate. We conducted a non-response a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Cardio-metabolic diseases are the most common cause of death worldwide. Implementing selective prevention strategies has proven a substantial challenge, especially in primary care. Objectives As part of a collaborative European study, this paper aims to assess the implementation of primary care selective prevention interventions in the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCD) demand a higher healthcare expenditure. Amongst the NCDs, diabetes mellitus, is often associated with multiple, co-existing chronic conditions. In low- and middle-income countries where most of the healthcare expenditure is borne out of pocket, diabetes management may pose a significant financia...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCD) demand a higher healthcare expenditure. Amongst the NCDs, diabetes mellitus, is often associated with multiple, co-existing chronic conditions. In low- and middle-income countries where most of the healthcare expenditure is borne out of pocket, diabetes management may pose a significant financia...
Article
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Background: The communication of relevant patient information between general practitioners (GPs) and medical specialists is important in order to avoid fragmentation of care thus achieving a higher quality of care and ensuring physicians' and patients' satisfaction. However, this communication is often not carried out properly. The objective of t...
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Background Variations in childbirth interventions may indicate inappropriate use. Most variation studies are limited by the lack of adjustments for maternal characteristics and do not investigate variations in adverse outcomes. This study aims to explore regional variations in the Netherlands and their correlations with referral rates, birthplace,...
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In the Netherlands, a percentage of newly qualified midwives start work in maternity care as a hospital-based midwife, although prepared particularly for working autonomously in the community. Aim: This study aimed to explore newly qualified Dutch midwives' perceptions of their job demands and resources during their initiation to hospital-based p...
Article
PurposeType 2 diabetes requires patients to make lifestyle changes and perform daily self-care. To determine at what stages patients may need particular self-management support, we examined (1) whether patients’ performance of self-care related to their diabetes duration, and (2) whether illness characteristics (treatment and complications) and dia...
Article
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Effective preventive strategies for cardiometabolic disease (CMD) are needed. We aim to establish the effectiveness of a stepwise CMD risk assessment followed by individualized treatment if indicated compared to care as usual. We conducted a RCT between 2014 and 2017. Individuals (45–70 years) without CMD or CMD risk factors were invited for stepwi...
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Background: Poor communication between general practitioners (GPs) and medical specialists can lead to poorer quality, and continuity, of care. Our study aims to assess patients' perceptions of communication at the interface between primary and secondary care in 34 countries. It will analyse, too, whether this communication is associated with the...
Article
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Background: Early detection and treatment of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) in high-risk patients is a promising preventive strategy to anticipate the increasing burden of CMD. The Dutch guideline 'the prevention consultation' provides a framework for stepwise CMD risk assessment and detection in primary care. The aim of this study was to assess t...
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Aim To develop a proactive person-centered care approach for persons with (multiple) chronic diseases in general practice, and to explore the impact on ‘Quadruple aims’: experiences of patients and professionals, patient outcomes and costs of resources use. Background The management of people with multiple chronic diseases challenges health care s...
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Background: Mother-to-infant bonding is defined as the emotional tie experienced by a mother towards her child, which is considered to be important for the socio-emotional development of the child. Numerous studies on the correlates of both prenatal and postnatal mother-to-infant bonding quality have been published over the last decades. An up-to-...
Article
Background Mother-to-infant bonding is defined as the emotional tie experienced by a mother towards her child, which is considered to be important for the socio-emotional development of the child. Numerous studies on the correlates of both prenatal and postnatal mother-to-infant bonding quality have been published over the last decades. An up-to-da...
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Cardio-metabolic diseases (CMD; cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease) represent a global public health problem. Worldwide, nearly half a billion people are currently diagnosed with diabetes, and cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death. Most of these diseases can be assuaged/prevented through behavior change....
Article
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Background: Selective prevention of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD)—that is, preventive measures specifically targeting the high-risk population—may represent the most effective approach for mitigating rising CMD rates. Objectives: To develop a universal concept of selective CMD prevention that can guide implementation within European primary care....
Article
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Aims: To evaluate the immediate and six-month effectiveness of a group-based self-management support program for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (1-3 years post diagnosis) on diabetes self-care, distress and cognitions. Methods: People with type 2 diabetes were randomized into the intervention (four group-based interactive sessions) or the...
Article
Background: Comorbidity is a major public health issue, which challenges health care configured around single diseases. Aim: To provide an overview of frequent disease combinations of one and two additional chronic diseases and groups among patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in general practice. Design and setting: Medical record data...
Article
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Background Incidence rates and prevalence proportions are commonly used to express the populations health status. Since there are several methods used to calculate these epidemiological measures, good comparison between studies and countries is difficult. This study investigates the impact of different operational definitions of numerators and deno...
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Objectives: To describe how principles of self-regulation and social support could be integrated in a group intervention to improve self-management of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the early phase of illness and to pilot its suitability in a primary care setting. Methods: Principles of the Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation, Social...
Article
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Background Despite World Health Organization recommendations, in many countries young children are not targeted for influenza vaccination. To help inform influenza vaccination policy, we examined the occurrence and burden of influenza in healthy children aged 6 to 35 months using data from a recent phase III placebo-controlled influenza vaccine tri...
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Background Description of the epidemiology of influenza is needed to inform influenza vaccination policy. Here we examined influenza virus circulation in countries in the Asia-Pacific region and compared the timing of seasonal epidemics with the timing of influenza vaccination. Methods Data were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO) Fl...
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Background Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing public health problem worldwide. We studied some patient-related factors that might influence the antimicrobial resistance. and whether the volume of antibiotic prescribing of the primary care physicians correlate with the antibiotic resistance rates of commensal nasal Staphylococcus aureus...
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Objectives Major long-term care (LTC) reforms in the Netherlands in 2015 may specifically have disadvantaged socioeconomically deprived groups to acquire LTC, possibly impacting the use of acute care. We aimed to demonstrate whether LTC reforms coincided with changes in the use of out-of-hours (OOH) primary care services (PCSs), and to compare chan...
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ACHTERGROND De overheid beoogt de huisartsenzorg voor psychische problemen te versterken om de geestelijke gezondheidszorg (ggz) betaalbaar te houden. Belangrijke maatregelen waren de introductie van de functie van de praktijkondersteuner huisarts ggz (poh-ggz) in 2008 en de invoering van de basis-ggz in 2014 met een nieuw verwijsmodel. DOEL Onde...
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Attitudes toward environmental risks may be a source of bias in environmental health studies because concerns about environmental hazards may influence self-reported outcomes. Objective: The main aim was to assess whether earlier observed associations between proximity to goat farms and self-reported pneumonia were biased by participants' attitud...
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Background: Dutch policy aims to strengthen mental health care in general practices, to keep health care affordable. Recently, a new function (mental health nurses) and a new referral model for patients with mental health problems were introduced. AIM: To explore to what extent the volume of mental health care in Dutch general practices has increa...
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Background: Self-medication with antibiotics, which comes in different forms [e.g., leftover or over-the-counter (OTC) use], contributes to antimicrobial resistance as it often happens in a non-prudent manner. In order to tackle this persistent public health problem, its drivers need to be known. The aim of this study was therefore to identify dete...