Francois Roubaud

Francois Roubaud
Institute of Research for Development | IRD · 225 - Development, Institutions and Globalization (DIAL)

PhD

About

368
Publications
113,153
Reads
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2,884
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Paris Dauphine University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Economic development - Survey techniques
January 1990 - present
Institute of Research for Development
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (368)
Article
Full-text available
The existence of multiple perspectives and representations of different stakeholders poses critical challenges to conservation initiatives worldwide. Thus, to foster more just and sustainable agendas in protected areas (PAs), this diversity of perspectives must be better understood, acknowledged, and tackled. In this article, we aimed to initiate t...
Article
Research has proved that social networks are unevenly distributed. Qualitative and theoretical work on elite networks raises the question: do they amplify or compensate for inequalities in the powerful other resources? We test these hypotheses using a unique dataset of hyper-elites in Madagascar. We identify three network dimensions: extent, qualit...
Article
Full-text available
Trois ans après l’élection toujours contestée de Paul Biya en 2018, la situation politique est restée très tendue au Cameroun. En fait, elle s'est sévèrement dégradée dès 2016, avec notamment la résurgence des velléités sécessionnistes des deux régions anglophones, le Nord-Ouest et le Sud-Ouest. Quelles étaient les bases sociales et politiques des...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at identifying the Covid-19 infection and mortality risk factors in Brazil during the pandemic's first wave. Three groups of variables are considered: socioeconomic and health vulnerabilities, factors related to the virus transmission channels (mobility and density) and the effects of the policy responses. The analysis at the level...
Article
In order to gain an understanding of how elites affect the development process, one of the first challenges is to investigate who are the elites and how do they access positions of power. The characteristics of the hyper-elites network and how it impacts on the distribution of power may constitute a key determining factor of the political equilibri...
Article
This article is a ‘replication in context’ of a flagship randomised control trial (RCT) conducted in Morocco on microcredit. ‘Replication in context’ consists in combining the quantitative replication of an RCT with a contextualised analysis of its implementation and its political economy, in the sense of the interplay between different stakeholder...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article analyse les ajustements du marché du travail brésilien sur longue période, notamment lors des périodes de crise macroéconomique, qui occupent quasiment la moitié des quarante dernières années. Un des objectifs est de soumettre les différentes théories de l'informel à l'épreuve des faits, et tout particulièrement l'hypothèse de son rôle...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the adjustments of the Brazilian labor market over the long term, particularly during periods of macroeconomic crisis, which have occupied almost half of the last forty years. One of the objectives is to submit the various theories of the informal to empirical evidence, and in particular the hypothesis of its anti-cyclical rol...
Article
Après l’arrivée imprévue de Jair Bolsonaro, une personnalité d’extrême droite, au sommet de l’état, la gestion catastrophique par ce dernier de la crise sanitaire et économique a apporté son lot de surprises. Le Brésil, l’un des pays les plus touchés par la covid-19, semble ne pas être en mesure de contrôler la propagation du virus. Au-delà de ces...
Article
Après l'arrivée imprévue de Jair Bolsonaro, une personnalité d'extrême droite, au sommet de l'état, la gestion catastrophique par ce dernier de la crise sanitaire et économique a apporté son lot de surprises. Le Brésil, l'un des pays les plus touchés par la covid-19, semble ne pas être en mesure de contrôler la propagation du virus. Au-delà de ces...
Book
Full-text available
Según la Universidad Johns Hopkins, Brasil y el Perú se encuentran entre los cinco países con el mayor número de infectados en el mundo (octubre 2020) y donde la letalidad por COVID-19 ha sido de las más elevadas. Este estudio propone determinar el impacto del COVID-19 sobre la mortalidad, considerando las medidas de confinamiento, la pobreza y la...
Article
This article is a ‘replication in context’ of a flagship randomised control trial (RCT) conducted in Morocco on microcredit. ‘Replication in context’ consists in combining the quantitative replication of an RCT with a contextualised analysis of its implementation and its political economy, in the sense of the interplay between different stakeholder...
Preprint
Full-text available
Early October 2020, Brazil was one of the countries most affected by COVID-19, both in number of proven cases (3rd) and in number of deaths (2nd), while the first wave of the pandemic is not over yet. This paper intends to provide knowledge on the development of the pandemic in Brazil and therefore to feed into the reflection on the policies implem...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The article discusses the issue of informal work and alternatives for its measurement in Brazil. Based on two alternative definitions used by IBGE (D1 and D2), a third definition (D3) is presented, which considers exclusively the contribution of workers to social security. It is also analyzed a definition (D4) widely used in empirical studies on th...
Chapter
In October 2019, Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer jointly won the 51st Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The three researchers were awarded “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty” and for having “turned development economics—the field that studies what causes global pov...
Chapter
Microcredit has long stood as a flagship topic for RCTs in development, starting with the publication of a special issue in a leading economics journal on six RCTs conducted in different world regions. This special issue was hailed as the first rigorous and conceivably definitive study on the impacts of microcredit. However, a detailed exploration...
Article
Full-text available
En 2004, une délégation de l’Office Général de la Statistique (OGS) du Vietnam sollicitait un appui de l’Insee pour la mesure du secteur informel, qui l’orientait vers des chercheurs de l’IRD, spécialistes reconnus de la question. En 2018, l’histoire se répétait : l’OGS se tournait vers l’Insee pour les aider à quantifier l’économie non observée, q...
Book
The PILAEP 2 project (2017- 2020) aims to improve the sanitation and water access conditions of 400,000 inhabitants in 26 outlying districts of Kinshasa. This project is subject to a rigorous and scientific evaluation of its impacts on the population. This research paper presents the results of the first evaluation on living conditions conducted in...
Chapter
Full-text available
The PILAEP 2 project (2017- 2020) aims to improve the sanitation and water access conditions of 400,000 inhabitants in 26 outlying districts of Kinshasa. This project is subject to a rigorous and scientific evaluation of its impacts on the population. This research paper presents the results of the first evaluation on living conditions conducted in...
Book
Cambridge Core - Political Economy - Puzzle and Paradox - by Mireille Razafindrakoto
Article
Une étude révèle l'affaiblissement du tissu social dans les zones exposées à la violence, ce qui contribue à l’enracinement du conflit et à l'affaiblissement économique du pays, en guerre depuis 2012.
Book
In October 2019, Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer jointly won the 51st Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 'for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.' But what is the exact scope of their experimental method, known as randomized control trials (RCTs)? Which sorts of questions...
Article
This paper studies the effects of armed conflict on social capital in Mali, where a violent conflict has been raging since 2012. We examine the conflict’s impacts on associational membership using event location data and unique survey data on governance, peace and security (GPS-SHaSA). We show that, in conflict-exposed areas, adult involvement in a...
Article
Full-text available
The need to collect data on governance-related issues has been growing since the 1990s. Demand gained momentum in 2015 with the adoption of SDG16 worldwide and Agenda 2063 in Africa. African countries played a key role in the adoption of SDG16 and are now leading the process of collecting harmonised household data on Governance, Peace and Security...
Article
The need to collect data on governance-related issues has been growing since the 1990s. Demand gained momentum in 2015 with the adoption of SDG16 worldwide and Agenda 2063 in Africa. African countries played a key role in the adoption of SDG16 and are now leading the process of collecting harmonised household data on Governance, Peace and Security...
Article
We replicate a flagship randomised control trial carried out in rural Morocco that showed substan- tial and significant impacts of microcredit on the assets, the outputs, the expenses and the profits of self-employment activities. The original results rely primarily on trimming, which is the exclusion of observation with the highest values on some...
Article
Full-text available
Comment expliquer le succès académique d'une étude randomisée dont la validité, tant interne qu'externe, est pourtant très problématique ? Prenant l'exemple d'une étude menée par le laboratoire J-PAL sur le microcrédit rural marocain, cet article mobilise les outils analytiques de la statistique, de l'économie politique et de la sociologie des scie...
Article
Comment, depuis plusieurs décennies, la recherche scientifique contribue-t-elle au développement des pays du Sud ? À travers plus de 100 succès emblématiques de la recherche en partenariat, cet ouvrage nous plonge au coeur des grandes questions de développement : oeuvrer pour des sociétés plus justes, lutter contre les maladies, faire face aux risq...
Article
Full-text available
Using a unique dataset, this paper analyses the causes and impacts of bribery in the informal sector in West Africa. It investigates the determinants of the incidence of bribery and the magnitude of the bribes actually paid. Our results show that the mechanisms at play are no different than those found for the formal sector by other authors. With r...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an ongoing initiative, built on a practical approach grounded in fieldwork, to produce harmonised statistics on governance, peace and security (GPS) at continental level in Africa. The methodology consists of adding standardised GPS modules to official socioeconomic household surveys. In keeping with the widely promoted principl...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides some elements for reflection on an apparent paradox. On the one hand, Africa appears to be the continent most riddled by problems related to governance and conflict ; on the other hand, it is at the forefront in both promoting the issue of governance at the international level and in implementing its statistical measurement, a...
Article
Full-text available
The paper documents the practical experience of eleven African national statistical offices that tested and eventually institutionalized a methodology for producing official harmonized statistics in the area of governance, peace and security statistics between 2012 and 2017. This took place whilst the rest of the world was still debating the ration...
Article
Full-text available
D'une superficie d'environ 4 000 km2, la Nouvelle Aire Protégée du Makay, Madagascar, officialisée en 2017, est emblématique de la richesse de la biodiversité, avec un taux d'endémisme exceptionnel, et du patrimoine naturel et culturel malgache. Le présent document expose les enjeux et les options méthodologiques pour la mise en place d'un disposit...
Article
A l'aube d'un 7ème mandat présidentiel de Paul Biya, la situation politique s'est sévèrement dégradée au Cameroun depuis 2016, avec notamment la résurgence des velléités sécessionnistes des deux régions anglophones, le Nord-Ouest et le Sud-Ouest. Quelles sont les bases sociales et politiques des tensions qui parcourent ces deux régions ? Pour ce fa...
Article
Le rôle des élites dans la trajectoire de Madagascar, et en particulier dans la construction et l’accroissement des inégalités, une des sources identifiées de l’instabilité sociopolitique chronique, impose de mieux les appréhender. En s’appuyant sur des enquêtes statistiques représentatives, dont une spécifique et inédite sur les élites de la Grand...
Article
Randomized control trials (RCTs) have a narrow scope, restricted to basic intervention schemes. Experimental designs also display specific biases and political uses when implemented in the real world. Despite these limitations, the method has been advertised as the gold standard to evaluate development policies. This article adopts a political econ...
Article
Full-text available
The paper documents the practical experience of eleven African national statistical offices that tested and eventually institutionalized a methodology for producing official harmonized statistics in the area of governance, peace and security statistics between 2012 and 2017. This took place whilst the rest of the world was still debating the ration...
Article
Full-text available
Partant des bases de données existantes aux niveaux international et national, cette étude vise à mieux connaître la communauté des migrants originaires de Madagascar : combien sont-ils ? De quel type de migration s'agit-il et comment les flux évoluent-ils dans le temps ? Où résident-ils ? Qui sont-ils ? Quelles sont leurs conditions de vie ? Comme...
Article
Full-text available
La situation économique de Madagascar est singulière à plus d'un titre. D'une part, le niveau de vie des Malgaches ne cesse de régresser depuis l'indépendance en 1960, un cas unique pour un pays qui n'a pas connu de conflits majeurs ; d'autre part, à chaque fois que le pays s'est engagé sur la voie de la croissance, celle-ci a été brutalement inter...
Article
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Les pays ayant connu une régression continue de leur économie sur longue période sont toujours ceux qui ont souffert de cycles répétés alliant mauvaise gouvernance et violence. Or, depuis l'indépendance, Madagascar n'a jamais été durablement paralysée par des conflits armés internes et encore moins externes et l'Ile est (ou a été) souvent présentée...
Article
L'adoption de l'ODD 16 marque une étape majeure dans la reconnaissance par la communauté internationale du développement de l'importance des principes dés associés à la notion de gouvernance. Ils sont dorénavant reconnus comme des objectifs perse et non pas uniquement pour leur valeur instrumentale en tant que facteurs conditionnant la réussite des...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the informal sector's income structure vis-a-vis the formal sector, despite its predominant economic weight in developing countries. While most of the papers on this topic are drawn from (emerging) Latin American, Asian or some African countries, Madagascar represents an interesting case. So far, very few studies in general, e...