Francois Quesque

Francois Quesque
French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Inserm · UMRS-1172

PhD in Psychology, Psychologist

About

28
Publications
13,058
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416
Citations
Introduction
The studies I am conducting integrate the fields of cognitive, neuro, and social psychology, assume an embodied approach of cognition, and rely on several experimental paradigms including motion capture technology, eye-tracking, virtual reality and neurological patient testing. For more information, see : https://sites.google.com/site/francoisquesque
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - November 2015
University of Lille Nord de France
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, the ability to represent others’ mental states (theory of mind) has gained particular attention in various disciplines ranging from ethology to cognitive neuroscience. Despite the exponentially growing interest, the functional architecture of social cognition is still unclear. In the present review, we argue that not only the voc...
Article
Full-text available
Being able to discriminate between what originates from ourselves and what originates from others is critical for efficient interactions with our social environment. However, it remains an open question whether self-other distinction is a domain-general mechanism that is involved in various social-cognitive functions or whether specific ‘self-other...
Article
Full-text available
Efficient perspective taking abilities are critical for successful social interactions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether and to what extent we spontaneously adopt others’ perspectives in interpreting a visual scene. Through four distinct studies, we tested whether another person’s point of view is adopted when interpreting an ambigu...
Article
Full-text available
Humans attend to others' facial expressions and body language to better understand their emotions and predict goals and intentions. The eyes and its pupils reveal important social information. Because pupil size is beyond voluntary control yet reflective of a range of cognitive and affective processes, pupils in principal have the potential to conv...
Article
In social interactions, the movements performed by others can be used to anticipate their intention. The present paper investigates whether cooperative vs competitive contexts influence the kinematics of object-directed motor actions and whether they modulate the effect of social intention on motor actions. An “Actor” and a “Partner” participated i...
Article
Full-text available
As a key domain of cognition, social cognition abilities are altered in a wide range of clinical groups. Accordingly, many clinical tests and theories of social cognition have been developed these last decades. Contrasting this abundant development from a research perspective, recent evidence suggests that social cognition remains rarely addressed...
Article
Full-text available
A travers cet article, nous détaillons la façon dont est conceptualisée et opérationnalisée la cognition sociale. Encore relativement jeune du point de vue de l'évaluation neuropsychologique, cette dimension cognitive supposée a bénéficié d'un essor important ces 20 dernières années. Pourtant, les clinicien·ne·s rapportent se sentir démuni·e·s dans...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Lower interoceptive abilities are a characteristic of chronic pain conditions. Social support plays an important role in chronic low back pain (cLBP) but social cognitive skills have rarely been investigated. This study aimed to characterize interoceptive and social cognitive abilities in cLBP and to study the relationship between both domains...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To evaluate the impact of nonviolent communication (NVC) training on five aspects of medical students' empathy skills using implicit and explicit measures. Methods: 312 third-year French medical students were randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 123) or a control group (n = 189). The intervention group received 2.5 days o...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction L’influence des facteurs culturels sur les capacités à interagir efficacement avec nos pairs reste mal comprise. Cette question est centrale car la plupart des tests sont développés dans des contextes très spécifiques non représentatifs de la population mondiale. Objectifs À travers une étude internationale, nous souhaitions tester l’...
Article
Full-text available
Upon learning of the story of Cinderella, most people spontaneously adopt the emotional perspective of this helpless young woman rather than of her older sisters who oppress her. The present research examines whether this pattern reveals a general human tendency to empathise more with the emotions of individuals with low (versus high) power. Six ex...
Article
Full-text available
Français : La cognition sociale renvoie aux processus cognitifs qui sous-tendent les interactions avec autrui. Elle est déficitaire dans de nombreuses maladies mentales, dont la variante comportementale de la dégénéres- cence fronto-temporale. Dans un but diagnostique, la batterie mini-SEA permet l’évaluation des capacités de reconnaissance des émo...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, barrier gestures such as regular hand-washing, social distancing, and wearing a face mask are highly recommended. Critically, interpersonal distance (IPD) depends on the affective dimension of social interaction, which might be affected by the current Covid-19 context. In the present internet-based experimen...
Article
Decades of researches aiming to unveil truths about human neuropsychology may have instead unveil facts appropriate to only a fraction of the world’s population: those living in western educated rich democratic nations (Muthukrishna et al., 2020 Psych Sci). So far, most studies were conducted as if education and cultural assumptions on which neurop...
Article
Full-text available
Human description of the surrounding world may spontaneously rely on others’ perspective, which is a crucial component of social cognition. In five studies, participants were asked to describe the spatial relations between objects in visual scenes including, or not, other agents. In Experiment 1, a substantial proportion of participants used an oth...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans have developed specific abilities to interact efficiently with their conspecifics (social cognition). Despite abundant behavioral and neuroscientific research, the influence of cultural factors on these skills remains poorly understood. This issue is of particular importance as most cognitive tasks are developed in highly specific contexts,...
Preprint
In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, barrier gestures such as regular hand-washing, social distancing, and wearing a face mask are highly recommended. Critically, interpersonal distances (IPDs) depend on the physical and emotional dimensions involved in social interactions, two factors that might be affected by the current Covid-19 context. In...
Article
Full-text available
Peripersonal space is a multisensory representation of the environment around the body in relation to the motor system, underlying the interactions with the physical and social world. Although changing body properties and social context have been shown to alter the functional processing of space, little is known about how changing the value of obje...
Article
Full-text available
Peripersonal space represents the area around the body where objects are coded in motor terms for the purpose of voluntary goal-directed actions. Previous studies have suggested that peripersonal space is also a safe space linked with our private area, influencing interpersonal space in social contexts. However, whether these two spaces rely on sim...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we propose to analyze the kinematic of human arm to predict social intention (personal vs. social intention). We propose to use infrared markers placed on the arms of two human subjects. The trajectories of different markers are defined as shape spaces and subsequently analyzed as a Riemannian manifold for the purposes of characteriz...
Thesis
Full-text available
Cette thèse s’inscrit dans une approche incarnée de la cognition sociale, selon laquelle la capacité à comprendre les états mentaux d’autres individus ne nécessite aucune inférence mais repose plutôt sur l’expérience immédiate des informations sensori-motrices perçues lors d’interactions sociales. D’importantes limites ont été formulées à l’encontr...
Thesis
Cette thèse s’inscrit dans une approche incarnée de la cognition sociale, selon laquelle la capacité à comprendre les états mentaux d’autres individus ne nécessite aucune inférence mais repose plutôt sur l’expérience immédiate des informations sensori-motrices perçues lors d’interactions sociales. D’importantes limites ont été formulées à l’encontr...
Article
Full-text available
Spatio-temporal parameters of voluntary motor action may help optimize human social interactions. Yet it is unknown whether individuals performing a cooperative task spontaneously perceive subtly informative social cues emerging through voluntary actions. In the present study, an auditory cue was provided through headphones to an Actor and a Partne...
Article
Full-text available
As social animals, it is crucial to understand others' intention. But is it possible to detect social intention in two actions that have the exact same motor goal? In the present study, we presented participants with video clips of an individual reaching for and grasping an object to either use it (personal trial) or to give his partner the opportu...
Article
Full-text available
Although action and perception are central components of our interactions with the external world, the most recent experimental investigations also support their implications in the emotional, decision-making, and goal ascription processes in social context. In this article, we review the existing literature supporting this view and highlighting a...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have shown that the spatio-temporal parameters of reach-to-grasp movement are influenced by the social context in which the motor action is performed. In particular, when interacting with a confederate, movements are slower, with longer initiation times and more ample trajectories, which has been interpreted as implicit communicati...
Article
Full-text available
Optimal control models of biological movements are used to account for those internal variables that constrain voluntary goal-directed actions. They, however, do not take into account external environmental constraints as those associated to social intention. We investigated here the effects of the social context on kinematic characteristics of seq...

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Project
How central are social cognition assessment and rehabilitation in classical neuropsychological practices? And how confident are neuropsychologists with these notions? As a key domain of cognition, social cognition abilities are altered in a wide range of clinical groups, encompassing both psychiatric and neurological disorders. Accordingly, many clinical tests and theories of social cognition have been developed these last decades. Contrasting with this abundant development from a research perspective, recent evidence suggests that social cognition remains rarely addressed from a field perspective. The aim of the present research was to characterize the current practices, representations, and needs linked to social cognition from the perspective of professional neuropsychologists and graduate students specialized in neuropsychology. A nationwide survey allowed us to determine the classical field conception of social cognition, the associated symptoms, notions, and key references. It also allowed to quantify classical practice activities and the current uses of the different clinical tools available. Suggestions of change in practices and dissemination of research knowledge are discussed at both the academic and field levels.