François Briois

François Briois
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales | EHESS · Travaux et Recherches Archéologiques sur les Cultures, les Espaces et les Sociétés UMR 5608 T.R.A.C.E.S, Toulouse, FRANCE

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Publications (159)
Article
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Epipaleolithic hunter-gatherers from the Near East introduced wild boars ( Sus scrofa ) to Cyprus, with the Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) settlers hunting the wild descendants of these boars. However, the geographic origin of the Cypriot boar and how they were integrated into the earliest forms of pig husbandry remain unsolved. Here, we present...
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Manen et al. provide here a reply to the critical comment published by A. J. Ammerman regarding their article “The Neolithic Transition in the Western Mediterranean: a complex and non-linear diffusion process—the radiocarbon record revisited,” published in 2019 in Radiocarbon . They also use this occasion to reaffirm the need to elaborate novel int...
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Farming economy was first introduced to the coastal areas of Southern France by Impressa groups (ca. 5850–5650 cal BC), originating from Italy, and subsequently spread to the hinterland by Cardial/Epicardial communities (ca. 5400–4500 cal BC). Fruit and seed remains preserved in archaeological sites provide direct evidence of the botanical resource...
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Tell el-Neshed is located in the Shaqiya governatorate, not far from the eastern edge of the Nile delta. Excavations led by the French Institute for Oriental Archaeology in Cairo (IFAO) in 2015 and 2016 uncovered extensive remains of an early Old-Kingdom settlement. Fieldwork brought to light several superimposed mud-brick buildings and silos dated...
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Recent research into the European Neolithisation process and the development of farming communities reveals a diverse and complex cultural landscape. In the Western Mediterranean, it is now well known that the first agro-pastoral economy appears around 6000 BCE in south-eastern Italy and that part of these sites, often grouped under the generic ter...
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Within the Egyptian Western Desert, the Kharga Oasis was a particularly favourable and highly frequented area during the Holocene thanks to a permanent ground water supply. The high concentration and accessibility of archaeological sites here allows the cultural and economic changes to be documented at a local scale, when northeastern Africa was ex...
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The Neolithic transition is a particularly favorable field of research for the study of the emergence and evolution of cultures and cultural phenomena. In this framework, high-precision chronologies are essential for decrypting the rhythms of emergence of new techno-economic traits. As part of a project exploring the conditions underlying the emerg...
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The authors attempt to specify the diffusion pattern of the Impressed-Ware Neolithic (Im­presso-cardial complex, ICC), from south-eastern Italy onto the French Mediterranean coasts. Using ChronoModel® software, a Bayesian model was built with sets of dates obtained on well-contextualised, short-lived samples. The results highlight a clear tightenin...
Book
For two years, the excavations at Tell el-Iswid have focused on the deposits related to Lower Egyptian Cultures predating the construction of a large mud brick architectural complex from Naqada IIIA2-IIIB. Most of the constructions from the Lower Egyptian Cultures period are made of wattle and daub, but mud brick architecture is also attested in t...
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This paper summarizes the main discoveries made on the Cypro-PPNA site of Klimonas (Ayios Tychonas, Limassol District, Cyprus) since 2009. It comes in complementarities with the paper published in 2012, which related the results of the 2011 season only (Vigne et al., 2012). Klimonas is located on a hill slope facing the sea and domination a small v...
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Our interest here is in studying the history of the relationships between human being and animals on islands for reconstructing prehistoric voyaging and boats. The chapter aims to examine how the considerable amount of new evidence that archaeozoology has accumulated over the two last decades on Cyprus can throw new light in the Eastern Mediterrane...
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On the west bank of the Nile, 8 km north-east of Giza, the site of Abu Rawash is located at the northern edge of the great Egyptian necropolis of Memphis. From 1913 to 1914 Pierre Montet excavated there a series of elite mastabas tombs that he dated to the Ist dynasty. Since 2008, the Institut francpais d'archeologie orientale (IFAO, Cairo, Egypt)...
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Identifiant de l'operation archeologique : Date de l'operation : 1995 (SD) Inventeur(s) : Guilaine Jean (CNRS) ; Coularou Jacques (CNRS) ; Briois Francois (CNRS) L'habitat neolithique final de Roquemengarde est un petit eperon de forme triangulaire dominant la basse vallee de l'Herault. Il etait ferme sur son troisieme cote par un fosse de faible p...
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KS043 is a stratified site associated with a complex of artesian springs. The archaeological remains, as well as a series of radiocarbon determinations, date the site to between 4800 and 4200 b.c. Our study suggests a connection between Saharan pastoralists, forced to move into oasis areas by increasing aridification, and the first Predynastic cult...
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Early Neolithic sedentary villagers started cultivating wild cereals in the Near East 11,500 y ago [Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA)]. Recent discoveries indicated that Cyprus was frequented by Late PPNA people, but the earliest evidence until now for both the use of cereals and Neolithic villages on the island dates to 10,400 y ago. Here we present...
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This polished axe has been discovered formerly at Laplume (Lot-et-Garonne) but the definite location and the archaeological context are unknown. With regard to its large dimensions and particularly its exceptional weight (1510.8 g), this axe is one of the most important polished tools for the Neolithic period in Southern France.
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The Neolithic site KS043, excavated by the Institut français d'archéologie orientale (IFAO), is situated in the southern basin of the Kharga Oasis (Egypt). It is one of the very few stratified prehistoric sites of the eastern Sahara. The archaeological remains were found near artesian springs that provided water for pastoralists during the dry Midd...
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Recent archaeological investigations on Cyprus have unveiled unsuspected Late Glacial and Early Holocene (twelfth–tenth millennia cal BP) pieces of the island’s human history. Based on a review of the archaeological data and of the final results of the archaeozoological analyses of Sector 1 of the prepottery site at Shillourokambos, this paper exam...
Book