Franck Marle

Franck Marle
CentraleSupélec | ECP · Laboratory of Industrial Engineering (LGI) - EA 2606

Professor

About

71
Publications
40,701
Reads
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1,764
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1998 - present
CentraleSupélec
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
International companies are more and more seeking to act proactively by proposing In-Country Value (ICV) strategies to create sustainable local values in the host countries in which they carry out projects. Still, such sustainable local values are complex to identify because they are often indirectly related to their own value chains, project activ...
Article
Full-text available
This work aims to help managers anticipate, detect, and keep under control complex situations before facing negative consequences. This article explores complexity modeling theory and develops a framework and associated score sheet to measure project complexity. A framework comprising ninety factors is presented and divided into seven categories: s...
Article
Full-text available
Project Risk Management is crucial in determining the future performance of a complex project. Increasing project complexity makes it more and more difficult to anticipate potential events that could affect the project and to make effective decisions to reduce project risk exposure. To tackle these conceptual and managerial issues, the proposed app...
Article
Full-text available
The way project actors are organized is crucial in determining how they will be able to collectively cope with nontrivial complex problems and risks. Current project organizations are generally based on single-criterion decomposition, whether product, process, or organization based. The proposed approach forms complementary clusters of actors based...
Article
Full-text available
Oil and gas development projects are characterized by numerous contractual agreements. This forms a complex organization, with the challenge to coordinate diverse and interrelated stakeholders at different moments in the project. A critical issue is the communication and coordination between actors on cross-boundaries decisions. This is notably due...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of a management by deliverables and deadlines is based on detailed planning and strict control of deliverables. It is a strategic decision that reports to the project manager and a key element to the success of complex projects. Based on the modeling of the project elements and their interactions using weighted directed graphs, t...
Article
Oil and gas development projects involve many contracts for engineering studies, item procurement, construction workforce, installation or commissioning. One key component of such projects is the definition of a contracting strategy, which consists of breaking the project down into work packages that will be awarded to contractors with specific rem...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter aims at presenting what project complexity is and what its consequences are. It particularly underlines four complexity-driven phenomena in projects: uncertainty, ambiguity, propagation, and chaos. It then gives an overview of some of the most important limits of traditional project management approaches and tools (presented in Chap. 1...
Chapter
The complex structure of the project may cause the emergence of some local or global unexpected phenomena. This chapter highlights how interactions might play a critical role in the project behavior and change the understanding and thus the priorities that managers give to elements. An industrial application will be developed all along this chapter...
Chapter
This chapter shows how it is possible to make drastic improvements to a project without changing its elements or their interactions. Large benefits can be achieved merely by changing the way elements are structured and actors are organized.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter aims at introducing the reader to a wide range of project management traditional principles and approaches. It is divided according to the five phases of the project management process: project definition, project planning, project execution, project monitoring and controlling, and project closure. It enables the reader to understand a...
Article
Full-text available
Risk analysis and prioritization are a key process in project risk management (PRM). Its outcomes serve as input of the risk response planning process where decisions are made. Complexity of projects is characterized by the emergence of phenomena that are difficult to detect and to manage using classical methods. It may disturb risk assessment, on...
Book
Maximizing reader insights into project management and handling complexity-driven risks, this book explores propagation effects, non-linear consequences, loops, and the emergence of positive properties that may occur over the course of a project.This book presents an introduction to project management and analysis of traditional project management...
Chapter
This chapter aims at following a systems thinking-based approach to identify, analyze, and control the weaknesses of complex project systems. This helps to highlight the damageable values of the project and identify the potentially endangered processes and elements of the project system. This focus permits to concentrate on the actual weaknesses of...
Chapter
This chapter proposes a list of project complexity factors which could be used as a checklist or can serve to measure complexity. Both actions can assist decision-making in complex project management. Practical case studies illustrate the application of proposals.
Article
Full-text available
Numerous decisions have to be made in early design processes. Often times they involve many actors, with the difficulty that they are shared across numerous parallel collaborative groups, for coordination and meeting scheduling reasons. This paper aims at facilitating collaborative decision-making process by grouping actors according to the relatio...
Article
Full-text available
This communication aims at presenting a clustering methodology applied to a complex project consisting of the delivery of three interdependent sub-systems. This enables small and complementary task forces to be constituted, enhancing the communication and coordination on transverse issues related to the complexity of the whole system. The problem i...
Chapter
Nowadays, projects are facing a growing complexity and are thus exposed to numerous and interdependent risks. However, existing methods have limitations for modeling the real complexity of project risks. In this chapter, a four-phase framework for project risk management is proposed. It not only deals with project risks in terms of their probabilit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents two Multi-Domain Matrix-based models of propagation analysis within a vehicle development project. The aim is to reduce the gap between these models and the reality of propagation behavior within the project, notably by reciprocal enrichment of these models. The first one is the Risk-Risk (RR) interdependency model with the purp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This communication aims at presenting a clustering methodology applied to a complex project consisting of the delivery of three interdependent subsystems. This enables small and complementary task forces to be constituted, enhancing the communication and coordination on transverse issues related to the complexity of the whole system. The problem is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Numerous intertwined decisions have to be made in early design processes. One issue is that they involve many actors, meaning that many relationships exist between these actors. This paper aims at facilitating their collaborative decision-making process by grouping actors according to the relationships they have due to their assignment to decisions...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the growing complexity of projects, their risks have increased in number and criticality. Risk lists thus need to be broken down into smaller, more manageable clusters. Classical clustering techniques are generally based on a single parameter, like risk nature, criticality, or ownership. Risk interactions are therefore not properly considere...
Article
In this paper, we present an innovative approach for measuring importance of project risks at a group level. First, a simulation-based risk network model is used to account for risk interactions during the project development. Various importance measures are then proposed to assess risks with respect to their influence on the global risk exposure....
Article
This paper presents a structured project risk interactions management (PRIM) process designed to take into account the complex interactions that potentially exist between project risks. Projects are more than ever exposed to risks and these risks are strongly interrelated. We propose to include the identification, assessment and analysis of these i...
Article
Full-text available
Projects have spread into companies and are more than ever exposed to risk, because of tight constraints, uncertainty, complexity and change. Risk management thus plays an important role in project management. Since there are more and more available methods in the literature, it has become increasingly difficult to choose the right one. Our objecti...
Article
This paper aims at providing project office managers or portfolio-level decision-makers with an integrated methodology to guide the portfolio selection process. The issue is to define a selection algorithm which is simultaneously built on a sound theory and remains practically manageable. The originality is to integrate project interdependencies at...
Article
Project risks have never been so present. First, projects are dealing with bigger stakes and facing stronger constraints. Moreover, projects must cope with an ever-growing complexity. Risks have then increased in number and criticality. Lists of identified project risks thus need to be decomposed, for smaller clusters are more manageable. Existing...
Article
Creativity is strongly influenced by the way individuals are organized. One of the most difficult and important challenges when managing innovation is to identify the individuals within an organization who must work closely with each other to maximize the generation of creative ideas. This paper aims to inform managers of new product development (N...
Article
Full-text available
Engineering project managers often face a challenge to allocate tight resources for managing interdependent risks. In this paper, a quantitative framework of analysis for supporting decision making in project risk response planning is developed and studied. The design structure matrix representation is used to capture risk interactions and build a...
Article
Full-text available
Project management has spread around the world to become what it is today, that is to say a set of theories, principles, methodologies and practices. Past research works argue for a paradigm shift so that one could focus more on project complexity to manage projects more efficiently. However, there is a lack of consensus on what project complexity...
Article
This paper presents an approach based on network theory to deal with risk interactions in large engineering projects. Indeed, such projects are exposed to numerous and interdependent risks of various nature, which makes their management more difficult. In this paper, a topological analysis based on network theory is presented, which aims at identif...
Article
Full-text available
With projects facing tight constraints, uncertainty and change, they are more than ever exposed to risk. It has thus become increasingly important to effectively and efficiently manage project risks. Project risk management thus plays an important role in the quality and reliability of decisions made during a project. Our objective in this paper is...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to develop the concept of project vulnerability in order to focus on the weaknesses of a project system, instead of focusing on risk evaluation only. The paper concentrates on a systems thinking-based view to highlight the potentially endangered elements of a project, including its outcomes. Design/methodology...
Article
This paper presents a decision support system (DSS) for the modeling and management of project risks and risk interactions. This is a crucial activity in project management, as projects are facing a growing complexity with higher uncertainties and tighter constraints. Existing classical methods have limitations for modeling the complexity of projec...
Article
Full-text available
Engineering projects are facing a growing complexity and are thus exposed to numerous and interdependent risks. In this paper, we present a quantitative method for modelling propagation behaviour in the project risk network. The construction of the network requires the involvement of the project manager and related experts using the design structur...
Article
Full-text available
Ce mémoire correspond à l’avancement à un instant donné dans mon programme de recherche. Il comprend donc mon parcours (chapitre 1), les principaux résultats de recherche (chapitres 2 à 5) ainsi que mon projet scientifique à moyen terme (chapitre 6). Les trois derniers chapitres sont des Annexes. La structure du noyau principal (chapitres 2 à 5) co...
Article
Project complexity is ever growing and needs to be understood and measured better to assist modern project management. The overall ambition of this paper is therefore to define a measure of project complexity in order to assist decision-making. A synthesised literature review on existing complexity measures is proposed in order to highlight their l...
Article
Full-text available
Projects are dealing with bigger stakes and facing an ever-growing complexity. In the first place, project risks have increased in number and criticality. Lists of identified project risks thus need to be broken down into more manageable clusters. Existing techniques for this are generally based on a well-known parameter such as the nature of the r...
Article
In this paper we present an original framework for optimizing project risk response plan. The simulation technique is used to model the project risk network and to test the proposed mitigation actions. A genetic algorithm-based model is developed, aimed at choosing response actions and optimizing the allocation of budget reserves dedicated to the r...
Article
Project complexity is ever growing and needs to be understood, analysed and measured better to assist modern project management. The overall ambition of this paper is therefore to define a measure of project complexity in order to assist decision-making, notably when analysing several projects in a portfolio, or when studying different areas of a p...
Article
Since design projects evolve within complex environments, they must face more and more numerous, varied and interrelated risks. Therefore, traditional paradigms of project risk management must be completed by the use of new systems thinking-oriented approaches. After defining the concept of project vulnerability, this paper thus proposes a descript...
Article
Projects are dealing with bigger stakes and facing an ever-growing complexity. Project risks have then increased in number and criticality. Lists of identified project risks thus need to be decomposed, for smaller clusters are more manageable. Project interdependent risks are indeed often managed as if they were independent. An interactions-based c...
Article
This paper reviews research traditions of vulnerability in different scientific disciplines. Here, we also challenge present research to incorporate this concept in a domain of project risk management. The formulation of vulnerability has usually common though contested meaning. It is explained as a degree to which a system is susceptible to harm a...
Article
The choice of the actors who are assigned to a project is crucial for the project as it involves a non-negligible part of its future performance. Risk analysis mainly focuses on risks which may occur during the execution process and not during this important actor choice process. We argue that it is possible to improve this classical analysis by tw...
Conference Paper
One of the most difficult challenges when managing innovation is to identify the individuals within the organization that need to work closely with each other to maximize the generation of creative ideas. This paper introduces a structured approach to guide managers on their decisions to form a temporary team (or task force) from which creative sol...
Article
Projects are dealing with bigger stakes and facing an ever-growing complexity. Project risks have then increased in number and criticality. Lists of identified project risks thus need to be decomposed, for smaller clusters are more manageable. Existing techniques are mainly mono-criteria, based on a parameter such as nature or criticality. Limits h...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to better identify, define and model complexity within the field of project management in order to manage better under conditions of complexity (and manage better complexity-induced risks). Design/methodology/approach – An extensive literature review enlightens the lack of consensus on project complexity and t...
Article
Projects constraints are continuously growing in terms of time, cost, customer satisfaction, return on investment⋯they are also growing in terms of complexity, number of stakeholders, number of parameters to manage and number of interactions between these parameters. During the last 15 years, project management community has demonstrated interest i...
Article
This paper proposes a definition process of the project structure which should be constructed in order to reach the objectives and to deliver the final results.The first part of the paper specifically describes this process, with its inputs, tools and methods and outputs. The inputs of this process, initial situation, objectives and environment, ar...
Article
Full-text available
The growth of cost, time and quality constraints, and of project complexity make visualization more and more difficult, and so the understanding of what happens and what to do. From incomplete and not reliable information, and under a constant pressure, it is difficult today to make reliable decisions, especially in project elaboration, which may h...
Article
Full-text available
e capacit de prdiction, et une tendance privilgier le court-terme, puisque tout peut changer. . La granularit : il y a de nombreux niveaux de dtail et de dcoupage, de l'organisation et/ou du projet, qui rendent souvent obscurs voire impraticables les chemins de communication et de dcision. . Les interactions non ngligeables mais ngliges : il y a en...
Article
A project is a structure which evolves from an initial need to activities carried out by resources and reaching the project targets. The PDPM (Product Design Process Management) method and tool help the project structuring, by sharing the process into targets and activities, which are decomposed, assigned with resources, and planned. The process is...
Article
Full-text available
Projects are dealing with bigger stakes and facing an ever-growing complexity. Project risks have then increased in number and criticality. Lists of identified project risks thus need to be decomposed, for smaller clusters are more manageable. Existing techniques are mainly based on a well-known parameter such as the nature of the risk or its criti...
Article
This article introduces details about the first two points, and some notions about the third. Research is applied bya French automotive fabricant, PSA Peugeot-Citron. Application concerns the whole three research topics, andconsists of the development of a software which helps to project elaboration by :- additional structuring which distinguishes...
Article
Full-text available
The trend is with the growth of project complexity and with the growth of pressure on cost, time and customer satisfaction parameters. To answer to these growing constraints, the PSA Peugeot-Citroën company requires more visibility on its projects of its own processes and organization transformation, called actions of progress. The purpose of this...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
- what are the main reasons of introducing agile and holacratic principles in traditional organizations ?
- what are the main reasons of not doing that ? the main drawbacks or risks linked with these more horizontal organizational technologies ?
- considering that each management technology is made of several principles, is it possible to introduce them separately and progressively ? If the answer is yes, is there a sequence of application or is it completely dependent on the context ?

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Projects (2)
Project
The aim is to introduce agile principles in complex structures. The main difficulty is to know where, when and how much agility can be used in complex projects, or other horizontal management principles, like holacracy.