Francisco Caravaca Sánchez

Francisco Caravaca Sánchez
Universidad de Almería | UAL · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

77
Publications
7,687
Reads
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427
Citations
Citations since 2017
57 Research Items
412 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
University of Murcia
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
This systematic review investigated the prevalence of prison-based interpersonal harm by type of victimization (physical and sexual) and sex, along with the heterogeneity among studies using meta-regression. Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and the Meta-Analysis guidelines, 24 articles met the selection criteria. Study quality...
Article
Suicide is a phenomenon existing amongst university students worldwide, generally associated with mental health problems. Although the evidence has revealed a greater psychosocial vulnerability amongst Social Work students, there are few studies that address this reality. This work, thus, has focused on detecting the risk of suicide amongst undergr...
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Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are prevalent and have long lasting effects. There is evidence of gender differences in exposure to different types of ACEs, with women experiencing higher levels of sexual abuse and cumulative adversity than men. Despite this, most research examining patterns of adversities have used joint samples, assuming tha...
Article
Self-injurious behaviours and suicide attempts among incarcerated people are higher when compared with the general population. The current research is designed to examine the prevalence of self-injurious behaviours and suicide attempts among incarcerated males in Spain, and the factors associated with these behaviours. 201 men imprisoned in Spain c...
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The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to have increased suicidal behavior. The current study evaluates the patterns, risk and protective factors of suicidal behavior among college students in Spain (N = 517) one year after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Anxiety, alcohol use and cannabis use (risk factors), and social support and COVID-19 fear (pro...
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This study compares mental health problems among Social Work students at Spanish and Mexican universities during confinement due to COVID-19. A total of 1,252 undergraduate students completed an online survey, including demographic variables, related to COVID-19, perceived social support and levels of depression, anxiety and stress. Students from S...
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This article analyzes how Social Work has been able to connect professional practice with the generation of knowledge. Social Work has the capacity to generate scientific knowledge directly from its professional intervention, and specifically, through the evaluation of its professional intervention. For this, Social Work has used different scientif...
Article
Gender equity is still a challenge for the world, especially in those regions where sociocultural practices permeated by machismo, that is, male chauvinism, intersect with poverty and institutionalized racial discrimination. The creation of safe and feminized spaces where women can express themselves freely is crucial in the process of cultivating...
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Worldwide, previous studies have expressed concerns regarding the broad psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic among college students as they are considered an especially vulnerable group. However, few studies have examined the prevalence of, risk of, and protective factors associated with fear of COVID-19 among college students in Europe....
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The problematisation of migration has intensified in Europe over the last decade, as the Financial Crisis of 2008 dealt a major blow to social welfare instruments. This context has reinforced the idea that immigrants would consume a disproportionate share of socio-economic resources available through social services, thus displacing the local popul...
Article
Worldwide, incarcerated women are known to suffer adverse experiences that might increase the risk of suicide attempts during incarceration. The present investigation examines the prevalence of suicide attempts amongst incarcerated women in Spain and the factors associated with this. Between January and March of 2017 a total of 174 women, enrolled...
Article
Introduction We know little about the prevalence and patterns of substance use during incarceration, and we know even less about comparative substance use patterns by gender. To address these gaps in the literature, this study used latent class analysis (LCA) to identify substance use subgroups of incarcerated men (n = 1118) and women (n = 207). M...
Chapter
Nowadays they are a weight amount of mourning and grief studies and definitions, most of them related to death and focused in family and friends of the deceased. However just a few authors have research and define the mourning process the professionals (nurses, social workers, psychologist, …) who has worked directly with the deceased, have to get...
Chapter
In Spain, as well as in the majority of Europe, elderly people are a social group which has been increasing during the last few decades, consequently our society has created new specific resources orientated towards them, an example of this is nursing homes. Nursey Homes constitute not just a new area for seniors, also a new working environment, wi...
Article
Objective We examined relationships between different types and patterns of substance use and victimization experiences. Participants College students from two universities in Spain completed an online, cross-sectional survey. Method A series of tetrachoric correlations were estimated to examine the bivariate associations between different types...
Article
Few studies have examined protective factors associated with reduced risk of suicidality among college students. We sought to address gaps in the literature by conducting a cross-sectional survey of 636 college students from a public university in Spain. We assessed substance use, social support, resilience, severity of suicidal ideation and suicid...
Chapter
Durante la época universitaria, los estudiantes pueden llevar a cabo comportamientos de riesgo como es el consumo de sustancias lícitas e ilícitas. Investigaciones previas ponen de manifiesto una elevada prevalencia de consumo de alcohol y otras drogas en población universitaria. A pesar de ello, son limitados los estudios que han analizado los fac...
Article
Mental health symptoms are overrepresented among college students worldwide. The current research investigates the associations among substance use, family functionality, and mental health (depression, anxiety, and stress) among college students in Spain. A total of 828 (59.2% female and 40.8% male) college students from two public universities com...
Article
Incarcerated women are at high risk of exposure to traumatic events with subsequent development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study builds on prior research by adding new findings from Spain on the association between childhood and prison victimization, and negative emotional states with PTSD symptoms during incarceration am...
Article
This paper analyses the participation processes displayed by women with physical functional diversity in Spain, from the perspective of feminism and human rights. Responses from 18 participants with physical functional diversity allowed us to describe the female participants, as well as to explain their participation histories and plans, including...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has compelled university students to adapt to remote learning modalities resulting in increased of anxiety symptoms. This study explores levels of anxiety, and risk and protection factors among Social Work students at two universities in southern Spain. Thirty four percent were experiencing severe anxiety, and 28.5% mild to mo...
Article
Childhood adversity is predictive of poorer health and behavioral health outcomes in adulthood. Males and females are known to experience different types of childhood adversity, with females experiencing more sexual and emotional harm in childhood. Latent class analysis (LCA) has been used to identify patterns among types of childhood adversity. Th...
Article
Objective: Substance use among incarcerated people is prevalent in prisons worldwide. Little is known, however, about the factors associated with substance use during incarceration. Of special interest is the role of childhood abuse and social support on prison-based substance use, as these variables have been found to influence the use of alcohol...
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Objectives: To determine the influence of perceived social support and resilience in the use of alcohol and other drugs amongst female inmates. Material and method: A cross-sectional study with 174 inmates was conducted in two prisons in the Region of Murcia. A self-administered questionnaire was used, which included socio-demographic, prison, a...
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The sexual behavior of older adults, especially women, has undergone changes in recent years, though there are still certain stereotypes today related to pathophysiology, beliefs, culture and tradition that negatively affect older adults’ sexual activity. The aim of our review is to present the main qualitative studies analyzing how physiological a...
Article
Purpose This study aims to examine the behavioral health disorders and trauma exposure are disproportionately represented among incarcerated men. Historically, prisons have been inadequately equipped to respond to the behavioral health needs of incarcerated people. Given the abundance of behavioral health need and the relatively limited availabilit...
Article
Aim of the present study was to test for the relationship of mental disorders, substance use, criminal and treatment variables with reincarceration. A sample of 2484 men from eight prisons in Spain participated. Logistic regression analyses with the number of incarcerations as dependent variable and mental disorders, drug use and treatment characte...
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Objectives Literature on this issue has shown a high prevalence of alcohol and other drug use in the prison population. Although many risk factors have been linked to this behavior in prison, it is not common to find research that analyses the influence of family/social contact in prison. Material and method A cross-sectional study was carried out...
Article
Previous epidemiological analyses indicate that specific demographic and criminal factors might be associated with suicide attempts during incarceration. However, there is a relative lack of research examining the role of social variables such as perceived social support. Data from 943 male inmates enrolled from three correctional facilities in Spa...
Article
This paper explores the association between substance use prior to and during incarceration and between psychiatric distress and substance use during incarceration. A sample of 943 male residents from three prisons located in Spain completed a self-report questionnaire probing psychiatric distress and substance use behaviors. Rates of community- an...
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La literatura científica internacional ha puesto de manifiesto una elevada prevalencia de burnout entre los profesionales del Trabajo Social. El objetivo de la presente investigación consiste en determinar la prevalencia de burnout, así como los factores demográficos asociados, entre los profesionales del Trabajo Social que desarrollan su actividad...
Article
Background: Childhood adversity varies by type and diversity and, using latent class analysis (LCA), can be classed into qualitatively unique profiles of adversity. Objectives: This study uses LCA analysis to uniquely classify incarcerated men into subgroups based on their exposure to seven types of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) (e.g., ‘paren...
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The international scientific literature has shown a high prevalence of burnout among Social Work professionals. The aim of current research is to determine the prevalence of burnout, as well as the associated demographic factors among Social Work professionals who work in the Social Services System. A cross-sectional analytical study was carried ou...
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Investigaciones previas llevadas a cabo a nivel internacional han puesto de manifiesto una elevada prevalencia del consumo de alcohol y otras drogas y de trastornos mentales entre el colectivo femenino privado de libertad. Sin embargo, no es frecuente encontrar estudios que analicen la asociación entre ambos aspectos. La muestra del presente estudi...
Article
This study examines the association between psychological distress and two aggravating factors (childhood adversity and substance use) and two mitigating factors (social support and resilience) in a correctional sample of 943 men. Participants completed a questionnaire probing psychiatric distress using the DASS (Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Sca...
Article
A growing body of literature on correctional populations from the past two decades indicates that a significant proportion of prison inmates report experiencing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) during childhood. Extant literature also suggests that women suffer disproportionate victimization at all life stages. The current study examines the pr...
Article
In Europe, it is relatively uncommon to find studies that investigate the criminal profiles of violent offenders, especially infrequent are those that pay special attention to offenders’ mental health/substance use disorders and histories of violence during childhood. The current research explores whether inmates who are incarcerated for violent of...
Article
Cocaine consumption is one of the most relevant public health issues in America and Europe. There are different methods to estimate cocaine consumption, with different levels of accuracy. Although surveys are one of the most employed methods, it usually underestimates cocaine consumption. Recent studies have validated the use of wastewater analysis...
Article
Background There are few studies exploring associations between different types of childhood abuse and mental health problems among adult prisoners. Aims To explore associations between history of childhood abuse, depression or anxiety, and near‐lethal suicide attempts among adult prisoners, and test the hypothesis that post‐traumatic stress disor...
Article
Despite the growing body of research concerning victimization and mental health among college populations around the world, there remains a need for additional studies that emphasize the role that victimization has on mental health. This study builds on previous research by analyzing the relationship between mental distress and victimization status...
Article
Victimization-physical, sexual, and emotional-is part of prison life for a sizable proportion of incarcerated people. Research has primarily focused on the prevalence and predictors of physical or sexual victimization inside prisons located in the United States. Very little prison-based victimization research has been conducted in other countries,...
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Introduction: The specialized literature has revealed the high prevalence of burnout syndrome in the workforce of different prisons worldwide, as well as the influence of various risk factors associated with sociodemographic and occupational factors linked of the emergence of this occupational health problem. The current study measures the level o...
Article
The majority of research based on prisons in the United States has found a positive association between prison size and inmate victimization. This study estimates rates and identifies inmate and institutional characteristics associated with victimization in the Spanish prisons, with special attention on the prison size. Data were collected from a s...
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Victimization and exposure to trauma, commonly linked to co-occurring mental health disorders, are prevalent among prison populations. The purpose of this study is to shed light on the prevalence of various kinds of victimization and trauma exposure at distinct life stages (childhood, adulthood and during prison) among incarcerated persons in Spain...
Article
Previous researches have shown the high consumption of alcohol and other drugs among the incarcerated population, and his association with a higher rate of prison recidivism. However, it is not common to find studies in Spain focused on the female prison population, due to her lower representation. The aim of the current research was to determine t...
Article
Objective Previous research supports the relationship between the use of alcohol and other drugs and mental disorders. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between drug and alcohol use prior to incarceration and the current prevalence of mental disorders among the incarcerated population in Spain. Material and methods A cross-secti...
Article
Investigaciones previas apoyan la relación entre consumo de alcohol y otras drogas y trastornos mentales. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la asociación entre consumo de alcohol y otras drogas previo al internamiento en prisión y la prevalencia actual de trastornos mentales entre la población penitenciaria de España.
Article
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sam...
Article
Studies conducted worldwide indicate that near-lethal suicide attempts are common among incarcerated populations. However, little research attention has been focused on the Spanish prison population. To address this gap in the literature, data were drawn from a sample of men ( N = 2,270) incarcerated in seven prisons in Spain. We compared sociodemo...
Article
Physical victimization and substance use are common behaviors inside prisons. Yet little is known about whether there is an association between substance use and physical victimization among male inmates. We examined the absolute and relative association between substance use (prior to, during, and both prior to and during incarceration) and physic...
Article
Introduction: This study shows the results obtained from evaluating the main psychosocial stressors perceived in the process of social reintegration and their relation to a remaining sentence time in prison. Material and methods: A questionnaire based on an ad hoc design was administered, using a Likert scale, with a total of 383 inmates serving...
Article
Little is known about the prevalence of sexual victimization (SV) in prisons located outside the United States or the relationship between SV and current substance use (SU) among incarcerated persons. This study explores the prevalence of SV inside Spanish prisons and the association between SV and SU experience based on data collected from a sampl...
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The purpose of this study is to analyze the prevalence and association between victimization and substance use among the university population in the southeast of Spain in a sample of 543 randomly selected college students (405 females and 138 males with an average age of 22.6 years). As a cross-sectional study, data was collected through an anonym...
Article
The present study aimed to establish rates of exposure to physical or sexual violence (PSV) prior to imprisonment for prisoners in Spain and to explore whether people exposed to PSV access mental health treatment during imprisonment. In a sample of 2484 male and 225 female prisoners, socio-demographic variables, exposure to PSV prior to imprisonmen...
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Background: Traditional bullying victimization and the growing number of cyber-teasing victims during the last decade is a major public health concern. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between students' experiences of traditional bullying victimization and cyber-teasing and the sociodemographic characteristics of a sampl...
Article
High rates of mental illnesses and victimization have been reported for prison populations. This study estimates physical and sexual victimization rates (inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate) for people with and without mental illnesses residing in Spanish prisons. A random sample of 2484 male and 225 female inmates was drawn from eight prisons in...
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RESUMEN Introducción: En esta investigación se presentan los resultados obtenidos al evaluar los principales estresores psicosociales percibidos en el proceso de reinserción social y su relación con el tiempo restante de cumplimiento de condena en prisión. Material y método: Se ha aplicado un cuestionario diseñado ad hoc, con una escala tipo Likert...
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The use of psychoactive substances among the prison population is an important public health issue because of its magnitude and health consequences. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychoactive substance use among the prison population and to analyse its association with sociodemographic and penitentiary factors, particularl...
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To describe the frequency of the use of alcohol and other drugs, as well as different types of victimization in men deprived of liberty in the prisons of Castile-La Mancha (Spain). A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of men deprived of liberty in four prisons in Castile-La Mancha. An anonymous questionnaire on victimization was distri...
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Resumen: El mundo universitario es un reflejo de la sociedad en la que se encuentra localizada la universidad, y, en correspondencia, su población se verá afectada por diferentes comportamientos delictivos durante el transcurso académico. Con el fin de profundizar en esta problemática, en el estudio presente se realizó una encuesta de victimización...
Article
In Spain we have not found previous research comparing the frequencies of sexual victimization among the prison population of one jail differentiating between those with and without mental disorders. The present study was carried out in the prison of Albolote (Granada) to determinate possible relationships between both factors.
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Consumo de drogas en las prisiones de la Región de Murcia: características en función de la nacionalidad Recibido: 17/10/2013· Aceptado: 04/07/2014 Objetivos: Comparar las pautas de consumo de drogas entre la población autóctona y extranjera penitenciaria en los Centros Penitenciarios de la Región de Murcia. Método: estudio transversal analítico co...
Book
En este trabajo se realiza un profundo análisis sobre los diferentes comportamientos violentos a los cuales se pueden enfrentar las personas privadas de libertad durante el cumplimento de la condena. En esta ocasión el trabajo de investigación ha sido realizado en los dos Centros Penitenciarios de la Región de Murcia (España), sin embargo dada la a...
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La violencia de género es actualmente un importante problema de salud pública debido a su magnitud y repercusiones sociosanitarias en la víctima. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer las características del consumo de drogas y de los conflictos familiares durante la infancia, y la relación significativa entre estas dos últimas variables en intern...
Article
Gender violence is currently an important public health problem due to its magnitude and socio-health impact on the victim. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of drug abuse and family conflict during childhood, and the significant relationship between these two variables among inmates by gender violence. Descriptive study of...
Article
Background In Spain no previous research has been carried out to correlate sociodemographic and prison factors with victimization in prison, this being important to improve the inmate's jail time. Therefore, a victimization survey was conducted in 2 prisons in Murcia (Murcia and Murcia II) in order to assess the risk factors associated with this ph...
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Objective: To analyze physical victimization in the prison population, taking into account the existence of some kind of mental illness, in the prison of Albolote (Granada). Methods: 270 inmates conducted an anonymous and voluntary survey about victimization. Results: 36.7% of all inmates suffered some form of physical victimization in prison....
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En este estudio se analizael perfil sociodemográfico, delictivoy de victimización de una muestrade 21 mujeres encuestadas en elCentro Penitenciario de Murcia II,comparando además la afluencia decomportamientos violentos entre elcolectivo masculino y femenino paradeterminar cuál es más vulnerabledurante el cumplimento de la pena.La recogida de datos...

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