Francisco J. Ruiz de Mendoza

Francisco J. Ruiz de Mendoza
Universidad de La Rioja (Spain) | UNIRIOJA · Modern Philologies

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108
Publications
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Introduction
Construction Grammar Inferential Pragmatics Discourse Analysis Cognitive Semantics Figures of thought Metaphor Metonymy

Publications

Publications (108)
Chapter
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This chapter offers an overview of conceptual metaphor research with particular attention to specialised language. It surveys the growing body of research showing the role of metaphor both as a tool to generate and develop scientific thinking and as a resource for specialised knowledge popularisation. This chapter also addresses specialised languag...
Chapter
For about four decades now, research into metaphor within Cognitive Linguistics has focused on experiential correlation as a source of metaphorical meaning to the detriment of resemblance connections. However, resemblance is cognitively productive and not necessarily less pervasive in human thought than experiential correlation. This paper studies...
Chapter
In recent years scholars involved in advanced L2 training have postulated that fine-grained cross-linguistic L1-L2 analysis is necessary to teach L2 rules proficiently (cf. Dirven 2001; De Knop and De Rycker 2008). This kind of analysis may reveal areas of divergence between L1 and L2 that pose special difficulties to many L2 learners. Once these a...
Chapter
This chapter accounts for the different outcomes resulting from the exploitation of different kinds of situational cognitive models (scenarios). Starting from Ruiz de Mendoza and Galera's (2014) taxonomy of cognitive models, we take a step further by subdividing scenarios into descriptive, attitudinal, and regulatory types. It is our contention tha...
Chapter
The present paper discusses two aspects of the production of figurative language. The first one is their relatedness, which is established on the basis of an analysis of their cognitive configuration in terms of combinations of cognitive operations. Such operations are applied to the creation of basic figures of speech such as metaphor, metonymy, u...
Chapter
This chapter accounts for the different outcomes resulting from the exploitation of different kinds of situational cognitive models (scenarios). Starting from Ruiz de Mendoza and Galera's (2014) taxonomy of cognitive models, we take a step further by subdividing scenarios into descriptive, attitudinal, and regulatory types. It is our contention tha...
Article
Except for metaphor and metonymy, the study of most traditional figures of speech has largely been neglected in Cognitive Linguistics. This article attempts to fill this gap by exploring a broad range of figures of speech in terms of their dependency relations and organizational patterns. It distinguishes between basic and non-basic figures of spee...
Article
Agent-deprofiling constructions have the function of drawing the language user’s attention to the non-agentive elements of a predication, while endowing one of these elements with agent-like qualities. Members of this family are the inchoative, middle, instrument-subject, location-subject , and cause-subject constructions. These constructions have...
Chapter
Despite the close attention that conceptual metaphor has received within Cognitive Linguistics, the constraints on the over-generation of potentially infelicitous metaphorical expressions have not been studied in so much detail. To fill in this gap, the present paper elaborates further on previous discussions of the following constraints on metapho...
Article
Hemos realizado un recorrido por diversos postulados de la Lingüística Cognitiva y hemos demostrado su capacidad explicativa no solo a nivel conceptual sino también gramatical. Hemos podido comprobar las venta- jas de un análisis no reduccionista del lenguaje, en el que se contempla el potencial de significado de cada opción léxico-gramatical en fu...
Article
This article discusses the complexity in ironic echoic mention from the perspective of Cognitive Linguistics. It builds on the scenario-based approach to irony where ironic meaning is treated as a contextually adjustable meaning inference resulting from a clash between an echoed and an observed scenario. The article discusses five ways of endowing...
Article
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This article argues for the need to strengthen the dialogue between linguistics and literary criticism to enhance existing accounts of irony in both camps. The analytical categories arising from this work allow for a more systematic study of the ins-and-outs of ironic discourse. Our proposal starts from the cognitive-linguistic view of irony, based...
Book
Full-text available
Within Construction Grammar, this volume moves away from a compartmentalized view of constructions with the aim of providing a more holistic description of grammar. Thus, the book brings together analyses that look at constructional families within the “constructicon” of such languages as English, Spanish, German, Polish, Croatian, and Hungarian. P...
Article
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Construction Grammar approaches assume the existence of a constructicon, i.e. a network of grammatical constructions, or the conventionalized form-meaning pairings of a given language. However, construction grammarians generally offer analyses of constructions at one specific level of linguistic enquiry, without exploring the connections that exist...
Book
Full-text available
A review of my edited volume on CxG together with Francisco Ruiz de Mendoza and Alba Luzondo "Constructing Families of Constructions https://benjamins.com/catalog/hcp.58 @johnbenjamins by Ryan @ryanlepic (University of Chicago) is available here: https://linguistlist.org/issues/29/29-3293.html
Article
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The present paper goes beyond previous treatments of cognitive models, especially conceptual metaphor and metonymy, by drawing on linguistic evidence. It introduces needed refinements into previous meaning construction accounts by investigating the activity ofconceptual complexes, i.e., combinations of cognitive models whose existence can be detect...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite the large amount of work devoted to constructions within Cognitive Linguistics, there are some pending tasks that are central to the organization of the ‘constructicon’ (the network of constructions) of a language. One of such tasks is the distribution of constructions across levels of meaning representation. The present paper has argued in...
Article
Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress” has generally been taken as one more example of the carpe diemtradition in literature. This tradition makes use of time metaphors, especially time is a resource. However, we find that Marvell exploits this and other time metaphors in ways that go beyond the traditional understanding of the carpe diemmotif...
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This paper contributes to the field of computational Construction Grammar (cf. Steels, 2012; Van Trijp, 2011) by providing a linguistically oriented formalized treatment of argument structure constructions within the architecture of a multipurpose lexico-conceptual knowledge base for Natural Language Processing systems known as FunGramKB (Periñán,...
Article
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This paper investigates the role played by motion in the conceptualization of result in the English resultative and caused-motion constructions. We argue that there is a strong preference for the figurative use of caused motion to express a state change when the affected entity experiences a complete transformation. However, if the affected entity...
Article
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The notion of “conceptual mapping”, as a set of correspondences between con- ceptual domains, was popularized in Cognitive Semantics, following seminal work by Lakoff & Johnson (1980), as a way of accounting for the basic cogni- tive activity underlying metaphor and metonymy. Strangely enough, Cognitive Semantics has paid little, if any, attention...
Book
Full-text available
This monograph studies cognitive operations on cognitive models across levels and domains of meaning construction. It explores in what way the same set of cognitive operations, either in isolation or in combination, account for meaning representation whether obtained on the basis of inferential activity or through constructional composition. As a c...
Chapter
Over the last forty years, the functionalist approach to linguistic description and explanation has given rise to several major schools of thought that share two crucial assumptions: (i) form is not independent of meaning/function or language use; and (ii) linguistic description and explanation need to take into account the communicative function o...
Article
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This study analyzes a so far neglected part of the constructional behavior of Levin's (1993) entity-specific change-of-state verbs. More specifically, we discuss the integration of verbs from this lexical class into the intransitive-resultative construction. We base our analysis on the Lexical Constructional Model or LCM (Ruiz de Mendoza and Mairal...
Article
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The article is devoted to the study of the different cognitive mechanisms that give rise to a range of meaning effects in the realm of communication, when operating upon different cognitive models (either alone or in combination). Such effects constitute the so-called figurative uses of language, such as irony, paradox, hyperbole, etc. For this pur...
Article
This paper offers a principled account of the integration processes of Levin’s (1993) say verbs into two constructions, the dative and the as construction. In the light of the Lexical Constructional Model (LCM) and taking Levin’s (1993) original account of verb classes and alternations as a point of departure, we explore the principles that regulat...
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This article discusses some of the claims of the earlier and later versions of the Contemporary Theory of Metaphor (CTM) and addresses some of the criticism that has been leveled against it. It is argued that much of this criticism arises from common misconceptions as to the real claims made by the theory. However, CTM is still in need of further e...
Article
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The present article is a contribution to the understanding of non-inferential illocutionary meaning production. The theoretical framework, which is compatible with constructionist approaches to language such as Goldberg’s (1995, 2006) Construction Grammar, is the Lexical Constructional Model or LCM (Ruiz de Mendoza and Mairal, 2008a; Mairal and Rui...
Article
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A metaphor can combine with another metaphor, or a metonymy with another metonymy, into a single meaning unit, thus giving rise to either a metaphorical or a metonymic amalgam. The combination of a metaphor and a metonymy, as discussed in Goossens (1990) and Ruiz de Mendoza and Díez (2002), gives rise to so-called “metaphtonymy”. Amalgams and metap...
Article
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La Lingüística Cognitiva (LC) es una disciplina que, pese a su juventud, ha experimentado un desarrollo vertiginoso en los últimos treinta años1. Uno de los mayores logros de la LC (que la distingue de enfoques anteriores sobre el lenguaje como el estructuralismo y el generativismo chomskyano) radica en no considerar el lenguaje como un sistema aut...
Article
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The notion of argument construction is widely accepted in Cognitive Linguistics circles as a highly explanatory theoretical construct. It has recently been incorporated into the Lexical-Constructional Model (LCM; Ruiz de Mendoza and Mairal 2007, 2008), a theoretical approach to meaning construction that integrates argument constructions into a broa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an outline of the Lexical Constructional Model, a meaning construction model that integrates insights from functional models of language (especially, Role and Reference Grammar) and Cognitive Linguistics (especially, Goldberg's Construction Grammar and Lakoff's Cognitive Semantics). The initial claim is that a theory of semantic...
Chapter
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Lakoff (1987, 1989) proposes image-schema transformations as cognitive mechanisms in the creation of radial structure in conceptual categories. Transformations are natural relationships between image schemas, grounded in experience, as when we follow the path of a moving object until it stops and then focus on where it is (path-end-of-path transfor...
Article
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This paper presents an outline of the LEXICAL CONSTRUCTIONAL MODEL, a meaning construction model that integrates insights from functional models of language (especially, Role and Reference Grammar) and Cognitive Linguistics (especially, Goldberg's Construction Grammar and Lakoff's Cognitive Semantics). The initial claim is that a theory of semantic...
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Moving from the metonymic grounding of illocutionary meaning proposed by Panther and Thornburg (1998), in this paper we offer a refined model of illocutionary scenarios which includes additional pragmatic variables like power and solidarity relations, and a cognitive version of Leech's (1983) cost-benefit scale. Illocutionary scenarios will be rede...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to offer an overview of some of the most relevant heuristic parameters that have been used for the organization of the lexicon in a representative sample of formal, functional and cognitive models. In connection with this, we address the following theoretical issues: (i) the nature of the metalanguage that should be used as...
Chapter
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On the basis of Cognitive Model Theory, this chapter develops a number of explanatory tools-in the domains of conceptual prominence and of constraints on conceptual mappings-that prove useful to systematically deal with similarities and differences among related grammatical phenomena, both within and across languages. The adequacy of these tools is...
Chapter
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This chapter addresses the problem of meaning construction in grammar from the point of view of high-level metaphor and metonymy. We argue that meaning construction, in the sense given to this term by Panther (2005), is essentially an inferential activity whether at the level of so-called pragmatic meaning (e.g. implicature derivation, illocutionar...
Article
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This paper presents an overview of the Lexical Constructional Model (LCM)2. The LCM offers an account for understanding the relationship between lexical and syntactic meaning. Our approach has a functional and cognitive orientation and constitutes an attempt to reconcile a number of relevant theoretical and methodological assumptions from functiona...
Article
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En Lingüística Cognitiva se sostiene como fundamental lo que Lakoff (1990) ha denominado el compromiso cognitivo, según el cual el lingüista debe incorporar en su descripción cuantas categorías empíricas, procedentes de las ciencias cognitivas, sea posible. Sin embargo, este compromiso, llevado a su extremo lógico, puede llegar a dejar en un segund...
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Over the last few years, Mark Turner and Gilles Fauconnier have popularized the theory of blending (or conceptual integration) as a cognitive process that operates over mental spaces and applies over many areas of conceptualization. This includes categorization, inference, metaphor, analogy, and metonymy, among others. According to this theory, the...
Article
In this paper we attempt to develop the still programmatic but insightful proposal made by Thornburg and Panther (1997) and Panther and Thornburg (1998), according to which the identification of the intended meaning (or illocutionary force) of indirect requests (and by extension of indirect speech acts in general) is based on conceptual metonymies...
Article
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Análisis del concepto de primitivo semántico y de las diferentes metolodologías propuestas para su estudio, señaladamente las de Jackendorf y Wierzbicka. Se parte de un breve estado de la cuestión de la Semántica actual. Posteriormente se comentan algunos conceptos que han permitido ampliar el tema de los primitivos semánticos, tales como el de �do...
Article
We have examined different aspects of metonymy in relation to metaphor and other polysemy phenomena. We have come to the conclusion that metonymic mappings are very similar to mappings for "one-correspondence" metaphors, but they are crucially differentiated from metaphors in that the former involve a domain-internal mapping, whereas in the latter...
Article
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Discovering the nature and role of inferential mechanisms in language understanding is a distinctly common concern in work carried out both within Cognitive Linguistics and Relevance Theory. Cognitive linguists increasingly tend to see language-related inferences as a matter of the activation of relevant conceptual structures. This is generally acc...
Article
This paper argues for the integration of Turner and Fauconnier's concept of blending within the general architecture of cognition provided by production models. It also revises the notion of blending as proposed by Turner and Fauconnier and observes that blending obeys general constraints of cognitive economy and of consistency; more specifically,...
Article
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En este artículo se trata la cuestión de la organización del conocimiento proposicional en forma de redes conceptuales. A este respecto, seguimos las ideas expuestas en Ruiz de Mendoza (1996), intentando hacerlas compatibles con las propuestas, todavía programáticas, de autores cognitivistas como Langackory Lakoff Señalamos algunas de las deficienc...
Article
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Spanish diminutives have oftren been descríbed as versatile and even capricious gramrnatical categories, difflicult to systematize and to translate into English without considerable loss of meaning. This paper is an attempt lo systematize sorne of the principies that under!ie the different uses and values of the Spanish it/illo diminutives and thei...
Article
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En este articulo se realiza una revisión critica de la conocida distinción de Donnellan (1966) entre los usos "referencial" y "atributivo" de las descripciones definidas. Se examinan las propuestas de Kripke (1979) y Searle (1979) al respecto y se propone el análisis conversacional, fundamentado en el estudio de principios pragmáticos y en el conce...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The project aims to respond to these diagnostic and educational intervention challenges, which the results of interdisciplinary research show, through two fundamental objectives. In the first place, it intends to improve the stability and diagnostic reliability of HIA in a way that allows making decisions for the effective provision of differentiated educational means. Second, it redefines the adjustment of the activities planned and carried out in a context of extracurricular enrichment for HIA, while analyzing the effectiveness of these activities after implementing them.
Project
The present project is based on different converging aspects of previous work by members of the research and work teams on cognitive modeling and figurative language from the perspective of Cognitive Linguistics. Although the expression of attitude is central to non-denotational constructions conveying figurative meaning (e.g., hyperbolic and ironic constructions), little research has been devoted to the ways in which people receive the evaluative potential of figurative meaning, and whether it varies across subjects (and if so, how). We have planned empirical confirmation of the intra- and cross-linguistic work mentioned above by testing (a) the ways in which people with different degrees of intellectual capacity process non-figurative constructions (intralinguistic variation), and (b) the ways in which people from different linguistic and cultural backgrounds (English, Spanish and Chinese, among others) have similar or divergent reactions to figurative language (crosslinguistic variation).
Project
We aim to find a theoretical framework for verbal and situational irony