Francisco Olivos

Francisco Olivos
Lingnan University · Department of Sociology and Social Policy

Doctor of Philosophy

About

41
Publications
23,901
Reads
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53
Citations
Introduction
I am a Research Assistant Professor at the Department of Sociology and Social Policy at Lingnan University, Hong Kong. My current research interest is the relationship between culture and action, and how social structures intervene in that relationship.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Position
  • PhD Student
September 2015 - September 2017
Utrecht University
Position
  • Master's Student
September 2015 - September 2017
Utrecht University
Position
  • Master's Student
Education
August 2012 - August 2012
University of Cologne
Field of study
  • Factorial Survey Methodology
March 2011 - December 2012
July 2009 - December 2009

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
After two decades of research, the evidence in cross-cultural studies has shown that the lay theories of happiness are not universal. Significant variations have been found in the beliefs about the sources of happiness between countries. However, heterogeneities within countries have been overlooked. In this article, I documented a folk theory of h...
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent months, Chile, like many other countries around the world, has undergone a wave of widespread street protests calling for structural changes and challenging the "Chilean miracle." This study uses an interrupted public opinion poll to assess the effect on the moral sentiments of the general population of the first weeks of the Chilean soci...
Article
Full-text available
Different research traditions have long held that parental beliefs motivate children's performance. However, regarding meritocratic beliefs, sociologists often argue that meritocratic narratives legitimize and make sense of societal inequalities as justly deserved. Using the case of China, I tested these competing hypotheses of the relationship bet...
Article
Objectives Citizen complaints are considered by policing researchers as an indicator of police misconduct, and a proxy of police-community relations. Nevertheless, US and EU-based studies tend to focus on sustained complaints as reported by official agencies and officer-based correlates. Using the case of Carabineros, the Chilean militarized police...
Article
This study extends the literature on people’s understanding of happiness by asking whether positive and negative events could affect the causal attributions of what makes others happy. Using a factorial survey applied to a representative and probabilistic sample of Chileans, we examined three central causal attributions deeply rooted in Latin Ameri...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study extends the literature on people’s understanding of happiness by asking whether positive and negative events could affect the causal attributions of what makes others happy. Using a factorial survey applied to a representative and probabilistic sample of Chileans, we examined three central causal attributions deeply rooted in Latin Ameri...
Preprint
This study extends the literature on people’s understanding of happiness by asking whether positive and negative events could affect the causal attributions of what makes others happy. Using a factorial survey applied to a representative and probabilistic sample of Chileans, we examined three central causal attributions deeply rooted in Latin Ameri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Citizen complaints are considered by policing researchers as an indicator of police misconduct, and a proxy of police-community relations. Nevertheless, US and EU-based studies tend to focus on sustained complaints as reported by official agencies and officer-based correlates. Using the case of Carabineros, the Chilean militarized police force, thi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Citizen complaints are considered by policing researchers as an indicator of police misconduct, and a proxy of police-community relations. Nevertheless, US and EU-based studies tend to focus on sustained complaints as reported by official agencies and officer-based correlates. Using the case of Carabineros, the Chilean militarized police force, thi...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural omnivorousness and status inconsistency in Chile: the role of objective and subjective social status Sociological research has long suggested that cultural participation is socially stratified. We build on this literature to discuss the role of the subjective and objective dimensions of stratification, and how they are linked to practices...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to understand the effect of asymmetric social comparison on subjective well-being, and how it differs due to reciprocity. Our approach considers the social network of individuals as a local reference group. We tested competing hypotheses on negative and positive effects of comparison with worse-off (downward) and better-off...
Article
Formal education is theorised to be an essential vehicle to promote and trigger pro‐environmental attitudes and behavioural changes among citizens via the increase of public awareness and concern. However, robust estimations of its causal effect on individuals’ concern for the environment are scarce. This study aimed to estimate the effect of educa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sociological research has long shown that cultural participation is socially stratified. We build on this literature to discuss the role of the subjective and objective dimensions of stratification, and how they are linked to practices of social distinction through cultural consumption. The aim of this study is to understand (1) the effect of subje...
Preprint
Full-text available
Concerted cultivation practices are not only explained by parents’ objective resources, but also by parents’ cultural orientations, which are associated with social class. While cultural orientations of parenting styles in Western societies have been studied, the role of beliefs in social reproduction in other parts of the world is still under-rese...
Preprint
Concerted cultivation practices are not only explained by parents’ objective resources, but also by parents’ cultural orientations, which are associated with social class. While cultural orientations of parenting styles in Western societies have been studied, the role of beliefs in social reproduction in other parts of the world is still under-rese...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to understand the effect of asymmetric social comparison on subjective well-being, and how it differs due to reciprocity. Our approach considers the social network of individuals as a local reference group. We tested competing hypotheses on negative and positive effects of comparison with worse-off (downward) and better-off...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the situation of Chinese migrants in Santiago, Chile, this article shows that labor relationships between Chinese employers and Chinese workers could be exploitative. Thus, we aim to discuss the conditions under which co-ethnic exploitation among Chinese takes place in Chile. In addition, we ask why Chinese workers allow themselves to be e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Different research traditions have long stated that parental meritocratic beliefs motivate children’s educational achievement. However, sociologists often argue that meritocratic narratives legitimize and make sense of societal inequalities as justly deserved. Using the case of China, I tested simultaneously these two competing hypotheses of the re...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we explore the associations of people’s valuations of universal healthcare with risk exposure and humanitarianism across diverse institutional contexts. We argue that both micro-level factors increase the valuations. Furthermore, interactions between material interests and humanitarians are expected. This work also hypothesizes tha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cross-national studies have shown consistently that girls have higher educational expectations than boys. The literature has provided macro and micro-level explanations for this phenomenon. Country-level indicators such as gender inequality and the rate of female enrollment in tertiary education have been significant predictors of higher educationa...
Poster
Full-text available
This study tests a dual-process of parental meritocratic beliefs and students' educational outcomes. It is relevant in the Chinese case, where educational expansion and the longstanding Confucian philosophy have promoted meritocratic values. By using data from the China Educational Panel Survey (CEPS), the findings indicate that parental meritocrat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Measuring beliefs in quality of life research requires researchers to deal with endogeneity and social desirability issues. The connectionist theory of cognition suggests that individuals have mental models composed of associations between concepts. Moreover, structuralist perspectives consider beliefs form an interrelated system. Therefore, the es...
Article
Objective This study analyzes which characteristics of pension recipients are taken into account when evaluating the fairness of pensions. Furthermore, it identifies some respondents’ characteristics and preferences that could be related to the justice evaluation of different pension amounts. Methods A factorial survey was designed to simultaneous...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La sociedad chilena se caracteriza por elevados niveles de desafección política. La alta tasa de abstención electoral durante lá ultima elección presidencial, en donde votó menos de la mitad del electorado, es una de las manifestaciones conductuales más recientes de este síndrome actitudinal. A pesar del alto nivel de interés que este tópico ha gen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
What elements are taken into account at the moment of evaluating a pension as just or not? Research in distributive justice has dealt with the evaluation of situations and rewards for a long time, ranging from theories of relative deprivation and equity to studies about justice evaluation functions and legitimacy. What is known so far is that distr...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo busca comprender los mecanismos que permiten la construcción de confianza de las comunidades hacia las compañías extractivas, y cómo las propias características de los individuos moderan la elaboración de juicios de confianza a partir de la evaluación del desempeño social y económico de las empresas. Para ello, se presenta un estudio...
Book
Full-text available
Aunque son motivo de discusión en todas las épocas, con distintos significados y usos, los impuestos han adquirido en los últimos años una relevancia especial, en tanto dimensión central desde la cual abordar asuntos como el financiamiento del gasto social, el rol de Estado en la provisión de bienes y servicios y las formas de concretar las diferen...
Chapter
Full-text available
¿Importa conocer lo que las personas piensan respecto de la distribución de ingresos en una sociedad? Una primera respuesta a esta pregunta proviene del ámbito de las políticas públicas, donde se asume que en un sistema democrático el apoyo ciudadano es fundamental para otorgar una base de legitimidad al accionar político. En esta línea, Liebig y M...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on the evaluation of the program Yo Aprendo y Emprendo [I learn and take action] conducted in Antofagasta, Chile. This program aims to contribute to the development of young students providing them with tools to embrace an entrepreneurial culture in their life and formation. An evaluation was conducted through Propensity Score M...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on the evaluation of the program Yo Aprendo y Emprendo [I learn and take action] conducted in Antofagasta, Chile. This program aims to contribute to the development of young students providing them with tools to embrace an entrepreneurial culture in their life and formation. An evaluation was conducted through Propensity Score M...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The actual framework for community engagement is increasingly complex for mining companies. Communities are evolving towards social forms that differ from those of the past, either by the influence of social networks or by empowerment of their members, requiring higher duties of accountability by mining companies. This raises challenges to companie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El objetivo de esta investigación es explicar el rol que tiene la contratación de trabajadores miembros de la comunidad en la generación de confianza hacia las compañías mineras. Para esto se realizó un estudio de caso en base a encuestas factoriales en la comunidad de Pozo Almonte, Chile. Esta comunidad es un caso paradigmático para el problema de...
Thesis
Full-text available
La confianza ha sido destacada por la teoría de stakeholders como un atributo de las relaciones comunitarias que hacen más improbable la ocurrencia de actos, por parte de las empresas, que vulneren el principio de justicia. De la misma forma, la confianza es un constructo que permite a las empresas atraer capital humano y obtener licencias sociales...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo presenta la evaluación del programa Yo aprendo y emprendo ejecutado en la ciudad de Antofagasta, Chile. El programa tiene como objetivo contribuir al desarrollo de jóvenes estudiantes a través de la entrega de herramientas que les permitan incorporar el espíritu emprendedor como actitud de vida y formación. Se realizó una evaluación d...
Article
Full-text available
El pasado 27 de febrero a las 03:34:17 hora local el Centro Sur de Chile se vio sacudido por un terremoto que pasó a ser una de las catástrofes “naturales” más grandes de nuestra historia, solo superada por el terremoto de Valdivia de 1960. Este artículo se elaboró a partir de un estudio que buscó realizar un diagnóstico de la respuesta ciudada...

Questions

Questions (17)
Question
Diagonal reference models are especially suited for the estimation of effects of movements across levels of categorical variables like education or social class. In social stratification, it enables us to estimate the weight of origen and destination. Their use is straightforward with DRM in Stata and the function Dref of gnm in R. However, I am working with a dataset with 30 countries and I would like to model those weights as random effects. I haven't find a multilevel extension of DRM or a workaround. Any idea?
Question
Dear all,
I have had a couple of experiences answering R&Rs. In general, it has gone smoothly and the reviews have been always reasonable. They always have helped to improve the first draft definitely. But I recently received an R&R, and I have serious differences with the reviewer. They are not methodological or technical, but interpretative, philosophical and theoretical. What do you recommend? How should I answer those reviews? Until what point should I be condescending?
Question
I have read several discussions about effect size using Cohen’s d, mainly in psychology. I am wondering if sociologists could apply directly this standard.
I have a logistic model of class rank predicting a binary attitudinal variable of students. A change in 1 unit (10%) increases the odds in 1.13. Based on a transformation of the log odds, Cohen’s d is around 0.47 (medium). The standardised rank variable has a Cohen’s d of 0.10 (small).
A logic answer would be to think about a substantive evaluation of OR=1.13, but there is not theory for it.
Question
I have a model of vignettes nested in respondents. In my simulation, I would like to replace respondents (level 2) as well as vignettes (level 1) within respondents.
How could I bootstrap at both levels simultaneously? Ideally using Stata, but any recommendation in other software is welcome.
Question
I was testing the relevance of an IV and the F value changed importantly when including sample weights (about 5 when the model is weighted and about 12 when it is not). However, considering that an IV is a LATE estimation, should we include sample weights? I have not seen any reference o paper discussing it.
Question
I am working on a P&P survey about attitudes toward science and I would like to include some gender's stereotypes measurement. However, the straightforward tests are usually assisted by computers. There are some experiences applying paper & pencil IAT, but I would like to hear some hot knowledge about it. Does anyone have an experience applying P&P IAT? How did it work?
Question
Factorial survey and Conjoint Analysis are two well-known methodological tools to study judgement. In both cases, something is described based on different attributes randomly combined.  These attributes should explain the respondent choice, decision making or judgement. 

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
1.- To provide theoretical grounds for applying factorial surveys. 2.- To contribute to the discussion about the feasibility and validation of factorial surveys. 3.- To answer substantive questions in different fields by using factorial surveys.
Project
This project is aimed to understand the role of meritocratic beliefs in the Chinese educational system. It is grounded in the dual-process model of culture, where beliefs play the role of both motivation and justification of action and structures.