Francisco J. Marco-Gracia

Francisco J. Marco-Gracia
University of Zaragoza | UNIZAR · Department of Applied Economics

PhD in Economics
Lecturer in Economic History

About

26
Publications
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91
Citations

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Background Many societies and their medical practitioners throughout the world have historically linked lunar phases to the frequency of births. During more recent decades, academics have discussed this alleged relationship using modern data, obtaining differing results. Objectives The purpose of this study is to analyse the relationship between t...
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WORKING PAPER 804. https://econrsa.org/system/files/publications/working_papers/working_paper_804.pdf At the beginning of the twentieth century the sex ratio for South Africans di⁄ered markedly according to racial group. Those for white South Africans remained almost invariable, with more boys than girls, while black South Africans had a clear maj...
Article
This article analyses the relationship between male height and age at death and its evolution over time among conscripts born in fourteen villages in north-east rural Spain. A total of 1,488 conscripts born between 1835 and 1939 (and who died between 1868 and 2019) have been included in the analysis (based on the study of 3 sub-periods: 1835-1869,...
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Relying on longitudinal microdata from a Spanish rural region between 1750 and 1950 (almost 35,000 life courses), this article provides evidence that discriminatory practices affected sex‐specific mortality during infancy and childhood. Although it is likely that families also discriminated against girls during the first year of life, female excess...
Article
Event-history analysis of ten rural villages in Spain from 1750 to 1949 indicates that the likelihood of parents having additional children was influenced by the number of their surviving children and the children’s sex composition. Parents whose children had a low survival rate had more children than parents whose children generally survived. Excl...
Article
We analyse the evolution of birth-baptism intervals between 1830 and 1949 among children born into 815 Spanish families and relate the changes observed to developments in childhood mortality. Our results show that birth-baptism intervals in our study area increased rapidly after 1890, three decades after childhood mortality began to decline and a d...
Article
This article examines the relationship between the height of adult males and marital outcomes, including likelihood of marrying, age at marriage, and marital fertility, in rural Spain. For this analysis, a sample of 4,501 men born between 1835 and 1975 living in 14 villages in northeastern Spain was taken. Previous research has shown that shorter i...
Article
At the beginning of the twentieth century in South Africa, the sex ratio for black children under five years was one of the lowest ever recorded. Sex ratios also differed markedly by racial group. Those for white children remained almost invariable, with more boys than girls, while black children had a clear majority of girls, a situation that the...
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Full-text available
Relying on longitudinal micro data from rural Spain between 1750 and 1950, this article evidences that families mortally neglected a significant fraction of their female babies. Firstly, baptism records exhibited exceptionally high sex ratios at birth until the late nineteenth century. Secondly, having no previous male siblings increased the probab...
Article
This article examines the relationship between childhood mortality experienced within families and the height of surviving male children. Sibling mortality, controlled by different socioeconomic and environmental variables, is used as an approximation of the hygienic and epidemiological context and practices within the family. The analysis is based...
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Based on an analysis of the life trajectories of 2510 conscripts and their families from a Spanish rural area in the period 1835–1977, this paper studies the development of the fertility transition in relation to height using bivariate analyses. The use of heights is an innovative perspective of delving into the fertility transition and social tran...
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The demographic transition is a global phenomenon. However, previous studies have demonstrated the existence of differences in its development between areas that are in close proximity. The aim of this article is to compare the process of demographic transition in the rural communities of three islands in the archipelago of the Azores (Pico, Flores...
Article
L’expulsion des Maures d’Aragon au xviie siècle par la couronne espagnole peut rétrospectivement être considérée comme une expérience naturelle permettant de tester les principes malthusiens relatifs à l’ajustement de la population au niveau de subsistance. Face à des villages soudainement dépeuplés et une très faible pression démographique, quels...
Article
This paper uses the links between children born between 1800 and 1919 and their parents in 12 rural Aragonese villages to analyze the role of fathers in the survival, health, and lifespan of children. The researchers compared the effect of being fatherless (or being motherless) to having both parents alive. The results show that being fatherless in...
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The relationship between cardiovascular health and climatic conditions is a central issue of cardiological research in order to face the global warming challenge. This article analyses 15 locations in rural Spain between 1920 and 1950. The main objective is to know how temperature affected mortality due to cardiovascular causes in a historical cont...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article analyses the relationship between male height and age at death among adults born between 1835 and 1939 in fourteen villages in northeast Spain. A total of 1,488 conscripts who died between 1868 and 2019 have been included in the analysis. The height data have been obtained from conscriptions for military service; demographic and socioe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Relying on longitudinal micro data from a Spanish rural region between 1750 and 1950 (almost 35,000 life courses), this article evidences that discriminatory practices affected sex-specific mortality during infancy and childhood. Although it is likely that families also discriminated girls during the first year of life, the female excess mortality...
Preprint
Full-text available
Relying on longitudinal micro data from a Spanish rural region between 1750 and 1950, this article evidences that families mortally neglected a significant fraction of their female babies. On the one hand, baptism records exhibit exceptionally high sex ratios at birth, especially during the 19th century. On the other hand, our data shows that havin...
Article
Objectives: This article aims to determine whether different patterns of mortality occurred among children born during the day and the night respectively, between 1830 and 1929. Methods: The data include the time of birth and death of 9814 individuals from 10 villages in rural Spain between 1830 and 1929, within a context of natural births at ho...
Article
This paper deals with the permanent existence of deliberate fertility control arising from short-term economic stress among rural farm workers. The micro-level analysis uses the family reconstitution method for ten rural Spanish localities. The husband's socio-economic level is regarded as an indicator of the family's socio-economic status. Accordi...
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Full-text available
The aim of this article is to analyse the fertility control strategies employed by families during the fertility transition and to understand their evolution over time. To achieve that goal, this study identified the use and popularization of stopping and spacing. This analysis employed data on the inhabitants of 10 rural villages in the Huerva Riv...
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The aim of this article is to analyze the determinants of celibacy at 45 years of age in the generations born between 1785 and 1965. Men and women will be analyzed separately, based on individual variables, such as family, economic, nutritional, physical and behavioural factors. To do this we will divide the period into two sub-periods, one pre-tra...
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Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to analyze the development of the Second Demographic Transition in a rural area, consisting of nine Aragonese villages (Spain), in order to examine its distinctive characteristics with respect to the theoretical framework of the Second Demographic Transition and the Theory of the Reproductive Revolution. Data were extracted...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this chapter is to analyze how male and female singles born between 1700 and 1967 faced the challenges of life, such as loneliness or the immigration dilemma. For the purpose of this research, micro-data were analyzed in 10 municipalities of the Huerva River valley in northeastern Spain. Our results reveal that singles up to 50 years of...

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Projects (3)
Project
Goal: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/biological_nutritional_inequality The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) welcomes submissions for a Special Issue under the section of Children’s Health, focusing on “Biological Living Standards and Nutritional Health Inequality in Transition to the Developed World”. This Special Issue aims to publish manuscripts on the dynamics of biological living standards and nutritional health in human populations in social and economic transition. The historical experience of the industrialized and urbanized western world can be useful for the poorest populations today. We welcome the submission of manuscripts that explore the short- and long-term effects of the environment on biological well-being, using the main anthropometric indicators by generational cohorts. The goal is to cover aspects of height and body mass evolution at different stages of the life cycle, mainly on the basis of data from children and adolescents from both the remote and recent past. Analyses of the social height gap and rural–urban and intra-urban differences in biological well-being are of special interest. Studies that analyze the impact of nutritional crises and of the prevalence of malnutrition on the evolution of stature and other anthropometric or physiological variables are welcome. Likewise, comparative studies of countries, regions, social classes, and different socioeconomic circumstances are of interest. We encourage research papers in disciplines such as anthropology, public health, history, economics, and sociology. Submissions should include original articles, brief reports, or critical reviews (systematic reviews or meta-analyses). We especially encourage submission of papers that report on: • Nutritional Health • Inequality • Anthropometric Indicators • Human Height • Body Mass Index • Biological Well-Being • Living Standards • Child Growth • Determinants of Height • Low Birth Weight • Sexual Dimorphism • Obesity • Nutritional Transition All manuscripts will be subject to the journal’s normal peer review process. For further reading, please refer to hhttps://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/biological_nutritional_inequality. If you have any questions, please contact me at cici.zhou@mdpi.com or ijerph@mdpi.com. IJERPH is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles and communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public
Project
“Digital Humanities” operates at the intersection of the humanities and computing. Scholars using the methods of the Digital Humanities can make use of a variety of tools, from algorithms that help with textual analysis, to image recognition, or Big Data techniques. They can digitize and transcribe large databases and analyze individuals’ characteristics and behavior. In the absence of other information of South Africans, particularly black citizens, who were often excluded from censuses and reports and underrepresented in other types of archival records such as personal collections of letters, individual-level records are a treasure trove of information about the economic, social, demographic, health, labor, genealogical and migration histories of the Cape Colony and South Africa. The good news is that such individual-level historical records in digital format are rapidly becoming more available. The life histories of individuals can now be reconstructed at a fraction of the research cost of manual archival research. This is important, because even though digitised records are available online, they are mostly inaccessible to most South Africans. In fact, the only systematized series of birth, marriage and death records available at present represents only the white population. By making historical information easily accessible, the Biography of an Uncharted People project will thus give dignity to black, colored and Indian South Africans, enabling them to bring to light histories of families that were overlooked in the past. Besides transcribing and disseminating these large, previously unexplored datasets of microdata, the project will also begin to analyze the information systematically in order to contribute to debates in South African history. Because the apartheid system handicapped South Africa by imposing on it a higher education system designed to maintain social and economic inequalities of race, class, gender, region and institution, this project is also an attempt to narrow the methodological divergence that have occurred in the discipline. We see historical privilege or disadvantage reflected in students’ varying ability to work with large sets of quantitative and qualitative historical evidence using technological tools. This project aims to remove the handicaps and produce young scholars skilled in the Digital Humanities and able to teach the next generation.
Project
Trace patterns of unexplained excess female mortality in infancy and childhood in historical Europe