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Francisco Miguel Leo

Francisco Miguel Leo
Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain · Department of Didactics of Music, Plastic and Body Expression

PhD Sport Science

About

168
Publications
117,016
Reads
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2,040
Citations
Citations since 2016
47 Research Items
1516 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - present
Universidad de Extremadura
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2013 - May 2014
Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2007 - August 2013
Universidad de Extremadura
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (168)
Article
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The aim of this study was to develop and validate a psychometrically-sound instrument to assess students’ perceptions about class cohesion. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, four steps were established: (1) development of the Class Cohesion Questionnaire (CCQ); (2) item selection; (3) item compression; and (4) exploration of psychometric prop...
Article
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Background and aims: As children and adolescents' eating patterns have changed over the last few years, researchers have found inconsistencies in the current questionnaires. Therefore, this research aims to (i) update the 2019 KIDMED questionnaire; and (ii) test the psychometric properties of this new questionnaire. Method: A study with 419 childr...
Article
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El entorno educativo se establece como el contexto donde el alumnado, independientemente de su género, tenga equidad de oportunidades ante la práctica deportiva. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de una unidad didáctica (UD) en Educación Física (EF) de Ultimate Frisbee a través del Modelo de Educación Deportiva (MED) en variables...
Article
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This study aimed to determine the association between students' perception of teacher leadership (i.e., transformational, transactional, and passive) and students' psychological needs (i.e., need satisfaction and need frustration) in Mathematics, English as a foreign language, Spanish Language and Literature, and Physical Education. Participants we...
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Purpose: Using a multilevel approach, this study analyzed the relationship between ball possession and distance covered at different speed sections: total distance (TD), distance covered between 14.1-21 km·h-1 (MIRD), 21.1-24 km·h-1 (HIRD), and > 24.1 km·h-1 (VHIRD). Methods: The sample included 1,520 matches played by 80 Spanish professional socce...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise (BPNES) and the Psychological Need Thwarting Scale (PNTS) to merge both measures and create a specific scale for the coaching context. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, three sports psychologist experts adapted two instruments to analyze the coaches’...
Article
We explored the relationship among intra-group communication, collective efficacy, transactive memory systems and team performance. One hundred and seventy soccer players, aged between 14 and 38 years (M = 18.35, SD = 4.71), from eight national teams participated in this study. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. First, our analy...
Article
On the basis of self-determination theory, we aimed to identify students’ perceptions of interpersonal teaching style profiles (i.e. within-teacher combinations of six dimensions of need-supportive and need-thwarting behaviours of autonomy, competence and relatedness) and to examine, through a cross-sectional design, the possible associations betwe...
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The study aimed to analyze the relationship between commitment to the team and team resilience factors (characteristics of resilience and vulnerability under pressure), and to examine whether the task and social intra-group conflict act as mediators between commitment to the team and team resilience factors. One hundred seventy (170) male soccer pl...
Article
The present study aimed to analyze the relationship between intra-group conflict and team perceived performance at the end of the season, and to examine the mediating effect of collective efficacy on this relationship. 420 semi-professional and amateur players (M = 22,40; SD = 4,71) of basketball, handball, soccer and volleyball participated. Struc...
Article
Purpose : Based on a multilevel approach (individual and class level), this study aimed to test which need-supportive/thwarting teaching styles were more closely associated with students’ motivation and other positive physical education (PE) out-of-school consequences. Method : Participants were 654 primary ( n = 385) and secondary ( n = 269) PE st...
Article
El objetivo de este estudio ha sido analizar si la modificación de las tareas de entrenamiento, en concreto la orientación del espacio, tiene consecuencias en los diferentes parámetros que identifican la carga de trabajo en el fútbol femenino. En el estudio participaron 18 jugadoras de fútbol femenino (M = 21.89; DT = 6.20), que realizaron dos sesi...
Chapter
This chapter puts forth five research questions on group dynamics in sport, exercise, and performance psychology. Specifically, it proposes that future research should explore the antecedents of key team processes and seek to evolve an integrated and parsimonious theory of team dynamics linking cohesion, team mental models, collective efficacy, tra...
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The aim of the study was to examine the evolution of players' perception of group variables (leadership, motivational climate, cohesion, and collective efficacy) and to determine whether the intercept and growth trajectory differed as a function of whether expectations have or have not been met in a sample of semi-professional Spanish football play...
Article
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The study aimed to analyze the relationship between athletes' perceptions of athlete leadership quality, team identification, inside sacrifice, and performance. A total of 299 players of collective sports (soccer, beach soccer, basketball, volleyball; M age 19.05, SD = 5.10) participated through a cross-sectional design survey. Data were analyzed u...
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Desde la teoría del liderazgo transformacional, este estudio tenía como objetivo analizar las propiedades psicométricas de una versión adaptada al ámbito educativo del Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5X). Un total de 1551 estudiantes españoles (M = 15,47 años ± 0,72; 679 chicos y 872 chicas) de 31 centros de enseñanza secundaria participa...
Article
Role commitment, defined as “a dynamic and volitional psychological bond reflected in the dedication to and responsibility for one’s role” (Eys et al., 2020, p. 91), is suggested to be a critical perception contributing to sport group functioning (Carron & Eys, 2012). As such, understanding what facilitates athletes’ commitment to their role respon...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to examine how coaches’ satisfaction with the team could be related to their reported interpersonal style towards young athletes, and to analyze the mediating role of basic psychological needs (i.e. need satisfaction and need frustration) in this relationship. Participants were 352 coaches (16–67 years old; M ag...
Article
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El objetivo de la presente investigación era traducir al español y validar la Escala de Comunicación Efectiva en Deportes de Equipo (SECTS-2S). Para ello, se realizaron dos estudios. El Estudio 1 contó con 276 jugadores de fútbol de género masculino (88.40 %) y femenino (11.60 %) con un rango de edad de 16-42 años (M = 18.42; DT = 2.71). Los result...
Article
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El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar las diferencias en el número y tipo de acciones técnico-tácticas de los porteros en competición en función de la división y de si juegan como local o visitante. Para ello, se han analizado 80 partidos con un total de 160 porteros de 1ª, 2ª, 2ªB y 3ª división española. Los resultados mostraron que no exi...
Article
Background Although several studies that rely on self-determination theory have shown the positive interrelations among perceived need supportive learning environment, needs satisfaction, quality of motivation, and desired outcomes in the context of physical education, only few studies have tested so far the full sequence of relations within a sing...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este estudio ha sido analizar si la modificación de las tareas de entrenamiento, en concreto la orientación del espacio, tiene consecuencias en los diferentes parámetros que identifican la carga de trabajo en el fútbol femenino. En el estudio participaron 18 jugadoras de fútbol femenino (M = 21.89; DT = 6.20), que realizaron dos sesi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of a coaching intervention on soccer athletes’ perceptions of the coaches’ competencies, enjoyment, satisfaction, and intention to persist in the sport. Equipment and methods: The sample consisted of 117 young male soccer players and eight of their coaches who were divided into two groups...
Article
Socialization tactics for integrating newcomers into sport teams can be key to the evolution of relationships within the group and can lead to positive or negative consequences throughout the season. For this reason, across two studies with distinct contexts, we sought to unpack the mechanisms through which socialization tactics are related to grou...
Article
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Using self-determination theory as a framework, we aimed to study the relationships between perceived need support and need satisfaction with self-determined motivation and extracurricular physical activity intentions in the physical education (PE) classroom, including sex and out-of-school sport participation as moderators. Additionally, we aimed...
Article
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Previous researchers have found that low body satisfaction may be a barrier to engaging in physical activity. Therefore, this research examines the association between self-concept, body dissatisfaction, fitness, and weight status in adolescents. The sample was formed by 303 students from primary schools, (males (n = 150) and female (n = 153)) aged...
Article
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Resumen El desarrollo profesional es el apoyo formal e informal de las actividades que son designadas para ayudas a los profesores a su desarrollo como docente. El objetivo de esta investigación fue validar la escala de compromiso profesional y aspiraciones de desarrollo profesional en una muestra de maestros de infantil, primaria y profesores de e...
Article
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This study aimed to analyze the number of task, social and external athlete leaders within sports teams, and to examine the effectiveness of different leadership structures in male and female teams. The participants were 317 male and 214 female soccer players belonging to 18 teams playing in the third highest male division and to 13 teams playing i...
Article
The main aim of this study was to analyze the multilevel associations between perceived coach interpersonal style (supportive and thwarting style) and basic psychological needs (satisfaction and frustration), and athlete-perceived coaching competency and satisfaction with the coach. Participants were 640 male soccer players aged between 12 and 18 y...
Article
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We explored the interrelationship among cohesion, transactive memory systems (TMS), and collective efficacy in professional football. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that TMS would mediate the relationship between cohesion and collective efficacy in football teams. Furthermore, we explored the specific effects of task and social cohesion on...
Article
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El objetivo de la presente investigación era adaptar y validar al contexto de la danza educativa, el Cuestionario de Comportamientos Positivos en Educación Física. La muestra estuvo formada por 921 alumnos, de sexo femenino (n = 421) y masculino (n = 500), con edades comprendidas entre los 11 y los 17 años, pertenecientes a cuatro escuelas en Méxic...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between coaching competency and team conflict, at individual and team levels, over the season. The participants were professional female and male soccer players, who participated in the First and Second Division. A longitudinal study was performed. At Time 1, the sample of participants consi...
Article
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This study aimed to adapt and validate the Transactive Memory System Scale in Sport with professional players. The participants were 375 male and 229 female professional players, aged between 15 and 38 years (M = 24.34, SD = 4.03). The structure of the instrument was analyzed through confirmatory procedures and supporting the hypothesized theoretic...
Article
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This research examines the association between measured body mass index (BMI) and the perception of BMI by young students. Moreover, this research tests the importance of BMI and self‐concept, in order to predict body dissatisfaction in high school students. The sample consisted of 2087 individuals from different high schools in Extremadura, Spain,...
Article
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Framed within Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of the present study was to test the effects of a training program with physical education (PE) teachers. Participants were 21 high school PE teachers (experimental group, n = 10; control group, n = 11), and their 836 students, aged 12 to 16 years. Teachers in the experimental group received a tr...
Article
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Introducción. El rol del profesor de Educación Física es determinante sobre la motivación de los alumnos a través de la utilización de diversas estrategias para satisfacer sus necesidades psicológicas básicas, además tradicionalmente los docentes no suelen incidir sobre los contenidos relacionados con la Expresión Corporal por las dificultades meto...
Article
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The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between gender and the educational grade on the one hand, and physical activity levels, motivation, self-identity, body dissatisfaction, the intention to be physically active and daily sitting time on the other, in a sample of Spanish high school adolescents. The sample consisted of 2087 Spanis...
Article
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Purpose: The objectives were to develop and validate the Coaches’ Interpersonal Style Questionnaire. The Coaches’ Interpersonal Style Questionnaire analyzes the interpersonal style adopted by coaches when implementing their strategy of supporting or thwarting athletes’ basic psychological needs. Method: In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis wa...
Article
The main objective of this study is to examine the structure of the Role Ambiguity Framework and a validation into Spanish of the Role Ambiguity Scale with professional players. We employed a sample of 604 male and female professional athletes, aged between 15 and 38 years. To find the best solution of the questionnaire’s factor structure, a set of...
Article
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The main goal of the study was to assess the effects of an intervention programme developed with soccer coaches, based on promoting strategies to optimise the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of athletes. Eight soccer coaches, aged between 19 and 50 years (M = 32.5; SD = 14.34), participated in the study. They were selected intentional...
Article
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The aim of this study was to examine coaches training (federative and general academic) incidence on motivational psychological variables (frustration of the basic psychological needs (BPN), self-determination, professional efficacy and emotional burnout). Thus, 147 coaches belonged to 26 different sports in training categories participated in the...
Article
The aim of the study was to develop a validation into Spanish of the of the scale carried out by Myers, Chase, Beauchamp, and Jackson (2010) about coach' competence (Athletes' Perceptions of Coaching Competency Scale II-High School Teams: APCCS II-HST). The sample was formed by 581 players, whom 356 athletes were male and 225 individuals were femal...
Article
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The aim of the study was to examine the influence of the coaches´ academic and federative training on motivation, enjoyment, boredom and intention to persist levels in youth athletes. Participants were 432 youth athletes (male = 245, female = 187) ranged from 10 to 16 years old (M = 13.44; SD = 2.92) who participated in individual (n = 163) and col...
Article
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El objetivo de la presente investigación era validar al contexto de la Educación Primaria el instrumento CMEF (Cuestionario de Motivación en Educación Física), desarrollado originalmente en la etapa de Educación Secundaria. Para ello, participaron un total de 333 alumnos de Educación Primaria, de género masculino (n = 183) y femenino (n = 150), con...
Article
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The direction between cohesion and collective efficacy measured at the beginning and the end of a season and their association with team performance as measured by final classification was examined. The sample comprised 146 soccer players, aged between 15 and 18 years (mean=16.96±0.76). The Spanish version of the Group Environment Questionnaire (GE...
Article
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This investigation presents two studies with the goal of adapting and validating a short version of the Group Environment Questionnaire in the Spanish sport context with professional players. Study 1 used a sample of 377 male soccer players aged between 18 and 39 years ( M = 24.51, SD = 3.73), in a preliminary study using exploratory factor analysi...
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Recibido el 2 de abril de 2013; aceptado el 7 de noviembre de 2014 Disponible en Internet el 1 de agosto de 2015 PALABRAS CLAVE Conglomerados; Motivación; Necesidades psicológicas; Educación física Resumen Basado en la teoría de la autodeterminación, el objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar los perfiles motivacionales de los estudiantes de edu...
Article
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Basado en la teoría de la autodeterminación, el objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar los perfiles motivacionales de los estudiantes de educación física (EF) y valorar las posibles relaciones existentes con determinados comportamientos y actitudes hacia las clases de EF. La muestra del estudio estaba formada por 1.690 estudiantes con edades co...
Article
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The aim of this study was to examine the creation of group´s dancers through the analysis of their motivational profiles, analyzing the differences between those profiles according to the modality practiced. To achieve this purpose, we used a sample size of 322 participants of classic, contemporary and Spanish dance from different Spanish schools....
Article
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The main aim of the study was to examine the relationship between youth athletes´ perception of antisocial behavior and motivational climate as well as their opinion regarding antisocial behavior of their significant others. The participants were 1,897 young male and female athletes, ranging in age from 11 to 16 years, who played in basketball, han...
Article
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The main aim of the study was to examine parents' profiles respecting pressure/involvement and support to the basic psychological needs (BPN) on motivation and boredom developed by youth participants in sport practice. The sample was formed by 301 parents and their respective 301 children (M = 13.92; SD = 2.04), who belonged to team sports (n = 191...
Article
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Background: The physical education (PE) context has been emphasised as an ideal environment for developing positive behaviours among students. Under the Positive Youth Development paradigm, various initiatives have been conducted with the aim of promoting personal and social responsibility among adolescents. Self-Determination Theory has been widel...
Article
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El entrenamiento en el fútbol ha ido evolucionando en los últimos años, pasándose de metodologías y planificaciones de entrenamiento basadas en los deporte individuales, hacia metodologías basadas en la especificidad de este deporte. Uno de los modelos entrenamiento que ha irrumpido con más fuerza durante la última década ha sido la periodización t...
Article
La motivación es un constructo empleado para explicar los aumentos de participación deportiva en iniciación. Por ello, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar las orientaciones de meta de jóvenes jugadores de balonmano, así como los climas motivacionales de los compañeros, padres y entrenadores. La muestra está formada por 127 jugadores de bal...
Article
El objetivo del presente estudio radica en valorar las diferencias existentes en la conducta verbal de los entrenadores de fútbol de categoría infantil y cadete, considerando la formación federativa de los entrenadores y el periodo del partido como variables determinantes. Para ello, analizamos a cuatro entrenadores, de los cuales dos tienen el tít...
Article
El presente estudio tenía como objetivo valorar la percepción de los alumnos sobre el desarrollo de valores en las clases de educación física, comprobando si el género, la importancia concedida a la educación física y el nivel de práctica deportiva extraescolar provocaban diferencias significativas en cuanto a estas variables. Para ello, participar...
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El objetivo principal de este estudio fue examinar la relación entre la percepción de conflicto o utilidad del deporte respecto a otros papeles sociales y el nivel de autodeterminación en jóvenes deportistas, indagando sobre las diferencias que existen entre estas variables en función del género. Para ello, se utilizó una muestra de 1897 jugadores...
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El principal objetivo de este estudio fue examinar el conflicto con el rol y el conflicto en el equipo como favorecedores o debilitadores de la eficacia colectiva. Los participantes fueron 225 jugadoras de fútbol profesional con edades entre los 15 y los 36 años (M = 22,20; DT = 4,61), que forman parte de 13 equipos de la 1ª División Femenina Españ...
Article
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The aim of this study was focused on assessing the influence of perception of support for basic psychological needs (BPN) on variables such as intrinsic motivation, enjoyment, boredom, and intention to persist in the training sport context; and how this can affect the difference between what is provided and what coaches believe athletes perceive in...