Francisco Herreros

Francisco Herreros
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos

About

48
Publications
16,108
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746
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
361 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022010203040506070
2016201720182019202020212022010203040506070
2016201720182019202020212022010203040506070
2016201720182019202020212022010203040506070

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Acts of terror lead to both a rise of an extended sense of fear that goes beyond the physical location of the attacks and to increased expressions of online hate. In this longitudinal study, we analyzed dynamics between the exposure to online hate and the fear of terrorism after the Paris attacks in November 13, 2015. We hypothesized that exposure...
Article
Terrorist attacks can instigate widespread and long-lasting fear. Mass media can enforce fear by framing the events and affecting their perceptions. We implemented a news experiment to investigate the fear-triggering effects of different types of terrorist threats. We manipulated the type of terrorist group in three scenarios: a homegrown Islamist...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the potentially buffering effect of generalized social trust on fear in the aftermath of terrorist attacks and in situations of terrorist threat. It draws on comparative, longitudinal survey data, examining the cases of the 2011 Utøya terrorist attack in Norway, the 2016 Nice attack in France and the 2017 Barcelona attack in S...
Article
To date, most research finds education to have a positive effect on trust. Education increases people’s social intelligence, making them better able to distinguish between trustworthy and opportunistic types. Alternatively, education allows people to attain privileged social status, making them more resistant to deceit and exploitation by opportuni...
Article
This article claims that the role of pre-war grievances as a predictor of violence against civilians in civil wars may have been systematically underestimated because the “grievance hypothesis” has not been properly tested. Pre-war grievances can only affect civilian victimization in civil wars if they have been intensely mobilized in the period cl...
Article
This article studies the impact of insecure property rights on the behaviour of owners of land before the Spanish Civil War. The theoretical literature on land reform argues that legal threats to the status quo determine agrarian organization, with owners selling land and moving to other asset classes or engaging in large-scale substitution of shar...
Article
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Conflicting theories and mixed empirical results exist on the relationship between ethnic diversity and trust. This article argues that these mixed empirical results might be driven by contextual conditions. We conjecture that political competition could strengthen ethnic saliency and, in turn, salient ethnic identities can activate or intensify in...
Article
We analyze the impact of failed land reform on peasant conflict in Spain before the Civil War using a municipal data set with monthly observations of peasant conflict in Andalusia from April 1931 to July 1936. We find temporary occupations of land were rare and not correlated with either organized reaction to land reform or the existence of a large...
Chapter
This essay defines social capital as resources embedded in social networks, in contrast to other definitions that stress values and beliefs as social capital. It also analyses the sources of social capital and its consequences for the wider society. Finally, it discusses the contentious role of trust in social capital, claiming that, although trust...
Chapter
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN La confianza es una expectativa acerca de las preferencias de otro agente, el depositario de esa confianza. Se puede definir, en líneas generales, como la expectativa de que aquel en el que hemos depositado nuestra confianza haga honor a ella: que devuelva el dinero que le hemos prestado, que tenga en cuenta nuestras preferencias en el...
Article
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There have been two main arguments concerning the effects of family relationships on social trust. The first claims that the intensity of the family relationship reduces the capacity of the family members to interact in the outside world, where social uncertainty prevails. The second considers that trust inside the family spills over into trust in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
This article reports the results of an online experiment conducted in two ethnically fragmented societies in Spain: the Basque Country and Catalonia. It tests the effect of co-ethnicity on trust and reciprocity. Ethnicity was manipulated in the experimental context using three ethnic attributes: ancestors' origin, language and name. Additionally, t...
Article
This article analyses the determinants of state repression in post-war periods. Its main argument is that certain civil war dynamics help to explain the variation in state repression in the post-war years. In order to test the influence of civil wars on post-war state repression, the author uses a database that includes all those countries which un...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen En este artículo se ofrece una definición del concepto de capital social. Capital social es entendido como recursos —obligaciones de reciprocidad e información— derivados de la pertenencia a redes sociales. Igualmente, se ofrecen varios argumentos en contra de algu-nas de las definiciones más corrientes de capital social presentes en la lit...
Article
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En la ciencia política actual, las elecciones son consideradas normalmente como mecanismosde control de los políticos. El argumento de este artículo es que la tradición republicana,la tradición de autores desde Cicerón hasta los revolucionarios americanos, pasando,entre otros, por Maquiavelo y Harrington, consideraba más bien las elecciones comoun...
Article
Full-text available
Most analyses of the relationship between state institutions and interpersonal trust claim either that the state crowds out trust or that it helps to create trust, acting as a third-party enforcer of agreements. Actually, the relationship between the state and trust is much more complex. This article presents a theoretical model that predicts how t...
Article
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This article analyzes whether state repression in post—civil war situations can be explained by dynamics associated with previous civil wars. It claims that in post—civil war situations the state can more easily resort to indiscriminate repression against social groups, relying on information related to the civil war. Two civil war dynamics are tes...
Article
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Social trust is one of the key concepts in the analysis of social capital. Social or generalized trust is defined as trust in unknown people. In spite of its centrality for the analysis of social capital, the mechanisms that connect membership to social network with the development of social trust are generally absent in the literature. This paper...
Article
Analyses of social capital and immigration have stressed the negative impact that culturally diverse societies have for the development of social trust. Ethnic heterogeneity, according to these studies, is associated with lower levels of social trust. However, social trust has not been studied as an independent variable in order to explain attitude...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the determinants of the variation in the levels of lethal violence against civilians during a civil war. It departs from the usual explanations of this variation, advancing two different logics to account for civilians' victimization: strategic violence directed to avoid rebellions by targeting would-be political entrepreneurs...
Article
Full-text available
Why We Hate Politics. By HayColin. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2007. 200p. $69.95 cloth, $24.95 paper. - Volume 6 Issue 4 - Francisco Herreros
Article
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There is a growing interest in the literature on trust and social capital in the analysis of the role of the State in the creation and destruction of trust. According to some authors, the intervention of the State crowds out trust instead of fostering it. In this article, the author shows that the intervention of the State as a third-party enforcer...
Article
Full-text available
The role of the state in the promotion of social or generalized trust is one of the most important ongoing topics in social capital research. We suggest that the state can play a positive role in the creation of social trust as a third-party enforcer of private agreements. This positive effect depends on the efficacy of the state. We also argue tha...
Book
Social capital is a concept which has only recently been incorporated into the social sciences. It has been used to explain a series of phenomena ranging from the creation of human capital and the effectiveness of democratic institutions to the reduction of crime or the eradication of poverty. However, there is not a general explanation about how t...
Article
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The importance of the size of a political community for the development of civic virtue has usually been related to the advantages of small size in the possibility of direct democracy and the fulfilment of the classical ideal of freedom as governing and being governed by turn. While these are important variables for the development of civic virtue,...
Article
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The analysis of the causes of political support for political institutions has been focused either on one-case studies that stress the relevance of individual variables or cross-national studies that stress the role of institutions. In this article, the authors suggest that to understand the logic of political support, it is necessary to combine bo...
Article
Recent analyses of the determinants of levels of political support have stressed the role of institutions in producing the disparity in support by the winners and losers of an election. The authors claim that it is not only the countries' institutional structures that matter in determining this disparity but also how the institutions work. Spe...
Article
It is usually considered, both in the social capital literature and the literature about trust, that interpersonal trust is a key element in social cooperation. In this article it is analyzed whether trust can foster cooperation in the absence of the State. It is concluded that in this situation it is not possible to form well-grounded expectations...
Article
Full-text available
It is usually considered, both in the social capital literature and the literature about trust, that interpersonal trust is a key element in social cooperation. In this article it is analyzed whether trust can foster cooperation in the absence of the State. It is concluded that in this situation it is not possible to form well-grounded expectations...
Article
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The literature on political violence has advanced some hypotheses concerning the forms and the causes of state-sanctioned violence and terror: why some governments make more widespread use of violence than others. However, one aspect of this question that has scarcely been considered concerns the conditions under which state violence achieves its g...
Article
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In modern political science, repeated elections are considered as the main mechanism of electoral accountability in democracies. More rarely, elections are considered as ways to select ‘good types’ of politicians. In this article it is argued that historical republican authors interpreted elections in this last sense. They viewed elections as a mea...
Article
Full-text available
La confianza social, o confianza generalizada, es un concepto clave para la investigación sobre capital social. Se define como confianza en desconocidos acerca de los que se carece de información. En el artículo se argumenta que puede ser creada como subproducto de la participación en asociaciones, a través de tres vías: la consideración de los mie...
Article
La confianza social, o confianza generalizada, es un concepto clave para la investigación sobre capital social. Se define como confianza en desconocidos acerca de los que se carece de información. En el artículo se argumenta que puede ser creada como subproducto de la participación en asociaciones, a través de tres vías: la consideración de los mie...
Chapter
In this chapter I analyze how particularized trust is created inside networks, focusing my attention on voluntary associations. Particularized trust, that is, trust in known people, constitutes an example of how social capital can be created as a by-product of other activities. Here I propose a general mechanism to explain how particularized trust...
Article
In 1914, socialist parties voted in favour of war credits. This was a surprising decision given their pre-war commitment to the keeping of peace. The decision has usually been explained by the so-called chauvinist preferences of the socialist leaders. In this article, an alternative hypothesis is advanced. A game theoretic model is used to explain...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se ofrece una definición del concepto de capital social. Capital social es entendido como recursos -obligaciones de reciprocidad e información- derivados de la pertenencia a redes sociales. Igualmente, se ofrecen varios argumentos en contra de algunas de las definiciones más corrientes de capital social presentes en la literatura.
Article
Full-text available
La literatura más reciente sobre capital social en general, y sobre la confianza en particular, ha dedicado una creciente atención al papel de las instituciones públicas. Varios estudios que se ocupan de las conexiones entre el Estado y la confianza interpersonal han destacado el papel potencialmente negativo que el Estado puede desempeñar en la pr...

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Project (1)
Project
Study disruptive events and their consequences for social capital and resilience