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Francisco Maiato Gonçalves

Francisco Maiato Gonçalves
ISCED - Huíla · Department of Natural Sciences

Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.)

About

46
Publications
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Introduction
I'am an Angolan biologist associated with the Herbarium of Lubango in Huíla province. My previous experience includes working with renowned biologists in the field of Botany and Conservation biology, this included assessing the impacts of human activities on the endemic birds along the Angolan escarpment. Actually, apart from biodiversity conservation, I'am interested in understanding the ecology of miombo and other Southern-african woodlands.

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives—Podocarpus latifolius (synonym of P. milanjianus) is a key tree representative of Afromontane forests where it is highly threatened by climate and land-use changes. While large populations occur in East Africa, only a few isolated and usually small populations remain in western Central Africa (Cameroon to Angola). Studying...
Article
Full-text available
Angola is a country in south-central Africa, particularly rich in biodiversity. Despite the efforts recently made to document its biodiversity, there is a need for standardized sampling methods to document and compare the variety of ecosystems and plants occurring in the country. With this database report we aim to document the abundance and divers...
Article
Full-text available
Despite its importance for carbon stocks accounting, belowground biomass (BGB) has seldom been measured due to the methodological complexity involved. In this study, we assess woody BGB and related carbon stocks, soil properties and human impact on two common suffrutex grasslands ( Brachystegia - and Parinari grasslands) on the Angolan Central Plat...
Article
Full-text available
Positive biodiversity‐ecosystem function relationships (BEFRs) have been widely documented, but it is unclear if BEFRs should be expected in disturbance‐driven systems. Disturbance may limit competition and niche differentiation, which are frequently posited to underlie BEFRs. We provide the first exploration of the relationship between tree specie...
Article
The miombo region in Africa is covered by a mosaic of woodlands and geoxylic grasslands and subject to disturbances like fires, frost and drought, and low nutrient availability. The dominance of Fabaceae Detarioideae species in miombo ecosystems is remarkable but little understood. We therefore compared plant functional traits (PFTs) of common wood...
Poster
Full-text available
FOCUS AREA (1) Understanding the effect of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning ('BEF'); (2) Catalyzing biodiversity knowledge production that can guide policy makers and civil society to effectively participate in sustainable management; (3) Engaging and supporting early career scientists and students to study climate change an...
Article
Significance We develop a biogeographic approach to analyzing the presence of alternative stable states in tropical biomes. Whilst forest–savanna bistability has been widely hypothesized and modeled, empirical evidence has remained scarce and controversial, and here, applying our method to Africa, we provide large-scale evidence that there are alte...
Chapter
In this chapter we describe the socio-ecology of miombo woodlands, with a focus on ancestral human practices and how these have been important in shaping the woodlands as they are now. The long history of human activities including land clearing and fires along with climate has been important in determining the structure and composition of the wood...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonally dry woodlands are the dominant land cover across southern Africa. They are biodiverse, structurally complex, and important for ecosystem service provision. Species composition and structure vary across the region producing a diverse array of woodland types. The woodlands of the Huíla plateau in southwest Angola represent the extreme sout...
Article
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O Parque Nacional do Bicuar possui uma área de 7.900 km2 e localiza-se na província da Huíla, ascendeu à esta categoria em 1964. Pretendeu-se, com esse trabalho, caracterizar a diversidade florística das espécies arbóreas e averiguar as ameaças que poderão ter implicações na gestão e conservação da biodiversidade no parque. Seleccionamos cinco (5),...
Article
Full-text available
Hunting and related bushmeat trade are activities which negatively impact wildlife worldwide, with serious implications for biodiversity conservation. Angola’s fauna was severely decimated during the long-lasting civil war following the country’s independence. During a round trip from Lubango (Huíla province), passing through the provinces of Bengu...
Article
Full-text available
Geoxyles and their congeneric tree species are a very common feature in the Zambezian Floristic Region, however , little is known about differing expression of plant functional traits between the two life forms and thus their evolutionary adaptations to prevailing habitat conditions. Therefore, we measured selected plant functional traits and compa...
Article
Geoxyles and their congeneric tree species are a very common feature in the Zambezian Floristic Region, however , little is known about differing expression of plant functional traits between the two life forms and thus their evolutionary adaptations to prevailing habitat conditions. Therefore, we measured selected plant functional traits and compa...
Article
Full-text available
O presente estudo tem como objetivo divulgar a vida e obra do colector José Maria Daniel, relativamente ao conhecimento etnobotânico da Província da Huíla. Extratos da vida e percurso profissional constam da sua auto-biografia. As informações sobre o uso de plantas fazem parte dos cadernos e notas de campo de JMD, encontrados nos arquivos do Herbár...
Chapter
Full-text available
Angola is botanically rich and floristically diverse, but is still very unevenly explored with very few collections from the eastern half of the country. We present an overview of historical and current botanical activity in Angola, and point to some areas of future research. Approximately 6850 species are native to Angola and the level of endemism...
Chapter
Full-text available
Angola is botanically rich and floristically diverse, but is still very unevenly explored with very few collections from the eastern half of the country. We present an overview of historical and current botanical activity in Angola, and point to some areas of future research. Approximately 6850 species are native to Angola and the level of endemism...
Article
Aim In tropical Africa, savannas cover huge areas, have high plant species richness and are considered as a major natural resource for most countries. There is, however, little information available on their floristics and biogeography at the continental scale, despite the importance of such information for our understanding of the drivers of speci...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to provide a baseline for conservation planning by documenting patterns of plant diversity and vegetation in the upper catchment of the Cuito River. 417 species are recorded from this region. Nine of these are species potentially new to science. Ten species are newly recorded from Angola, with an additional species only recorded pre...
Article
Full-text available
The three species of the genus Rhinacanthus Nees occurring in Angola and Namibia are documented, including a full description of the new species R. angolensis I. Darbysh. and an expanded description of the scarce species R. kaokoensis K. Balkwill & S. D. Will. A key to their identification is provided, together with notes on their conservation stat...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a vegetation survey in the woodlands of Huíla Province, Angola, with the aim of investigating woodland tree communities and species associations. Vegetation sampling was conducted using vegetation plots of 1 000 m2 where all tree species with or above 5 cm trunk diameter (DBH) were measured. A total of 456 vegetation plots were assesse...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present an estimate of above-ground biomass (AGB) in the dry tropical forests and woodlands of southern Angola, western Zambia, northern Namibia and northern Botswana. Furthermore, we investigated the environmental variables influencing the spatial distribution of AGB. We compiled data from 498 vegetation plots and forest inventori...
Article
Aim: The social-ecological systems of south east Angola currently undergo rapid transformations and at the same time the region is highly understudied. We aim to provide a first comprehensive analysis of vegetation types, their environmental drivers and woody species diversity of the region. Study area: Cubango River Basin in south-east Angola and...
Article
Full-text available
This study in the dry tropical woodlands of SE Angola in Cuando-Cubango Province assessed the diversity and composition of woody species in fallows compared to those in mature woodlands. We assessed the population structure of the most harvested woody species by calculating size class distribution and evaluated their regeneration potential based on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2011, Angola’s Council of Ministers agreed a Protected Areas Expansion Strategy (APAES) to better reflect the habitat and species diversity of this vast and poorly documented country. Since then, various conservation initiatives have enabled access to areas identified through this strategy, and others not considered at that time. We summarise b...
Article
Full-text available
The study was carried out in the Cusseque area of the Municipality of Chitembo in south-central Angola. Our objectives were to assess the floristic diversity, the species composition, and stand structure of Miombo woodlands during regeneration after shifting cultivation. A total of 40 plots of 1000 m 2 were surveyed and analyzed, corresponding to m...
Article
Full-text available
The species composition of the vegetation in most regions of Angola has been poorly studied and most studies date back to the pre-independence era. In this study, we provide a detailed account of the woody flora of the Miombo woodlands and geoxylic grasslands of the Cusseque study site of “The Future Okavango” (TFO) project, situated on the Angolan...
Article
Full-text available
Kumbira forest is a discrete patch of moist forest of Guineo-Congolian biome in Western Angola central scarp and runs through Cuanza Norte and Cuanza Sul province. The project aimed to document the floristic diversity of the Angolan escarpment, a combination of general walk-over survey, plant specimen collection and sight observation was used to ai...
Article
The Okavango river basin, located in southern Africa and shared by the countries Angola, Namibia and Botswana, harbours large extents of natural and semi-natural ecosystems. At the same time, it is a hot spot of accelerating land use change causing transformation of vegetation in many regions of the basin. However, knowledge on vegetation compositi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The African genus Schistostephium has eight species in southern and south tropical Africa. The most widely distributed species, Schistostephium crataegifolium, occurs in upland or montane areas towards the eastern side of the continent. Objectives: The objective of this study was to document a new geographic distribution record of this...
Chapter
Full-text available
Durante um período de cinco anos (setembro de 2010 a agosto de 2015), 140 pesquisadores de oito países, 23 universidades e instituições de pesquisa adicionais, principalmente de Angola, Botsuana, Namíbia e Alemanha, realizaram o projeto de pesquisa transdisciplinar ‚The Future Okavango‘ (TFO) dentro de toda a Bacia do Okavango-Cubango. Este livro é...
Article
Full-text available
m ention 'angola' and many might think of a third World, corrupt and war-torn african country that occasionally hosts football tournaments, where english is a foreign language and people drive on the 'wrong' side of the road. What many don't realise is that this 1,246,700 km 2 country is quietly going places. road-, housing-and other infrastructure...
Article
Full-text available
Kumbira Forest is the best representative area of Angola's Central Escarpment and the only site known to hold significant populations of four of the five threatened endemic bird species of this habitat. However, the forest is disappearing as a result of human activities. Remote-sensing techniques were used to assess changes in forest cover, and bir...
Conference Paper
Abstract Angola’s central scarp forests are the key habitat of the Western Angola Endemic Bird Area, but are entirely unprotected. At Kumbira forest we investigated habitat preferences of four threatened birds, and human impacts on their habitats. During September/October 2010, >200 point samples of bird communities and habitat structure were made,...
Article
Full-text available
W ith the sixth-longest bird list of any African country, Angola harbours an exceptionally rich biodiversity. Add to this one of Africa's highest bird conservation priorities—the Western Angola Endemic Bird Area (Stattersfield et al. 1998) and its biologically important scarp forests—and the biological importance of the country becomes unquestionab...
Article
Details pertaining to 22 avian holotypes, and one topotype, held in the bird collection of the Instituto Superior de Ciências da Educação, in Lubango, Angola, are presented. Not all of the taxa discussed here are currently treated as valid by at least some checklists or other keynote works.

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