Francisco Garrido

Francisco Garrido
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile · Anthropology

PhD

About

27
Publications
8,692
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125
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
114 Citations
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Introduction
Francisco Garrido is the curator of archaeology at the National Museum of Natural History in Santiago, Chile. He earned his archaeology degree at the Universidad de Chile, and his Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Pittsburgh. His research interests are the Inca expansion in Chile, imperial infrastructure, the archaeology of mining communities, and the history of archaeology and museum collections in Chile.
Education
August 2010 - August 2015
University of Pittsburgh
Field of study
  • Anthropology - Archaeology
March 1999 - December 2004
University of Chile
Field of study
  • Archaeology

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
En 1895, Nicolás Sáenz propuso al gobierno chileno la venta de una colección de objetos “incaicos” traídos desde Lima; adquisición aprobada en 1897. Pese a las dificultades ocasionadas por la Guerra del Pacífico, el Museo Nacional (Chile) continuó adquiriendo antigüedades peruanas, siguiendo una tradición de estudios comparados de cultura material....
Preprint
Full-text available
La RCA Victor, posteriormente conocida como Industria de Radio y Televisión (IRT), fue la principal industria electrónica nacional del siglo XX, consolidada bajo el modelo de sustitución de importaciones y el apoyo de CORFO. Su diseño y manufactura de aparatos de radio fue progresivamente aumentando en autonomía con respecto al uso de insumos forán...
Preprint
Full-text available
En poco más de dos décadas, nuestro país importó la radiodifusión desde el hemisferio norte, adaptándola a su extenso y estrecho territorio. Fue un proceso no exento de complicaciones, en donde parte importante del proceso fue promovido a través de la creación de legislación regulatoria y el otorgamiento de concesiones privadas de radiodifusión, si...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo trae a la luz un manuscrito inédito del arqueólogo Ricardo Latcham, proveyendo además de una descripción del mismo y de un contexto contemporáneo sobre las investigaciones arqueológicas realizadas en el oasis de Quillagua, norte de Chile. Latcham excavó diversos cementerios en esta localidad el año 1932, los cuales abarcaban distintos...
Article
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The RCA Victor company in Chile portrayed itself as a participant in the nation's progress. Its success was part of a larger governmental plan to boost the industrial capacities of the country, during a period marked by political polarization and extensive demographic changes in terms of rural to urban migration, the formation of a working middle c...
Article
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Este artículo presenta los resultados del análisis de los restos humanos del período Tardío recuperados en el sitio Iglesia Colorada, ubicado en el curso alto del valle del Río Copiapó. El objetivo principal es el identificar indicadores de modo de vida y actividad de la población del cementerio, mediante el análisis de su perfil demográfico, indic...
Article
Chief Caupolican is Emile Barrangon, an early 20th-century performer in the US who was born in Chile to an indigenous Mapuche father and a French mother. Despite his fame, he has not yet been included in studies on indigenous agency in Native American representations, likely because of his immigrant origins. We situate his indigenous self-identific...
Article
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Este artículo aborda el rol de las falsificaciones arqueológicas en la construcción del conocimiento y narrativas sobre el pasado, a partir del presunto descubrimiento de escritura prehispánica por el arqueólogo Ricardo E. Latcham en 1929. Latcham vio en una colección falsificada de alfarería de la cultura "Proto-Nazca" el posible descubrimiento de...
Article
Metal artifacts were one of the most relevant wealth finance items for the political economy of the Inca empire. Inca provincial expansion in the Collasuyu has largely been explained by the need to intensify mining to satisfy their metallurgical demand. Despite the evidence for many mines and metallurgical activities during the Late Horizon in the...
Article
Full-text available
Resettlement, as a major imperial policy in the Inca empire, appears to have been a widespread mechanism for labor mobilization and the dismantling of rebellions. While multiple ethnohistorical references exist regarding resettlement in the central Andes, the extent of this policy in the imperial provinces is still unknown, especially in cases of e...
Article
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This article explores the changes and adaptation of warfare strategies in indigenous societies during the Spanish conquest, through a case study of Copiapó valley in northern Chile. Using ethnohistorical and archaeological data, it explores the experiences and actions of collective agents who transformed their warfare practices and social alliances...
Article
Full-text available
The Inca expansion to the southern Andes catalyzed important political and symbolic changes in local communities. In addition to economic changes in mining production and the installation of logistical and administrative infrastructure, new forms of ideological violence emerged in the Copiapó Valley, Chile. One new form was the display and discardi...
Article
Full-text available
During the Inca imperial expansion, new kinds of pottery forms and styles appeared in Copiapó valley. Besides the presence of new pots such as aríbalos, aisanas, and shallow plates, local unrestricted and simple profile pots persisted. Furthermore, their designs incorporated a mix of locally re-interpreted Diaguita-Inca styles. This paper is based...
Article
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Si bien es reconocido el rol identitario que tuvo para el Estado la creación de museos en el siglo XIX, este proceso no estuvo exento de desafíos y paradojas en cuanto al poco cuidado que la autoridad prestó a la infraestructura y desarrollo de dichos establecimientos. Conflictos por presupuesto, falta de suficiente espacio, además de múltiples pro...
Article
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El presente artículo propone una lectura de la cronología de los incas presente en la Miscelánea antártica (1586) de Miguel Cabello Valboa a la luz de nueva evidencia histórica y textual. La crónica de Cabello ofrece años concretos asociados a la duración y expansión del Tawantinsuyu, razón por la cual fue utilizada por John Rowe (1945) para constr...
Article
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A sample of 403 Late Horizon (~1400–1530 AD) metal artifacts from Copiapó in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile, consisting of at least 14 artifactual categories, were examined by a Niton pXRF analyzer for compositional information. The results revealed patterned use of different alloys in the Copiapó region, including a very strong, region-wide...
Article
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Imperial expansion can produce broad economic intensification throughout the provinces to provide key economic resources for the state. However, not all such economic intensification is the direct result of the imposition of an imperial political economy over subject populations. This article presents evidence for some cases where intensification o...
Article
The Inca road has been the iconic example of imperial infrastructure in the prehispanic Andes. However, scholarly attention to its role in expanding and consolidating the Inca domain has overshadowed analysis of how locals may have appropriated the Inca road for their own private benefit. Based on a full-coverage survey and excavations, this articl...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN El análisis de la distribución espacial de artefactos en basurales arqueológicos puede ayudarnos a en-tender como las unidades domésticas desarrollan sus ciclos de cambio, incluso en contextos sin preservación de arquitectura residencial. Este artículo presenta el caso de la ocupación de tipo doméstico de una sección de El Olivar y muestra...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is a historical study based on documentary sources about the first thirty years of the production of phonograph records in Chile. It started with the commercial distribution of the first records of Chilean musicians and artists produced by the Russian immigrant Efrain Band Blumenzweig, who created a record company named "Fonografía Artís...
Article
This paper is a historical study based on documentary sources about the first thirty years of the production of phonograph records in Chile. It started with the commercial distribution of the first records of Chilean musicians and artists produced by the Russian immigrant Efrain Band Blumenzweig, who created a record company named "Fonografia Artis...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo es un intento por generar una mejor definición tipológica para el tipo cerámico Punta Brava, el cual pertenece a la Cultura Copiapó durante el periodo Intermedio tardío en el valle de Copiapó. Aunque la primera definición de este tipo cerámico viene del trabajo de Iribarren en 1958, hasta ahora no ha existido ninguna clasificación sis...
Chapter
Full-text available
El reciente reconocimiento de la cultura Copiapó (Niemeyer y Cervellino 1998) como una entidad arqueológica independiente de la cultura Diaguita, ha abierto muchas interrogantes acerca de este grupo cultural del Intermedio Tardío. La cerámica ha sido hasta ahora su principal elemento diagnóstico, y su análisis en profundidad nos abre las puertas ha...
Article
Full-text available
El reciente reconocimiento en los años 90’ de la cultura Copiapó como una entidad arqueológica independiente de la cultura Diaguita, ha abierto muchas interrogantes acerca de este grupo cultural aún bastante desconocido. La cerámica ha sido hasta ahora su principal ítem diagnóstico y por ello es que, a partir de colecciones de este tipo procedentes...

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Projects (4)
Project
- Consolidar la base de datos para la fase inicial (1922-1944) y expandirse hacia la fase intermedia (1945-1985). - Crear y actualizar el sitio-web de CCheR, la página homónima en Facebook y el canal homónimo de videos en Youtube.
Archived project
Scholarly treatments of the Inca Empire have often focused on the deep economic and political transformations wrought by Inca conquest and administration. In contrast, much less is known about “bottom up” changes, or how local groups might have independently used the overarching Inca system to create new economic opportunities of their own. The recent discovery of mining and craft specialized sites lying just off the Inca Road in the Atacama Desert provides the opportunity to explore the relationship of how local economic activities, not under Inca control, were stimulated by Inca imperial infrastructure. These sites that constitute the Chinchilla mining system differ markedly from Inca state-ruled mining sites in lacking Inca-style architecture, and featuring artisan (household) versus centrally-managed production of copper ore beads, iron oxide red pigment, and stone artifacts. This research tested the proposition that this economic activity was made logistically possible only by the use of the Inca Road. In addition to evaluating the potential role of the Inca Road system as a spur to new forms of local economic activity, the research assesses contrasting models of imperial transportation systems and their role in the creation of global connections in marginal territories.