Francisco De la Barrera

Francisco De la Barrera
University of Concepción · Centro de Ciencias Ambientales EULA - Chile

PhD Geography. Landscape and urban ecologist
Académico e investigador en Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales - Eula y Centro de Desarrollo Urbano Sustentable (CEDEUS)

About

106
Publications
89,131
Reads
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1,173
Citations
Introduction
Themes: Analyzing the effects of large landscape changes on ecosystem services at different scales (e.g. megafires, urbanization processes) & generating data for landscape planning following an ecological approach to improve green infrastructure design. Methods and tools mostly used for me and my teams are GIS and remote sensing techniques, biophysical and social assessments methods to quantify ecosystems' capacity to deliver ecosystem services (e.g. in situ measurements, participatory mapping).
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - present
University of Concepción
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2014 - June 2017
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2013 - October 2014
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
August 2009 - November 2012
University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Geography, environmental management, territorial planning
February 2000 - May 2005
University of Chile
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences/ecology

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
Full-text available
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), commit 193 countries to improving environmental, social and economic indicators through their performance on 169 targets by 2030 in order to achieve compliance with the Paris Agreement. However, development dynamics in relation to the SDGs change over time and with this, countries do not identify the strengt...
Chapter
Full-text available
Significance Statement The increase in the world population has generated high pressures on the different ecosystems, mainly due to the expansion of urban areas and productive activities such as agriculture. Coastal wetlands are among the most affected ecosystems, which due to their geographical location are highly fragile and susceptible to change...
Article
Wildfire causes multiple problems for people living in cities. One of them is the deterioration of air quality as a result of wildfire smoke. This smoke can consequently have effects on human health. The present study aims to characterize the relationship between the occurrence of wildfires in central Chile and the effects on children’s respiratory...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Megafires have affected several regions in the world (e.g., Australia, California), including, in 2017, the central and south-central zones of Chile. These areas represent real laboratories to monitor the impacts on the sustainability of landscapes and their recovery after fires. The present research examines the modification of dyn...
Chapter
Chile es uno de los países con mayor nivel de urbanización de América Latina, lo que ha generado una serie de transformaciones territoriales. Estas, sumadas a una alta vulnerabilidad climática, acentúan las desigualdades socioambientales, segregación y diversas formas de exclusión social. En el presente capítulo, se discute cómo los procesos de des...
Chapter
Extreme temperatures mirror global climate patterns. The physical characteristics of the landscapes of cities and the activities of their citizens have decisive consequences on urban climates. Both are indeed manageable through urban planning, and especially with the potential of greening urban landscapes. This chapter analyses the capacity of urba...
Article
Public urban green spaces provide people with many benefits. Understanding the relationship between public urban green spaces’ characteristics and human well-being components may assist in future planning and design of these spaces. This study performed a systematic bibliographic review to analyse the relationships between green spaces' specific ch...
Thesis
Full-text available
Las ciudades latinoamericanas están sujetas a fuertes procesos de expansión asociados a un permanente requerimiento de infraestructura vial y a un mayor consumo de energía. Esta tendencia está ligada a un crecimiento de poca densidad y disperso hacia las periferias que se convierten, en su mayoría, en sitios residenciales, dejando en los centros ur...
Research
Full-text available
Esta compilación reúne los resúmenes (en español) de los trabajos publicados, hasta marzo 2020, en que he participado en diferentes roles, tanto como autor principal, como mediante contribuciones al trabajo de otros y otras colegas. Algunos están es español y otros en español. El propósito de integrarlos en esta compilación es facilitar el acceso...
Thesis
Full-text available
La geografía de la salud representa una oportunidad para comprender fenómenos espaciales en su relación con la enfermedad, su vigilancia, monitoreo y predicción. Al respecto, la influenza y el virus sincicial son dos enfermedades respiratorias que todos los inviernos afectan a las ciudades chilenas. En este trabajo, se realiza una incorporación de...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En el marco de la implementación de la Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático y Recursos Vegetacionales (ENCCRV), la Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF), y en particular, sus Gerencias de Desarrollo y Fomento Forestal, de Fiscalización y Evaluación Ambiental, de Áreas Silvestres Protegidas y de Protección contra Incendios Forestales han licitado...
Article
Full-text available
The development and application of urban sustainability indicators has gained momentum in recent years, especially since the generation of specific urban indicators for the Agenda 2030. Urban sustainability is a broad concept involving many dimensions, therefore the generation of a short, but comprehensive list of indicators is a significant challe...
Thesis
Full-text available
Green infrastructure suggests an interconnected network of natural zones that help to the preservation of biodiversity and provision of ecosystem services. Since 2018, the Maule Region has a Green Infrastructure plan designed with data of spatial resolution of 30 meters (Landsat). The Longitudinal Valley zone of the region does not have natural are...
Article
Wildfires are gaining importance in the Mediterranean regions owing to climate change and landscape changes due to the increasing closeness between urban areas and forests prone to wildfires. We analysed the dry season wildfire occurrences in the Mediterranean region of Central Chile (32°S-39°30' S) between 2000 and 2017, using satellite images to...
Chapter
The study of ecosystem services in Latin America has increased exponentially in the last 10 years. During this period, different methodologies have been applied for the identification and valuation of ecosystem services, following experiences designed for developed countries, sometimes ignoring the social and environmental context of each territory...
Article
Full-text available
Los avances en metas de desarrollo urbano pueden medir-se a través de sistemas de indicadores. En Chile, el Consejo Nacional de Desarrollo Urbano (CNDU) ha propuesto un set de indicadores para monitorear los avances en las metas propuestas por la Política Nacional de Desarrollo Urbano e incorpora aspectos asociados a áreas verdes urbanas (AVU), los...
Article
Full-text available
Santiago de Chile presenta problemas de dotación y accesibilidad a áreas verdes. El contar con grandes parques urbanos homogéneamente distribuidos ha sido objeto de esfuerzos, no obstante, los nuevos parques son cada vez más pequeños. El presente trabajo busca 1- argumentar la oportunidad que ofrecen los cerros isla de Santiago para resolver inequi...
Article
The impact of urbanization on groundwater is not simple to understand, as it depends on a variety of factors such as climate, hydrogeology, water management practices, and infrastructure. In semiarid landscapes, the urbanization processes can involve high water consumptions and irrigation increases, which in turn may contribute to groundwater recha...
Article
Understanding water consumption is crucial for sustainable management of water resources. Under climate change scenarios that project highly variable water availability, the need for public policies that assure efficiency and equity in water resources is increasing. This work analyzes the case of the Cachapoal River agricultural basin (34°S 71°W),...
Article
Las actividades humanas tienen efectos en el medio ambiente y en la capacidad de los ecosistemas para proporcionar servicios ecosistémicos. En esta investigación se evalúan y mapean los servicios ecosistémicos de una microcuenca periurbana de Querétaro, con el fin de generar un panorama de la oferta potencial de servicios ecosistémicos y su relació...
Article
Full-text available
In emergent economies, severe social inequalities can produce high exposure to deprived environmental conditions, affecting people's wellbeing. Urban parks can greatly help to increase the urban environmental quality by providing fundamental ecosystem services, such as local climate regulation, recreation and sense of place. Urban parks are, theref...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanisation is a complex spatiotemporal process taking place across landscapes even in areas far beyond urban cores; therefore, directly and indirectly affecting the functions, processes and services of ecosystems. Urbanisation is a difficult process to monitor, quantify and plan. Landscape areas located outside of urban cores are heavily affected...
Article
Full-text available
Santiago, the capital and biggest city of Chile, has experienced a rapid urban growth during the last decades. This has included a large increase in population, proliferation of suburbs, and the loss and degradation of thousands of hectares of natural and semi-natural areas, whose natural elements may play a key role for the city’s sustainability....
Article
Full-text available
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is one of the most urbanized and biologically diverse regions in the world but is often characterized by weak environmental governance and socioeconomic inequalities. Given large expanses of intact biomes, a long history of pre-Colombian civilizations, and recent urbanization trends, the urban ecosystem service...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract Which ecosystem services are addressed? Urban ecosystem services: cooling effects of shading plants, climate mitigation, regulating run-off, improving air quality, carbon sequestration, and various cultural services such as recreation and sense of place, aesthetics. What is the research question addressed? How does the socio-spatial differ...
Article
Full-text available
Urban expansion in Latin-American cities is faster than urban planning. In order to implement sustainable planning the capacity of peri-urban areas to provide ecosystem services must be evaluated in the context of competing urbanization and conservation pressures. In this study we analyzed the effect of urban expansion on peri-urban vegetation of t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Like most South American cities, Santiago de Chile was founded following the Laws of Indies. Its grid system was laid out on a fertile segment of the Maipo valley, at the foot of an isolated hill between the Mapocho River and one of its branches. There are controversies regarding whether the definition of its main features was defined by its Spania...
Chapter
Full-text available
Las ciudades dependen de servicios ecosistémicos generados por áreas naturales y semi-naturales que se encuentran dentro y fuera de los límites urbanos, por lo que la implementación de estrategias de planificación que promuevan la conservación de la biodiversidad urbana es una tarea fundamental para asegurar la provisión de estos servicios. En este...
Conference Paper
This study aims at improving the built types classification of the LCZ method, considering the climate behaviour of real urban textures of three reference cities. Analyses performed with the Urban Weather Generator (UWG) model for Rome (Italy), Barcelona (Spain) and Santiago (Chile) showed a significant variability of UHI intensity in “compact mid-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study aims at improving the built types classification of the LCZ method, considering the climate behaviour of real urban textures of three reference cities. Analyses performed with the Urban Weather Generator (UWG) model for Rome (Italy), Barcelona (Spain) and Santiago (Chile) showed a significant variability of UHI intensity in “compact mid-...
Article
Full-text available
In January 2017, hundreds of fires in Mediterranean Chile burnt more than 5000 km2, an area nearly 14 times the 40-year mean. We contextualize these fires in terms of estimates of global fire intensity using MODIS satellite record, and provide an overview of the climatic factors and recent changes in land use that led to the active fire season and...
Poster
Full-text available
This study aims at improving the built types classification of the LCZ method, considering the climate behaviour of real urban textures of three reference cities. Analyses performed with the Urban Weather Generator (UWG) model for Rome (Italy), Barcelona (Spain) and Santiago (Chile) showed a significant variability of UHI intensity in “compact mid-...
Article
Wildfires are one of the main processes that currently shape Mediterranean ecosystems. The analysis of wildfire risk combined with historical records allows for a greater understanding of trends and their relation to territorial variables that are favourable to future events. Using GIS analysis, we assess wildfire risk in La Campana – Peñuelas Bios...
Chapter
This work focus on the configuration of urban green infrastructure - and thus residential access to those ecosystem services that green infrastructure can provide. Their area of research is the growing Latin American urban metropolitan area of Santiago de Chile. Here, they consider targeted spatial analysis on multiple scales. By identifying large...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este documento corresponde al Informe Final de la consultoría “IDENTIFICACIÓN DE ECOSISTEMAS CONTINENTALES Y LOS SERVICIOS ECOSISTÉMICOS QUE ESTOS PROVEEN” elaborado por Cienciambiental Consultores S.A. por encargo del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente de Chile. El objetivo de este trabajo fue elaborar una clasificación de ecosistemas continentales e i...
Article
Biosphere Reserves (BR) as regional sustainability models focused on conservation, sustainable development and logistical support functions are essential for the natural support of local and regional territories. This paper analyses the landscape structure of a BR containing officially protected natural areas, productive lands and peri-urban areas....
Article
During the summer of 2017, several megafires in South-Central Chile burned down forest plantations, native forests, shrublands and human settlements. National authorities identified the relevant effects of the wildfires on infrastructure and ecosystems. However, other indirect effects such as the risk of flooding or, increased air pollution were no...
Article
Full-text available
By the mid-twenty-first century, it is expected that over 65% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. The shift will entail the conversion of natural areas into cities. The inclusion of these natural areas poses new challenges for spatial planning that can be addressed in a new approach to spatial planning that incorporates features of...
Article
Full-text available
La urbanización de paisajes naturales y seminaturales genera consecuencias en ciudades latinoamericanas de tamaño medio. En Chile, el crecimiento urbano y el desarrollo de actividades forestales han afectado la funcionalidad y biodiversidad del paisaje. El Área Metropolitana de Concepción (en adelante AMC) es representativa de la combinación de amb...
Article
Full-text available
Mankind's quest for well-being results in continuous pressure to transform landscapes, with said transformation driven by land use changes, urbanization, production activity, and protective measures in addition to climate variability and other environmental drivers. The relationship between anthropogenic landscape changes and the provision of ecosy...
Data
XLS file containing the homologation of the classes, policies and regulations with effect on landscapes. (XLSX)
Data
XLS file containing the main calculations of the supply of ecosystem services. (XLSX)
Book
Full-text available
El 15 de enero de 2016 un conjunto de estudiantes, profesionales y académicos fundaron la Asociación Chilena de Ecología de Paisaje la cual representa el capítulo chileno de la International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE Chile), sociedad de alcance mundial con más de dos mil científicos. La ecología del paisaje es concebida como una cienc...
Article
Cities in Latin America expose high rates of urbanization and poorly controlled processes of creation of new urban peripheries. In this study we evaluated the changes in vegetation cover as a proxy of the success of urban planning in the creation or conservation of elements able to provide ecosystem services to citizens and therefore strengthening...
Article
Full-text available
The well-being of people living in cities is strongly dependent on the existence of urban vegetation because of the ecosystem services or benefits it provides. This is why governments develop plans to create green spaces, plant trees, promote the maintenance of vegetation in private spaces and also monitor their status over time. In Latin America,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El principal objetivo de esta investigación es proponer una nueva aproximación para la planificación urbana de Santiago basada en el concepto de planificación ecológica. Esta aproximación contribuye a la planificación territorial mediante el diagnóstico y reconocimiento explícito del rol fundamental que los elementos ecológicos juegan en las dinámi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Durante el verano del 2017 se presenciaron en la zona centro-sur de Chile los mayores incendios registrados en la historia del país (Sarricolea & Úbeda 2016). De acuerdo a la información entregada en reportes anteriores, 555.381 ha fueron afectadas por los incendios entre las regiones de Valparaíso y el Bío-Bío (De la Barrera & Ruiz 2017 y De la Ba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban green spaces are commons that include a wide variety of vegetated public spaces. They provide diverse benefits such as air quality improvement, climate regulation and recreation. Because of these benefits several governments of Latin American cities have generated policies designed to develop new green spaces. In this research, I explore how...
Poster
Full-text available
During the Austral Summer of 2017 South-Central Chile was affected by several wildfires. The wildfires burned an area of about 530.000 hectares, from which 225.000 ha. were forest plantations and 61.000 ha. were native forests (De la Barrera & Ruiz, 2017). A wildfire can change the infiltration properties of soils, the vegetation layers and topogra...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract: By the mid-twenty first century, it is expected that over 65% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. The process of this shift will entail the integration of natural areas into cities. This incorporation poses new challenges for land planning such as: how to include ecosystem services, how to fold nature back into artificial...
Poster
Full-text available
La historia de la planificación urbana se escribe mediante el registro de diversas iniciativas realizadas a lo largo de la historia de una ciudad. Estas iniciativas incluyen planes de uso del suelo, planes de renovación urbana, proyectos de infraestructura y diversas acciones del Estado, con mayor o menor participación de la sociedad civil según el...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El verano de 2017 dejó en la zona centro-sur de Chile un registro de los grandes incendios registrados en la historia del país. Cuatro incendios superaron las 40.000 ha y 7 las 10.000 ha. Las estadísticas oficiales señalan que las plantaciones forestales fueron las más afectadas por incendios, secundadas del bosque nativo y de matorrales y praderas...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La conservación de la biodiversidad se ha convertido en un asunto cada vez más importante, especialmente en entornos altamente dinámicos como los metropolitanos. En este sentido, una mejor comprensión de la contribución de las áreas naturales al bienestar de los habitantes urbanos y peri-urbanos se hace pertinente, principalmente al reconocer las t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este documento es parte de un estudio independiente y ad-honorem, coordinado desde IALE-Chile, la sociedad científica chilena de ecología del paisaje que agrupa investigadores de distintas instituciones. En esta primera entrega se analiza la extensión de las áreas incendiadas en la zona centro-sur de Chile, delimitada para estos efectos por las reg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban green spaces are essential for the well-being of citizens. We developed a mixed method approach by (1) exploiting RS data to estimate amount and distribution of vegetation cover and (2) conducting a social survey to add in-depth knowledge on accessibility and perception of green spaces. The study area are three municipalities of Santiago de C...
Article
Green spaces are considered as indicators of both quality of life and urban sustainability. In Latin America, some analyses have been made regarding the provision and use of urban green spaces, but there are few studies that analyze how peoples' perceptions influence the use of these areas. The article analyses factors such as preferences for green...