Francisco Curate

Francisco Curate
University of Coimbra | UC · Research Centre for Anthropology and Health - Department of Life Sciences

PhD
Researcher at CIAS, DCV-UC

About

97
Publications
12,562
Reads
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683
Citations
Citations since 2016
66 Research Items
604 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Education
January 2007 - January 2011
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Biological Anthropology

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Full-text available
The estimation of biological sex is of paramount relevance in the analysis of skeletal remains recovered in forensic contexts. This study aims to assess sexual dimorphism for identification purposes, from two reference samples of the Portuguese population, and a depiction of the size- and shape-related sexual dimorphism of the human scapula using g...
Poster
Full-text available
The estimation of biological sex of skeletal remains is a crucial parameter of the biological profile of an anonymous individual. In certain recovery circumstances, the most dimorphic skeletal areas, such as the pelvis, are absent or fragmented; in that case, other bones of the skeleton, including the scapula, can be used to predict sex. In this pa...
Poster
Full-text available
A avaliação da osteopatologia, numa perícia de Antropologia Forense, assume-se como uma análise fundamental para reconstruir a identidade dos restos humanos e compreender a causa e circunstância da morte a eles associados (Cunha, 2014). Numa primeira fase avaliam-se os quatro parâmetros do perfil biológico, nomeadamente, a ancestralidade, sexo, ida...
Chapter
Manuscripts reflecting the everyday activities of Early Modern physicians are scarce. Therefore, unpublished collections of medical case histories are major sources of knowledge about the conventional medical daily practice and the physician’s relationships with patients. Between 1784 and 1795, the municipal physician of Almada, Gaspar Lopes Henriq...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sendo uma das necrópoles islâmicas mais importantes de toda a Extremadura espanhola, a maqbara do “Cuartel de Artilleria Hernán Cortés (CAHC)” revelou cerca de 230 inumações, datadas entre os séculos VIII e IX. Foi analisada a morfologia da dentição permanente de 84 indivíduos, de acordo com a metodologia ASUDAS.
Article
Full-text available
The accurate age at death assessment of unidentified adult skeletal individuals is a critical research task in forensic anthropology, being a key feature for the determination of biological profiles of individual skeletal remains. We have previously shown that the age-related decrease of bone mineral density (BMD) in the proximal femur could be use...
Poster
Full-text available
Anatomical variations of teeth are used to understand population interactions, migrations, and establish geographic or biological origins and affinities of ancient and recent human populations. As such, dental morphology is a good indicator of past population biological and cultural dynamics. Maxillary lateral incisor mesial bending, or "Etruscan U...
Poster
Full-text available
The assessment of assigned (biological) sex in unidentified human skeletal remains is a key parameter in the determination of the biological profile. In the absence of the most dimorphic skeletal areas, the clavicle can be used to reliably estimate sex. In this paper, three new models for the estimation of sex with clavicular measurements are prese...
Poster
Full-text available
Las caries son una de las condiciones orales más comunes. Según la organización de la Salud (OMS), afectan alrededor del 60 al 90% de los niños en edad escolar. El desarrollo de caries en la primera infancia (early childhood caries), se caracteriza por una carie rampante en dientes deciduos de niños menores de 71 meses, en regiones generalmente res...
Article
Full-text available
The estimation of biological sex is of paramount significance for the identification of anonymous skeletal remains in contemporary medico-legal contexts or bioarcheological studies of past societies. Sex estimation techniques are usually affected by population-specific sexual dimorphism. As such, the need for distinctive standards for each populati...
Article
Sex estimation standards are population specific however, we argue that machine learning techniques (ML) may enhance the biological sex determination on trans-population application. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) versus nine ML including quadratic discriminant analysis (QDA), support vector machine (SVM), Decision Tree (DT), Gaussian process (...
Article
Full-text available
In forensic anthropology, there is an inherent difficulty in estimating the post-mortem interval (PMI). This study aimed to assess whether there is a correlation between changes in the bone mineral component and the PMI estimation. Samples of femur and humerus from 80 identified individuals with known post-mortem interval were analyzed. Infrared sp...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Knotless repairs have demonstrated encouraging performance regarding retear rate reduction, but literature aiming at identifying the specific variables responsible for these results is scarce and conflictive. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effect of the material (tape or wire suture) and medial tendon passage (single or doubl...
Presentation
Osteoporosis can be a debilitating disease, but is symptomless prior to bone fracture. In fact, clinical awareness about osteoporosis was fundamentally nonexistent before the mid-19th century. Therefore, why study osteoporosis in the past? It certainly provides relevant insights into the multilayered diachronic evolution of a not-so-modern conditi...
Article
In this study, total mercury (THg) was analyzed in archaeological human bone from 23 sites dating to between the Middle Neolithic and the Antiquity. A total of 370 individuals from individual or collective burials were sampled, mostly using cortical bone from the humerus. These individuals were recovered from over 50 different funerary structures r...
Article
Full-text available
Pathophysiological conditions can modify the skeletal chemical concentration. This study analyzes the elemental composition in two anatomical regions from dry femoral bone using a portable X-Ray Fluorescence (pXRF) and evaluates its impact in the bone mineral density (BMD). The left femora of 97 female skeletons (21–95 years old individuals) from t...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Bone constantly adapts to biomechanical stress and bone geometry is a risk factor for fractures, increasing or reducing bone strength and the tendency to fall. In order to investigate secular trends in the proximal femur phenotype microanatomy, geometrical parameters of the proximal femur in Early Medieval and Modern samples were comp...
Article
Full-text available
The estimation of biological sex is a primary source of information regarding unidentified skeletal individuals in bioarcheological and forensic contexts. This study aims to propose new metric standards for the estimation of sex using variables of the calcaneus and talus. An ancillary goal encompasses the creation of a web-based decision support sy...
Article
Objectives: Even though much is known about bone mineral and matrix composition, studies about their relationship with several bone properties and its alterations related to bone diseases such as osteoporosis are practically non-existent in humans. Thus, the development of methods to understand the effects of bone properties at a microscopic level...
Article
Injury recidivism studies assess the lived experience of individuals who endure multiple traumatic incidents, conveying a nuanced contextualization of individual suffering within a reticulate of social and cultural processes. During a recent archaeological excavation, a skeleton of a middle‐aged male dating to the 17th–18th centuries AD was excavat...
Article
Although being a standard technique for bone mineral density (BMD) measurements and its study and application to defleshed bones started in the past decade, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has not been applied to burned bones. However, DXA analyses on burned bones can foreseeably increase our knowledge regarding the changes that occur on bon...
Article
The assessment of sex is of immense relevance in the analysis of human skeletal remains, as other parameters of the biological profile are usually sex-specific (e.g., age at death or stature). The radius can be used to estimate sex when more dimorphic bones are not available or in the case of incomplete and fragmentary remains. Ten radius measureme...
Article
Full-text available
In forensic anthropology, the application of traditional methods for estimating the biological profile of human skeletal remains is often hampered by poor preservation and skeletal representativeness, compromising their reliability. Thus, the development of alternative methods to the morphometric analysis of bones to estimate the biological profile...
Article
After the publication of the first article in 2014, 21st Century Identified Skeletal Collection, housed in the Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology, Department of Life Sciences at the University of Coimbra, Portugal, has been growing. Currently, the collection is composed of 302 complete adult skeletons of both sexes, which means that in 5 years it...
Article
Full-text available
Heat-induced bone changes are being increasingly studied. Namely, it is necessary to evaluate some relevant assumptions regarding experimental investigations involving burned bones. This study intends to assess potential bilateral asymmetry between antimeres and the effect that the application of the Primal SF-016 preservative may have in the inorg...
Article
The femur has been commonly employed for sex determination of human skeletal remains, and it is a suitable alternative to the more sexually dimorphic pelvis when this skeletal region is incomplete or fragmented. The purposes of this study include the evaluation of femoral sexual dimorphism and the generation of specific metric standards for the est...
Chapter
The popularity of web-based analytical tools with an emphasis on improved statistical analyses within the landscape of forensic anthropology is increasing. Osteomics is a web-based platform composed of a suite of forensic decision support systems designed to contend with the challenges posed by the estimation of the biological profile of human skel...
Poster
Full-text available
A estimativa do sexo constitui um dos pilares fundamentais no processo de determinação do perfil biológico em Antropologia Forense. O fémur tem sido amplamente utilizado no desenvolvimento de métodos para a estimativa sexual de restos esqueléticos humanos não identificados e afigura se uma alternativa relevante no caso de não serem recuperados regi...
Article
Full-text available
The paucity of identified skeletal collections that include fetuses entails the need to pursue unconventional ap-proaches and resources in order to investigate fetal anatomi-cal variation. Radiographic analyses are being considered as a good alternative to data obtained in osteological collections. In a previous work, we developed equations to esti...
Article
The pelvis is consistently regarded as the most sexually dimorphic region of the human skeleton, and methods for sex estimation with the pelvic bones are usually very accurate. In this investigation, population-specific osteometric models for the assessment of sex with the pelvis were designed using a dataset provided by J.A. Serra (1938) that incl...
Article
Full-text available
The Muge shell middens of Cabeço da Arruda, Cabeço da Amoreira and Moita do Sebastião (central Portugal) have been key sites of archaeological research for 150 years, possibly working as residential sites occupied by semi-sedentary communities during the final Mesolithic. The purposes of this article include the biocultural assessment of metacarpal...
Article
Full-text available
Basing their analysis on manuscripts found in the Municipal Historic Archives of Almada, the Observaçoens Médico Meteorológicas, the authors analyse the practice of medicine at the end of the 18th century, a time characterised by the contradictions inherent to the transition between epistemological paradigms. In these Observaçoens, the physician Ga...
Article
Full-text available
The Ermida do Espírito Santo, in the city of Almada, was probably founded during the 14th or 15th centuries but after the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 — and until the end of the 18th century — was the head of the parish of Santa Maria do Castelo, a period during which it was used as a funerary space. During an archaeological excavation previous...
Article
Full-text available
Entre 2010 e 2011, foi concretizada uma ampla intervenção arqueológica na Ermida do Espírito Santo, em Almada, antecipando a recuperação do imóvel para futuro Centro de Interpretação de Almada Velha. A Ermida foi totalmente escavada, tendo sido recuperadas 86 sepulturas, com 88 indivíduos e grande quantidade de outros ossos dispersos, para já não e...
Poster
Full-text available
A Igreja Matriz de São Julião (Figueira da Foz) terá sido edificada em 1080 e reedificada no séc. XVIII. Em 2004 foi exumado um ossário (NMI=53) durante o Arranjo Urbanístico da Zona Envolvente , destacando-se um fragmento de fémur esquerdo, que apesar de incompleto, parece ter pertencido a um adulto do sexo masculino, objeto deste estudo. O fémur...
Poster
Full-text available
Introdução: Durante uma intervenção arqueológica no Castelo de Portalegre, em 2005, foram identificadas sete inumações (6 adultos e 1 adolescente, todos do sexo masculino) na zona do pátio. As fontes históricas sugerem que poderiam tratar-se dos enterramentos de militares das tropas de Wellington, uma vez que há a notícia do enterramento de um Tene...
Poster
Full-text available
Neste trabalho apresentam-se as lesões ósseas num indíviduo adulto, cujos restos esqueléticos foram recuperados na Ermida do Espírito Santo (Almada, Portugal), e que configuram, provavelmente, um diagnóstico de sífilis venérea.
Poster
Full-text available
O conhecimento em Evolução Humana, se bem que determinante para a compreensão da origem humana, da sua biologia e cultura, assim como da sua estreita relação com outras espécies vivas, designadamente da Ordem dos Primatas, continua a ocupar um peso residual no ensino das Ciências Naturais e Humanas. Essa presença é ainda mais incipiente junto do gr...
Article
There has been considerable progress in recent years in our understanding of the patterns of cortical bone loss in the second metacarpal in archeological skeletal samples. Nevertheless, cortical data from reference skeletal collections are insufficient and the possible connection of metacarpal cortical parameters with osteoporotic fractures has not...
Article
In contemporary populations, pregnancy and lactation are usually followed by transient bone loss. The observation of reduced bone mass in young females from archaeological sites has sometimes been interpreted as an outcome of reproductive stress. In order to evaluate the overall effect of reproductive dynamics on bone mass in a historical skeletal...
Article
In modern populations, hip fractures in older people are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Their incidence is rising; notwithstanding, fractures of the proximal femur are still relatively uncommon in archeological contexts. This case study represents a well-healed hip fracture in an aged male skeleton from Church of Nossa Senhora da Anu...
Poster
Full-text available
As análises de densitometria realizadas nesta amostra não apresentaram diferenças significativas (com excepção do CMO na região intertroncantérica), embora as diferenças caso a caso sejam relevantes. A simetria de DMO em fémures antímeros ainda continua a ser uma questão por responder, pelo qual se recomenda a sua continua exploração no futuro.
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO A análise de três dentes decíduos de restos fetais do enterramento de Ostuni I (Itália, circa 27.000 anos BP) através de histologia virtual permitiu refinar a estimativa da sua idade gestacional, que varia entre as 31 e as 33 semanas (Nava et al. 2017). Face aos resultados obtidos anteriormente a partir do comprimento da diáfise dos ossos lo...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate patterns of femoral cortical bone fragility with age (at death) and to evaluate its associations with sex and bone mineral density. Radiogrammetric parameters of the femur and bone mineral density at the proximal femur were assessed in an adult sample (N=98) from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection (Portugal)....
Article
Proximal femur fractures in the elderly are associated with high morbidity and mortality. This case concerns to a forensic case of an unassisted elderly found dead in his residence. The body was already decomposing and was found lying on the ground near the overturned furniture, reminiscent of a crime scene. The autopsy revealed that the cause of d...
Article
The skeletal remains of seven individuals (five non-adults and two adults) were recovered during an archeological intervention in the township of Carnide (Lisbon, Portugal). Funerary anthropology strongly suggests that the sample is from the Medieval Islamic period (8th − 12th centuries AD). This report presents a case of chronic osteomyelitis in a...
Poster
Full-text available
Hip fractures were certainly present in past communities, if not reasonably frequent. Often an outcome of osteoporosis and increased risk of falling among the elderly, these fractures affect predominantly older women but also aged men. In this case-study, an extracapsular fracture of the femur in an elderly man is described and contextualized. An a...
Article
Age at death estimation in adult skeletons is hampered, among others, by the unremarkable correlation of bone estimators with chronological age, implementation of inappropriate statistical techniques, observer error, and skeletal incompleteness or destruction. Therefore, it is beneficial to consider alternative methods to assess age at death in adu...
Article
The assessment of sex is of paramount importance in the establishment of the biological profile of a skeletal individual. Femoral relevance for sex estimation is indisputable, particularly when other exceedingly dimorphic skeletal regions are missing. As such, this study intended to generate population-specific osteometric models for the estimation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEvH) é uma associação científica portuguesa, sem fins lucrativos, que tem como principal missão a promoção, o desenvolvimento e a divulgação da investigação no domínio da Evolução Humana. O GEEvH foi constituído por um grupo de alunos do antigo curso de Mestrado em Evolução Humana da Faculdade de Ciência e T...
Article
The estimation of sex is a central step to establish the biological profile of an anonymous skeletal individual. Imaging techniques, including bone densitometry, have been used to evaluate sex in remains incompletely skeletonized. In this paper, we present a technique for sex estimation using the total area (TA) of the proximal femur, a two-dimensi...
Article
Full-text available
The estimation of gestational age (GA) in fetal human remains is important in forensic settings, particularly to assess fetal viability, in addition to often being the only biological profile parameter that can be assessed with some accuracy for non-adults. The length of long bone diaphysis is one of the most frequently used methods for fetal age e...
Article
In this work, a non-commercial triaxial geometry energy dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) setup and a benchtop μ-XRF system were used to identify postmortem contamination in buried bones. For two of the individuals, unusually high concentrations of Cu and Pb, but also Zn (in one individual) were observed. The pigments of the burial shroud cover...
Article
The assessment of sex is crucial to the establishment of a biological profile of an unidentified skeletal individual. The best methods currently available for the sexual diagnosis of human skeletal remains generally rely on the presence of well-preserved pelvic bones, which is not always the case. Postcranial elements, including the femur, have bee...
Article
Objectives Complete and accurate human skeletal inventory is seldom possible in archaeological and forensic cases involving severe fragmentation. In such cases, skeletal mass comparisons with published references may be used as an alternative to assess skeletal completeness but they are too general for a case-by-case routine analysis. The objective...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this work, a non-commercial triaxial geometry energy dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) setup and a benchtop m-XRF system were used to identify postmortem contamination in buried bones. For two of the individuals, unusually high concentrations of Cu and Pb, but also Zn (in one individual) were observed. The pigments of the burial shroud cover...
Article
Full-text available
During the archaeological monitoring of the construction site at the Maria Brown and Fonte streets, Lisbon municipality, township of Carnide, the skeletal remains of seven individuals (five non-adults and two adults [females: 1; males: 2]) were recovered. The anthropological funerary evaluation indicates that the studied sample is probably from the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Study on the osteological sample exhumed during excavations at the necropolis adjoining the Espírito Santo Chapel, a medieval church in Almada. The authors focuses on the perinatal remains of six individuals (between 20 pregnancy weeks to 28 days post-delivery), and two adult individuals (presumably the mothers of two of the perinatal individuals)....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Um dos achados que marcou a história da paleoantropologia e que veio revolucionar a árvore filogenética humana foi a descoberta, no século XIX, dos fósseis de Neandertal. Muitas notas introdutórias apresentam os Neandertais como hominíneos genética e morfologicamente distintos do Homo sapiens sapiens. De facto, e durante muito tempo, os Neandertais...