Francisca López-Torrecillas

Francisca López-Torrecillas
University of Granada | UGR · Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment

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65
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Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Co-occurrence of drug misuse with other dysregulated behaviors is common. This study was aimed at exploring the associations between the risk of presenting a clinically relevant condition involving non-substance-related addictive or dysregulated behaviors (as measured by the MultiCAGE CAD-4 screening), and cannabis abuse/dependence (CAST/SDS) score...
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The main challenge of interventions in penitentiary institutions is the re-education and reintegration of inmates, i.e., that inmates have the intention and ability to live law-abiding lives. Therefore, an increase in self-control or, on the contrary, the decrease or elimination of impulsive versus compulsive behaviors becomes necessary. This study...
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Research has found links between academic failure and criminal offending and suggest that many incarcerated young people have experienced significant behavioral and learning problems in school, which could result in criminal outcomes and poor academic performance. The objective of this study was to analyse writing disorders in impulsive and compuls...
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There is increasing evidence that executive functions have significative effects on nicotine abuse. An unresolved challenge for smoking cessation interventions is the detection of factors associated with nicotine use. In order to understand how cognition is affected by nicotine abuse, this study was designed to determine the relationship between ye...
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Studies examining associations between cognitive measures and clinical aspects of smoking are scarce and generally limited to predicting risk profiles or relapses. However, it is essential to understand the influence of several measures of executive function in nicotine addiction in order to investigate factors associated with smoking maintenance....
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Information such as the prevalence and frequency of criminal behaviour is difficult to estimate using standard survey techniques because of the tendency of respondents to withhold or misrepresent information. Social desirability bias is a significant threat to the validity of self-reported data, especially when supplied by persons such as sexual of...
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Although early life nutrition influences brain development and mental health, the long-term effects of supplemented infant formula on children´s behavior remain unclear. We analyzed the effects of a bioactive nutrients-enriched-infant formula on children's behavior up to 2.5 years, compared to a standard infant formula or breastfeeding. Current ana...
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Background: The real meaning of the term nomophobia remains somewhat obscure in studies assessing this disorder. There is an increasing interest in further exploring nomophobia: however, currently available measuring tools appear to only address mobile phone abuse and/or addiction. The objective of this study was to create a Spanish-language instru...
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This article analyzes the efficacy of the randomized response technique (RRT) in achieving honest self-reporting about sexual behavior, compared with traditional survey techniques. A complex survey was conducted of 1,246 university students in Spain, who were asked sensitive quantitative questions about their sexual behavior, either via the RRT (n...
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Nomophobia is defined as the fear of being out of mobile phone contact and is considered to be a phobia of the modern age. The current study set out to establish the relationship between temperament and personality and the development of nomophobia. The sample was composed of 968 participants selected from the Andalusian population, of which there...
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Mobile phone addiction has attracted much attention recently and is showing similarity to other substance use disorders. Because no studies on mobile phone addiction had yet been conducted in Spain, we developed and validated a questionnaire (Cuestionario de Abuso del Teléfono Móvil, ATeMo) to measure mobile phone abuse among young adults in Spanis...
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Introduction: Even though there´s abundant literature about alcohol consumption and self-esteem, the results are still contradictory. Objective: to make a systematic review and meta-analysis which analyzes the role that self-esteem plays in alcohol consumption in Latino adolescents. Method: A systematic review was made with meta-analysis, based on...
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Introducción: La obesidad materna y la diabetes gestacional pueden tener importantes consecuencias a nivel obstétrico y producir efectos a largo plazo sobre la salud de los hijos. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la relación entre el estado metabólico materno y el desarrollo del comportamiento a los 3.5 años en niños nacidos de madres obe...
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Decisional Balance and Processes of Change are generally addressed in motivational interventions for the treatment of cannabis use disorders. However, specific aspects of these multifaceted constructs, with greater relevance for severe cannabis users, need to be ascertained to enable better interventions. This study aimed to compare the different f...
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Impulsivity (and related traits reward/punishment sensitivity and tolerance to delayed rewards) and gambling cognitions have been linked to gambling. However, their independent associations with gambling preferences and clinical status have never been dissociated. The current study applied a data-driven strategy to identify gambling preferences, ba...
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Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in developed countries, and has a significant impact on mental and physical health in the general population. Although the evaluation of levels of substance use is difficult, a method such as the randomized response technique (RRT), which includes both a personal component and an assurance of confidenti...
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Resumen Resumen Las investigaciones realizadas han confirmado que el uso excesivo del teléfono móvil genera efectos perjudiciales en la salud y en las relaciones sociales. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar las variables de personalidad asociadas al uso versus abuso del teléfono móvil. Ciento sesenta y cinco participantes fueron dividido...
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There is empirical evidence showing the relationship between personality disorders, violence crime and substance abuse problem. This study aims to examine the prevalence of personality disorders in prison populations (drug abusers and abusers), using as a control group a population imprisoned without these types of crimes. The participants were 45...
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The aim of this study was to examine the self-efficacy of outpatient drug heroin and alcohol abusers in treatment for their addiction, using the theoretical models proposed by Bandura and Annis. The sample consisted of 162 participants, who were assigned to one of three treatment groups: methadone, drug-free and alcohol. The Self-Efficacy Scale (Sh...
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Objective: To experimentally examine if adolescents with excess weight are more sensitive to social stress and hence more sensitive to harmful effects of stress in cognition. Design and methods: We conducted an experimental study in 84 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old classified in two groups based on age adjusted Body Mass Index percentile:...
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Addiction to opiates has increased in recent years. This resurgence in its consumption shows the need to continue to investigate the role of personality in addictive behavior. Variables such as self-efficacy are quite helpful in the treatment of drug addicts. The purpose of this study was to examine and quantify the predictive capacity of self-effi...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the self-efficacy of outpatient drug heroin and alcohol abusers in treatment for their addiction, using the theoretical models proposed by Bandura and Annis. The sample consisted of 162 participants, who were assigned to one of three treatment groups: methadone, drug-free and alcohol. The Self-Efficacy Scale (Sh...
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Aims: Temperament and impulsivity are powerful predictors of addiction treatment outcomes. However, a comprehensive assessment of these features has not been examined in relation to smoking cessation outcomes. Methods: Naturalistic prospective study. Treatment-seeking smokers (n = 140) were recruited as they engaged in an occupational health cli...
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The aim of this study was to examine the effect of assertiveness and severity of drug addiction on the risk of relapse among drug addicts during a six months treatment. 90 Drug addicts completed the Research Interview on Addictive Behavior and the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS). The results showed that global assertiveness and Confrontation (a...
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Cognitive deficits have a significant impact on the daily performance of fibromyalgia patients. This paper analyzes executive functioning and decision-making performance, and the relationships between these functions and pain, anxiety, depression and medication in fibromyalgia patients. A group of fibromyalgia patients (FG) (n = 85) was compared wi...
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Background: Currently the combined cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological treatment is the best option to quit smoking, although success rates remain moderate. This study aimed to identify predictors of continuous abstinence in an assisted smoking cessation program using combined treatment. In particular, we analyzed the effects of socio-demogra...
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Impulsivity is a variable that has been associated with drug use. This study analyzes impulsivity from two different paradigms, one considering it as a trait and the other based on its behavioral correlates, such as disinhibition and impulsive decision-making in the treatment prognosis (maintain abstinence, relapse and dropout) of smokers after out...
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The aim of this study was to examine the effect of assertiveness and severity of drug addiction on the risk of relapse among drug addicts during a six months treatment. 90 Drug addicts completed the Research Interview on Addictive Behavior and the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS). The results showed that global assertiveness and Confrontation (a...
Article
Tesis Univ. Granada, Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico
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Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) typically report cognitive problems, and they state that these deficits are disturbing in everyday life. Despite these substantial subjective complaints by FM patients, very few studies have addressed objectively the effect of such aversive states on neuropsychological performance. In this study we aimed to examine p...
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The aim of this study is to analyze whether different personality profiles according to the harm avoidance (HA) trait, may explain the differences in the use of coping strategies in fibromyalgia patients. The instruments used were the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) (adaptation by Gutierrez-Zotes, et al., 2004) and the COPE-D (a...
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The goal of this study was to establish the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Implicit Models of Illness Questionnaire (Turk et al., 1986), the Cuestionario de Creencias sobre la Enfermedad (CCSE; van der Hofstadt and Rodríguez-Marín, 1997), for five physical and mental diseases: depression, schizophrenia, cancer, hypertension,...
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The main aim of this study was to establish the contents of the lay illness models on depression, cancer, hypertension, schizophrenia and influenza in healthy and ill people suffering from these diseases who have/have not coexisted with people with these health alterations. Dimensions of lay illness models for depression, schizophrenia, cancer, hyp...
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Increasing evidence indicates that substance abusers are impaired in cognitive-executive control tasks relying on different functional systems converging in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Different PFC functional systems relevant to addiction have been described: the dorsolateral (DLC), orbitofrontal (OFC), and anterior cingulate (ACC) circuits. Each...
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This study analyzed the validity of the Sherer, et al. Self-efficacy Scale for a Spanish sample of 555 subjects, 257 men and 298 women. 415 were from the general population; 34 schizophrenics and 45 with eating disorders were from a clinic, plus 61 drug addicts from two centers. All met DSM-IV-R criteria. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Stat...
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Social anxiety is one of the most frequent psychological problems nowadays. Its diagnosis and assessment depend on different measures, particularly interviews and questionnaires. Most of these measures have been developed in English-speaking countries and their adaptation to Spanish-speaking countries has not been very accurate. The goal of this wo...
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En este artículo se discute sobre la relación entre la esquizofrenia y la personalidad, estarelación es compleja y se puede estudiar desde diferentes perspectivas y modelos. Pareceque diversos rasgos de personalidad como altos niveles de neuroticismo y bajos nivelesde extraversión (Berenbaum y Fujita, 1994) y altos niveles de evitación del daño (HA...
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En este artículo se discute sobre la relación entre la esquizofrenia y la personalidad, esta relación es compleja y se puede estudiar desde diferentes perspectivas y modelos. Parece que diversos rasgos de personalidad como altos niveles de neuroticismo y bajos niveles de extraversión (Berenbaum y Fujita, 1994) y altos niveles de evitación del daño...
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The aim of this study was to analyse the differences in self-efficacy, self-control, attributional style, and social anxiety among drug dependents who request treatment compared with those who do not. The selection criterion for participants was the presence of a drug and/or alcohol dependence disorder according to the criteria of the Diagnostic an...
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The aim of this study was to analyse the differences in self-efficacy, self-control, attributional style, and social anxiety among drug dependents who request treatment compared with those who do not. The selection criterion for participants was the presence of a drug and/or alcohol dependence disorder according to the criteria of the Diagnostic an...
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The goal of this study is to test the existence of a relationship among some variables of personality and treatment (general self-efficacy, social self-efficacy and number of treatment intents) with chronic sustance use (alcohol, cannabis and cocaine). The participants in the study were 175 polisubstance users (alcohol, cannabis and cocaine). They...
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This study investigates whether or not parental support affects the self-efficacy of the substance abuser. A sample of 186 subjects from Mexico was divided into two groups (experimental and control). Both groups, in their turn, were divided into 2 subgroups in relation to parental support. Self- efficacy was measured with the scale of Sherer et al....
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Abstract Our study examined the relation between neuropsychological impairment of executive functions and explanatory styles, according to the Abramson model of learned helplessness in humans, in a sample of substance abusers. Thirty-eight polysubstance abusers were assessed during an abstinence period using a selective neuropsychological battery f...
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Executive functioning impairments have been demonstrated following consumption of drugs of abuse. These executive impairments could play an important role on the development of the addictive process and rehabilitation of substance abusers. Recent neuropsychological models of executive functioning assume a multicomponent organization of these proces...
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This study investigates whether or not parental support affects the self-efficacy of the substance abuser. A sample of 186 subjects from Mexico was divided into two groups (experimental and control). Both groups, in their turn, were divided into 2 subgroups in relation to parental support. Self-efficacy was measured with the scale of Sherer et al.,...
Article
The goal of this study is to test the existence of a relationship among some variables of personality and treatment (general self-efficacy, social self-efficacy and number of treatment intents) with chronic sustance use (alcohol, cannabis and cocaine). The participants in the study were 175 polisubstance users (alcohol, cannabis and cocaine). They...
Article
Chronic consumption of several drugs of abuse (cannabis, stimulants, opioids) has been associated with the presence of neuropsychological impairments in a broad range of functions. Nevertheless, in recent years neuropsychological research on substance abuse has focused on the study of impairments in the executive functions linked to the prefrontal...
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En este estudio se intenta relacionar el consumo de drogas con el autocontrol, estilo atribucional, asertividad y autoeficacia. Participaron en el estudio 53 sujetos consumidores de alcohol, hachís, cocaína y heroína que fueron reclutados en lugares de encuentro de jóvenes (gimnasios, asociaciones, bares y centros de estudios y trabajo). Las medida...
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The influence of family in the evolution of drug addictions has been object of numerous studies. Its role in decision making to start therapy, in the detoxification period, abstinence, relapse, and reintegration of drug users and/or alcoholics has been analyzed. Studies coincide in indicating that family can exert a positive or a negative influence...
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In this study, we attempted to relate drug use with self-control, attributional style, assertiveness and self-efficacy. 53 subjects, alcohol, hashish, cocaine and heroin users, took part in the study. They were contacted in youth hang-outs such as sports clubs, bars, associations, and study or work centres. The measurement tools used in the study w...
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Chronic consumption of several drugs of abuse (cannabis, heroin, stimulants) has been clearly associated with the presence of neuropsychological impairments in a wide range of functions, mainly: memory, learning, attention, concentration and reasoning. Nevertheless, in the last years, neuropsychological research related to substance abuse, supporte...
Article
Chronic consumption of several drugs of abuse (cannabis, heroin, stimulants) has been clearly associated with the presence of neuropsychological impairments in a wide range of functions, mainly: memory, learning, attention, concentration and reasoning. Nevertheless, in the last years, neuropsychological research related to substance abuse, supporte...
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The present work investigates levels of self-efficacy in parents of opiate dependents. There were two groups, one comprising parents of users in maintenance programmes with metadone, and another for parents of users in drug-free programmes. They were evaluated using the Babler Self-efficacy Scale, and the Sherer and Adams Self-efficacy Scale. The r...
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The present work investigates levels of self-efficacy in parents of opiate dependents. There were two groups, one comprising parents of users in maintenance programmes with metadone, and another for parents of users in drug-free programmes. They were evaluated using the Bäbler Self-efficacy Scale, and the Sherer and Adams Self-efficacy Scale. The r...
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En este estudio se evalúa el tiempo de adicción y la cantidad de droga consumida habitualmente con diversas sustancias, así como el autoinforme de variables tales como autocontrol, autoeficacia, asertividad y estilo atribucional. El objetivo fue descubrir qué variables predicen la severidad en el consumo de drogas. Se comprobó que, en términos glob...
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The present study assesses how certain stress and coping variables relate to drug use. A total of 124 subjects (85 men, 39 women) took part. They were divided into two groups: consumers and low or nonconsumers. Results indicate that consumers show significantly lower scores in self-control than low or nonconsumers. This research is of interest beca...
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This study examines chronicity of addiction and quantity of consumption for several substances as well as self-report on variables such as self-control, self-efficacy, assertiveness and attributional style. The aim was to discover which variables predict severity in drug abuse. It was found that, in general, self-control and assertiveness may predi...
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La obesidad es un problema de la salud y está íntimamente relacionado con la aparición de enfermedades tales como diabetes, hipertensión y otros trastornos cardiovasculares. Este artículo examina la eficacia de un programa para el tratamiento de la obesidad que incluye tres tipos de estrategias: cognitivas, conductuales y actividad física. Se aplic...
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Resumen En este estudio se analiza la autoeficacia general y la autoeficacia o seguridad de no consumir en una serie de situaciones de alto riesgo en los drogodependientes que están en tratamiento. Para ello se utilizaron 60 sujetos consumidores de alcohol y drogas en tratamiento para su dependencia. Los grupos fueron divididos en función del tipo...
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Resumen En este estudio se analizan las estrategias de afrontamiento de los drogodependientes con diferente grado de apoyo de sus progenitores. Para ello, se cuenta con un total de 186 sujetos consumidores de alcohol, hachís, cocaína, anfetaminas, heroína, metadona, alucinógenos, medicamentos y no consumidores. Los grupos fueron divididos en funció...
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Resumen En el presente estudio, se revisan las principales aportaciones del concepto de autoeficacia a la investigación de conductas adictivas. Se resalta la relevancia del papel de la autoeficacia en el inicio de la conducta de consumo, en el curso del tratamiento y en el mantenimiento de la abstinencia y la prevención de recaídas. Los estudios qu...

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The aim of this study is twofold: first, to propose a battery to evaluate cognitive profiles of impulsivity and compulsivity and secondly to determine if the cognitive battery establishes subgroups of impulsivity and compulsivity and if these subgroups adequately predict violence of genre.