Francisca Alves Cardoso

Francisca Alves Cardoso
Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia | CRIA · FCSH, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa

PhD Biological Anthropology
GET in touch via email: francicard@fcsh.unl.pt

About

129
Publications
21,393
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Introduction
I am a Biological Anthropologist with significant experience in the analysis of Human Remains and their use to infer patterns of wealth and health via a biocultural perspective. I have explored Human Identified Collections aiming to comprehend and build human past, highlighting the limitations of inferring social and cultural constructs based on biology expanding the concept of Bone Matters. Presently my research widen to topics related with ethico-legal issues and use of human remains in research and teaching.
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - May 2019
Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia
Position
  • Research Associate
June 2015 - May 2019
Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia
Position
  • Research Associate
February 2015 - July 2015
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Position
  • Invited Lecturer

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
The idea behind this Topical Collection derives from the growing interest in forensic sciences, specifically forensic anthropology and the study of human remains, supporting the argument that forensic anthropology has favored interest in Documented Human Osteological Collections (DHOCs) [...]
Article
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Advancements in digital technology have conquered a place in cultural heritage. The widespread use of three-dimensional scanners in bioanthropology have increased the production of 3D digital replicas of human bones that are freely distributed online. However, ethical considerations about such 3D models have not reached Portuguese society, making i...
Article
Full-text available
Syphilis is one of the most exciting diseases explored in paleopathology and, therefore, tracing back its origin and development has provided a prolific debate. The combination of paleopathological data with historical sources, iconography, and archaeological contexts were the primary sources used to reconstruct its historical path. However, there...
Article
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Human osteological documented collections (DCs), also referred to as “identified collections”, are a valuable resource in biological and forensic anthropology, as they offer the possibility for hypothesis-driven research on sex and age-at-death estimation methods, human variability, and other morphometric-based parameters of individual identificati...
Article
Full-text available
Documented skeletal collections are the backbone of forensic anthropology due to their associated biohistories. This paper describes the identified skeletal collections and their relevance in forensic anthropological research, education and training in the US. The establishment of documented skeletal collections in the US can be distinguished into...
Presentation
Full-text available
Paleopathological studies have evolved in the last decade. New methods and assumptions on health have been explored, and the number of publications has encouraged interpopulation comparisons across time and space. However, care is needed when a straightforward comparison is used since recording methods and results’ presentation may differ between s...
Article
Objectives Changes in the joints are believed to result from “wear and tear,” a consequence of activity, as entheseal changes (EC) result from muscle use. However, clinical data showed that activity does not necessarily increase the likelihood of degenerative joint changes (DJC) and that exercise results in healthier joints. We tested whether indiv...
Poster
Full-text available
A intervenção arqueológica da Praça da Figueira, em Lisboa, foi executada entre 1999 e 2001, tendo correspondido a uma acção reativa a um plano municipal de reabilitação e revitalização do espaço público. O conhecimento sobre a fisionomia da área na Baixa Idade Média encontrava-se mal-esclarecido, embora diversa documentação coeva garantisse que co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A intervenção arqueológica da Praça da Figueira, em Lisboa, foi executada entre 1999 e 2001, tendo correspondido a uma acção reativa a um plano municipal de reabilitação e revitalização do espaço público. O conhecimento sobre a fisionomia da área na Baixa Idade Média encontrava-se mal-esclarecido, embora diversa documentação coeva garantisse que co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Conference Abstract and schedule: Editor BioantTalks; Conference Committee Vanessa Campanacho & Francisca Alves Cardoso
Chapter
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The funerary contexts in which the presence of Canis lupus familiaris are identified are diverse, comprehending individual burials (with or without artifacts), inclusion in human graves, or disposal of corpses, thus suggesting a diverse range of meanings, measurable in function of the nature of the archaeological context. This study reports to the...
Chapter
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In 1999-2001, an archaeological excavation took place at Praça da Figueira (Lisbon), in response to a municipal plan for the rehabilitation and revitalization of public space. The knowledge about the physiognomy of the area in Late Middle Ages was poorly understood, although several coeval documents ensured it corresponded in most of the area excav...
Poster
Full-text available
Paleopathology is an important aspect of the study of human osteological remains. It allows to infer past diseases. It also allows the matching of bones according to pathological changes observed. This is an important approach when analysing commingled human remains as exemplified in this case study. During the excavation of the church of São Pedro...
Article
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“Já parou para pensar de quem são os ossos utilizados para criar réplicas 3D, que são depois utilizadas no ensino e investigação? Já pensou na possibilidade dos seus ossos, serem utilizados para produzir réplicas 3D?”
Poster
Full-text available
Due to the recent accessibility to surface scanning technology a surge in the production of three dimensional (3D) digital replicas of human skeletal remains has occurred. Some of those 3D models are easily accessible online. Consequently, ethical concerns about the unrestricted online dissemination and access of digital replicas of skeletal remain...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ongoing multidisciplinary studies of skeletonized human remains from the Middle Neolithic Bom Santo Cave (Lisbon, Portugal) is indicating a very heterogeneous population at various levels (diets, mobility and genetics). The current interpretation suggests that its socioeconomic and funerary territories encompassed the lower Tagus, its tributaries a...
Chapter
This chapter will explore how identified skeletal collections are built using unclaimed human remains from modern cemeteries in Portugal. The custom of collecting unclaimed human remains is an old practice in Portugal, dating back to the late nineteenth century. Several institutions in Portugal currently house five identified collections, which con...
Chapter
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O caça-minas Roberto Ivens foi o primeiro navio da Marinha Portuguesa a perder-se durante a Grande Guerra. No seu naufrágio desapareceram 15 elementos da guarni-ção, todos eles vítimas acidentais de uma mina submarina alemã colocada na barra do rio Tejo. Talvez relegado para segundo plano pelo encontro do patrulha-de-alto-mar Augusto de Castilho co...
Article
Paleopathology is a major discipline in the study of past human populations. It is interdisciplinary and focuses on the study of abnormal bone and teeth changes to diagnose diseases, infer the health condition of individuals and past populations, and reconstruct patterns of health and behavior. It aims to identify diseases and trace their origin an...
Poster
Full-text available
The roman NW Olisipo necropolis discovered in Praça da Figueira (Lisbon) was located along a major roman road and used between mid-1st to mid 4th centuries AD. To date, 64 inhumations and 23 cremations were identified. Amongst the cremation burials, two large cupae (mid-2nd to 3rd centuries AD) unequivocally stand out. Differently from other simila...
Poster
Full-text available
Em 1982, no decorrer de obras de terraplanagem desenvolvidas nas dependências do Insatuto Superior de Agronomia, na Tapada da Ajuda (Lisboa), foram idenaficados vesegios arqueológicos, incluindo o que restava de duas sepulturas, já cortadas pelas máquinas, e ossos humanos in situ, mas também dispersos. Através do espólio arqueológico associado foi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A análise das alterações nas enteses (AE) e nas articulações (AA) tem sido amplamente utilizada para reconstruir padrões de atividade no passado. Este trabalho explorou a correlação entre estas e os gestos técnicos associados a profissões referenciadas na Coleção de Esqueletos Identificados Luís Lopes (CLL) (Séc. XX.), curada no Museu Bocage, Lisbo...
Conference Paper
Atualmente é possível aceder a réplicas digitais em três dimensões (3D) de ossos humanos. A sua disponibilidade contribui para investigação e ensino em paleopatologia, e áreas afins, contudo os modelos também podem ser visualizados por não especialistas cujo interesse remete para a mera curiosidade sobre o tema. Explorando quais as implicações étic...
Conference Paper
La pathologie osseuse joue un role fondamental en tant que facteur d’identification dans de nombreuses enquétes medico-légales ou au cours de l’étude sanitaire des populations anciennes. Dans ces deux contextes, le diagnostic differential des formes observées est essentiel. Les maladies osseuses sont reconnues par le biais de l’observation macrosco...
Chapter
PALEOPATHOLOGY Paleopathology is viewed as an interdisciplinary and multidimensional discipline that focuses on the study of health conditions of past individuals and populations, aims to trace the origin and evolution of diseases, and reconstructs individuals’ and populations’ health profiles (Ortner 2003). Its goals are holistic and imply biocul...
Chapter
Full-text available
O presente artigo pretende apresentar os trabalhos arqueológicos e antropológicos realizados entre 2013 e 2014 no adro da igreja de São Miguel de Fetal, em Viseu. Aborda-se as opções metodológicas que nortearam o trabalho e apresentam-se as conclusões dos vários estudos levados a cabo. O trabalho iniciou-se com a prospeção geofísica dos terrenos e...
Conference Paper
The widely use of three dimensional (3D) scanners in bioanthropology has increase the production of 3D digital replicas of human bones, which are starting to be freely distributed online and easily accessible to anyone. Ethical considerations on the use of these 3D models has not reached Portuguese society at large, making it impossible to access i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Os trabalhos espeleoarqueológicos realizados no Algar do Bom Santo (Lisboa) em 1995-2000 incluíram a escavação sistemática das designadas Salas A e B. Datados de 3800-3400 cal BC (Neolítico Médio), estes contextos funerários têm vindo a ser estudados de forma sistemática desde 2010. A aparente uniformidade de práticas funerárias e cultura material...
Poster
Full-text available
Paleopathology relies heavily on the macroscopic observation, and detailed description of bone changes, their location and distribution within the overall skeleton, or its elements (bones and teeth). Unfortunately, the varied aetiology of bone changes and their complex expression, associated with various degree of bone preservation may limit diagno...
Book
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____________ As fotografias aqui apresentadas representam exemplos de ossos e dentes humanos cremados, identificados nos contextos de cremações da Necrópole Noroeste de Olisipo. A Necrópole Noroeste de Olisipo é um espaço hoje ocupado pela Praça da Figueira (Lisboa, Portugal), mas entre meados do século I e inícios do século V era uma necrópole Ro...
Chapter
Introduction This chapter aims to explore the limitation of using biographical data associated with individuals within identified skeletal collections. It will focus on the information related with occupation as listed at death, proposing an alternative way to deepen the concept of occupation, and occupational related activities. By exploring the c...
Chapter
This book originated from the idea of creating an interdisciplinary discussion on human identified skeletal collections focusing on their growing value, which has in turn led to a growing concern on all ethical issues surrounding their creation, and subsequent use in research and teaching. These latter aspects provided the title for the panel sessi...
Book
Full-text available
Human skeletons are widely studied in archaeological, anthropological and forensic settings to learn about the deceased. Methods used to identify individuals in forensic contexts and to determine age and sex in archaeological settings are normally tested on identified skeletal collections: collections of skeletons with known age-at-death, sex, ofte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Apresentação: O Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia (CRIA) e o Instituto de Estudos Medievais (IEM), organizam o Colóquio “Representações da Infância: Dinâmicas e Transversalidades”, a decorrer no dia 8 de junho na Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa (NOVA FCSH). O conceito de criança está intimamente r...
Article
Full-text available
Age-at-death estimation is one of the major challenges when establishing an adult skeleton biological profile. The presence of degenerative joint changes − e.g. osteophytes − has been regarded as a good postmaturity age indicator. This study assessed if a clear relationship between age and osteophytes exists. To accomplish this goal, a total of 16...
Article
Cystic and cyst-like lesions of the jaw are a recurrent finding in routine dental radiography but not in paleopathology. This paper describes a large oval osteolytic cavity (23 × 14 mm) observed in the mandible of a middle-aged female unearthed from the Roman necropolis of Quinta da Torrinha/Quinta de Santo António (Almada, Portugal, 3rd-5th centur...
Article
Differential diagnosis is a fundamental step in every palaeopathological study. It is a challenging exercise since many intrinsic and extrinsic factors may negatively impact the accurate interpretation of bone changes in human skeletal remains. Among these, the completeness and preservation of skeletal elements plays a significant role. This study...
Article
Full-text available
Sixteen years after the major archaeological intervention in Praça da Figueira, data on the funerary universe of the Olisipo Northwest Necropolis starts to emerge. Focussing on a transdisciplinary approach, the archaeo‑ logical and anthropological records were analysed, the human skeletal remains were excavated in laboratory and the funerary struct...
Presentation
Full-text available
Para compreender a morte é necessário contextualiza-la no tempo e no espaço. É também necessário enquadrá-la em termos culturais, sociais e económicos - a disponibilidade e gestão do espaço sepulcral, a mundivivência e mundividência da morte à época. A estas dimensões de análise, associa-se uma dimensão biológica, expressa nos restos humanos esquel...
Presentation
Full-text available
Entre 1999 e 2001, a construção de um parque de estacionamento subterraneo na Praça da Figueira (Lisboa) obrigou a uma intervenção arqueológica que colocou a descoberto uma necrópole romana - Necrópole Noroeste de Olisipo. Dezasseis anos depois, no âmbito de um estudo transdisciplinar, são analisados os conteúdos gráficos e fotográficos, as estrutu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O estudo da doença no passado é um desafio importante. Tal tarefa pode ser realizada com base em fontes estatísticas oficiais, com a aplicação de métodos quantitativos de análise e ferramentas de visualização geográfica. Este estudo tem como objectivo principal explorar da doença em Portugal Continental através de dados distritais para as décadas d...
Poster
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The crypt of Espírito Santo chapel – municipality of Loures, Portugal – revealed 49 primary inhumations comprising 37 adults (27 females and 10 males), and 12 non-adults. Inhumations were established as having taken place between 1561 and 1834. From the remains exhumed an adult male (> 35 years old) was individualized as most likely belonging to th...
Poster
Full-text available
Human skeletal remains associated with the former Royal Hospital of All Saints (RHAS, 18th century), were unearthed at Praça da Figueira, in Lisbon, in the years 1999/2000. A sample consisting of 19 individuals (17 adults – 6 females and 11 males, 2 non adults) with an age at death ranging from 4 to 35+ years was examined with the objective to asse...
Poster
Full-text available
Human skeletal remains associated with the former Royal Hospital of All Saints (RHAS, 18th century), were unearthed at Praça da Figueira, in Lisbon, in the years 1999/2000. A sample consisting of 19 individuals (17 adults – 6 females and 11 males, 2 non adults) with an age at death ranging from 4 to 35+ years was examined with the objective to asse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
http://cria.org.pt/wp/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/atas_1_encontro_praticas_e_politicas_da_cultura_2016.pdf
Article
Full-text available
This dossier pays homage to the primatologist Cláudia Sousa and is the result of a seminar held in her memory. It collates the presentations of Cláudia’s colleagues on themes that demonstrate not only the importance of her work but also the legacy that she left. It highlights the potential for novel ways to bring together social and human sciences...
Article
Full-text available
This dossier pays homage to the primatologist Cláudia Sousa and is the result of a seminar held in her memory. It collates the presentations of Cláudia’s colleagues on themes that demonstrate not only the importance of her work but also the legacy that she left. It highlights the potential for novel ways to bring together social and human sciences...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study explore the relationship between age and marginal lipping, i.e. marginal osteophytes, in the major joints of the skeleton, following the recording protocol proposed by Buikstra and Ubelaker (1994). In total 16 joint surfaces, from the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle, were examined. The sample was composed of 604 adult individ...
Poster
Full-text available
Differential diagnosis is a fundamental step in every paleopathological study. It is a challenging exercise since many extrinsic and intrinsic factors may negatively impact the accurate interpretation of bone changes in human skeletal remains. Among them, one may stress the limited range of bone tissue response to injury and disease, as well as the...
Poster
Full-text available
Teeth preserve evidences of past populations lives. This study explores caries, dental wear, calculus, as well as signs of alveolar changes as proxy of behavior, health and environment interactions in a roman necropolis of Quinta da Torrinha/Quinta de Santo António (Almada, Portugal), dated 3rd-5th century AD. The sample is composed of 319 teeth, o...
Thesis
Note: this thesis contains errors that were not noted until after submission. It is presented here in its uncorrected, original form. This thesis presents the findings of the osteological examination of skeletal remains exhumed from the Royal Hospital of All-Saints (RHAS), Lisbon, and constitutes the first comprehensive study of a hospital skeleta...
Article
This article presents a consensus terminology for entheseal changes that was developed in English by an international team of scholars and then translated into French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and German. Use of a standard, neutral terminology to describe entheseal morphology will reduce misunderstandings between researchers, improve the reliab...
Chapter
Anthropology is considered a holistic discipline that studies humans in varied manners, ranging from their social cultural contexts, to their biological makeup both in the past as well as in the present. The complexity of the human species is well present in these various forms of expression. It is, therefore, a knowledge that draws from various di...
Article
The objective of this paper was to contribute to the discussion regarding the socio-political organization of south-western Iberian Middle Neolithic populations. To that end, the preservation and distribution of human remains and the dispersion of grave goods within two rooms of the Bom Santo Cave (Rooms A and B) were investigated and combined with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O Algar do Bom Santo é uma gruta-necrópole neolítica da Serra de Montejunto escavada entre 1993 e 2001, o que permitiu recuperar um vasto conjunto de restos osteológicos humanos. Até ao momento, foram sistematizados dados paleobiológicos de 8963 peças ósseas, incluindo dentes e crânios completos. A maioria do espólio corresponde a elementos desarti...
Poster
Full-text available
Various methods are used to establish age-at-death of hominini. These have been primarily developed in human skeletonized remains (HSR). Despite their significant accuracy limitations related with the translation of the biological age-at-death assessment into a chronological age-at-death conclusion exist. This paper explores the delicate relationsh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: The inference of the state of wealth or poverty from human skeletal remains is a difficult task, as the limited number of skeletal changes are mediated by numerous other physiological, biomechanical and pathological events. In recent years, identified skeletal collections have become valuable resources in enabling aetiologies of these...
Conference Paper
Identified human skeletal collections and their associated obituary records are useful sources to test many bioarchaeological research questions. However, the documentary evidence available does not necessarily assist in the identification of economic variables, particularly the identification of poverty. These collections do provide evidence of oc...
Article
Between the years of 1999 and 2001, during the excavation of the Praça da Figueira (Lisbon, Portugal), several human osteological remains from various chronological periods were discovered. Amongst them several skeletons are known to be related with the Hospital Real de Todos-os-Santos (Royal Hospital of All Saints – RHAS), which had an important r...
Article
When bone is exposed to the burial environment it may experience structural changes induced by multiple agents. The study of postmortem alterations is important to differentiate decomposition phenomena from normal physiological processes or pathological lesions, as well as to assess bone tissue quality. Microscopy is of great utility to evaluate th...
Article
Osteological lesions can be important to positively identify human remains in forensic contexts, as well as contribute to past population studies. However, their analysis requires training and appropriate research conditions, which may lack in certain geographic areas as for example the Northern region of Brazil. Emphasizing existing resources, suc...
Article
Analyses of entheseal changes (EC) in identified skeletal samples employ a common research strategy based on the comparison between occupations grouped on the basis of shared biomechanical and/or social characteristics. Results from this approach are often ambiguous, with some studies that point to differences in EC between occupational samples and...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the Bom Santo Cave (central Portugal), a Neolithic cemetery, indicates a complex social, palaeoeconomic, and population scenario. With isotope, aDNA, and prov enance, analyses of rawmaterials coupled with stylistic variability of material culture items and palaeogeographical data, light is shed on the territory and social organization...
Article
Estimating sex on large assemblages of commingled skeletal human remains is challenging because it prevents the systemic observation of the skeleton and thus reduces the reliability of sex-ratio estimation. In order to tackle this problem, the applicability of sample-specific odontometric methods was assessed on the human skeletal remains from the...
Article
Full-text available
In the early 17th century, French and Portuguese colonizers and Jesuit priests settled in the state of Maranhão and made contact with the Guajajara, an ethnic group that lived along the margins of the Pindaré River. The Guajajara maintained contact with Brazilian national society over the centuries, including with Brazilian admixed populations, and...
Conference Paper
La reconstruction des activités à partir de l'étude du squelette représente une part non négligeable de la recherche en Anthropologie biologique. L'étude des modifications des enthèses est une des approches les plus employées ces quinze dernières années, mais elle fait toujours l'objet de nombreuses critiques. Lors du Workshop "Musculoskeletal Stre...
Conference Paper
Nos anos 60, no Estado do Maranhão (Brasil) um professor de Medicina – Távora Teixeira Leite – interessou-se pelo estudo do Os Inca, e na possível associação entre este carater morfológico e rotas migratórias. O seu interesse deteve-se num grupo indígena, os Guajajara e na sua ascendência. Sobre o tópico, Teixeira Leite escreveu um texto, e estudou...
Conference Paper
Degenerative Joint changes (DJC) are amongst the most studied and recorded changes in human skeletons. These are used to assess osteoarthritis (OA) in past populations studies (PPS) whilst testing patterns of activity, and are sometimes used to support ageat-death assessments. Given the association between OA and age, this paper explores OA within...
Conference Paper
The assessment of the demographic profile of archaeological samples is critical to analyze and interpret funerary practices. In collective necropolises, composed of commingled secondary depositions, in which skeletons are rarely complete and many bones may present a poor state of preservation, the estimation of age at death and sex of the individua...