Francis Turkelboom

Francis Turkelboom
Research Institute for Nature and Forest | INBO · Research team Nature & Society

PhD Applied Biological Sciences (K.U.Leuven)

About

106
Publications
49,141
Reads
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3,456
Citations
Introduction
Senior researcher at the Research Team Nature & Society of INBO. His research focuses on integrating the ecosystem services (ES) concept in local spatial planning. For that purpose, he is testing and improving tools for stakeholder analysis, social valuation, trade-off analysis and multi-stakeholder participation. The main partners for this research are government agencies , bridge organizations and civil society organizations. The types of environments that he is mostly working at are rural areas and watersheds. His research is predominantly grounded in local case studies, with the aim to develop approaches and options which can be useful for planners, administrations and policy makers.
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - May 2021
Research Institute for Nature and Forest
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
Full-text available
Spatial planning has to deal with trade-offs between various stakeholders’ wishes and needs as part of planning and management of landscapes, natural resources and/or biodiversity. To make ecosystem services (ES) trade-off research more relevant for spatial planning, we propose an analytical framework, which puts stakeholders, their land-use/manage...
Article
Full-text available
The strategy of reconnecting rivers with their floodplains currently gains popularity because it not only harnesses natural capacities of floodplains but also increases social co-benefits and biodiversity. In this paper, we present an example of a successfully implemented nature-based solution (NBS) in the Dijle valley in the centre of Belgium. The...
Article
Full-text available
Flanders (Belgium) is one of the most densely populated regions in Europe. Intensive land use, widespread suburbanization, inadequate environmental qualities, and fragmentation everywhere deteriorate living conditions and put pressure on species and natural habitats. In the past, several governmental initiatives were launched to establish a coheren...
Article
Access to ecosystem services and influence on their management are structured by social relations among actors, which often occur across spatial scales. Such cross-scale social relations can be analysed through a telecoupling framework as decisions taken at local scales are often shaped by actors at larger scales. Analyzing these cross-scale relati...
Article
The ecosystem service (ES) concept is becoming mainstream in policy and planning, but operational influence on practice is seldom reported. Here, we report the practitioners' perspectives on the practical implementation of the ES concept in 27 case studies. A standardised anonymous survey (n=246), was used, focusing on the science-practice interact...
Article
Full-text available
1. Biodiversity loss in European agricultural landscapes is progressing rapidly despite a growing number of conservation efforts. One of the reasons for this is that farmers do not have enough decision-making power and do not receive adequate advice to tailor conservation measures to local conditions and regional biodiversity targets. 2. In this...
Article
Full-text available
An on-farm agronomic survey was carried out, at the field, farm and catchment levels, to understand the dynamics of the risk of soil erosion in a watershed displaying a rapid diversification of cropping systems and differentiation of family farms. The results were integrated into a researcher agent-based model linked to a geographic information sys...
Poster
Full-text available
We can no longer ignore the growing evidence about the negative impact of our human activities on the environment, as we are currently witnessing unprecedented levels of biodiversity decline, climate change and environmental pollution. Extensive environmental monitoring is needed to better understand the spatiotemporal patterns in environmental dec...
Article
Full-text available
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) reappeared in Flanders, Belgium in 2006 after more than half a century of absence. Besides being a native and highly valued game species in Europe, wild boar are also known to be responsible for car collisions, crop damage, disease transmission, and ecological damage at high densities. The management of wild boar therefore se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Data-driven environmental governance is gaining importance for tackling the current biodiversity and climate crises. Remote sensing can provide an efficient alternative to expensive and time-intensive in-situ monitoring. Deep learning is the current state-of-the art for knowledge extraction from remote sensing data. However, its practical, operatio...
Technical Report
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We define policy coherence as an attribute of policy that systematically reduces conflicts and promotes synergies between and within different policy areas to achieve the outcomes associated with jointly agreed policy objectives (Nilsson et al. 2012). Policy coherence can be achieved at three levels: vertically (e.g., between EU and Member states),...
Article
Full-text available
A large share of our food comes from international supply food chains that are difficult to trace. Therefore, consumers are not aware of their environmental and social effects. We analysed the tomato supply system for Germany. Tomatoes consumed in Germany are produced either in The Netherlands by Polish workers and using large amounts of energy, or...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Wild boar reappeared in Flanders in 2006, after several decades of absence. The original management goal was to eradicate the limited number of local small populations, before a viable wild boar population would re-establish. However, due to the lack of support for both this management objective as for the management actions required to achieve thi...
Article
Full-text available
Scientists working on ecosystem service (ES) science are engaged in a mission-driven discipline. They can contribute to science-policy interfaces where knowledge is co-produced and used. How scientists engage with the governance arena to mobilise their knowledge remains a matter of personal choice, influenced by individual values. ES science cannot...
Article
The Ecosystem Services (ES) concept highlights the varied contributions the environment provides to humans and there are a wide range of methods/tools available to assess ES. However, in real-world decision contexts a single tool is rarely sufficient and methods must be combined to meet practitioner needs. Here, results from the OpenNESS project ar...
Article
The operational challenges of integrated ecosystem service (ES) appraisals are determined by study purpose, system complexity and uncertainty, decision-makers' requirements for reliability and accuracy of methods, and approaches to stakeholder-science interaction in different decision contexts. To explore these factors we defined an information gap...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of ecosystem services (ESs) has become a popular tool for science that aims to support decision making for sustainable management of natural resources. With the aim to integrate nature’s diverse values in decisions and to reach effective actions, it is recommended that valuations begin with a participatory identification of the most rel...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As the ecosystem service concept has become more widely recognised, so the number of biophysical, socio-cultural and monetary methods available to assess ecosystem services has increased. There is relatively little guidance on how to select and combine these methods into hybrid approaches that address policy purposes. Based on experiences from 27 c...
Article
The concept of ecosystem services is widely used in the scientific literature and increasingly also in policy and practice. Nevertheless, operationalising the concept, i.e. putting it into practice, is still a challenge. We describe the approach of the EU-project OpenNESS (Operationalisation of Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital), which was cre...
Article
The promise that ecosystem service assessments will contribute to better decision-making is not yet proven. We analyse how knowledge on ecosystem services is actually used to inform land and water management in 22 case studies covering different social-ecological systems in European and Latin American countries. None of the case studies reported in...
Article
Full-text available
There is no unified evidence base to help decision-makers understand how the multiple components of natural capital interact to deliver ecosystem services. We systematically reviewed 780 papers, recording how natural capital attributes (29 biotic attributes and 11 abiotic factors) affect the delivery of 13 ecosystem services. We develop a simple ty...
Article
Full-text available
Olive (Olea europaea L.) production in Mediterranean environments is mostly practiced under dryland and low-input conditions. The contribution of different soil and land parameters to olive yield is not well understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different soil and land factors on olive nutritional status, yield, and...
Article
Full-text available
Compared to traditional surface irrigation methods, underground irrigation systems save a large amount of water which would otherwise evaporate due to high temperatures in the surface layer and direct exposure to the sun. Insert irrigation consists of applying water through a PVC tube vertically pre-inserted into a sand or gravel pocket in the root...
Article
Full-text available
We are increasingly confronted with severe social and economic impacts of environmental degradation all over the world. From a valuation perspective, environmental problems and conflicts originate from trade-offs between values. The urgency and importance to integrate nature's diverse values in decisions and actions stand out more than ever. Valuat...
Article
Full-text available
We are increasingly confronted with severe social and economic impacts of environmental degradation all over the world. From a valuation perspective, environmental problems and conflicts originate from trade-offs between values. The urgency and importance to integrate nature's diverse values in decisions and actions stand out more than ever. Valua...
Article
Full-text available
In this research we explored how the concepts and approaches of ecosystem services are currently used in water management in Europe, in the application of River Basin Management Plans (RBMP) developed for the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD). Five case studies have been considered, located in the River Basin Districts of the Po river (Italy), Sco...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ECOPLAN project developed a range of methods and tools that allow to integrate the scientific knowledge of ecosystem services in spatial planning. The ECOPLAN tools can be used at various stages of the planning process (analysis, vision, planning, implementation, evaluation). Tools can often be useful in multiple stages. The ECOPLAN tools have...
Article
Full-text available
An important aspect of sustainability is to maintain biodiversity and ecosystem functioning while improving human well-being. For this, the ecosystem service (ES) approach has the potential to bridge the still existing gap between ecological management and social development, especially by focusing on trade-offs and synergies between ES and between...
Chapter
Full-text available
Trade-off is a very popular term in the ES literature, but covers a wider array of phenomena, such as conflicting land-uses, a negative correlation between spatial occurrences of ES, ES incompatibilities, rivalry and excludability of ES, etc. Despite its popularity, the intuitive definition of ‘ES trade-offs’ and its antonym ‘ES synergies’ lack con...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Decision-making about nature needs to address values, therefore policy-making and management need assessment and valuation methods. But the association of ‘valuation’ with ‘money’ and ‘economics’, while a powerful language to some in certain contexts, is also alienating to others in many situations. ‘Integrated valuation’ aims to provide valuati...
Article
Assessments of ecosystem services (ES) and biodiversity (hereafter ecological parameters) provide a comprehensive view of the links between landscapes, ecosystem functioning and human well-being. The investigation of consistent associations between ecological parameters, called bundles, and of their links to landscape composition and structure is e...
Article
Northern Syria is an arid and semi-arid region prone to land degradation by wind erosion. In this region lies the Khanasser Valley, where intensive grazing of cumin and barley stubble during the hot, dry and long summers leaves insufficient residues to protect the soil surface against wind erosion. The sheep’s hooves pulverize the soil crust, furth...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Compared to traditional surface irrigation methods, underground irrigation systems save a large amount of water which would otherwise evaporate due to high temperatures in the surface layer and direct exposure to the sun. Insert irrigation consists of applying water through a PVC tube vertically pre-inserted into a sand or gravel pocket in the root...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of olive (Olea europaea L.) production in Mediterranean environments is characterized by low external inputs and is practiced in hilly areas with shallow soils. This study aimed to study the yield and nutritional status for olive (cv. "Zeiti") trees in northwestern Syria and establish correlations between yield, on the one hand, and so...
Article
Full-text available
A systematic literature review was undertaken to analyse the linkages between different biodiversity attributes and 11 ecosystem services. The majority of relationships between attributes and ecosystem services cited in the 530 studies were positive. For example, the services of water quality regulation, water flow regulation, mass flow regulation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper builds on the outputs of the book “Ecosystem Services – Global Issues, Local Practices” (Jacobs et al. 2013) with contributions from more than 80 authors from the BEES (Belgium Ecosystem Services) community of practice. In this context, we recently performed a (non- exhaustive) review of how the ecosystem service (ES) concept could be us...
Data
Full-text available
1. Abstract The high rate of topsoil erosion on sloping olive (Olea europaea) orchards of Afrin District, Northwest Syria has been a serious problem for decades. Olive yields have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years due to the severe land degradation process taking place in the area and soil erosion by tillage is considered the main cau...
Article
Full-text available
2010 werd in Nederland uitgeroepen tot het Jaar van het Wild Zwijn. In datzelfde jaar verscheen ook de kansenkaart voor het wild zwijn in Nederland. Ondertussen zette het everzwijn in Belgisch Limburg zijn opmars voort. Ook het Vlaamse everzwijnenbeheer ging erop vooruit. In dit artikel geven we een overzicht van de genomen initiatieven en de laats...
Chapter
Full-text available
Multiple classification systems for ecosystem services (ES) make comparison and integration between studies and assessments very difficult. With the fast-growing number of ecosystem services assessment and valuation studies, there is a need to identify generally agreed definitions and to design a common base that will enable comparisons between eco...
Chapter
Full-text available
Multiple classification systems for ecosystem services (ES) make comparison and integration between studies and assessments very difficult. With the fast-growing number of ecosystem services assessment and valuation studies, there is a need to identify generally agreed definitions and to design a common base that will enable comparisons between eco...
Article
This paper analyses a local innovation in response to intense soil degradation in olive orchards of northwest Syria. Farmers developed a practice consisting of quarrying red clayey soil in valley bottoms and applying this soil to hillslope olive orchards with heavily degraded calcareous soils. A biophysical, economic and social analysis of the prac...
Chapter
The link between biodiversity and ecosystem services is obvious. However, due to the complexity of both terms, discussions are often narrowed to specific components, provoking many useless debates. Because ecosystem service assessments are intended to provide guidance for ecosystem management, the confusion over how to treat biodiversity is potenti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since 2006 wild boar reappeared at different places in Flanders after a long period of absence. Given the highly fragmented nature of Flanders, the dense habitation and the overall mixture of small nature areas, roads, railways, urbanized areas and agriculture, the management of wild boar in Flanders poses serious challenges. Moreover the system...