Francis D. Boateng

Francis D. Boateng
University of Mississippi | UM · Department of Criminal Justice & Legal Studies

Ph.D. (Washington State University)

About

79
Publications
39,601
Reads
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622
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2010 - May 2015
Washington State University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Background The factors that influence positive court outcomes for cases of child sexual abuse (CSA) have been studied in other contexts but very few such studies exist for Sub-Saharan countries. Knowledge of how such cases fare in these court systems is, however, important for a global assessment of such outcomes. Objective The study explored the...
Article
The bulk of the limited research on prison staff life satisfaction has been conducted in Western nations, particularly in the U.S., and only two studies have explored the relationship between organizational justice and life satisfaction, both of which only examined two of the four dimensions of justice. The current study investigated how all four d...
Article
This paper sought to understand public attitudes and behavior toward criminal justice institutions in Brazil. Using a cross-sectional data from a sample of Brazilians, we made very important and intriguing observations about Brazilians’ attitudes. Among these observations is the finding that the presence of crime results in favorable attitudes towa...
Article
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In recent times, police legitimacy has received extensive scholarly attention among policing scholars. However, despite this attention, the controversy regarding key predicting factors of this concept is far from over. Thus, the debate about the relative predictive powers of the process-based indicators and instrumental variables is an unsettled is...
Article
The current study examined the effects of a nationally scaled up Professional Learning and Development (PLD) model on teachers’ classroom implementation of the Geospatial Inquiry instructional framework. Geospatial Inquiry is defined as: asking and answering a research question through the analysis and communication of data that is linked to a geog...
Article
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Even though social scientists have investigated the importance of homeownership in providing individuals with a sense of belonging, security, the welfare of the community, and informal social control within their neighborhood, the impact of homeownership yet has remained largely unexamined within the context of fear of crime. This study aims to fil...
Article
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Although police decision making and behavior always face intense public scrutiny, officers’ criminal lifestyles have largely been ignored in national debates and discussions. The primary focus of this study was to understand factors that predicted police criminality. To achieve this objective, we analyzed a nationally representative dataset on offi...
Article
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Given the recent attention focusing on “bad apples” in police departments across the country, police behaviors have been the subject of considerable controversy and protest. Still, research indicates that rates of officially reported police crime are relatively low. In addition, crimes committed by female officers are largely understudied in this m...
Article
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The primary purpose of this study was to examine public support for the death penalty in Brazil and to determine factors that influence such support. Currently, Brazil has the death penalty for cases involving war crimes, genocides, terrorism, and crime against humanity. The country’s constitution, however, prohibits the use of the death penalty...
Article
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The primary purpose of this study was to examine substance use among university students to identify factors that influence the use and abuse of substances. Specifically, we explored the influence of psychological and personality traits on students’ use of substances. Two research questions guided this study: do psychological problems increase...
Article
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Some criminologists have focused on understanding the role of childhood experiences on an individual’s likelihood of offending during adulthood. Although research has consistently linked these two phenomena, little is known about the extent to which childhood victimization influences later criminal behavior. The current study analyzed self-reported...
Article
The primary purpose of the current study was to understand immigrant hate crime victimization in the U.S. Specifically, the authors analyzed the most recent data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to explore the factors that influence hate crime experiences and reporting by immigrant victims. Results from the binary logistic regression an...
Article
The primary purpose of the current study was to understand immigrant hate crime victimization in the U.S. Specifically, the authors analyzed the most recent data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to explore the factors that influence hate crime experiences and reporting by immigrant victims. Results from the binary logistic regression an...
Article
The immigrant-crime relationship is often misunderstood and highly complex. To date, criminological research has largely ignored theory testing of this relationship. This paper examines the extant literature on intergenerational offending amongst immigrant youth and subsequently tests whether the segmented assimilation theory- a theory borrowed fro...
Article
The primary purpose of the present study is to examine the extent to which procedural justice and contacts with police influence people's assessments of their local police in post-colonial societies. Specifically, the study aimed to 1) determine whether favorable perceptions of procedural fairness predict individuals' willingness to accept the poli...
Article
This study examines the effects of social bonds on drug users' desistance from substance abuse, with a special focus on testing the applicability of social control theory in the context of China. Using data from a sample of 419 Chinese drug users, this study reveals salient influences of such bonding variables as familial attachment, involvement, b...
Article
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The study analyzed large-scale data from several sources, covering more than 42,000 individuals in 28 Asian countries to comparatively assess the effects of country-level variables on Asians’ confidence in their court systems. Three HLM ordinal logistic regression models were fitted instantaneously to achieve the objective of the study. Results rev...
Article
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Objective In recent times, immigration has been a controversial topic. Discussions about immigration have become common household conversation. The primary objective of the current study is to explore the dynamics of native‐born citizens' attitudes toward immigrants and examine the potential influence of macro‐level conditions. Methods The current...
Article
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Immigration is a contentious topic that continues to elicit debates among scholars, practitioners, and the general public. Research on the relationship between immigration and crime has been at the center stage of social science inquiry for many years; however, the evidence is mixed. The aim of the present study is to supplement prior efforts to be...
Article
Given the increase in the percentage of female employees in correctional institutions, it is important to note that female correctional officers often hold different values relative to justice and fairness than their male counterparts. The current study attempts to understand whether gender differences would affect correctional officers’ perception...
Article
The notion that immigrants are more crime prone or increase crime has been largely debunked by criminologists over the last two decades. However, there is a lack of contemporary research on explaining perceptions of immigrant criminality, specifically. This study examines the factors that relate to American’s belief that immigrants increase crime r...
Article
In recent times, police departments across all social contexts have undergone tremendous changes, and a major catalyst of these changes has been the emergence of social media. This technological innovation has provided departments with a platform to communicate effectively and share information with the public. Social media have impacted policing a...
Article
An ongoing debate exists about the implications of recreational marijuana legalization to public safety. One important public concern is how recreational marijuana legalization may affect crime in neighboring states that have not legalized. Based on Uniform Crime Report (UCR) data from 2003 to 2017, this study used difference-in-differences (DID) a...
Technical Report
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This project evaluated the Citizen Police Academy (CPA) program implemented at the Oxford Police Department in Mississippi. This program has four objectives: improving citizens’ attitudes toward the police, creating awareness of police work, improving public support for police, and changing how the public consume media reports about the police. The...
Book
This book, National Security and Policy in America: Immigrants, Crime, and the Securitization of the Border, wrestles with the notion of ‘security’ and the respective policies used to achieve it. However, this manuscript focuses more on these policies functioning as a mechanism of support for American hegemony and empire-building, at home and abroa...
Article
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This study examined the influences of procedural fairness on Chinese drug users' efforts to stop substance abuse, with a primary goal to test the applicability of the process-based model in the Chinese context. According to Tyler (1990, Why people obey the law. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press), the core theoretical argument underpinning the pr...
Article
In an attempt to better meet the needs of the communities, the Tuvalu Police Service (TPS) commissioned a survey to investigate stakeholder perceptions of police service provision across its nine islands. This paper presents the findings of the survey and examines the responses of community residents (N = 1896) to determine public perceptions of po...
Article
In the United States, traffic stop is the most common form of police-citizen encounter, and for many citizens, it is the only way they will ever interact with the police. The frequency of traffic stop encounters has therefore attracted a significant research interest. In the past several years, researchers have attempted to explain the dynamics of...
Article
The primary objective of this study is to examine the influence of officers’ perceptions of organisational support on their perceived effectiveness in China. The study also examined demographic differences in how Chinese police officers perceived the support they receive from the police organisation. To achieve these objectives, the present study s...
Article
Residential in/stability has been observed to influence several behavioral outcomes such as mental health, child abuse, adolescent substance uses and crime/delinquency. Despite its record of predicting behavior, residential stability has barely been explored to explain citizens’ behavior and attitudes toward their local police departments. This lac...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to examine factors affecting citizens’ perceptions of police procedural fairness. More specifically, using data systematically collected from two large metropolitan areas in Ghana, the current study examines the independent contributions of three categories of factors – demographic factors, attitudinal factors, and expe...
Article
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In every society, the main purpose of the criminal justice system is to maintain social order and ensure that citizens comply with the law. To do this effectively, the police and court systems need citizen cooperation and obedience, and willingness to assist with criminal investigations and report crimes to the police. The purpose of this study is...
Article
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Purpose- The purpose of this paper is to examine the similarities and differences in police officers’ attitudes toward citizens between China and Ghana, and explore the extent to which officers’ perceptions of citizens influence their effectiveness and behavior. Design/methodology/approach- In total, 271 Chinese police officers were surveyed repre...
Article
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The organizational justice doctrine has been applied widely in understanding the performance of criminal justice institutions. Although most of the research has been conducted in the West, few studies have focused on postcolonial societies. Given the importance of cross-cultural investigations, the current study attempts to test the validity of org...
Article
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Organizational support has received considerable attention in the academic literature. However, in policing, this area of research has received limited attention. The present study surveyed police officers from two countries to investigate how officers’ perception of organizational support influence their sense of effectiveness and behavior. Findin...
Book
Terrorism: Strategic and Methodological Approaches is an anthology that provides students with foundational knowledge on the subject of terrorism and the research processes that help those in the field understand terrorism and counterterrorism. The collection emphasizes logical analysis and the scientific method, providing students ample opportuni...
Article
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Primarily, this article examines the role of organizational justice in understanding prison officers’ behavior. The authors surveyed 169 correctional officers across five correctional facilities in Ghana to explore the role of three organizational justice dimensions in prison misconduct and job stress. Results from the negative binomial and ordinal...
Article
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Purpose Given the tumultuous history of policing in South Africa, the historic relationship between the police and the public, and the continuous rising crime rates, it is perplexing that little quantitative research has been conducted on legitimacy and the SAPS. The current study assesses public confidence in police in South Africa by analyzing da...
Article
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The current study’s primary goal was to assess the extent to which specific macro-level conditions cause variation in citizens’ levels of trust in courts across 33 African countries. Using an advanced analytical technique, results revealed that a country’s levels of democracy has a significant and positive relationship with citizens’ trust in the c...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the contours of police integrity among Chinese police officers. Specifically, this study explores how Chinese police evaluate integrity based on official policy governing interactions, discipline governing infractions, views of seriousness, and willingness to inform when others engage in misconduct....
Article
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Historically, police administrators have argued that misconduct occurs among a few bad officers, undermining the notion that deviant acts transcend individual characteristics of officers to incorporate the characteristics of the department. The purpose of this study was to explore the state of police integrity within the Ghana Police Service by qua...
Article
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Police legitimacy is crucial to the maintenance of law and order in any society. In communities marred by high instances of societal manifestations of dysfunction, tenuous legislative frameworks, poradic implementation, and dismantling of crime fighting strategies, there is greater emphasis placed on quick-fix crime fighting solutions and policing...
Article
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Analysing data obtained from several sources, with more than 42,000 individuals nested in 28 Asian countries, a multilevel hierarchical non-linear analysis was conducted to assess the predictive powers of macro-level factors on police legitimacy. Results from the unconditional analysis suggest that a significant variation in police legitimacy was a...
Article
Full-text available
In theory, crime victims have several rights and privileges—ranging from the rights to be heard to the right to confer with the prosecution. However, they are still considered as the forgotten individuals in the system because of underlying issues associated with the implementation of victims’ rights laws. Today, most states do not have any effecti...
Article
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The primary purpose of this study is to examine the effects of three indicators of police performance on residents’ evaluations of their local police in Ghana. Specifically, the study attempts to address the question ‘‘Can performance theory be utilized to explain variations in citizens’ attitudes toward the police?’’ This question is addressed usi...
Article
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While much is known about fear of crime in the West, little is known about how fearfulness of crime develops in non-Western societies, especially among university students. Representing the first attempt to empirically compare levels of fear of crime between Ghanaian and U.S. college students, this article examined students’ levels of fear of crime...
Article
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Despite the rising crime rates on U.S. university campuses, few empirical studies – both quantitative and qualitative – have examined the rate of fearfulness among college students. The present analysis supplements previous efforts by exploring racial effects on college students' feelings of fearfulness, as well as determines the influence of indiv...
Article
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The practice of citizen review has developed as one method for improving the accountability of law enforcement officers to the general public and to their respective criminal justice organizations. However, little information is available regarding officers’ general perceptions of the citizen review process, as well as the perceptions of those offi...
Article
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Using data obtained from multiple sources, with more than 40,000 individuals nested in 29 countries, a multilevel analysis was conducted to predict the effects of country-level variables on police legitimacy.Results from the unconditional analysis suggest that a significant variation in police legitimacy was at country level. Of the individual pred...
Article
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Comparative police research has largely been based on qualitative or participatory techniques. The present study utilizes quantitative data collected from America and South Korea in 2005 to test the hypothesis that American citizens have higher levels of confidence in the police than their South Korean counterparts. The study further hypothesizes t...
Article
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As an exploratory analysis, this research investigates the factors influencing public confidence in the court systems of five African nations; namely, South Africa, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Zambia. Incorporating frequency descriptive measurements and ordinal logistic regression, this research provides a comparative assessment across varying po...
Article
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This paper examines citizens’ attitudes toward the police by testing the effect of relational ties. Using data collected from Ghana, the study tests specific hypotheses about the influence of relational ties. The results indicate no significant effect of relational ties on attitudes toward the police. Among the three types of relational ties examin...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to examine Chinese police officers’ attitudes toward the individuals they serve and protect. Using cross-sectional data collected from 271 police officers in a Chinese police university, this paper examines the effects of officers’ perceptions of citizens’ cooperation, compliance with laws, recognition and disrespect. C...
Article
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Fear of crime has been well studied; however, there has yet not been widespread consideration of the potential impact of both individual- and neighborhood-level factors on residents’ level of fear of crime. From a logistic regression analytical standpoint, the present study empirically explores the contribution of several factors in explaining resi...
Article
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This article explores the effects of colonialism on policing in Ghana, and suggests ways of improving police legitimacy. Ghana experienced a century-long colonization by the British, and this experience had a tremendous impact on contemporary governmental institutions in the country. The Ghana police, one of the major institutions that has suffered...
Article
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Police researchers have long argued that favorable evaluations of the police eventually lead to citizens’ willingness to cooperate with the police. However, this assumption has barely been studied empirically. The current study examines the association between attitudes toward the police and crime reporting behavior of victims. Furthermore, the stu...
Article
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From a multilevel perspective, the present study explores theoretical explanations for the causes of variations in neighborhoods’ trust in the police. The study is designed to answer these questions: Why do some neighborhoods trust the police more than other neighborhoods? What makes a person living in a specific neighborhood to have more or less t...
Article
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This study examines university students’ perceptions of the Ghana police service in contrast with general population studies that explain citizens’ attitudes toward the police. Two research questions guided this study: (1) What are university students’ perceptions of the police? and (2) What factors influence university students’ perceptions of the...
Article
The purpose of this study is to assess whether police fairness, effectiveness, assistance and fear of crime variables help explain trust in the police among university students. Five hundred questionnaires were distributed to all students in randomly selected summer courses offered by the university in 2012; 414 questionnaires were filled and retur...
Article
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The present study utilized a subsample of 72 respondents to investigate sexual assault victims’ reporting behavior and their experiences with the reporting process in a setting which is highly understudied. Using data collected in Accra, Ghana, the study found many reasons explaining why female sexual assault victims reported incidents to the polic...
Article
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For more than 50 years, research has been accumulating on how regime differences impact Mainland China and Taiwan in terms of socioeconomic transformation, the development of politics and constitutions, and diverse issues of foreign policy. Much less is known, however, about differences in public confidence in the criminal justice system. To addres...
Article
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This study examined reasons why women in Ghana would report or not report sexual offenses to the police. Using a representative field survey, data were collected during summer of 2011 (N = 431) in the capital, Accra. We found that women would report sexual offenses because they want the offender to be caught and punished, and because crimes should...
Article
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The study of perceived organizational support (POS) has received considerable attention in the academic literature. However, in police circles, POS has received minimal scholarly attention. To address this gap, the present study surveyed 145 police officers selected randomly from five police districts in Accra, Ghana, to investigate how officers’ p...
Article
Full-text available
Recognizing a gap in the African policing literature created due to the lack of research on police officers attitudes toward the public, the present study was conducted to bridge this gap by examining officers perceptions of the public and to determine whether such perceptions influence officers behavior on the street and their perception of effect...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Purpose is to examine individual and agency factors that influence officers' criminality.
Project
The purpose is to examine factors that influence conviction in cases involving minors as victims.