Francesco Turci

Francesco Turci
University of Bristol | UB · School of Physics

PhD

About

57
Publications
4,344
Reads
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630
Citations
Introduction
Francesco Turci currently works at the School of Physics, University of Bristol. Francesco does research in Computational Physics, Condensed Matter Physics and Biophysics.
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - present
University of Bristol
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Postdoctoral Research Fellow
July 2012 - July 2014
University of Luxembourg
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2009 - July 2012
Université de Montpellier
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Colloidal dispersions are prized as model systems to understand basic properties of materials, and are central to a wide range of industries from cosmetics to foods to agrichemicals. Among the key developments in using colloids to address challenges in condensed matter is to resolve the particle coordinates in 3D, allowing a level of analysis usual...
Preprint
Full-text available
Colloidal dispersions are prized as model systems to understand basic properties of materials, and are central to a wide range of industries from cosmetics to foods to agrichemicals. Among the key developments in using colloids to address challenges in condensed matter is to resolve the particle coordinates in 3D, allowing a level of analysis usual...
Article
Full-text available
Collective behaviour in living systems is observed across many scales, from bacteria to insects, to fish shoals. Zebrafish have emerged as a model system amenable to laboratory study. Here we report a three-dimensional study of the collective dynamics of fifty zebrafish. We observed the emergence of collective behaviour changing between ordered to...
Article
Full-text available
Back pain is a common condition with a high social impact and represents a global health burden. Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is one of the major causes of back pain; no therapeutics are currently available to reverse this disease. The impact of bone mineral density (BMD) on IVDD has been controversial, with some studies suggesting osteoporos...
Article
Full-text available
We study nonequilibrium analogues of surface phase transitions in a minimal model of active particles in contact with a purely repulsive potential barrier that mimics a thin porous membrane. Under conditions of bulk motility-induced phase separation, the interaction strength ϵw of the barrier controls the affinity of the dense phase for the barrier...
Preprint
Full-text available
Collective behaviour in living systems is observed across many scales, from bacteria to insects, to fish shoals. Zebrafish have emerged as a model system amenable to laboratory study. Here we report a three-dimensional study of the collective dynamics of fifty Zebrafish. We observed the emergence of collective behaviour changing between polarised t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Among the challenges in discriminating between theoretical approaches to the glass transition is obtaining suitable data. In particular, particle--resolved data in liquids supercooled past the mode--coupling crossover has until recently been hard to obtain. Here we combine nano-particle resolved experiments and GPU simulation data which addresses t...
Article
Full-text available
Simulation studies of the phase diagram of repulsive active Brownian particles in three dimensions reveal that the region of motility-induced phase separation between a high and low density phase is enclosed by a region of gas-crystal phase separation. Near-critical loci and structural crossovers can additionally be identified in analogy with simpl...
Preprint
Simulation studies of the phase diagram of repulsive active Brownian particles in three dimensions reveal that the region of motility-induced phase separation between a high and low density phase is enclosed by a region of gas-crystal phase separation. Near-critical loci and structural crossovers can additionally be identified in analogy with simpl...
Article
Swimmers and self-propelled particles are physical models for the collective behavior and motility of a wide variety of living systems, such as bacteria colonies, bird flocks, and fish schools. Such artificial active materials are amenable to physical models which reveal the microscopic mechanisms underlying the collective behavior. Here we study c...
Article
We review recent developments in structural–dynamical phase transitions in trajectory space based on dynamic facilitation theory. An open question is how the dynamic facilitation perspective on the glass transition may be reconciled with thermodynamic theories that posit collective reorganization accompanied by a growing static length scale and, ev...
Article
Full-text available
The atomic-scale structure, melting curve, and equation of state of liquid gallium has been measured to high pressure (p) and high temperature (T) up to 26 GPa and 900 K by in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations up to 33.4 GPa and 1000 K are in excellent agreement with the experimental measurements, providin...
Preprint
We review recent developments in structural-dynamical phase transitions in trajectory space. An open question is how the dynamic facilitation theory of the glass transition may be reconciled with thermodynamic theories that posit a vanishing configurational entropy. Dynamic facilitation theory invokes a dynamical phase transition, between an active...
Article
In a recent letter we presented a framework for predicting the concentrations of many-particle local structures inside the bulk liquid as a route to assessing changes in the liquid approaching dynamical arrest. Central to this framework was the morphometric approach, a synthesis of integral geometry and liquid-state theory, which has traditionally...
Preprint
Colloidal suspensions have long been studied as a model for atomic and molecular systems, due to the ability to fluorescently label and individually track each particle, yielding particle-resolved structural information. This allows various local order parameters to be probed that are otherwise inaccessible for a comparable molecular system. For ph...
Preprint
In a recent letter we presented a framework for predicting the concentrations of many-particle local structures inside the bulk liquid as a route to assessing changes in the liquid approaching dynamical arrest. Central to this framework was the morphometric approach, a synthesis of integral geometry and liquid state theory, which has traditionally...
Preprint
Swimmers and self-propelled particles are physical models for the collective behaviour and motility of a wide variety of living systems, such as bacteria colonies, bird flocks and fish schools. Such artificial active materials are amenable to physical models which reveal the microscopic mechanisms underlying the collective behaviour. Here we study...
Article
Full-text available
Supercooled liquids are kinetically trapped materials in which the transition to a thermodynamically more stable state with long-range order is strongly suppressed. To assess the glass-forming abilities of a liquid empirical rules exist, but a comprehensive microscopic picture of devitrification is still missing. Here we study the crystallization o...
Article
Starting from an ideal crystalline state, we numerically study a nonequilibrium dynamical order-disorder transition promoted by the application of a periodic shearing protocol at low temperatures in model systems in...
Article
We model the thermodynamics of local structures within the hard sphere liquid at arbitrary volume fractions through the morphometric calculation of n-body correlations. We calculate absolute free energies of local geometric motifs in excellent quantitative agreement with molecular dynamics simulations across the liquid and supercooled liquid regime...
Article
The discrepancy in nucleation rate densities between simulated and experimental hard spheres remains staggering and unexplained. Suggestively, more strongly sedimenting colloidal suspensions of hard spheres nucleate much faster than weakly sedimenting systems. In this work, we consider first the effect of sedimentation on the structure of colloidal...
Preprint
Starting from an ideal crystalline state, we numerically study a nonequilibrium dynamical order- disorder transition promoted by the application of a periodic shearing protocol at low temperatures in model systems in two and three dimensions. We observe a continuous (2D) and discontinuous (3D) dynamical transition from an ordered to a disordered st...
Preprint
Full-text available
The discrepancy in nucleation rate densities between simulated and experimental hard spheres remains staggering and unexplained. Suggestively, more strongly sedimenting colloidal suspensions of hard spheres nucleate much faster than weakly sedimenting systems. In this work we consider firstly the effect of sedimentation on the structure of colloida...
Preprint
Full-text available
We model the thermodynamics of local structures within the hard sphere liquid at arbitrary volume fractions through the morphometric calculation of n-body correlations. We calculate absolute free energies of local geometric motifs in excellent quantitative agreement with molecular dynamics simulations across the liquid and supercooled liquid regime...
Article
Full-text available
Glasses are among the most widely used of everyday materials, yet the process by which a liquid's viscosity increases by 14 decades to become a glass remains unclear, as often contradictory theories provide equally good descriptions of the available data. Knowledge of emergent lengthscales and higher-order structure could help resolve this, but thi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Supercooled liquids are kinetically trapped materials in which the transition to a thermodynamically more stable state with long-range order is strongly suppressed. To assess the glass-forming abilities of a liquid empirical rules exist, but a comprehensive microscopic picture of devitrification is still missing. Here we study the crystallization o...
Article
Full-text available
In trajectory space, dynamical heterogeneities in glass-forming liquids correspond to the emergence of a dynamical phase transition between an active phase poor in local structure and an inactive phase which is rich in local structure. We support this scenario with the study of a model additive mixture of Lennard-Jones particles, quantifying how th...
Article
Full-text available
A quasi two-dimensional colloidal suspension is studied under the influence of immobilisation (pinning) of a random fraction of its particles. We introduce a novel experimental method to perform random pinning and, with the support of numerical simulation, we find that increasing the pinning concentration smoothly arrests the system, with a cross-o...
Article
Full-text available
We study the joint variability of structural information in a hard sphere fluid biased to avoid crystallisation and form five-fold symmetric geometric motifs. We show that the structural covariance matrix approach, originally proposed for on-lattice liquids [P. Ronceray and P. Harrowell, J. Stat. Mech.: Theory Exp. 2016(8), 084002], can be meaningf...
Article
Full-text available
Key to resolving the scientific challenge of the glass transition is to understand the origin of the massive increase in viscosity of liquids cooled below their melting temperature (avoiding crystallisation). A number of competing and often mutually exclusive theoretical approaches have been advanced to describe this phenomenon. Some posit a bona f...
Article
Ageing phenomena are investigated from a structural perspective in two binary Lennard-Jones glassformers, the Kob-Andersen and Wahnström mixtures. In both, the geometric motif assumed by the glassformer upon supercooling, the locally favoured structure (LFS), has been established. The Kob-Andersen mixture forms bicapped square antiprisms; the Wahns...
Article
We perform particle resolved experimental studies on the heterogeneous crystallisation process of two component mixtures of hard spheres. The components have a size ratio of 0.39. We compared these with molecular dynamics simulations of homogenous nucleation. Surprisingly, we found for both experiments and simulations that the final assemblies are...
Article
Full-text available
Geometric frustration describes the inability of a local molecular arrangement, such as icosahedra found in metallic glasses and in model atomic glass-formers, to tile space. Local icosahedral order however is strongly frustrated in Euclidean space, which obscures any causal relationship with the observed dynamical slowdown. Here we relieve frustra...
Article
Among the key insights into the glass transition has been the identification of a non-equilibrium phase transition trajectory space which reveals phase coexistence between the normal supercooled liquid (active phase) and a glassy state (inactive phase). Until now, such non-equilibrium transitions have been limited to numerical and theoretical studi...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of colloidal gels is strongly dependent on the volume fraction of the system and the strength of the interactions between the colloids. Here we explore very dilute solutions by the means of numerical simulations, and show that, in the absence of hydrodynamic interactions and for sufficiently strong interactions, percolating colloidal...
Article
Full-text available
We consider a model of self-propelled dynamics for athermal active particles, where the non-equilibrium active forces are modelled by a Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. In the limit of no-driving force, the model reduces to the passive, Brownian dynamics of an atomistic glass forming fluid, the Wahnstr\"om binary mixture. The Wahnstr\"om mixture is know...
Article
Full-text available
For binary fluid mixtures of spherical particles in which the two species are sufficiently different in size, the dominant wavelength of oscillations of the pair correlation functions is predicted to change from roughly the diameter of the large species to that of the small species along a sharp crossover line in the phase diagram [C. Grodon, M. Di...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the effects of the reversal of the gravitational field onto a sedimented and partially crystallised suspension of nearly-hard sphere colloids. We analyse the structural changes that take place during the melting of the crystalline regions and the reorganisation and assembly of the sedimenting particles. Through a comparison with nume...
Article
Full-text available
The physics underlying the glass transition is a major outstanding problem in condensed matter. Central to resolving this problem is whether there is some kind of thermodynamic transition to an "ideal glass", a disordered state with extremely low entropy, or whether in principle a liquid may be supercooled to arbitrary low temperature. Among the ch...
Article
Full-text available
Geometric frustration is an approach to the glass transition based upon the consideration of locally favoured structures (LFS), which are geometric motifs which minimise the local free energy. Geometric frustration proposes that a transition to a crystalline state is frustrated because these LFS do not tile space. However, this concept is based on...
Article
Full-text available
Charged colloids can behave as Yukawa systems, with similar phase behaviour. Using particle- resolved studies, we consider a system with an unusually long Debye screening length which forms crystals at low colloid volume fraction {\phi} ~ 0.01. We quantitatively compare this system with the Yukawa model and find that its freezing point is compatibl...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss the growth process of a crystalline phase out of a metastable over-compressed liquid that is brought into contact with a crystalline substrate. The process is modeled by means of molecular dynamics. The particles interact via the Lennard-Jones potential and their motion is locally thermalized by Langevin dynamics. We characterize the rel...
Article
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We review theoretical and simulational approaches to the description of equilibrium bulk crystal and interface properties as well as to the nonequilibrium processes of homogeneous and heterogeneous crystal nucleation for the simple model systems of hard spheres and Lennard-Jones particles. For the equilibrium properties of bulk and interfaces, dens...
Article
Full-text available
We study crystallization in a model system for eicosane (C20) by means of molecular dynamics simulation and identify the microscopic mechanisms of homogeneous crystal nucleation and growth. For the nucleation process, we observe that chains first align and then straighten. Then the local density increases and finally the monomer units become ordere...
Article
Full-text available
Many transport processes in nature take place on substrates, often considered as unidimensional lanes. These unidimensional substrates are typically nonstatic: Affected by a fluctuating environment, they can undergo conformational changes. This is particularly true in biological cells, where the state of the substrate is often coupled to the active...
Article
Full-text available
Complex fluids in shear flow and biased dynamics in crowded environments exhibit counterintuitive features which are difficult to address both at a theoretical level and by molecular dynamic simulations. To understand some of these features we study a schematic model of a highly viscous liquid, the two-dimensional Kob-Andersen kinetically constrain...
Thesis
Full-text available
When the motion of particles driven by external forces is restricted by exclusion mechanisms or bottlenecks, non-trivial space-time cor- relations in their motion may be observed, giving rise to a dynamics which involves spatial heterogeneities and large fluctuations in time. Here we study two examples of such kind of motion, considering two exclus...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we demonstrate that in a transport model of particles with kinetic constraints, long-lived spatial structures are responsible for the blocking dynamics and the decrease of the current at strong driving field. Coexistence between mobile and blocked regions can be anticipated by a first-order transition in the large deviation functio...
Article
Kinetically Constrained Models (KCMs) have been widely studied in the context of glassy dynamics, focusing on the influence of dynamical constraints on the slowing-down of the dynamics of a macroscopic system. In these models, it has been shown using the thermodynamic formalism for histories, that there is a coexistence between an active and an ina...

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