Francesco Timpone

Francesco Timpone
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Industrial Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

About

97
Publications
43,179
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
920
Citations
Citations since 2016
71 Research Items
776 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Knowledge about the tyre to road friction is central to many vehicle functions as well as the overall performance of the vehicle. In this paper, a new real-time algorithm is presented for estimating the coefficient of friction using available on-board sensor information. A computationally efficient algorithm is presented, that reduces resources usa...
Article
Tire slip losses have been shown to have a significant impact on vehicle performance in terms of energy efficiency, thus requiring accurate studies. In this paper, the transient dissipation mechanisms connected to the presence of micro-sliding phenomena occurring at the tire–road interface are investigated analytically. The influence of a two-dimen...
Chapter
The viscoelastic properties of tires play a fundamental role into vehicle dynamics field affecting the vehicle performance and safety according to their evolution over the mileage. The knowledge of these properties is obtained through destructive tests, such as the Dynamic Material Analysis, which make the tire unusable. In this scenario, the Appli...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the rolling dynamics of spherical wheels using the theoretical framework provided by the brush models. The analysis is mainly conducted under the assumption of vanishing sliding inside the contact patch. Different types of kinematics are considered: simply rolling wheels, rolling and tilting, and purely spinning. For the fir...
Chapter
This chapter deals with tyre mechanics and it has a particular focus on thermal effects on its dynamical behaviour. In the first part the typical tyre structure is introduced together with the tyre mechanical/dynamical behaviour according to a classical approach, so recalling the main kinematic and dynamic quantities involved in tyre pure and combi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper establishes new analytical results in the mathematical theory of brush tyre models. In the first part, the exact problem which considers large camber angles is analysed from the perspective of linear dynamical systems. Under the assumption of vanishing sliding, the most salient properties of the model are discussed with some insights on...
Article
Full-text available
Since the beginning of their production, pneumatic tires have experienced tremendous improvements in structure and materials, becoming the dominant design in the world tires market. Nevertheless, relying upon pressurized air, they are affected by maintenance and security issues that can lead to fatal accidents. Therefore, tire-makers are investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, the active safety systems that control the dynamics of passenger cars usually rely on real-time monitoring of vehicle side-slip angle (VSA). The VSA can’t be measured directly on the production vehicles since it requires the employment of high-end and expensive instrumentation. To realiably overcome the VSA estimation problem, different m...
Article
In this work, a combined numerical/experimental analysis is performed for an automotive tyre. A preliminary experimental activity is realized on examined tyre to measure the temperatures of its layers under various operating conditions. In a second stage, a 3D CFD model of tyre is developed in a commercial code and steady RANS simulations are perfo...
Article
Background The ultrasound technique, usually based on the transmission mode, is capable of providing the viscoelastic properties of polymers. Further techniques involving pulse-echo methods were also described in literature, but they still exhibit inaccuracies in the evaluation of the acoustic properties. Objective The manuscript focuses on an inn...
Article
Full-text available
The characterization and reproduction of tyre behaviour for vehicle modelling is a topic of particular interest both for real-time driver in the loop simulations and for offline performance optimization algorithms. Since the accuracy of the tyre forces and moments can be achieved by the accurate physical modelling of all the phenomena concerning th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The evaluation of the viscoelastic properties is a key topic for the analysis of the dynamic mechanical behaviour of polymers. In vehicle dynamics field, the knowledge of the viscoelasticity of tread compound is fundamental for tire-road contact mechanics modelling and friction coefficient prediction for the improvement of vehicle performance and s...
Chapter
Measuring and modeling vehicle response delays is a fundamental prerequisite for dynamic simulations, both in real-time driving platforms and in offline systems. With a human driver the delays have a heavy influence on the driving feeling and for the achievement of the optimal lap times. If artificial intelligence is driving, lap times can be impro...
Article
One of the most important requirements of the Formula SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) race car design competition is that the car structure must guarantee a high protection level in case of frontal impacts, by preventing intrusions into the driver foot zone or dangerous deceleration levels. These functions are mainly performed by the impact a...
Article
Vehicle sideslip angle is a key state for lateral vehicle dynamics, but measuring it is expensive and unpractical. Still, knowledge of this state would be really valuable for vehicle safety systems aimed at enhancing vehicle safety, to help to reduce worldwide fatal car accidents. This has motivated the research community to investigate techniques...
Chapter
The understanding and control of tire wear, preventing tread degradation and irregular wear has been a challenge to tire product engineers, and an important issue for fleet management. There is not a simple equation to analyze and predict it. The optimal wear, and consequent mileage performance, depends not only on the tire, but also on its interac...
Chapter
The vehicle dynamic behaviour analysis is a crucial step for the evaluation of performance in terms of stability and safety. Tires play an important role by generating the interaction forces at each road-tire contact patch. The longitudinal and lateral dynamics are analysed by using instrumented vehicles with expensive high precision sensors to get...
Chapter
In the last years, the tire technological development has played a fundamental role in motorsport and in automotive industry. The tire contact patch forces have a great influence on the vehicle behavior, so their correct estimation is a crucial task to understand how to improve the car performance. In order to identify the tire interaction characte...
Chapter
Real-time knowledge of the tire dynamic behaviour is a fundamental prerequisite for using electronic controls in vehicle dynamics, which are rapidly increasing their complexity and, consequently, the required accuracy of the measurement systems. Some examples of new advances from the automotive industry are driver assistance (ADAS) and roadside uni...
Chapter
The tire behavior optimization is crucial for the definition of the best setup of the whole vehicle; in fact, its interface with the ground is constituted by the sum of small surfaces in which tire-road interaction forces are exchanged. The fundamental role that in the last years tires have played in automotive industry and the growing need to repr...
Chapter
The characterization and reproduction of tire behaviour for vehicle modelling is a topic of particular interest both for real-time driving simulations and for offline performance optimization algorithms. In such contexts, the Pacejka’s Magic Formula (MF) tire model [1] represents a standard that gained in the last 25 years a role of high relevance...
Chapter
Fully electric vehicles with individually controlled powertrains can achieve significantly enhanced vehicle response, in particular by means of Torque Vectoring Control (TVC). This paper presents a TVC strategy for a Formula SAE (FSAE) fully electric vehicle, the “T-ONE” car designed by “UninaCorse E-team” of the University of Naples Federico II, f...
Article
Full-text available
Appropriate modelling of the real behavior of viscoelastic materials is of fundamental importance for correct studies and analyses of structures and components where such materials are employed. In this paper, the potential to employ a generalized Maxwell model and the relative fraction derivative model is studied with the aim to reproduce the expe...
Article
Full-text available
While in the automotive field the relationship between road adherence and tire temperature is mainly investigated with the aim to enhance the vehicle performance in motorsport, the motorcycle sector is highly sensitive to such theme also from less extreme applications. The small extension of the footprint, along with the need to guarantee driver st...
Conference Paper
The evaluation of the tire tread viscoelastic characteristics, especially by means of non-destructive procedures, is a particularly interesting topic for motorsport teams and companies, used to work with unknown and confidential compounds. The availability of such information would define new scenarios in vehicle analysis field, as the possibility...
Conference Paper
The TRT model, developed to accurately reproduce the tire thermal dynamics in all the vehicle working conditions, has to be physically characterized [1][2]. An appropriate non-destructive procedure, that allows to obtain the thermal diffusivity of completely different tire layers, is described. The heat is directly supplied on the tire tread surfac...
Article
Electric vehicles are the future of private passenger transportation. However, there are still several technological barriers that hinder the large scale adoption of electric vehicles. In particular, their limited autonomy motivates studies on methods for improving the energy efficiency of electric vehicles so as to make them more attractive to the...
Conference Paper
While in the automotive field the relationship between road adherence and tire temperature is mainly investigated with the aim to enhance the vehicle performance in motorsport, the motorcycle sector is highly sensitive to such theme also from less extreme applications. The small extension of the footprint, along with the need to guarantee driver st...
Conference Paper
In the last years, the tire technological development has played a fundamental role in motorsport and in automotive industry. The tire contact patch forces have a great influence on the vehicle behavior, so their correct estimation is a crucial task to understand how to improve the car performance. In order to identify the tire interaction characte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fully electric vehicles with individually controlled powertrains can achieve significantly enhanced vehicle response, in particular by means of Torque Vectoring Control (TVC). This paper presents a TVC strategy for a Formula SAE (FSAE) fully electric vehicle, the “T-ONE” car designed by “UninaCorse E-team” of the University of Naples Federico II, f...
Article
Full-text available
In this investigation, a double brush model, which aims at predicting both the longitudinal and the lateral tyre characteristics during transient phases, is developed. The solution of the tyre-road contact equation is provided by using the method of characteristics and a time delay of the bristles deformation with respect to the time is also introd...
Article
Full-text available
In this investigation, a double brush model, which aims at predicting both the longitudinal and the lateral tyre characteristics during transient phases, is developed. The solution of the tyre-road contact equation is provided by using the method of characteristics and a time delay of the bristles deformation with respect to the time is also introd...
Article
Full-text available
The understanding of tire’s adherence with a rough surface is a common goal for several fields in the automotive sector. In fact, grip is synonym of safety and performance, playing a decisive role for braking distance and vehicle stability, fuel consumption, wear rate [1], noise generation and for the vehicle dynamics control system (e.g. ABS, TCS,...
Chapter
Full-text available
In vehicle dynamics, the determination of the tire-road interaction forces plays a fundamental role in the analysis of vehicle behavior. This paper proposes a simple yet effective approach to estimate longitudinal forces. The proposed approach: i) is based on equilibrium equations; ii) analyses the peculiarities of driving and braking phases; iii)...
Article
A ring model for pneumatic and non-pneumatic tyres is presented. In this model, the tread is discretised by means of lumped masses, interconnected by curved Timoshenko beams, ideally assumed massless and unloaded, and linked to the rim by spring-damper elements taking into account the sidewall properties. The equations of motion are derived via Ham...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, the automotive field takes care of human safety in the everyday driving. In this sense, the vehicle dynamics control systems and ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance System) play a crucial role for both active and passive safety. In terms of handling, the critical issues for the everyday driver are during braking or steering maneuvers: the ma...
Chapter
One of the most diffused tire/road interaction models, widely employed in simulation applications, is the Pacejka’s Magic Formula (MF) [1, 2]. It is a semi-empirical model able to fit full scale test data, characterized by a large number of coefficients, often called micro-parameters, grouped basing on physical considerations in order to create spe...
Chapter
The present paper aims to propose performance indices able to characterize the driving abilities of a car driver in the motorsport ambit. These indices could be used both to improve drivers performances and to conduct comparative analyses between professional and non-professional drivers. The data used for the analysis come from a Formula 4 vehicle...
Article
Vehicle performances, especially in motorsport, are deeply affected by tire behavior and in particular by tire compound proper working conditions. In this research activity, a series of innovations have been introduced on the Thermo Racing Tire (a physical-analytical tire thermal model, based on Fourier’s law of heat transfer applied to a three-dim...
Article
A tire is an extremely integrated and multi-physical system. From only a mechanical point of view, tires are represented by highly composite multi-layered structures, consisting of a multitude of different materials, synthesized in peculiar rubber matrices, to optimize both the performance and the life cycle. During the tire motion, due to the mult...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, the dynamic stability analysis and control of an articulated heavy vehicle is investigated. First, lateral dynamics of an articulated heavy vehicle is described by a 3-DOF rigid body model. Then, it is considered as a linear system with steering input with delay. System states are the lateral and yaw motion of the tractor unit and th...
Conference Paper
The main idea of the present work is to define the domain in which it is possible to adopt very simple models of vehicle dynamics for applications in the testing of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) in lieu of complex models. The aim is to reduce the computational burden, and consequently the computing time. In particular, in the paper, the...
Conference Paper
The paper reports a feasibility study of car suspensions equipped with an innovative bushing composed by an elastomer having magneto-rheological characteristics in order to improve the performances in terms of handling and comfort. The analysis focuses on the effects produced by the variations in stiffness due to the magneto-rheological effect on t...
Article
Tyres play a key role in ground vehicles' dynamics because they are responsible for traction, braking and cornering. A proper tyre-road interaction model is essential for a useful and reliable vehicle dynamics model. In the last two decades Pacejka's Magic Formula (MF) has become a standard in simulation field. This paper presents a Tool, called T...
Chapter
The paper reports a feasibility study for the detection of automotive gear rattle induced by multi-harmonic excitation through the use of a wavelet multi-resolution analysis. The analysis adopts experimental data coming from a helical gear pair under unloaded conditions. The excitation of gear rattle is of periodic type with two harmonic components...
Chapter
A mechanical analysis of the hydraulic saw of Hierapolis is presented. The device is the oldest example of saw moved by a water wheel and using a crank and rod mechanism. A bas relief representing the machine was found in Hierapolis, Phrygia, now Turkey, and was studied by the Italian Archaeological Mission in Hierapolis. The bas relief was dated I...
Chapter
It is well recognized in the automotive research community that knowledge of the real-time tyre-road friction conditions can be extremely valuable for intelligent safety applications, including design of braking, traction, and stability control systems. This paper presents a new development of an on-line tyre-road adherence estimation methodology a...
Conference Paper
A multibody model to analyse the gripping quality of an underactuated mechanical finger operated with tendon is described. To study the gripping ability of the finger a contact model that can simulate the interaction with the object to be taken has been developed. In the last section, some results related to the gripping of a spherical object, are...
Chapter
This paper describes a physical analytical model able to characterize the elasto-kinematic behaviour of a MacPherson suspension for automotive applications. The presented model allows to determine the position and the orientation of the wheel upright as a function of the generalized three-dimensional loads applied to the center of the tire-road con...
Article
The interaction between the tyre and the road is crucial for understanding the dynamic behaviour of a vehicle. The road–tyre friction characteristics play a key role in the design of braking, traction and stability control systems. Thus, in order to have a good performance of vehicle dynamic stability control, real-time estimation of the tyre–road...
Chapter
In this chapter, the dynamic stability analysis and control of an articulated heavy vehicle is investigated. First, lateral dynamics of an articulated heavy vehicle is described by a 3-DOF rigid body model. Then, it is considered as a linear system with steering input with delay. System states are the lateral and yaw motion of the tractor unit and...
Article
In this work is exploited the possibility to use two optical techniques and combining their measurements for the 3D characterization of different tyres with particular attention to the tyre's section. Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) and Laser Scanner (LS) based on principle of triangulation have been employed for investigating and...
Article
This paper presents an investigation on the influence of the design parameters in an underactuated mechanical finger driven by un-extendable tendons. The study was carried out using simulations and experimental tests. The aim of the study is to analyze the behavior of the finger during its closing motion. Hence, this study can help in correctly des...
Article
This paper deals with the experimental investigation about the sliding contact between tire tread and rough surfaces. To build and to validate reliable tire dynamical behaviour models it is fundamental the knowledge of the local grip in each point of the contact patch since in the contact patch points different conditions arise because of contact p...
Article
The results of an experimental activity, carried out using a prototype of pin on disk machine and aimed at investigating the frictional behavior of visco-elastic materials in sliding contact with rigid asperities, are presented. The pin is a rubber specimen coming from three different passenger automotive tires, while the disk is covered with glass...
Article
Driving safety can be achieved by better understanding critical situations which may require the knowledge of interaction between vehicle tyres and the road surfaces. It is thus essential to have a good estimation of the tyre/road friction forces in real-time. The paper deals with a new method for on-line estimation of tyre/road friction forces. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Driving safety can be achieved by better understanding critical situations which may require the knowledge of interaction between vehicle tyres and the road surfaces. It is thus essential to have a good estimation of the tyre/road friction parameters in real-time. The paper deals with the trust-region based method for on-line estimation of tyre/roa...
Conference Paper
In this work we are concerned with a new development of an on-line road condition monitoring methodology and its implementation using PDE form of LuGre tyre-road friction model. The road condition is recursively evaluated regarding slipperiness and is classified into three grades, normal (θ ≈ 1), i% slippery (1 < θ < 5), and mixed friction surface...
Article
The tire and vehicle setup definition, able to optimise grip performance and thermal working conditions, can make the real difference as for motorsport racing teams, used to deal with relevant wear and degradation phenomena, as for tire makers, requesting for design solutions aimed to obtain enduring and stable tread characteristics, as finally for...
Conference Paper
Some simulation results of the grasping of an under-actuated finger driven by un-extendible tendons are presented. The finger is one of the ones of a mechanical hand based on a self-adaptive mechanism that permits the use of un-extendible tendons. The simulations were carried on by means of a model made by WM 2D" multibody code and permitted to sav...
Chapter
New structure elements have been developed and implemented in the TRT thermo-dynamic tyre model. The updated model aims to provide a complete tool to study and understand all the phenomena concerning the tyre behaviour in thermal transient conditions, since all the elements constituting its structure are modelled. The computational cost, connected...
Conference Paper
The research presented here is framed in the area of the design of Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS), carried out in the so-called automotive V-Cycle. In particular we concentrated our effort at the Model In the Loop (MIL) level. Indeed we developed an additional component for the fuel consumption evaluation at the MIL stage. The developed...
Conference Paper
Driving safety can be achieved by better understanding critical situations which may require the knowledge of interaction between vehicle tyres and the road surfaces. It is thus essential to have a good estimation of the tyre/road friction parameters in real-time. The paper deals with the trust-region based method for on-line estimation of tyre/roa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with tyre enveloping behaviour on uneven road surface. To build realistic and reliable vehicle dynamics models it is of fundamental importance to study the influence of road obstacles and irregularities on forces and displacements involving a rolling tyre. After a brief review about early studies concerning this phenomenon, the tan...
Article
One of the most challenge task in tire road interaction is the study of the behavior of the suspension when the wheel meets an obstacle. The suspension system of a vehicle has to absorb the effects of a bumpy road surface or of an obstacle that could influence the guide. It is also important to preserve the integrity of the internal components that...
Article
The mechanical behavior of a recently patented mechanical hand is examined by means of a multibody model. The hand is an under-actuated and self-adapting system that was conceived as human hand prosthesis. Test results are also presented as an application example; they showed that both the proposed model and the technique can be very useful for the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents some results on the development and testing of new solutions in the field of driving automation. The introduction of increasing levels of vehicle automation aimed at enhancing road safety requires a renewed approach to the research and development process and needs a multi-actor environment where the innovation can be tested. In...