Francesco Sanmarchi

Francesco Sanmarchi
University of Bologna | UNIBO · Department of Biomedical Science and Neuromotor Sciences DIBINEM

Doctor of Medicine

About

51
Publications
18,670
Reads
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463
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
463 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - present
University of Bologna
Position
  • Researcher
Education
October 2012 - June 2018
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Medicine and Surgery

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
Global investments in pandemic preparedness and COVID-19: development assistance and domestic spending on health between 1990 and 2026 Global Burden of Disease 2021 Health Financing Collaborator Network † Show footnotesOpen AccessPublished:January 24, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(23)00007-4 Summary Background The COVID-19 pandemic h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly being used to assess the effectiveness of elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, little is known about the change over time of PROMs scores in these patients. The aim of this study was to identify the trajectories of quality of life and joint functioning, and their asso...
Article
Full-text available
A supply chain (SC) is a network of interests, information, and materials involved in processes that produce value for customers. The implementation of blockchain technology in SC management in healthcare has had results. This review aims to summarize how blockchain technology has been used to address SC challenges in healthcare, specifically for d...
Article
Despite the recognized benefits of the COVID-19 vaccination, vaccine hesitancy (VH) remains one of the biggest challenges of the mass vaccination campaign. Most studies investigating VH determinants focused on socio-demographics and direct relationships. In this study, we aimed at: 1) identifying subgroups of people differently affected by the pand...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory (WM) is a multicomponent system that supports cognitive functioning. It has been linked to a wide variety of outcomes including academic success and general well-being. The present study examined the relations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and WM among Italian children, adjusting for important parent characteristic...
Article
Full-text available
In 2020 COVID-19 led to an unprecedented stream of papers being submitted to journals. Scientists and physicians all around the globe were in need for information about this new disease. In this climate, many articles were accepted after extremely fast peer-reviews to provide the scientific community with the latest discoveries and knowledge. Unfor...
Article
Full-text available
Background Reducing the burden of death due to infection is an urgent global public health priority. Previous studies have estimated the number of deaths associated with drug-resistant infections and sepsis and found that infections remain a leading cause of death globally. Understanding the global burden of common bacterial pathogens (both suscept...
Article
Aim People may differ in their vaccine-related beliefs (i.e. efficacy, safety, purpose), with a host of factors influencing these differences. This can produce homogeneous groups of individuals who share certain beliefs, attitudes and opinions not only towards vaccines but science and medicine in general. This study aims to characterise distinct su...
Conference Paper
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Background Research shows that vaccine-related beliefs (i.e., about efficacy, safety, purpose) may reflect a host of within-person and contextual factors yielding homogeneous subgroups of individuals. This study aims to characterize distinct subgroups of people and identify ideal targets for tailored public health interventions to increase vaccine...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The World Health Organization launched a global action plan targeted to obtain a 15% relative reduction in the global prevalence of physical inactivity in adolescents by 2030 also promoting school-based PA interventions and programs in school. Active Breaks (ABs) are a school-based intervention consisting of short bursts (5-15 minutes)...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although investigating the patterns of COVID-19 excess mortality (EM) is relevant, understanding the effects of the pandemic on cause-specific mortality is even crucial and should also be assessed, as this metric allows for a more detailed analysis of the true impact of the pandemic. The aim of this systematic literature review is to est...
Article
Full-text available
Background Plenty of literature reported the applicability and usefulness of telemedicine and teleassistance (TMTA) services in the management of diabetes and other chronic conditions. Specifically, TMTA proved to be effective for conditions that require radical lifestyle modifications, tailored pharmacological interventions, and periodic monitorin...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance of rapidly updating scientific information. However, the guidelines’ drafting process is highly time- and resource-consuming. The COKE Project aims to accelerate and streamline the extraction and synthesis of scientific evidence. To do so, the Project used deep learning to implement a semi...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate the association between gross domestic product (GDP), mortality rate (MR) and current healthcare expenditure (CHE) in 31 high-income countries. We used panel data from 2000 to 2017 collected from WHO and OECD databases. The association between CHE, GDP and MR was investigated through a random-effects model. To control...
Article
Background: During 2020, COVID-19 had a diversified distribution in Italy, the first nation in Europe to experience the outbreak of the epidemic. This was linked to geographical differences in population density and distribution of healthcare facilities, including Emergency Departments (EDs). This study aims to assess the impact of the pandemic on...
Article
Full-text available
Background Understanding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on cause-specific mortality should be a priority, as this metric allows for a detailed analysis of the true burden of the pandemic. The aim of this systematic literature review is to estimate the impact of the pandemic on different causes of death, providing a quantitative and qualitativ...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are an extensively used tool to assess and improve the quality of healthcare services. PROMs can be related to individual demographic and clinical characteristics in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty (HA). The aim of this study is to identify distinct subgroups of patients with unique trajecto...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Understanding the magnitude of cancer burden attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors is crucial for development of effective prevention and mitigation strategies. We analysed results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 to inform cancer control planning efforts globally. Methods:...
Article
Full-text available
Background The health risks associated with moderate alcohol consumption continue to be debated. Small amounts of alcohol might lower the risk of some health outcomes but increase the risk of others, suggesting that the overall risk depends, in part, on background disease rates, which vary by region, age, sex, and year. Methods For this analysis,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Combating viral hepatitis is part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and WHO has put forth hepatitis B elimination targets in its Global Health Sector Strategy on Viral Hepatitis (WHO-GHSS) and Interim Guidance for Country Validation of Viral Hepatitis Elimination (WHO Interim Guidance). We estimated the global, regional, a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Apart from infecting a large number of people around the world and causing the death of many people, the COVID-19 pandemic seems to have changed the healthcare processes of other diseases by changing the allocation of health resources and changing people’s access or intention to healthcare systems. Objective To compare the incidence of...
Article
Full-text available
Background Injury remains a major concern to public health in the European region. Previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study showed wide variation in injury death and disability adjusted life year (DALY) rates across Europe, indicating injury inequality gaps between sub-regions and countries. The objectives of this study were...
Article
Full-text available
Background Injury remains a major concern to public health in the European region. Previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study showed wide variation in injury death and disability adjusted life year (DALY) rates across Europe, indicating injury inequality gaps between sub-regions and countries. The objectives of this study were...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mental health is a public health issue for European young people, with great heterogeneity in resource allocation. Representative population-based studies are needed. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019 provides internationally comparable information on trends in the health status of populations and changes in the leading cause...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Healthy eating and active lifestyle habits are essential for a child's development, wellbeing, and health. School setting and family environment play a crucial role in shaping these habits and this could be reflected in different behavior patterns during weekdays and weekends. Methods: We investigated primary school children's lifest...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance of validated and updated scientific information to help policy makers, healthcare professionals, and the public. The speed in disseminating reliable information and the subsequent guidelines and policy implementation are also essential to save as many lives as possible. Trustworthy guidelines should...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction As COVID-19 roared through the world, governments worldwide enforced containment measures that affected various treatment pathways, including those for hip fractures (HFs). This study aimed to measure process and outcome indicators related to the quality of care provided to non-COVID-19 elderly patients affected by HF in Emilia-Romagna...
Article
Background: Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, different response measures were taken to contain the spread of the virus. These include a variety of non-pharmaceutical interventions and a mass vaccination campaign. While not definitive, epidemiological measures provide some indication of the impact of such measures on the dynamics o...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically review the available evidence about meditation's effects on surgeons. Summary background data: Meditation and Mindfulness are positively associated with better mental health and performance in different types of workers and professionals needing high levels of concentration. Surgery is one o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Injury remains a major concern to public health in the European region, particularly among adults younger than 49 years. Previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study showed wide variation in injury death and disability adjusted life year (DALY) rates across Europe, indicating injury inequality gaps between sub-regions...
Article
Full-text available
Background In estimating the global burden of cancer, adolescents and young adults with cancer are often overlooked, despite being a distinct subgroup with unique epidemiology, clinical care needs, and societal impact. Comprehensive estimates of the global cancer burden in adolescents and young adults (aged 15–39 years) are lacking. To address this...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood obesity is an established health problem, and there is a growing need for health promotion interventions focused on healthy behaviors in collaboration with parents and schools. The Mediterranean diet (MD) could help to tackle obesity, but it is essential to maintain a good level of physical activity (PA) and limit time spent in sedentary...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction. As COVID-19 roared through the world, governments worldwide enforced containment measures that affected various treatment pathways, including those for hip fracture (HF). This study aimed to measure process and outcome indicators related to the quality of care provided to non-COVID-19 elderly patients affected by HF in Emilia-Romagna,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are an extensively used tool to assess and improve the quality of healthcare services. PROMs are affected by individual characteristics in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty (HA). The aim of this study is to identify distinct groups of patients with unique score-trajectories using the Latent C...
Article
Background Between 15 and 50% of European children aged 6-9 are overweight or obese and this number is rising dramatically over time, making it one of the most important public health challenges. Selection of healthy food and a balanced diet are key when addressing this obesity epidemic. At the same time, it is essential to consider schools' role a...
Article
Background Scientific evidence widely argues that consuming breakfast daily is considered a good habit which positively affects health and academic performance, especially in children. In order to be adequate, according to national requirements, breakfast should include a portion of milk or yogurt and one grain based product, providing about 15-20%...
Article
Background Children's Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) has been frequently investigated, in particular among individuals affected by chronic diseases. It is reported that agreement between child and parent ratings regarding the child's HRQoL is strongly influenced by the latter's health status. To our knowledge, there is no evidence of how th...
Article
Background During the last decades, countries' healthcare spending has grown continuously, becoming a major expenditure item and threatening the overall sustainability of healthcare systems. Plenty of literature shows conflicting evidence about the relationship between economic variations and measurable health outcomes. This study aims to investiga...
Article
Background Evidence links sedentary behaviours (SB) with poorer health outcomes; i.e. higher screen time is associated with poorer fitness and cardiometabolic health, as well as unfavourable measures of adiposity, mental health and social behaviour in children. The WHO guidelines for children recommend reaching at least an average of 60 min per day...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid spread of COVID-19 renewed the focus on how health systems across the globe are financed, especially during public health emergencies. Development assistance is an important source of health financing in many low-income countries, yet little is known about how much of this funding was disbursed for COVID-19. We aimed to put development as...
Article
Aim The purpose of this study is to investigate the individual and contextual determinants of the perceived quality (PQ) of the telemedicine and teleassistance (TMTA) services and the willingness to continue (WC) with them among patients with diabetes using TMTA services during the COVID-19 pandemic in one large region of Italy. Methods A structur...
Article
Full-text available
Background Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabiliti...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabilit...
Article
Full-text available
This cross-sectional study examines the difference between COVID-19 confirmed mortality and excess mortality in 67 countries.
Article
Full-text available
Modern healthcare management and clinical practice strongly rely on data and scientific evidence. Digital technologies, tools, and services are core components of Healthcare Management and scientific Research (HMR). Data interoperability, security, privacy, and ease of sharing represent fundamental conditions for guaranteeing quality HMR. Current d...
Article
Background Evidence is lacking about the impact of subsequent COVID-19 pandemic waves on Emergency Departments (ED). We analyzed the differences in patterns of ED visits in Italy during the two pandemic waves, focusing on changes in accesses for acute and chronic diseases. Methods We conducted a retrospective study using data from a metropolitan a...
Article
Objectives To compare excess mortality (EM) patterns and spatial correlation between the first and second wave of the pandemic in Lombardy, the Italian region that paid an extremely high COVID-19-related mortality toll in March and April 2020. Methods We investigated the patterns and spatial correlation of EM of men aged ≥75 years during the first...
Article
Full-text available
Mortality due to massive events like the COVID-19 pandemic is underestimated because of several reasons, among which the impossibility to track all positive cases and the inadequacy of coding systems are presumably the most relevant. Therefore, the most affordable method to estimate COVID-19-related mortality is excess mortality (EM). Very often, t...
Article
The impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on mortality in Italy has been described at the regional level, while less is known about mortality in municipalities, although the spatial distribution of COVID-19 in its first wave has been uneven. We aimed to describe the excess mortality due to COVID-19 from February 23rd to April 30th, 2020 in...
Poster
Full-text available
Background Recent events highlight how emerging and re-emerging pathogens are actually becoming global challenges for public health. In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has emerged. This has suddenly turned out into a global health concern which has led to a very high number of papers published in the scientific literature. Aim of th...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
- Innovating medical evidence synthesis - Using AI and NLP for literature reviews
Project
Set up a network of Italian GBD collaborators. Improve GBD estimates for Italy and subnational locations. Increase the level of data sharing and revisions. Promote the use of GBD estimates for evidence based planning. Itentify gaps in good quality data needed for planning.