Francesco Regoli

Francesco Regoli
Università Politecnica delle Marche | Università degli Studi di Ancona · Department of Biochemistry, Biology and Genetics

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303
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Publications

Publications (303)
Article
The development of monitoring programs based on bioindicators is crucial for assessing the impact of microplastic ingestion on marine organisms. This study presents results from an Italian pilot action aimed at investigating the suitability of a monitoring strategy based on a multispecies approach. The benthic-feeder Mullus barbatus, the demersal s...
Article
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In the last century, many Mediterranean coastal areas have been subjected to anthropogenic disturbances from industrial activities, uncontrolled landfills, shipyards, and high maritime traffic. The Augusta Bay (eastern Sicily, Italy) represents an example of a strongly impacted coastal environment with an elevated level of sediments contamination d...
Article
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Textile microfibers (MFs) have natural (e.g. cotton, wool and silk) or synthetic origin (e.g. polyester and polyamide), and are increasingly documented in the marine environment. Knowledge on their biological effects in marine organisms is still limited, and virtually unexplored is their capability to modulate the responsiveness toward other stress...
Article
Geographical and temporal differences of microplastic occurrence were documented in water and fish collected in 2017 and 2019 from the Giglio Island (North Tyrrhenian Sea) close to the area where the Costa Concordia sank in January 2012. Results on water samples showed a site-dependent difference, suggesting the role of surface current dynamics in...
Article
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During 2006-2008, a pipeline was buried in Vallona lagoon in the Northern Adriatic Sea (Italy). A Before-During-After environmental monitoring programme was scheduled to monitor possible alterations. Bioaccumulation of metal(loid)s, BTs (butyltins) and HMW-PAHs (High Molecular Weight Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons), and biological responses (Cond...
Article
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Microplastics (MPs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) represent a synergic threat for aquatic environments and organisms' health status, with an additional concern over food quality and food security for species of commercial interest. In this study, the ingestion of MPs, levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and hexabromocyclodode...
Article
The increased frequency and intensity of short-term extreme warming phenomena have been associated to harsh biological and ecosystem outcomes (i.e., mass mortalities in marine organisms). Marine heatwaves (MHWs), occurring when seasonal temperature threshold is exceeded for at least 5 consecutive days, may reduce the tolerance of coastal species to...
Article
Environmental pharmaceuticals represent a threat of emerging concern for marine ecosystems. Widely distributed and bioaccumulated, these contaminants could provoke adverse effects on aquatic organisms through modes of action like those reported for target species. In contrast to pharmacological uses, organisms in field conditions are exposed to com...
Article
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Chronic exposure to pollutants affects natural populations, creating specific molecular and biochemical signatures. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic exposure to pollutants might have substantial effects on the Manila clam hologenome long after removal from contaminated sites. To reach this goal, a highly integrative appro...
Article
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The use of multidisciplinary investigations for the evaluation of aquatic ecosystems status is recommended by the European Directives, but it is still a challenging practice. In this study, we apply a quantitative weight of evidence (WOE) approach (Sediqualsoft) for the integration of extensive data obtained from different typologies of investigati...
Article
Microplastics are present in all parts of the ocean and can have deleterious effects on marine resources. The aim of this work was to map the presence of microplastics in commercial marine species such as bivalves (mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis and clams Scrobicularia plana), crabs (Carcinus maenas) as well as fish (Mullus surmuletus) to relate...
Article
Oxidative stress is a critical condition derived from the imbalance between the generation of reactive oxygen species and the sophisticated network of antioxidant mechanisms. Several pollutants and environmental factors can affect this system through connected mechanisms, indirect relationships, and cascade effects from pre-transcriptional to catal...
Article
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Marine bivalves are frequently exposed to multiple co-occurring challenges such as temperature extremes and anthropogenic pollution. These stressors can elicit negative effects on several biological pathways, including antioxidant and neuroendocrine-immune (NEI) systems, leading to immune disorders and altered immunocytes functionality. Since inter...
Article
To elucidate the dynamics of a suite of organochlorine contaminants (PCBs, HCB), PAHs and Hg and verify the potential of these pollutants as reliable fingerprints of sources, an ensemble of marine sediments and organisms (finfish, shellfish species and Mytilus galloprovincialis) were analysed from the contaminated Augusta Bay (Southern Italy). The...
Article
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DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic mechanism influencing gene expression in all organisms. In metazoans, the pattern of DNA methylation changes during embryogenesis and adult life. Consequently, differentiated cells develop a stable and unique DNA methylation pattern that finely regulates mRNA transcription during development and determines...
Article
Studies that aim to characterise the susceptibility of the ecologically relevant and non-model fish polar cod (Boreogadus saida) to model carcinogens are required. Polar cod were exposed under laboratory conditions for six months to control, 0.03 μg BaP/ g fish/ week and 0.3 μg BaP/ g fish/ week dietary benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a reference carcinogen....
Article
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European legislative framework supports a multidisciplinary strategy of environmental monitoring because the environment is a complex system of abiotic and biotic interactions, and it should not be studied and protected by looking at one single aspect. The resulting heterogeneous data request to be carefully processed, and the application of Weight...
Article
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The subsurface is among Earth’s largest biomes, but the extent to which microbial communities vary across tectonic plate boundaries or interact with subduction-scale geological processes remains unknown. Here we compare bacterial community composition with deep-subsurface geochemistry from 21 hot springs across the Costa Rican convergent margin. We...
Article
Sea cucumbers are widely distributed deposit-feeders that represent an important component of benthic communities worldwide. These echinoderms were recently proposed as candidates in embryo bioassays to provide a new tool in the toxicity assessment of pollutants in marine water and sediments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of a...
Article
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Ocean-warming and acidification jeopardize Antarctic marine species, adapted to cold and constant conditions and naturally exposed to high pro-oxidant pressures and cadmium (Cd) bioavailability. The aim of this study was to investigate if projected temperature increase and pH reduction may affect the accumulation and the effects of Cd in the rockco...
Article
The occurrence, fate and removal of microplastics (MPs) in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Central Italy were investigated together with their potential adverse effects on anaerobic processes. In the influent of the WWTP, 3.6 MPs.-1 were detected that mostly comprised polyester fibers and particles in the shape of films, ranging 0.1-0.5 mm a...
Article
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Contaminants of emerging concern and ocean changes are key environmental stressors for marine species with possibly synergistic, but still unexplored, deleterious effects. In the present study the influence of a simulated ocean acidification scenario (pH = 7.6) was investigated on metabolism and sub-lethal effects of carbamazepine, CBZ (1 µg/L), ch...
Article
Management of dredged materials disposal is regulated by several environmental normative requirements, and it is often supported by the integration of chemical data with ecotoxicological characterization. The reliability of a bioassay to assess the potential toxicity of dredged sediments requires the selection of quality criteria that should be bas...
Article
Despite the increasing interest for pharmaceuticals in the marine environment, their accumulation in wild organisms and consequent environmental hazards are still poorly known. The Mediterranean Sea is highly challenged by the density of coastal populations, large consumption of pharmaceuticals and their often limited removal by Wastewater Treatmen...
Article
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Coastal sediments subjected to high anthropogenic impacts can accumulate large amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metals, demanding effective and eco-sustainable remediation solutions. In this study, we carried out bioremediation experiments on marine sediments highly contaminated with PAHs and metals. In particular, we investig...
Article
After the initial outbreak in China, the diffusion in Italy of SARS-CoV-2 is exhibiting a clear regional trend with more elevated frequency and severity of cases in Northern areas. Among multiple factors possibly involved in such geographical differences, a role has been hypothesized for atmospheric pollution. We provide additional evidence on the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: After the initial outbreak in China, the diffusion in Italy of SARS-CoV-2 is exhibiting a clear regional trend with Northern areas being the most affected in terms of both frequency and severity of cases. Among multiple factors possibly involved in such geographical differences, a role has been hypothesized for atmospheric pollution. Ob...
Chapter
The Ephemare project was supported in the period 2015–2018 by JPI Oceans, as one of 4 sister projects in the joint action on ecological aspects of microplastics. Ephemare investigated several issues concerning the ecotoxicological effects of microplastics (MPs) in marine organisms. Ephemare included 16 European Institutions from 10 Countries and wa...
Article
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Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous contaminants of the marine environment and the deep seafloor is its ultimate sink compartment. Manipulative and field experiments provided evidence of the ingestion of MPs by deep-sea fauna, but knowledge of MPs’ fate once ingested remains still scant. We provide evidence of MPs partial retention and fragmentation...
Article
The aim of the present work is to demonstrate the practical importance of a multidisciplinary approach and weighted criteria to synthesize and integrate different typologies of data (or lines of evidence, LOEs), including chemical levels in marine sediments, their bioavailability to specific indicator species, ecotoxicological effects measured thro...
Article
Arsenic (As) is a ubiquitous contaminant in the environment and it is known to induce oxidative stress in aquatic organisms. In an attempt to remove As from water, some studies have suggested the titanium dioxide nanomaterial (nTiO2) as a promising alternative. However, it has been observed that nTiO2 can induce toxicity alone or in combination wit...
Chapter
In the last few decades, challenges of the aquatic environment have been dramatically changed in terms of magnitude of disturbances or types of hazards, along with the rise of new scientific and technological opportunities. In addition to the traditional (legacy) chemicals like metals or organic chemicals (including PAHs, PCBs and dioxins), emergin...
Article
This study provided a comprehensive characterization on ingestion of different typologies of microplastics in several fish and invertebrate species from the Adriatic Sea, considered as a preferential area of plastic accumulation in the Mediterranean. Almost 500 organisms were sampled in the three sectors of Northern, Central and Southern Adriatic,...
Article
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In 2017, fluid and gas samples were collected across the Costa Rican Arc. He and Ne isotopes, C isotopes as well as total organic and inorganic carbon concentrations were measured. The samples (n = 24) from 2017 are accompanied by (n = 17) samples collected in 2008, 2010 and 2012. He-isotopes ranged from arc-like (6.8 RA) to crustal (0.5 RA). Measu...
Article
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Contamination status of coastal areas of Finland (northern Baltic Sea) markedly affected by anthropogenic activities (harbors, shipyards and maritime activity, industry, municipal and agricultural inputs, legacy contamination) was assessed for the first time using the weight of evidence (WOE) approach. The key element of the study was the caging (t...
Article
Ingestion of microplastics (MPs) has been documented in several marine organisms, but their occurrence in deep-sea species remains almost unknown. In this study, MPs were investigated in two economically and ecologically key crustaceans of the Mediterranean Sea, the Norwegian lobster Nephrops norvegicus and the shrimp Aristeus antennatus. Both the...
Article
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Azaspiracids (AZAs) are marine biotoxins including a variety of analogues. Recently, novel AZAs produced by the Mediterranean dinoflagellate Azadinium dexteroporum were discovered (AZA-54, AZA-55, 3-epi-AZA-7, AZA-56, AZA-57 and AZA-58) and their biological effects have not been investigated yet. This study aimed to identify the biological response...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep subsurface microbes comprise one of the largest biospheres on Earth, altering the volatiles that move between the deep Earth and the surface. One of the most compelling - yet elusive - questions in geomicrobiology is how large-scale tectonic processes, such as plate subduction at convergent margins, affect the distribution and function of subs...
Preprint
Full-text available
The sea cucumbers are common members of marine benthic communities, widespread distributed, easily available and handled. Nevertheless, no data are available on embryo toxicity assays using sea cucumbers, despite some of these species could fully meet the requirements for model test organisms. Holothuria polii is a key species in soft sediments and...
Article
The sea cucumbers are common members of marine benthic communities, widespread distributed, easily available and handled. Nevertheless, no data are available on embryo toxicity assays using sea cucumbers, despite some of these species could fully meet the requirements for model test organisms. Holothuria polii is a key species in soft sediments and...
Article
Full-text available
Change history: In this Article, the original affiliation 2 was not applicable and has been removed. In addition, in the Acknowledgements there was a statement missing and an error in a name. These errors have been corrected online.
Article
Full-text available
Multidisciplinary investigations based on integration of chemical and biological measurements, represent an added value to monitoring and management protocols, and their use is recommended by European Directives to evaluate the environmental status of aquatic ecosystems. However, assessing the overall significance of results obtained in different t...
Article
Aquatic animals are vulnerable to arsenic (As) toxicity. However, rarely does a contaminant occur alone in the aquatic environment. For this reason, this study was conducted to evaluate whether titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO2) can interfere with the effects induced by As in Litopenaeus vannamei. Arsenic accumulation and metabolic capacity; ex...
Article
The precision-cut tissue slices (PCTS) represent a largely used biological model in mammalian research. This ex vivo approach offers the main advantages of in vitro systems, while maintaining the natural architecture of the tissue. The use of PCTS in toxicological research has been proposed for investigating the cellular effects of xenobiotics or b...
Article
Few data are available about the effect of dimethylated forms (DMA) on aquatic organisms. As rarely a contaminant occurs alone, studies evaluating the combined effect of different contaminants in aquatic organisms are needed. In fact, the presence of nanomaterials, such as titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO2), in the aquatic environment is now a...
Article
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Carbon and other volatiles in the form of gases, fluids or mineral phases are transported from Earth’s surface into the mantle at convergent margins, where the oceanic crust subducts beneath the continental crust. The efficiency of this transfer has profound implications for the nature and scale of geochemical heterogeneities in Earth’s deep mantle...
Technical Report
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Microplastic pollution is presently considered a high concern topic by scientists, policy makers, governmental bodies, non-governmental organizations and the general public. Microplastics are highly widespread in all environmental compartments (e.g. air, water, sediments and biota) and increasing empirical evidence points towards potential negative...
Article
Despite the important ecosystem and hydrological roles of coastal and inland waters, there are no established biomonitoring protocols for evaluating environmental, wildlife and human health for these coastlines in Nigeria. In the present study, contaminants tissue burden and effects at molecular and physiological levels, were investigated in Tilapi...
Article
Full-text available
Marine organisms are exposed to a pH decrease and to alteration of carbonate chemistry due to ocean acidification (OA) that can represent a source of oxidative stress which can significantly affect their antioxidant defence systems efficiency. The polychaetes Platynereis dumerilii and P. massiliensis (Nereididae) are key species of the benthic comm...
Conference Paper
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The Mediterranean Sea is one of the most polluted areas of the world with regard to microplastics. However, detailed knowledge about the spatial variability in microplastics abundance and composition is lacking. We present here the result of a large-scale survey of microplastic pollution in Mediterranean surface waters, demonstrating sub-basin scal...
Poster
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Nell’ambito del piano di monitoraggio ambientale per lo studio delle eventuali alterazioni prodotte dalla posa di una condotta interrata presso la laguna Vallona in Nord Adriatico, sono state monitorate le concentrazioni di contaminanti, quali metalli, composti Butilstannici (BT), Idrocarburi Policiclici Aromatici (IPA) e le risposte biologiche in...
Article
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Although the chemical warfare between invasive and native species has become a central problem in invasion biology, the molecular mechanisms by which bioactive metabolites from invasive pests influence local communities remain poorly characterized. This study demonstrates that the alkaloid caulerpin (CAU)—a bioactive component of the green alga Cau...
Article
The emerged threat of microplastics (MPs) in aquatic ecosystems is posing a new challenges in environmental management, in particular the civil Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) which can act both as collectors of MPs from anthropic use and as a source to natural environments. In this study, MP fate was investigated in one of the biggest WWTPs of...
Article
Although some studies have showed the effects of different crystalline structures of nTiO2 (anatase and rutile) and their applicability in several fields, few studies has analyzed the effect of coexposure with other environmental contaminants such as copper. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate if the coexposure to nTiO2 (nominal conce...
Article
Full-text available
The bioaccumulation of metals is a problem for shrimp farming due to toxicity. As the water used in the culture tanks comes from environment, the shrimps can be exposed directly accumulating these metals, suffering the toxic effect and being a source of exposure for humans. So, alternatives that can minimize/avoid both accumulation and promote meta...
Article
Ocean warming and acidification could represent an additional threat to marine organisms already coping with other anthropogenic impacts, such as chemical contamination in coastal areas. In this study, interactions between such multiple stressors and their synergistic effects in terms of accumulation, detoxification and biological effects of metals...
Article
The exponential production and use of plastics has generated increasing environmental release over the past decades, and microplastics (MPs) have been reported across all the oceans. Field studies have documented the occurrence of MPs in several species, but important knowledge gaps still remain. In the present study, we characterized the distribut...
Article
Pharmaceuticals are nowadays recognized as a threat for aquatic ecosystems. The growing consumption of these compounds and the enhancement of human health in the past two decades have been paralleled by the continuous input of such biologically active molecules in natural environments. Waste water treatment plants (WWTPs) have been identified as a...
Article
Full-text available
The ubiquitous occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in the marine environment is raising concern for interactions with marine organisms. These particles efficiently adsorb persistent organic pollutants from surrounding environment and, due to the small size, they are easily available for ingestion at all trophic levels. Once ingested, MPs can induce m...