Francesco Pinto

Francesco Pinto
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | UNICATT · School of Urology

About

109
Publications
19,204
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1,718
Citations
Citations since 2017
13 Research Items
728 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer therapy for locally advanced and metastatic diseases includes androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Second-generation antiandrogens have a role in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nevertheless, some patients do not respond to this therapy, and eventually all the patients became resistant. This is due to modifications to intracell...
Article
Laser technology has been used in Urology since the 80s with a lot of different applications in endoscopic and open surgery. With the developments of the technology and the introduction of new active medium and source of laser energy, this technology have become the gold standard not only in stone surgery but even in benign prostate enlargement (BP...
Article
Prostate cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in man. Since the first MRI was performed, enormous progress has been made in diagnosis, treatment, and follow up of PCa, mainly due to multiparametric prostatic MRI (mpMRI). Although mpMRI has become the best imaging tool for identifying PCa, some limitations still exist. Prostate imagin...
Article
Background Atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) occurs in approximately 5% of prostate biopsies. Approximately 30%–40% of these patients may develop prostate cancer (PCa) within a 5-year period, often not clinically significant. Current guidelines recommend a repeat biopsy within 3–6 months after the initial diagnosis, but it seem not to be t...
Article
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Biopsy proven Gleason score is essential to decide treatment modalities for prostate cancer, either surgical (radical prostatectomy) or non-surgical (active surveillance, watchful waiting, radiation therapy and hormone therapy). Several studies indicated that biopsy proven Gleason score may underestimate Gleason score at radical prostatectomy, henc...
Article
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The lncRNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) promotes growth and progression in prostate cancer (PCa); however, little is known about its possible impact in PCa metabolism. The aim of this work has been the assessment of the metabolic reprogramming associated with MALAT1 silencing in human PCa cells and in an ex vivo m...
Article
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Introduction and objectives We aimed to evaluate how the corona virus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak influenced emergency department (ED) admissions for urolithiasis, hospitalizations and clinical management of the hospitalized Patients. Patients and methods We conducted a multicentric retrospective analysis of ED admissions in three high vol...
Article
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Introduction Complete ureteral avulsion represents a rare and fearsome complication of ureteroscopy, reported in less than 1% of cases. In literature there are few reports and different options are presented for its treatment. We present a case of a ureteral avulsion managed with ileal ureter replacement. Case presentation A 67‐year‐old man with a...
Article
Background and Aims Nephrolithiasis is a medical condition characterized by high prevalence among the general population both in Europe and in the U.S. and it is responsible for high costs reaching up to $10 billion per year. It is associated with specific comorbidities such as obesity, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome a...
Article
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Estrogen and hypoxia promote an aggressive phenotype in prostate cancer (PCa), driving transcription of progression-associated genes. Here, we molecularly dissect the contribution of long non-coding RNA H19 to PCa metastatic potential under combined stimuli, a topic largely uncovered. The effects of estrogen and hypoxia on H19 and cell adhesion mol...
Article
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) represent a prerequisite for the formation of metastases. The aim of the study was to identify the role of CTCs as a biological marker of aggressiveness of prostate cancer and verify the expression of molecular markers predictive of response to different therapeutic approaches. METHODS: Prospective, single...
Article
Objective: To evaluate prospectively midterm outcomes of a new titanium-coated fixed polypropylene sling for male stress urinary incontinence. Materials and methods: From 01/2013 to 06/2016, 44 consecutive patients with incontinence caused by radical prostatectomy (39) or TURP (5) underwent transobturator two-arm titanium-coated sling (TiLOOP Ma...
Article
Aims: The injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BTA) into the prostate represents a minimally invasive treatment in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We evaluated the effectiveness of BTA in treating patients with BPH unresponsive to combined medical therapy (CMT), using urodynamic i...
Article
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In the complex network of nuclear hormone receptors, the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as critical determinants of hormone action. Here we investigated the involvement of selected cancer-associated lncRNAs in Estrogen Receptor (ER) signaling. Prior studies by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) Sequencing showed that in prostate canc...
Article
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Bladder metastases from lung cancer are extremely rare; in some previously reported cases in with the primitive tumor was a lung adenocarcinoma, the finding of an intact epithelium overlying the bladder tumour was considered suggestive of a secondary lesion. Differentiating primary bladder non-urothelial cancers from metastatic lesions can be diffi...
Article
Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in developed countries. Despite the primary treatments, 20-30% of patients experience a recurrence. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of salvage HIFU after radical prostatectomy in ter...
Article
Prostate cancer is the most common urologic neoplasm and the second leading cause of cancer-related death among men in many developed countries. Given the highly heterogeneous behaviour of the disease, there is a great need for prognostic factors, in order to stratify the clinical risk and give the best treatment options to the patient. Clinical fa...
Article
The occult urothelial cancerTransitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the tumor that most frequently affects the urinary tract. The most common location is at the level of the bladder; the diagnosis is based, as per the follow-up, on urine cytology, endoscopic, and radiological examinations. Urine cytologic study is an important noninvasive tool used in...
Article
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Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the tumor that most frequently affects the urinary tract. The most common location is at the level of the bladder; the diagnosis is based, as per the follow-up, on urine cytology, endoscopic, and radiological examinations. Urine cytologic study is an important noninvasive tool used in the diagnosis and follow-up...
Conference Paper
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Scopo Riportare i risultati a medio termine su efficacia e sicurezza di una nuova sling per l'incontinenza da sforzo post-chirurgica maschile. Materiali e metodi: Studio prospettico monocentrico. Dal 11/2012 al 12/2014, 25 pazienti affetti da incontinenza urinaria da sforzo dopo prostatectomia radicale (21) o dopo TURP (4) sono stati sottoposti a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hypothesis - Aim of study. To evaluate safety, tolerability and efficacy on urinary continence and quality-of-life of a new titanized sling for male post-surgical stress incontinence Study design, materials and methods: Interventional single-armed prospective study. From 11/2012 to 12/2014, 25 patients with stress urinary incontinence after radical...
Article
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Urinary tract infectionsUrinary tract infections (UTI) are amongst the most frequent bacterial infections and therefore are responsible for a significant fraction of antibiotic use, thus carrying a relevant social and economic burden. UTI may present as benign, uncomplicated cystitis or severe, life-threatening urosepsis. Due to the heterogeneity o...
Article
Infertility is defined as the inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse and affects 15% of couples with male component of 50%. The failure of spermatogenesis can result from hypothalamic, pituitary or testicular disorders although in the majority of cases it remains idiopathic. The diagnostic process includes medi...
Article
To determine efficacy and safety of OnabotulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A) injection therapy in medically refractory patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to primary bladder-neck dysfunction (PBND). Thirty-five consecutive ambulatory males diagnosed with PBND and refractory to medical therapy, with IPSS > 15, Qmax < 15 ml/sec, and total prosta...
Article
<_14_ARTICLE_ABSTRACT>Brachytherapy (BT), using either a low-dose-rate (LDR) or mostly high-dose-rate (HDR) technique, is the device able to deliver the highest dose-rate in the most conformal way. It is used as monotherapy or in combination with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). LDR-BT is mostly used as monotherapy; HDR-BT is combined with EBRT +...
Article
A systematic review of the current treatment options and of the outcomes of penile carcinoma has been performed with special focus on controversial issues. A MedLine search using specified search terms was done during the period 1988 - January 2013. Demolitive surgery is considered as the "gold standard" treatment of invasive penile carcinoma stag...
Article
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Radical surgery is the "gold standard" for treatment of invasive penile carcinoma but very poor aesthetic, functional and psychological outcomes have been reported. Our purpose was to assess the impact of organ potency-sparing surgery in locally confined carcinoma of the penis. We evaluated retrospectively 42 patients with early penile cancer (Ta,T...
Article
Objective: It was the aim of this study to evaluate the accuracy of the measurement of tumor size comparing the objective size with that measured by preoperative cystoscopy, by preoperative ultrasound (US) and with the diameter described by the operator before the transurethral resection. Patients and methods: This study included 100 patients wi...
Article
Abstract High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a minimally invasive therapy applied for prostate cancer that capitalizes on the coagulation necrosis that occurs at temperatures greater than 60°C. Owing to a lack of long-term follow-up data the procedure is still considered experimental treatment. As primary therapy, HIFU is indicated in patie...
Article
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Objectives: Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer is characterized by a high recurrence rate after primary transurethral resection. In case of bacillus Calmette-Guérin-refractory neoplasms, cystectomy is the gold standard. In this study the effects of thermochemotherapy with mitomycin C were evaluated in high-risk bladder cancer nonresponders to prev...
Article
Background: Chronic inflammation may play a role in prostate carcinogenesis. Molecular alterations of the Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS)-3 can contribute to explain the pleiotropic role of interleukin (IL)-6 in this type of cancer. Recently, the methylation of SOCS3 gene has been demonstrated to cause the non-expression of the protein, be...
Article
Dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance improves prostate cancer detection. The aims of this paper are to verify whether wash-in-rate parameter (speed of contrast uptake in dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance) can help to differentiate prostate cancer from non-neoplastic T2-weighted hypointense lesions within prostate gland and to ass...
Article
Study Type – Therapy (prospective cohort) Level of Evidence 3a What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Several short-term studies have shown that intraprostatic injection of botulinum toxin (BTX) improves lower urinary tract symptoms and flow parameters in patients with BPH, but information on patient-reported outcomes is lacking....
Article
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Urological diseases are becoming a major public health problem. In fact, they increasingly weigh on the economy of a country due to the high direct costs and the consequent significant loss of productivity. Prostate cancer represents 11% of the costs for the treatment of all cancers in the United States with $8 billion and a cost per-patient from d...
Article
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Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is still the best available tumour marker in prostate cancer (PCa), but presents some limits. Therefore, there is a need for novel markers in the detection and management of PCa. The 80-kDa soluble form of E-cadherin (sE-cad) and the cytokine IL-6 are being discussed as supplemental serum markers for PCa. In this stu...
Article
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To identify the possible complications after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and to suggest how to manage them, the significant literature concerning SWL treatment and complications was analyzed and reviewed. Complications after SWL are mainly connected to the formation and passage of fragments, infections, the effects on renal and nonr...
Article
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Robotic technology is used in multiple fields of surgery, especially radical prostatectomy in patients with prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the introduction of robotic technology in the Italian Public Heath-care context, from the perspective of the Health Technology Assessment (HTA). An economic analysis that compares the...
Article
To investigate the differential impact of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on female sexual function (FSF). In a cross-sectional study in Agostino Gemelli Hospital, Rome, Italy, 188 sexually active patients with LUTS, as assessed by self-reported questionnaires, underwent comprehensive urologic and urodynamic examination between January 2008 and...
Article
The aim of the present paper was to review findings from the most relevant studies and to evaluate the value of current chemotherapy and surgery in advanced unresectable and metastatic bladder cancer. Studies were identified by searching the MEDLINE® and PubMed® databases up to 2011 using both medical subject heading (Mesh) and a free text strategy...
Article
Study Type - Therapy (RCT) Level of Evidence 1b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Peri-operative pelvic floor muscle training reduces urinary incontinence for men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). A preoperative biofeedback session, combined with postoperative pelvic floor muscle training, and assisted sessions on a mon...
Article
Despite recent improvements in detection and treatment, prostate cancer continues to be the most common malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Thus, although survival rate continues to improve, prostate cancer remains a compelling medical health problem. The major goal of prostate cancer imaging in the next decade will...
Article
Full-text available
Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a highly prevalent condition associated with a significant impairment of patients' Quality of Life (QoL) because of its adverse effects on social, sexual, interpersonal, and professional functions. Cost-of-illness analyses showed the huge economic burden related to OAB for patients, public healthcare systems, an...
Article
Dilation of the renal pelvis is a problem Urologists have often to deal with. One of the key aspects is to clear if the dilation is the consequence of an obstruction to the outflow or a simple anatomic variant. Aim of this study was to compare two diuretic renographic procedures, F-15 vs the new procedure F+10SP (Seated Position) in a group of hydr...
Article
The aim of this article is to describe the circumcision procedure during history, its therapeutic and preventive goals, with focus on bioethical, economic and law issues. The origins of this practice are lost in antiquity. It was performed since 3000 BC by the Egyptians for hygienic and religious reasons. Moreover, male circumcision is a religious...
Article
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a major health concern for the male population. Detection and primary diagnosis of PCa are based on digital rectal examination, serum prostate-specific antigen levels, and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided random biopsy. Moreover, the gold standard for detecting PCa, systematic biopsy, lacks sensitivity as well as g...
Article
Chronic inflammation and subsequent tissutal alterations may play a key role in prostate carcinogenesis. In this way, molecular alterations of the suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), one of the most important inhibitory molecule of inflammatory signal transduction circuitries, could contribute to explain the pleiotropic role of interleukin-...
Article
Full-text available
C l i n i c a U r o l o g i c a , D i p a r t i m e n t o d i S c i e n z e c h i r u r g i c h e , P o l i c l i n i c o A g o s t i n o G e m e l l i , U n i v e r s i t à C a t t o l i c a d e l S a c r o C u o r e , R o m a -I t a l i a C l i n i c a U r o l o g i c a , D i p a r t i m e n t o d i S c i e n z e c h i r u r g i c h e , P o l i c...
Article
The current techniques used as the gold standard of care for the diagnosis and surveillance of urological malignancies such as cystoscopy, urine cytology and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) present many limitations such as invasiveness, insufficient accuracy and unsatisfactory cost-effectiveness. This is the reason for the explosion of interest in...
Article
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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the 13th most common cancer worldwide and accounts for 4% of all adult malignancies. Herein the state of the art and recent advances in cross-sectional radiological imaging applied to RCC are reviewed, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. Literatu...
Article
Objective: The aim of this work was to verify the tolerability and the preliminary clinical results of intensive intravesical instillations of a mitomycin C (MMC) regimen. Patients and methods: From September 2007 to November 2009, 40 consecutive evaluable patients with pathologically confirmed intermediate-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cance...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in imaging have an increasingly significant role in the diagnosis, staging and restaging of patients with bladder cancer. This paper reviews the current use of imaging in bladder neoplasms, comparing the different radiologic investigations, and discusses the potential applications of novel imaging techniques in the management of patients w...
Article
The role of statistics in medical research starts at the planning stage of a clinical trial or laboratory experiment to establish the design and size of an experiment that will ensure a good prospect of detecting effects of clinical or scientific interest. Statistics is again used during data analysis (sample data) to make inferences valid in a wid...
Article
Objective: The aim of the present paper is to review findings from the most relevant studies and evaluate the potential of new drugs in treatment of metastatic urothelial cancer. Methods: Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE and Pubmed databases up to 2009 using both medical subject heading (Mesh) and a free text strategy with the name o...
Article
Androgens are involved in the development and progression of prostate cancer even if the mechanism is not well-recognized. For this reason androgen-deprivation therapy remains a milestone for the treatment of patients with advanced and metastatic disease and, in the last years, in conjunction with radiotherapy and surgery in locally advanced tumors...
Article
Several substances such as growth hormone (GH), erythropoietin (Epo), and anabolic steroids (AS) are improperly utilized to increase the performance of athletes. Evaluating the potential cancer risk associated with doping agents is difficult since these drugs are often used at very high doses and in combination with other licit or illicit drugs. Th...
Article
In the last decades a growing interest has been dedicated to prevention, diagnosis and therapy of male genital pathologies, such as varicocele, infertility and erectile dysfunction in the population involved in sport activities. High incidence (up to 30%) of varicocele has been reported in a population of athletes and up to 60-80% in the subgroup o...
Article
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Statistical data referring to sports-related traumas of the urinary tract are quite scarce; nevertheless, it is possible to draw general data on the relationship between sports and urological traumas. Literature review of peer-reviewed articles published by May 2009. Urological traumas account for about 10% of all traumas, and about 13% of them is...
Article
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Prostatitis-like syndromes are high prevalent health problems and frequently considered by patients and physicians as strictly correlated to sports causing perineal compression. These syndromes and their relationships with sporting activities have been discussed in this report. We reviewed peer-reviewed scientific articles published by May 2009 and...
Article
A retroperitoneal metastasis from malignant melanoma is an uncommon event and mostly secondary to a primary lesion of the posterior trunk. We report on a 38-year-old patient with malignant melanoma of the anterior trunk who presented a symptomatic metastatic mass of the left renal hilum not originating from the retroperitoneal lymph nodes of the re...
Article
Full-text available
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a highly prevalent urinary syndrome with a profound impact on quality of life (QoL) of affected patients and their family because of its adverse effects on social, sexual, interpersonal, and professional function. Cost-of-illness analyses showed the huge economic burden related to OAB for patients, public healthcare syst...
Article
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is the most frequent coagulation disorder associated with metastatic prostate cancer. We report a case of a 60-year-old white man who was admitted in our department with ecchymoses and haematuria secondary to a DIC associated with metastatic prostate cancer. A review of this clinical scenario is also rep...
Article
Human factors is a definition that includes the science of understanding the properties of human capability, the application of this understanding to the design and development of systems and services, the art of ensuring their successful applications to a program. The field of human factors traces its origins to the Second World War, but Three Mil...
Article
The formulation of proper evaluation criteria after superficial bladder cancer therapy poses several methodological problems that are often peculiar to the disease. The Achilles' heel of many trials is possibly found in the criteria used in the evaluation of the trial's outcome. As a consequence, total agreement regarding the criteria for response...
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Background Overactive bladder is a high prevalent and quality of life affecting disease. The mainstay of the medical therapy is represented by antimuscarinic drugs, but their side effects markedly affect patient compliance and prompt studies on novel investigational drugs. Methods A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed papers and meeting...
Article
Full-text available
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a chronic common disease in many men and is often associated with bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). In many men the disease presents with a progressive course that can result in complications such as acute urinary retention (AUR) and BPH-related surgery. Several factors have been associated with p...
Article
Full-text available
Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNS) may represent the main clinical problem in cancer patients; however, the knowledge of their clinical aspect remains quite poor among urologists. To provide urologists with an overview on main clinical aspects of PNS that have been reported to be associated to urological cancers. Literature search of peer-reviewed pape...
Article
Non muscle invasive bladder cancer, given its high tendency to recur, coupled with an ever-present possibility to progress to potentially life-threatening muscle-invasive disease, remains a challenging clinical problem. Optimal management begins with early detection and accurate risk assessment through careful attention to clinical and histology fe...
Article
Bladder cancer is among the top eight most frequent cancers. Its natural history is related to a combination of factors that impact on its aggressiveness. Cystoscopy and urine cytology are the currently used techniques for the diagnosis and surveillance of non-invasive bladder tumors. The sensitivity of urine cytology for diagnosis is not high, par...