Francesco Orsini

Francesco Orsini
University of Bologna | UNIBO · Department of Agri-Food Sciences and Technologies

PhD Agricultural Sciences and Tecnhologies

About

165
Publications
142,958
Reads
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3,754
Citations
Citations since 2016
107 Research Items
3360 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Introduction
Associate Professor of "Smart Horticulture", "Urban Farming", 'Vegetable Crops', 'Greenhouse and vertical farming systems' and 'Urban Agriculture' at Bologna University Alma Mater Studiorum. Research on urban horticulture, protected cultivation and indoor farming technologies. Chair, Division on Landscape and Urban Horticulture of the ISHS. Coordinator, H2020-862663 'Food Systems in European Cities (FoodE)' and Research Project of National Interest 'Sustainable Vertical Farming (VFarm)'.
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - August 2019
Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research on LED lighting technologies applications on horticultural crops.
June 2018 - October 2018
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research on LED lighting technologies applications on horticultural crops.
November 2014 - November 2014
IRTA Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology
Position
  • Visiting researcher
Education
January 2005 - December 2007
University of Naples Federico II
Field of study
  • Agricultural and Food Sciences and Technologies
December 2003 - December 2004
University of Padova
Field of study
  • International Cooperation for Development in Rural Areas
December 2002 - December 2003
University of Padova
Field of study
  • Agricultural Sciences and Technologies

Publications

Publications (165)
Article
Growing conditions and agronomical inputs play a key role in determining fruit qualitative and nutraceutical traits at harvest and post-harvest. The hereby presented research investigated the effects of pre-harvest supplemental LED interlighting on post-harvest quality of hydroponically grown tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum “Siranzo”). Three LED tre...
Article
Full-text available
Our food system is facing an unprecedented challenge: feeding a fast growing population without depleting precious resources like energy, soil, and water.Furthermore, the increasing urbanization has rapidly exacerbated the gap between farm to plate, leaving cities vulnerable to changes in the production and supply chain, as demonstrated by recent p...
Article
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Light composition modulates plant growth and defenses, thus influencing plant–pathogen interactions. We investigated the effects of different light-emitting diode (LED) red (R) (665 nm) and blue (B) (470 nm) light combinations on Actinidia chinensis performance by evaluating biometric parameters, chlorophyll a fluorescence, gas exchange and photosy...
Article
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Coltivare frutta e verdura in città fa bene all’ambiente e alle persone. Aiuta a conservare la biodiversità, evita i lconsumo di energia per trasportare i prodotti agricoli e crea dei giardini dov’è possibile incontrarsi e giocare all’aria aperta. Articolo tradotto dall'originale in Inglese "Orsini F and D’Ostuni M (2022) The Important Roles of U...
Article
Urban agriculture (UA) is sprouting up in the empty spaces of post-industrial landscapes. Beyond the opportunities toward improving local food supplies and economies, UA may also foster social inclusion and environmental sustainability. The project AGRiS, winner of the UrbanFarm2021 competition, was developed for Troisi Park in Naples (Italy), wher...
Chapter
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Indoor vertical farms (IVF) have expanded rapidly in recent years as an approach to secure resilient food provisioning in urban areas. Sustainability is often promoted by IVFs, focusing primarily on farm-level metrics and information about work with packaging. However, there are few assessments of the implications IVFs have throughout their life cy...
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The metabolism of a building can be connected to a rooftop greenhouse, exchanging energy, water and CO2 flows, therefore reducing emissions and recycling cultivation inputs. However, integrating a rooftop greenhouse onto a building requires the application of stringent safety codes (e.g., fire, seismic codes), to strengthen and secure the structure...
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Drought risk is significantly increasing as a consequence of climate change, and the Mediterranean basin will be among the most affected areas by water scarcity in Europe. The development of agronomic strategies enabling the reduction in drought stress in cultivated crops is, therefore, a crucial priority. Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) are soil am...
Article
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Nowadays, agriculture must face a new challenge: produce more food with fewer natural resources. To achieve this goal, scientists are testing a technique called aquaponics. Aquaponics was introduced many years ago by ancient Chinese and Mexican populations. In aquaponics, fish and plants are farmed together. How is this possible? Bacteria change th...
Article
In recent years, light emitting diodes (LEDs) have experienced a wide increase in their employment for protected horticulture in Northern Europe, offering the possibility to enhance plant growth under controlled environmental facilities. Light is an important source of energy for plant development and, therefore, the lack of a proper supply of sunl...
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The growing urban population, climate change, and the scarcity of natural resources are major world-wide challenges. In the coming years, we must ensure that more food is available to feed Earth’s growing population. We need to reduce the pressures that agriculture places on the Earth. Urban agriculture, which means growing food in cities, evolved...
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The inadequate management of agro-waste in intensive agriculture has a severe negative impact on the environment. The valorization of crop residue as a source of crop nutrients is a valid alternative to close the nutrient cycle and reduce the use of external input. In this study, plant material was incorporated into the soil as fresh crop residue,...
Article
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Plants respond to salinity by producing antioxidants and osmolytes; some of these are nutritionally useful to humans (e.g. phenolics), or may improve the sensory quality of produce (e.g. sugars). For the current study, strawberries were irrigated with 0, 10, 20 or 40 mM NaCl, and the responses in antioxidants, phenolics, and flavour attributes were...
Chapter
This contribution starts from the consideration that urbanization, which has brought half of the world population living in the cities, appears to be irreversible and, as a consequence, the number of megalopolis is constantly increasing. The always growing demand of food in great urban areas makes alimentation one of the biggest problems which is b...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentations from the FAO Working Group on Greenhouse Crop Production in South-East Europe, 26 September 2021
Article
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The main objective of this study is to contribute a framework and to provide an overview of potential key factors, policies, and barriers associated with the integration of rooftop urban agriculture (RUA), building on stakeholders' perspectives in four European cities (Barcelona, Berlin, Bologna, and Paris). The research was developed in two phases...
Article
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Specialized metabolites from plants are important adjuvants for human health thanks to their antioxidant properties. Light is one of the main factors modulating the biosynthesis of specialized metabolites, determining the cascade response activated by photoreceptors and the consequent modulation of expressed genes and biosynthetic pathways. Recent...
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The present work aims to explore the potential to improve quality of purslane microgreens by combining water salinity and LED lighting during their cultivation. Purslane plants were grown in a growth chamber with light insulated compartments, under different lighting sources on a 16 h d−1 photoperiod—fluorescent lamps (FL) and two LED treatments, i...
Article
Nowadays, literature is still limited on the effects that LEDs may trigger during postharvest. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of continuous monochromatic Yellow or Green light on total and individual phenolic and glucosinolate content of 9-day broccoli sprouts stored up to 15 days at 5 °C as a ready-to-eat product. In addition, a...
Article
Efficient use of light can improve crop yields and qualitative performance for controlled-environment agriculture. A spectral-shifting, unidirectional light-extracting photonic thin film has the potential to boost photosynthesis to improve greenhouse lettuce yield. Full text accessible here: https://rdcu.be/cmNs7
Article
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In indoor vertical farms, energy consumption represents a bottleneck for both a system’s affordability and environmental footprint. Although switching frequency (sf) represents a crucial factor in determining the efficacy of light emitting diodes (LED) lighting systems in converting electricity into light, the impact of sf is still underexplored. T...
Article
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the physiological and quality changes of fresh-cut red chard (Beta vulgaris) and rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) leaves illuminated during storage with monochromatic light emitting diode (LED) lamps, featuring different spectral component (red, green, yellow, white, blue and far-red) and same light in...
Article
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Intensive growing systems used for greenhouse tomato production, together with light interception by cladding materials or other devices, may induce intracanopy mutual shading and create suboptimal environmental conditions for plant growth. There are a large number of published peer-reviewed studies assessing the effects of supplemental light-emitt...
Article
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The growing population of tropical countries has led to a new awareness of the importance of vegetables as a source of essential foods and nutrients. The success of vegetable cultivation depends to a large extent on high-quality seedlings. This work aimed at evaluating the effects of different substrates and different nutrient solution concentratio...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic unveiled the fragility of food sovereignty in cities and confirmed the close connection urban dwellers have with food. Although the pandemic was not responsible for a systemic failure, it suggested how citizens would accept and indeed support a transition toward more localized food production systems. As this attitudinal shift...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic unveiled the fragility of food sovereignty in cities and confirmed the close connection urban dwellers have with food. Although the pandemic was not responsible for a systemic failure, it suggested how citizens would accept and indeed support a transition toward more localized food production systems. As this attitudinal shift...
Article
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Attention to urban agriculture (UA) has recently grown among practitioners, scientists, and the public, resulting in several initiatives worldwide. Despite the positive perception of modern UA and locally grown, fresh produce, the potential food safety risks connected to these practices may be underestimated, leading to regulatory gaps. Thus, there...
Chapter
The growth of the world urban population altogether with the detrimental effects of climate change and resource scarcity are currently exerting extreme pressure on our food systems. Innovation in vegetable crop production is being driven by plant cultivation technologies that are independent of soil fertility and availability, highly efficient in t...
Article
Link for download: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1ch233QCo9bJkP Rooftop agriculture (RA) is a building-based form of urban agriculture that includes both protected and nonprotected farming practices, such as rooftop greenhouses as well as open-air rooftop gardens and farms. The use of underexploited urban spaces on buildings for farming purposes...
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Within the scholarly debate, Urban Agriculture (UA) has been widely acknowledged to provide diverse environmental and socio-cultural ecosystem services (ESs) for cities. However, the question of whether these potential benefits are also recognized as such by the involved societal groups on the ground has not yet been investigated. This paper aims a...
Article
In 2019, the international student competition Urban Farm invited students from all over the world and different disciplines to join forces in order to reconvert three abandoned buildings into productive structures using soil-less technologies. One of the target locations was the abandoned school of Orzes village, in the Italian Alps, a mountain ar...
Article
In response to the growth of urban population and the reduction of resources availability (e.g., arable land, water, and nutrients), new forms of agriculture that can be developed also in urban environment are gaining increasing popularity. Urban agriculture constitutes a viable opportunity for improving the city food security, also fostering local...
Article
Under the international challenge UrbanFarm2019, a requalification program was designed for the former elementary school of Orzes (Belluno Province, Italy). Since the post-WW2 period and until the 1980s, this historical building guaranteed an education to the children that used to live in the surrounding agricultural neighbourhoods. Orzes village i...
Article
The Rose Garden of the University of Bologna, where more than 1000 old and new rose species and cultivars are collected, includes an experimental field for the evaluation of landscape roses under low maintenance conditions, i.e., without irrigation, fertilization, phytosanitary treatments and pruning for the first 5 years after planting, and a mech...
Article
Botanical gardens in Italy are facing a severe crisis and many of them are under risk to disappear. The Botanical Gardens of the University of Bologna (UBBGs) contains one of the eldest germplasm collections in the world. Currently, the ageing of the living arboreal collection poses typical problems associated with senescence, with some specimens a...
Article
In a rapidly urbanizing world, urban agriculture (UA) represents an opportunity for improving food supply, health conditions, local economy, social integration, and environmental sustainability altogether. While a diversity of farming systems is encountered in the different world regions, it is estimated that about a third of urban dwellers is invo...
Article
In the short-term, an increased role will be played by cities in the decisive shift to create more resilient communities. Aquaponic Design ® aims to be part of this change through the design and construction of modular and customizable urban aquaponic systems, fostering public awareness on environmental issues, specifically targeting food productio...
Article
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In recent years, urban agriculture (UA) projects have bloomed throughout the world, finding large applications also in the developed economies of the so-called Global North. As compared to projects in developing countries, where research has mainly targeted the contribution to food security, UA in the Global North has a stronger multifunctional con...
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of both economic and environmental viability. Appli-plications on production costs, literature on optimal the number of hours per day correlates with the total-1-2 d-1-1 m-2 d-1-1-2 d-1-Lactuca sativa Ocimum basilicum-Eruca sativa Cichorium intybus mol m-2 s-1-plant species. In lettuce and chicory, the adoption of a-2 d-1-1 photoperiod resulted-2 d...
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Plant Factories with Artificial Lighting (PFALs) are spreading due to the claimed efficiency in natural resources use, although at the cost of higher energy needs as compared with more traditional food systems. In recent years, research literature on PFAL technological features and management protocols has bloomed, mainly targeting innovation in li...
Article
Indoor plant cultivation systems are gaining increasing popularity because of their ability to meet the needs of producing food in unfavourable climatic contexts and in urban environments, allowing high yield, high quality, and great efficiency in the use of resources such as water and nutrients. While light is one of the most important environment...
Article
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The study evaluated the feasibility of simplified hydroponics for the growth of rooted cuttings of geranium (Pelargonium zonale) for commercial purposes in local farms in Northern Italy. Tested systems included a control where soilless system on substrate (peat) (T-1), usually adopted by local farmers, was compared against an open-cycle drip system...
Article
Background: The main objective of this study was to evaluate physiological and quality changes of minimally processed broccoli sprouts illuminated during postharvest storage under Blue, Red, and Far-Red LED lighting as compared to Darkness or illumination with Fluorescent light, as control treatments. Results: Morphological and microbiological chan...
Article
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Simplified soilless cultivation (SSC) systems have globally spread as growing solutions for low fertility soil regions, low availability of water irrigation, small areas and polluted environments. In the present study, four independent experiments were conducted for assessing the applicability of SSC in the northeast of Brazil (NE-Brazil) and the c...
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In recent years, research on light emitting diodes (LEDs) has highlighted their great potential as a lighting system for plant growth, development and metabolism control. The suitability of LED devices for plant cultivation has turned the technology into a main component in controlled or closed plant-growing environments, experiencing an extremely...
Article
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Saffron is traditionally cultivated in soil as a semi-perennial crop, although the feasibility of crop production is today constrained in Europe due to both agronomic and socioeconomic factors. Accordingly, interest has been increasing concerning its possible cultivation within protected environments through adoption of soilless cultivation technol...
Article
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In Northern Europe, the use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is widely adopted in protected horticulture, enabling to enhance plant growth by ensuring needed radiative fluxes throughout seasons. Contrarily, the use of artificial lighting in Mediterranean greenhouse still finds limited applications. In this study, the effects of supplemental LED inte...
Article
Full-text available
Soil salinization due to climate change and intensive use of water and soil is increasing exponentially. Cucurbitaceae species are cultivated worldwide and the identification of salinity tolerant genotypes to be used as rootstock or scion for securing yield stability in salt affected agricultural areas is a research priority. In the present greenho...
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Water use efficiency is a main research target in agriculture, which consumes 70% of global freshwater. This study aimed at identifying sustainable water management strategies for the lettuce crop in a semi-arid climate. Three independent experiments were carried out on a commercial variety of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) by applying different irrig...
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What challenges sustainable urban allotment gardens (UAG) are facing regarding water management? Heavy rainfall events, scarcity, reduced availability, inefficient use and low quality are water-related threats commonly reported in urban areas, which also affect soil and vegetation conditions. For example, in Urban Allotment Gardens (UAG) of the Me...