Francesco Fuso Nerini

Francesco Fuso Nerini
KTH Royal Institute of Technology | KTH · Energy Systems Analysis

PhD

About

49
Publications
33,065
Reads
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2,055
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - November 2015
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Position
  • Energy analyst

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
The UN's Sustainable Energy For All initiative has made universal access to energy by 2030 a key target. Countries wherein budgets are constrained and institutions stressed are faced with the challenge of further extending energy services – and doing so significantly. To meet this goal for the power sector in a cost-effective way, governments have...
Article
A framework to assess alternative technologies in agricultural production is presented. The impact of different energy technology mixes is studied via scenario analysis. Modern energy technologies can support rural productivity and increase local incomes. Certain productive activities can cost-effectively be coupled with electricity generation. a b...
Article
Worldwide, approximately 1.2 billion people still lack access to electricity. Recognized by the Brazilian Government as a citizen's right, access to electricity was extended to almost 15 million people since 2003 as a result of the “Luz Para Todos” (Light for all — LPT) program. However, considerable parts of the Amazon region still lack access to...
Article
Energy access targets at national, sub-national, and local levels, are often not specified in great detail – and tend to focus on supply. Another approach to better inform policy and investment might benefit from an indicator that focuses on the services derived from electricity access. To provide support for decision-making, this research investig...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at supporting robust decision-making for planning and management of water–energy–food Nexus systems in the country of Jordan. Nexus priority challenges in Jordan were identified as (1) water scarcity, (2) agricultural productivity and water quality, and (3) shift to energy independence. We created a water–energy–food Nexus model th...
Article
Full-text available
The international community has committed to achieve 169 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets by 2030 and to enhance climate adaptation under the Paris Agreement. Despite the potential for synergies, aligning SDG and climate adaptation efforts is inhibited by an inadequate understanding of the complex relationship between SDG targets and adap...
Preprint
Universal clean cooking is one of the key targets under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, and has implications for several other SDGs, such as good health and well-being, gender equality and the climate goals. Yet, 2.6 billion people globally still lack access to clean cooking. The situation is especially dire in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this chapter we extend earlier work (Vinuesa et al., Nature Communications 11, 2020) on the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) proposed by the United Nations (UN) for the 2030 Agenda. The present contribution focuses on three SDGs related to healthy and sustainable societies, i.e. SDG...
Article
Full-text available
Cities across the world are becoming more engaged in tackling climate change and contributing to the achievement of international agreements. The city of Curitiba in Brazil is no exception. In December 2020, the city published PlanClima (Plano Municipal de Mitigação e Adaptação às Mudanças Climáticas), a climate plan developed with local and intern...
Article
This paper presents the first application of the scenario discovery approach in geospatial electrification modelling. 1944 electrification simulations were constructed for Burkina Faso from a combination seven input levers, including four grid-extension strategies. The scenario discovery analysis identifies a scenario described by a high grid elect...
Article
The introduction of geospatial data into modelling efforts carries many advantages but also introduces numerous challenges. A common challenge is the Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP), describing how results change as the spatial aggregation of data changes. Here, we have studied MAUP in geospatial least-cost electrification modelling. We do thi...
Article
Here we discuss how personal carbon allowances (PCAs) could play a role in achieving ambitious climate mitigation targets. We argue that recent advances in AI for sustainable development, together with the need for a low-carbon recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, open a new window of opportunity for PCAs. Furthermore, we present design principles ba...
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Urban and peri-urban communities across the Global South face considerable energy access challenges with over one billion people living without adequate access to basic services such as energy, water, and healthcare. Lack of access to modern energy services has cascading effects on the United Nations 2030 Agenda and the achievement of the correspon...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are vital for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), but different local strategies to advance on the same SDG may cause different ‘spillovers’ elsewhere. Research efforts that support governance of such spillovers are urgently needed to empower ambitious cities to ‘account globally’ when acting locally on SDG implementation stra...
Article
Full-text available
Human settlements are usually nucleated around manmade central points or distinctive natural features, forming clusters that vary in shape and size. However, population distribution in geo-sciences is often represented in the form of pixelated rasters. Rasters indicate population density at predefined spatial resolutions, but are unable to capture...
Article
Full-text available
The 2030 Agenda is an aspiring set of goals and targets that aims to prompt humanity towards a sustainable development by 2030. In order to achieve this, actions that mitigate trade-offs and enhance synergies within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) need to be identified. However, for the energy sector these actions are dispersed across the...
Article
Full-text available
Since the early phase of the artificial-intelligence (AI) era expectations towards AI are high, with experts believing that AI paves the way for managing and handling various global challenges. However, the significant enabling and inhibiting influence of AI for sustainable development needs to be assessed carefully, given that the technology diffu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The international community has committed to achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 and to enhance climate action under the Paris Agreement. Yet achievement of the SDGs is already threatened by climate-change impacts. Here we show that further adaptation this decade is urgently required to safeguard 68% of SDG targets against acute...
Preprint
Full-text available
The 2030 Agenda is an aspiring set of goals and targets that aims to prompt humanity towards a sustainable development by 2030. In order to achieve this, actions that mitigate trade-offs and enhance synergies within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) need to be identified. However, for the energy sector these actions are dispersed across the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over one billion people live in urban dwellers without adequate access to basic services such as energy, water, and healthcare. Here we use the SDG ´lens´ to evaluate how local policies and plans for energy access in informal settlements can be coordinated with the SDGs achievement. With a case study in Kibera, Kenya, we analyse how local energy ac...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ´decade of action´ to achieve the ambitious 17 Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 is off to a very challenging start. With progress on the achievement of most SDGs already lagging behind even before the Covid-19 crisis-our analysis nds that the pandemic negatively affects the achievement of 144 targets (almost 90%) of the SDGs. However, 66 t...
Article
Full-text available
Energy projects in pursuit of Sustainable Development Goal 7, which addresses affordable and clean energy, can have numerous synergies and trade-offs with all other SDGs and their targets. However, the identification of such interlinkages is both complicated and scattered in literature. To overcome this gap, this research presents the development a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human settlements are usually nucleated around manmade central points or distinctive natural features, forming clusters that vary in shape and size. However, population distribution in geo-sciences is often represented in the form of pixelated rasters. Rasters indicate population density at predefined spatial resolutions, but are unable to capture...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving universal access to electricity by 2030 is a key part of the Agenda for Sustainable Development, and has its own Sustainable Development Goal, SDG 7.1. This is because electricity services are required for almost all aspects of a modern economy, from the cooling of vaccines to irrigation pumping, to manufacturing and running a business. T...
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The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and its progressively wider impact on many sectors requires an assessment of its effect on the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Using a consensus-based expert elicitation process, we find that AI can enable the accomplishment of 134 targets across all the goals, but it may also inhibit...
Article
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The international community has committed to combat climate change and achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Here we explore (dis)connections in evidence and governance between these commitments. Our structured evidence review suggests that climate change can undermine 16 SDGs, while combatting climate change can reinforce all 17 SDGs bu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The development of AI will shape all aspects of our future. Our novel analysis shows that AI can support the achievement of all the UN Sustainable Development Goals. However, it is essential to reinforce the global debate regarding the use of AI and to develop the necessary regulatory insight and oversight for AI-based technologies. * With: Max Te...
Preprint
Full-text available
The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and its progressively wider impact on many sectors across the society requires an assessment of its effect on sustainable development. Here we analyze published evidence of positive or negative impacts of AI on the achievement of each of the 17 goals and 169 targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable De...
Article
Full-text available
Circular economy (CE) is an emerging concept that contrasts the linear economic system. This concept is particularly relevant for cities, currently hosting approximately 50% of the world’s population. Research gaps in the analysis and implementation of circular economy in cities are a significant barrier to its implementation. This paper presents a...
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Full-text available
The Paris Agreement and SDG13 on Climate Action require a global drop in GHG 12 emissions to stay within a ´well below 2 degrees´climatedegrees´climate change trajectory. Cities will play a key 13 role in achieving this, being responsible for 60 to 80% of the global GHG emissions depending on 14 the estimate. Here we describe how Research and Innov...
Article
Energy poverty in the European Union poses a distinctive challenge across Member States, and requires tailored and targeted action. EU policy makers need to strengthen the response to energy poverty and engender action across Member States, moving beyond the focus on vulnerable consumers in energy markets.
Article
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Article
In South Africa, as in much of sub-Saharan Africa, strong urbanization trends lead to people settling in ever less suitable informal locations, which are often considered ineligible for basic service provision. This study explores how access to basic energy services can be provided to informal urban households in South Africa that are ineligible fo...
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Full-text available
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development—including 17 interconnected Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets—is a global plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. SDG7 calls for action to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Here we characterize synergies and trade-offs between effort...
Article
With an application on the UK, this paper shows that myopic planning might result in delayed strategic investments and in considerably higher costs for achieving decarbonisation targets compared to estimates done with perfect foresight optimisation energy models. It also suggests that carbon prices obtained from perfect foresight energy models migh...
Article
Full-text available
Energy for cooking is considered essential in achieving modern energy access. Despite this, almost three billion people worldwide still use solid fuels to meet their cooking needs. To better support practitioners and policy-makers, this paper presents a new model for comparing cooking solutions and its key output metric: the 'levelized cost of cook...
Article
Full-text available
This Hot Energy Topic reviews the current state of the EUs GHG emissions outside of its borders and highlights corresponding policy gaps where actions might be undertaken.
Book
Full-text available
This thesis presents analytical advances to support quantitative insights into national and local policies for achieving energy access goals. The key objective is the creation of an analytical tool to compare technology options for achieving energy access goals and to estimate the cost of reaching those goals. To achieve that objective, the thesis...
Article
According to the latest Global Tracking Framework (2015), 18% of the global and 57% of the African population live without access to electricity services—a key impediment towards social and economic growth. Accelerating access to electricity requires, inter alia, strategies and programmes that effectively address and account for the geographical, i...
Article
Full-text available
Policy brief on the outcomes from the SIDA-supported work submitted to the WEO 2014 team of the International Energy Agency https://www.kth.se/polopoly_fs/1.573953!/Africa%20Energy%20Outlook%20SIDA-KTH-IEA%202015_01_21.pdf
Chapter
• The energy sector is intertwined with water, food, public health, and gender matters. Hence a nexus perspective increases understanding of these interdependencies, enhancing efficiency, balancing trade-offs, building synergies, and improving governance. Energy helps to achieve secure and equal access to productive resources and inputs, helps to s...
Article
Energy access targets at national, sub-national, and local levels, are often not specified in great detail – and tend to focus on supply. Another approach to better inform policy and investment might benefit from an indicator that focuses on the services derived from electricity access. To provide support for decision- making, this research investi...
Article
Full-text available
Energy access metrics are needed to track the progress towards providing sustainable energy for all. This paper presents advancements in the development of the Multidimensional Energy Poverty Index (MEPI), as well as results and analysis for a number of developing countries. The MEPI is a composite index designed to shed light on energy poverty by...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Establish and manage an clear, transparent, open source community of users and developers around the Open Source Energy Modelling System (OSeMOSYS).
Archived project
INSIGHT_E provides decision makers from the European Commission with unbiased policy advice and insights on policy options, including an assessment of their potential impact. Moreover, it brings to the attention of policy makers new trends in technology as well as the objectives and activities of important stakeholders that have a key voice in European energy policy-making. The INSIGHT_E consortium is comprised of a multidisciplinary team of experts from the energy sector, who are experienced in delivering high quality policy advice and have access to a large network of stakeholders.