Francesco Paolo Fanizzi

Francesco Paolo Fanizzi
Università del Salento | Unisalento · Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA)

Chemistry

About

328
Publications
46,678
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Introduction
Francesco Paolo Fanizzi currently works at the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA), Università del Salento.Professor Fanizzi research interests and current projects are essentially related to transition metals (specially Platinum ) coordination organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry and to applications of high field NMR Spectroscopy in the fields of chemistry, biology, pharmaceutical and agricultural sciences.
Additional affiliations
November 2000 - present
Università del Salento
Position
  • General and Inorganic Chemistry full professor
Description
  • Research interests are related to transition metals bioinorganic, coordination and organometallic chemistry, and to applications of high field NMR spectroscopy in the fields of chemistry, biology, pharmaceutical and agricultural sciences.
November 2000 - February 2016
Università del Salento
Position
  • General and Inorganic Chemistry Full Professor
November 2000 - February 2016
Università del Salento
Position
  • General and Inorganic Chemistry Full Professor

Publications

Publications (328)
Article
Improved cellulose biosynthesis and plant biomass represent important economic targets for several biotechnological applications including bioenergy and biofuel production. The attempts to increase the biosynthesis of cellulose by overexpressing CesAs proteins, components of the cellulose synthase complex, has not always produced consistent results...
Article
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NMR-based metabolomics is a very effective tool to assess the tumor response to drugs by providing insights for their mode of action. Recently, a novel Pt(II) complex, [Pt(ƞ1-C2H4OMe)(DMSO)(phen)]+ (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline), Pt-EtOMeSOphen, was synthesized and studied for its antitumor activity against eight human cancer cell lines. Pt-EtOMeSOph...
Article
Among the new Pt complexes with anticancer properties, phenanthroline derivatives have aroused great interest due to their different mode of action compared to cisplatin. We previously examined cytotoxic effects of a new Pt(II)-complex containing 1,10-phenantroline (phen), [Pt(η¹-C2H4OMe)(DMSO)(phen)]Cl, in a panel of eight human cancer cell lines,...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of low-intensity visible light responsive nanocolloids of a Pt-based drug using a 2D and three-dimensional (3D) in vitro cancer cell model. Biocompatible and biodegradable polymeric nanocolloids, obtained using the ultrasonication method coupled with Layer by Layer technology, were characterized...
Article
Full-text available
Xylella fastidiosa is a xylem-limited bacterium causing a range of economically important plant diseases in hundreds of crops. Over the last decade, a severe threat due to Olive Quick Decline Syndrome (OQDS), caused by Xylella fastidiosa subspecies pauca, affected the Salento olive groves (Apulia, South-East Italy). Very few phyto-therapeutics, inc...
Article
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Pomegranate peel extract is rich of interesting bioactive chemicals, principally phenolic compounds, which have shown antimicrobial, anticancer, and antioxidative properties. The aim of this work was to improve extract’ bioactivity through the adsorption on calcium carbonate nanocrystals. Nanocrystals revealed as efficient tools for extract adsorpt...
Article
Full-text available
The agricultural sector is facing a decrease in water supply and water quality at a global level and this is a problem that strictly affects all the Mediterranean olive growing areas. The aim of this work was to evaluate, for the first time, by NMR Spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis the metabolic profiling of the oils produced under differ...
Article
The appearance of new epidemic virus opened new questions on the treatment of viral infections. The expectations in receiving answers and fast solutions from scientists are very high and the search for more effective antiviral drugs is highly desired. The potential of platinum compounds in viral diseases is an unexplored field. In last fifty years,...
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Geographical origin assessment of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is recognised worldwide as raising consumers’ awareness of product authenticity and the need to protect top-quality products. The need for geographical origin assessment is also related to mandatory legislation and/or the obligations of true labelling in some countries. Nevertheless, o...
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The increasing popularity of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.), driven by the awareness of its nutraceutical properties and excellent environmental adaptability, is promoting a global expansion of its production area. This investigation reports the variability in the weight, moisture, pH, total soluble solids, carbohydrates, organic acids, phenolic...
Article
Nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA) belong to a family of compounds widely used in anticancer/antiviral treatments. They generally exhibit a cell toxicity limited by cellular uptake levels and the resulting nucleos(t)ides metabolism modifications, interfering with the cell machinery for nucleic acids synthesis. We previously synthesized purine nucleos(t)i...
Presentation
Full-text available
Olive oil, for its beneficial proprieties in terms of high content of healthy antioxidant compounds, such as well-balanced fatty acids (FAs) and secondary metabolites, like phenylpropanoids playing a role in the irradiation and protection from oxidative stress of plants, is a high commercial valuable product for Mediterranean countries. Fruit devel...
Article
Platinum complexes are currently used for breast cancer therapy, but, as with other drug classes, a series of intrinsic and acquired resistance mechanisms hinder their efficacy. To better understand the mechanisms underlying platinum complexes resistance in breast cancer, we generated a [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)]-resistant MCF-7, denoted as [Pt(a...
Article
Full-text available
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca is the causal agent of “olive quick decline syndrome” in Salento (Apulia, Italy). On April 2015, we started interdisciplinary studies to provide a sustainable control strategy for this pathogen that threatens the multi-millennial olive agroecosystem of Salento. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence quan...
Article
Full-text available
Jellyfish as food represent a millennial tradition in Asia. Recently, jellyfish have been proposed as a valuable source of proteins also in Western countries. To identify health risks associated with potential human consumption of jellyfish as food, trace element accumulation was assessed in gonad and umbrella tissues of the Mediterranean Rhizostom...
Article
The innovative combination of ultrasound (Us) with a thermal exchanger to produce high quality extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) was studied using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis (MVA). Major and minor metabolomic components of Apulian Coratina EVOO obtained using the two methods were compared. Early and late oli...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from the [PtCl(η1-C2H4OMe)(phen)] (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, 1) platinum(II) precursor, we synthesized and characterized by multinuclear NMR new [Pt(η1-C2H4OMe)(L)(phen)]+ (L = NH3, 2; DMSO, 3) complexes. These organometallic species, potentially able to interact with cell membrane organic cation transporters (OCT), violating some of the...
Article
Full-text available
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca, is a bacterial phytopathogen associated with the “olive quick decline syndrome” (OQDS) causing severe economic losses to olive groves in Salento area (Apulia, Italy). In a previous work, we analyzed by 1H-NMR the metabolic pattern of naturally infected Ogliarola salentina and Cellina di Nardò susceptible cultivars u...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the growing number of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) producers in the world, knowing the influence of olive oils with different geographical origins on the characteristics of the final blend becomes an interesting goal. The present work is focused on commercial organic EVOO blends obtained by mixing multiple oils from different geographi...
Article
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Background: Plants of genus Cichorium are known for their therapeutic and nutraceutical properties determined by a wealth of phytochemical substances contained in the whole plant. The aim of this paper was to characterize the metabolic profiles of local Salento chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) varieties ("Bianca", "Galatina", "Leccese", and "Otranto...
Article
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Cisplatin (CDDP) is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents, used for the treatment of diverse tumors, including neuroblastoma and glioblastoma. CDDP induces cell death through different apoptotic pathways. Despite its clinical benefits, CDDP causes several side effects and drug resistance.[Pt(O,O′-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)], namely PtAcacDMS, a...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of the article unfortunately contained a typo in co-author name. The author name should be Francesco Paolo Fanizzi instead it was published incorrectly as Franco Paolo Fanizzi. The original article has been corrected.
Article
Defective mitosis with chromosome missegregation can have a dramatic effect on genome integrity by causing DNA damage, activation of the DNA damage response (DDR), and chromosomal instability. Although this is an energy-dependent process, mechanisms linking DDR to cellular metabolism are unknown. Here we show that checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2), a cent...
Article
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In order to evaluate the local environmental risk deriving from coal transport and burning, 30 soil samples were collected along the coal conveyor belt and around the coal-burning power plant Federico II of Brindisi (Apulia, southern Italy). Since soil pollution of metals and metalloids is measured not only by their total concentration but also by...
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Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a naturally occurring bioactive lipid belonging to the family of N-acylethanolamides. A variety of beneficial effects have been attributed to OEA, although the greater interest is due to its potential role in the treatment of obesity, fatty liver, and eating-related disorders. To better clarify the mechanism of the antia...
Article
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is nowadays the sixth cause of tumour-related deceases worldwide, estimated to become the third in Western countries by 2030. New drugs for HCC treatment still have many adverse effects. Several lines of evidence indicate that plant metabolites offer concrete opportunities for developing new therapeutic strategies for...
Article
Full-text available
During the last few years, the global demand for extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is increased. Olive oil represents a significant percentage of world fat consumption determining an important development of its market. In this context, the problems related to counterfeiting and product fraud is becoming extremely relevant. Thus, the quality and authen...
Article
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We evaluated the ability of Dittrichia viscosa to extract cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) from agarized substrates with moderately low levels of contamination. This plant species spontaneously colonizes contaminated soils and has already been recognized as suitable for metal phytoremediation. D. viscosa retains As mainly in the roots and translocates...
Article
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Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems for cancer therapy offer a great promising opportunity as they specifically target cancer cells, also increasing the bioavailability of anticancer drugs characterized by low water solubility. Platicur, [Pt(cur) (NH3)2](NO3), is a cis-diamine-platinum(II) complex linked to curcumin. In this work, an ultrasoni...
Article
By studying a model set of square‐planar [Pt(NH 3 ) a X b ] n (a+b = 4; X b = combination of b halido ligands; n = 2−b) complexes, we found that their δ( 195 Pt) NMR chemical shift decreases proportionally to the platinum bonded halido ligands’ ionic radii overall sum. This confirms also for these systems, the already observed NMR shielding attribu...
Article
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A 1 H-NMR-based metabolomic study was performed on MCF-7 cell lines treated with a novel nicotinamide derivative (DT-8) in comparison with two drugs characterized by a well-established mechanism of action, namely the DNA-metalating drug cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum(II), CDDP) and the antimitotic drug vinblastine (vinblastine, VIN). The...
Article
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Heavy metals (HMs) are released into the environment by many human activities and persist in water even after remediation. The efficient filtration of solubilized HMs is extremely difficult. Phytoremediation appears a convenient tool to remove HMs from polluted water, but it is limited by the choice of plants able to adapt to filtration of polluted...
Article
The Olive Mill Wastewaters (OMWs) are one of the most important agro-industrial wastes of the Mediterranean Countries and the disposal by draining them onto land has been proved to be damaging for soils, plants and groundwater due to their polluting power. The present report describes a new method for bio-detoxification of undiluted fresh OMW based...
Article
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Honey is a natural sweet substance produced by honeybees from the nectar of flowers, plant secretions or plant-sucking insect excretions. Sugars and water constitute the major components, other minor components characterize the organoleptic and nutritional properties. To date, Salento (Apulia region, Italy) honey production is considerably threaten...
Article
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Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca is responsible for the "olive quick decline syndrome" (OQDS) in Salento (Apulia). The main epidemiological aspects of the syndrome are related to the pathogen spread and survival in the area, and to the biology of the insect vector. The assessment of the macro and microelements content (i.e., ionome) in soil and leav...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean basin is one of the regions heavily affected by jellyfish bloom phenomena, mainly due to the presence of scyphozoans, such as Rhizostoma pulmo. The jellyfish have few natural predators, and their bodies represent an organic-rich substrate that can support rapid bacterial growth with great impact on the structure of marine food web...
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The application of non-targeted serum metabolomics profiling represents a noninvasive tool to identify new clinical biomarkers and to provide early diagnostic differentiation, and insight into the pathological mechanisms underlying hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. In this study, we used proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR) Spectros...
Article
The bystander effect (BE) is an important biological phenomenon that induces damages in distant and not directly affected by a chemical/physical stress cells. This effect, well known in ionizing radiation treatment, relies on reactive signals released by exposed cells and transmitted via cell–cell interaction or culture medium. In this study, cyclo...
Article
We previously demonstrated that the δ NMR chemical shift of central NMR active atoms (A), in simple halido [AX n ] (A=C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, Pt; X n = combination of n halides, n = 4 or 6) derivatives, could be directly related to X radii overall sum, Σ( r L ). Further correlation have also been observed for tetrahedral [AX 4 ] (A=C, Si; X 4 = combinat...
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Many marine organisms, including invertebrates, produce mucosal matrices having different functions. Besides mechanical protection, the mucus of many invertebrates contains specific compounds to make the animal poisonous and/or distasteful or irritating. The presence of antibiotic molecules is more advantageous for some invertebrates to contrast ba...
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Thanks to recent advances in analytical technologies and statistical capabilities, the application field of metabolomics has increased significantly. Currently, this approach is used to investigate biological substrates looking for metabolic profile alterations, diseases markers, and drug effects. In particular, NMR spectroscopy has shown great pot...
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Recent studies have shown that marine algae represent a great source of natural compounds with several properties. The lipidic extract of the seaweed Chaetomorpha linum (Chlorophyta, Cladophorales), one of the dominant species in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Mediterranean, Ionian Sea), revealed an antibacterial activity against Vibrio ordalii and Vi...
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Chemical and biochemical functionalization of nanoparticles (NPs) can lead to an active cellular uptake enhancing their efficacy thanks to the targeted localization in tumors. In the present study calcium carbonate nano-crystals (CCNs), stabilized by an alcohol dehydration method, were successfully modified by grafting human serum albumin (HSA) on...
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia associated with alterations in carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism. The prognosis of T2DM patients is highly dependent on the development of complications, and therefore the identification of biomarkers of T2DM progression, with minimally invasive...
Article
Full-text available
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca is a xylem-limited bacterial phytopathogen currently found associated on many hectares with the “olive quick decline syndrome” in the Apulia region (Southern Italy), and the cultivars Ogliarola salentina and Cellina di Nardò result in being particularly sensitive to the disease. In order to find compounds showing the...
Article
Full-text available
We have demonstrated the cytotoxic effects of [Pt(O,O′-acac)(γ-acac)(dimethyl sulfide (DMS))] on various immortalized cell lines, in primary cultures, and in murine xenograft models in vivo. Recently, we also showed that [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] is able to kill Caki-1 renal cells both in vivo and in vitro. In the present paper, apoptotic and au...
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Crop production and natural resource use, especially in developing countries, represents one of the most important food sources for humans. In particular, two wheat species (tetraploid, which is mostly used for pasta and hexaploid, which is primarily used for bread) account for about 20% of the whole calories consumed worldwide. In order to assess...
Data
Supplementary video 1: Tonoplast “bubbling” in Arabidopsis epidermal cell during co-expression of GFP::SYP51 (green) and RFP::NIP1;1 (red). Yellow signal evidence co-localization of fluoreochromes in aggregates at the bubbling site. (note: The possibility that this interaction may regulate tonolast turnover, regulating its composition, is one of t...
Article
One of the major challenges of drug delivery is the development of suitable carriers for therapeutic molecules. In this work, a novel nano-formulation based on superparamagnetic nanoclusters (MNC) is presented. In order to control the size of the nanoclusters and the density of magnetic cores, several parameters were evaluated and tuned. Then, MNC...