Francesco Di Gruttola

Francesco Di Gruttola
IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca

PhD in Neuroscience
#ArtificialIntelligence, #Neuroscience #Sport, #Psychology, #Imagery, #ActionObservation, #Organization

About

39
Publications
6,664
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217
Citations
Introduction
Mail: francesco.digruttola@unifi.it RESEARCH INTEREST - Motor imagery & action observation - Biofeedback in sport - Sport & life skills training CV In progress: Startupper 2018: "Tuscan PhD in Neuroscience" - Univ. of Pisa 2014: I^ Level Master "Sport Psychology" - Salesian Pontifical Univ. of Rome 2011: MSc "Neuroscience and Neuropsychological Rehabilitation" - Univ. of Bologna 2009: BSc "Science and Techniques of Developmental and Educational Psychology" - Univ. of Firenze
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - present
IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Innovation Center Lab - Neuroscience
September 2018 - present
Freelance
Position
  • Startupper
September 2016 - November 2016
Brunel University London
Position
  • Visiting PhD student
Education
October 2014 - March 2018
Università di Pisa
Field of study
  • Neuroscience and Sport Psychology
September 2012 - June 2014
Università Pontificia Salesiana di Roma - Istituto Universitario Salesiano Venezia
Field of study
  • Sport Psychology
September 2009 - November 2011
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Blink rate (BR), which is considered an index of the dopaminergic tone, has been studied in 41 subjects with high (highs), medium (mediums) and low (lows) hypnotisability scores in resting conditions. It has been found higher in highs; relaxation (indicated by skin conductance), anxiety and the proneness to absorption in tasks (assessed by question...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the assessment of motor imagery (MI) ability in humans. Commonly, MI ability is measured through two methodologies: a self-administered questionnaire (MIQ-3) and the mental chronometry (MC), which measures the temporal discrepancy between the actual and the imagined motor tasks. However, both measures rely on subjects' self-...
Article
Italy was one of the most impacted countries by the COVID-19 crisis, with detrimental effects on the world of sports. In this exploratory study, we examined Italian athletes’ perceived stress and functional/dysfunctional psychobiosocial states during the COVID-19 crisis, comparing current assessment scores with data collected prior to the pandemic....
Article
Full-text available
The frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) is a neurophysiological measure of motivation and preference. Despite the FAA is associated to commercial pleasantness, conflicting evidence emerged in the literature regarding its relationship with behavior. To study the association between FAA and consumers' decision, we manipulated a commercial script to elicit...
Article
Full-text available
Internal mobility often depends on predicting future job satisfaction, for such employees subject to internal mobility programs. In this study, we compared the predictive power of different classes of models, i.e., (i) traditional Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), with two families of Machine Learning algorithms: (ii) regressors, specifically lea...
Article
Full-text available
Since the end of 2019 and throughout 2020, the world has been devastated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The sports world suddenly had to deal with a massive reorganization of events with important implications for the physical and psychological preparation of athletes and coaches. The purpose of this study was to explore how these changes impacted coach...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the end of 2019 and throughout 2020 the world has been devastated by the SARS COVID-19 pandemic. The sport world suddenly had to deal with a massive reorganization of events with important implications on the physical and psychological preparation of athletes and coaches. The purpose of this study was to explore how these changes impacted coa...
Article
Full-text available
A partire dai primi mesi del 2020, il contesto sportivo italiano ha dovuto fronteggiare l’emergenza sanitaria dovuta alla pandemia da COVID-19. Società sportive e atleti italiani sono stati tra i primi a vivere le restrizioni dovute alle misure di prevenzione. A tal proposito, abbiamo indagato le principali conseguenze psicologiche dell’isolamento,...
Conference Paper
Negli ultimi anni l’intelligenza artificiale (AI), definita come l’abilità di una macchina di effettuare autonomamente compiti paragonabili a quelli dell’intelligenza umana, ha invaso la nostra quotidianità. Oltre a semplificare la nostra vita con l’introduzione della guida autonoma o il riconoscimento vocale delle parole, è in grado di leggere i b...
Article
Full-text available
The recent global outspread of the COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the lives of people across multiple countries including athletes, coaches, and supporting staff. Along with everybody else, coaches found themselves constrained to an at-home self-isolation, which limited their ability to normally engage with their profession and to interact with t...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic impacted on the sporting field, with athletes constrained in home isolation without the possibility to train and compete in their usual environments. This situation has been investigated within the theoretical frameworks of athletic identity and cognitive emotion regulation.Objectives The objectives of our investiga...
Article
Motor imagery (MI) ability is highly subjective, as indicated by the individual scores of the MIQ-3 questionnaire, and poor imagers compensate for the difficulty in performing MI with larger cerebral activations, as demonstrated by MI studies involving hands/limbs. In order to identify general, task-independent MI ability correlates, 16 volunteers...
Article
Purpose: A positive association between resting state vagal tone and performance of a few cognitive functions has been proposed. Aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between vagal tone and motor imagery (MI), as MI is based on high-level cognitive processes such as attention, working memory and inhibitory control. Methods:...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: A positive association between resting state vagal tone and performance of a few cognitive functions has been proposed. Aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between vagal tone and motor imagery (MI), as MI is based on high-level cognitive processes such as attention, working memory and inhibitory control. Methods...
Article
Hypnotizability is a psychophysiological trait associated with morpho-functional brain differences. Since also cerebellar peculiarities have been reported in individuals with different hypnotizability levels and the cerebellar function is relevant to spatial imagery, the present study was aimed at investigating possible hypnotizability-related diff...
Conference Paper
Motor imagery (MI) is a dynamic state during which the mental representation of a motor action is internally rehearsed within working memory without produce a visible motor output. The “functional equivalence hypothesis” states that MI and motor performance may be linked, both showing a speed-accuracy trade off and activating brain's motor circuit...
Article
Full-text available
Questionnaires are presented as reliable measure of motor imagery (MI), i.e. the ability to mentally simulate a movement in an internal perspective. Although there is some evidence that MI is domain-specific (i.e., i.e., higher scores for motor imagery may be generated by people with extensive real-world experience and practice), MI studies have ty...
Conference Paper
The goal of the investigation was to verify whether assess kinesthetic imagery (KI) ability objectively and subjectively showed different brain activation profiles, as we expect. The sample (N=11) was composed by young adults (4 females). Firstly, we measured participants' KI ability: a) objectively, with chronometry, comparing KI and actual moveme...
Research
Full-text available
“Sport & Exercise Psychology Under...” is an innovative project of scientific dissemination in the form of a Seminar on topics concerning sport and physical exercise Psychology.
Article
L’immaginazione motoria é un processo psicologico conscio che simula un’azione in una prospettiva di prima persona. Essa condivide con l’esecuzione dell’azione alcune caratteristiche temporali e neurofisiologiche, che la rendono una tecnica psicologica valida ed efficace per l’incremento della prestazione motoria. Tuttavia, esistono differenze indi...
Poster
Full-text available
Aims: The aim of the study is to build an objective measure of the goodness of kinesthetic and visual motor imagery ability in a 1^ person perspective in young adults (18-35 y/o) with different motor experiences. Methods: It has been designed the ”Kinesthetic and Visual Motor Imagery Index” (KVMII), a revisitation of the ”Motor Imagery Index” by Co...
Conference Paper
Finalità/Obiettivi: La motor imagery (MI), l’abilità di ripetere mentalmente azioni motorie senza evidenti movimenti del corpo, è un'importante acquisizione per i bambini utile per imparare, programmare e controllare i movimenti. Esistono evidenze della presenza di tale abilità a partire dai 5 anni di età, ma ci sono solo pochi studi con bambini al...
Conference Paper
Finalità/Obiettivi: La motor imagery (MI) è definita come un processo cognitivo conscio che simula un’azione in una prospettiva di prima persona (Choudhury et al., 2007). Recentemente, alcuni studiosi (i.e. Collet et al., 2011) hanno sostenuto l’ipotesi di misurare e classificare la bontà dell’abilità di MI negli atleti attraverso strumentazioni ps...
Conference Paper
Research on Motor Imagery (MI), the ability to mentally rehearse motor acts without overt body movements, has suffered the lack of clarity in four main thematic areas (Gabbard, 2009; Madan, Singhal, 2012): 1) different definitions of visual imagery (VI) and MI, 2) unawareness to evoke MI automatically (without conscious intent) rather than delibera...
Poster
Full-text available
PRESENTATION The seminar will touch many arguments in sport and physical exercise Psychology. In particular, it will intervene some of the most prominent academics on motor imagery and action observation topics. These are keys areas for the intervention of the expert in sport psychology to enhance mental abilities of the subjects involved, at vario...
Conference Paper
Motor Imagery (MI), that is the ability to mentally rehearse motor acts without overt body movements, is an important acquisition for children to learn, program and control movements. There are evidences that this capacity is present from the age of 5, but there are only few studies with children under 7 years old. This because of some theoretical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mental abilities are essential features in motor performance achievement [4], however, in literature only few studies investigated the association between biometric, psychiatric and motor expertise characteristics and mental abilities. Aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics related to the goodness of such mental abilities that may...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thesis
Motor Imagery (MI), “the dynamic state during which the mental representation of a specific motor action is internally rehearsed within working memory without any visible motor production”, is an important acquisition for the child to learn, program and control movements and considered a strategic “window” for the study of the action representation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Verrà presentato lo strumento denominato “Questionario sullo stress e le strategie per combattere lo stress nello sport di squadra giovanile”. E' stato costruito per essere compilato interamente ed in autonomia dal singolo atleta, il quale viene invitato a riflettere sui propri allenamenti e gare degli ultimi 4 mesi. Esso è composto da 7 parti: in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Finalità Il Master Universitario di I° livello in Psicologia dello Sport dello IUSVE di Venezia nasce dall’esigenza di formare figure professionali che possano operare in maniera congrua ed efficace in contesti sportivi differenti con competenza, consapevolezza, responsabilità e attenzione per i principi deontologici in un’ottica di prevenzione e p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Verranno messi a confronto due progetti di Psicologia dell'esercizio fisico: Il progetto “Delfino Attivo” è rivolto agli utenti che frequentano il Centro Diurno “Il Delfino” del Consorzio “Astir” di Livorno di età compresa tra 11 e 14 anni, affetti da patologia psichiatrica in fase sub-acuta, inviati dall’U.F.M.I.A. della Asl 6 di Livorno. L’intent...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thesis
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies (D'Argembeau, Linden, 2004; Van Boven, Ashworth, 2007; Caruso, Gilbert, Wilson, 2008) highlighted that for same events, people experience more intense emotive reactions when imagine to live them in the future compared to the past. More specifically, Caruso (2010) studing the evaluation of moral judgements for past and f...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
To understand athletes and coaches' well-being during COVID-19, To assess perceived stress in athletes and coaches, To implement interventions to improve mental wellbeing.
Project
This project is aimed at studying the psychological effects of COVID-19 crisis in Italian Athletes and Coaches.
Project
“Sport & Exercise Psychology Under...” is an innovative project of scientific dissemination in the form of a Seminar on topics concerning sport and physical exercise Psychology