Francesco Dentale

Francesco Dentale
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology

About

77
Publications
56,568
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281
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2016 - October 2019
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
May 2014 - May 2015
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (77)
Preprint
Tests derived from the implicit social cognition framework allow practitioners to control faking outcomes in clinical and forensic assessments. The questionnaire-based Implicit Association Test (qIAT) is a new assessment technique, based on reaction times in a categorization task of items taken from self-report measures.The aim of this study is (1)...
Preprint
In the last decades many studies demonstrated that self-report measures are massively prone to malingering, especially in specific sensitive assessment contexts where socially desirable responding assumes a particularly relevant role (e.g., clinical assessment for the assignment of a disability pension). In this regard, within the tradition of impl...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify and empirically examine the dynamic capabilities (DC) that drive the development of digital manufacturing capabilities (DMC) and the role of DMC in mediating their influence on firm performance. Design/methodology/approach Based on the dynamic capabilities view (DCV) of the firm, the authors develop...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to conceptualize, for the first time, an implicit form of moral disengagement and investigate its role in relation to cheating behavior. In line with the implicit social-cognition models, we argue that the implicit moral disengagement would represent an unintentional, automatic, and less accessible form of the mechanisms bypassing...
Article
This study determined the predictive value of antenatal maternal and paternal depressive symptoms in emotional availability (EA) during mother-child and father-child interactions. A self-reported measure of depression was administered to 50 couples of primiparous parents during the seventh/eighth month of pregnancy, and an observational system was...
Article
Full-text available
The present research addresses the unique role of locomotion and assessment regulatory-mode orientations on self-forgiveness, by controlling for personality traits and by excluding possible effects of variables linked to strategies that underestimate one’s culpability. In three studies (Total N = 471) we found that assessment obstructs, while locom...
Article
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Parental pre-natal representations predict the interactive patterns that parents will put in place after childbirth. Early interactions defined by high parental emotional availability (EA) influence the development of security in children. To date, research on the predictive role of parental pre-natal representations on child attachment is still po...
Article
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The present study was aimed at investigating the protective role of Global Self-Esteem (GSE) on the relationship between stressful life events and depression. A longitudinal research design, including two measurement occasions with a two-month interval was applied on a sample of 95 university students (80 females) with a mean age of 22.49 (SD = 6.7...
Article
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Background Maternal sub-threshold and non-clinical depression and its possible outcomes on offspring internalizing/externalizing symptoms has received growing attention in recent years because of its significant worldwide prevalence. Methods Through a Latent State-Trait Analysis approach (LST), this longitudinal study aimed to identify a stable co...
Article
We examine the structural overlap of the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) and the Behavioral Approach System (BAS) with Stability and Plasticity, the two higher-order factors encompassing the Big Five. Carver and White’s BIS/BAS and the Big Five Inventory were administered to a sample of 330 adults, serving both as targets and informants. Self- a...
Article
According to dual-process models, implicit self-esteem (SE) is based on automatic self-associations that can be measured with indirect techniques based on an associative conception of implicit cognition (e.g., Implicit Association Test; IAT). However, alternative theoretical proposals (e.g., relational frame theory; RFT) propose that implicit SE mi...
Article
At a global level, due to the large diffusion of plastic and electronic products, people are disposing growing quantities of municipal solid waste (MSW), and its composition is more complex than ever before. Effective waste management behaviors, policies and technologies enable a variety of benefits in the multi-dimensional perspective of social, e...
Article
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Objectives Several studies suggest that self‐criticism and self‐reassurance operate through different mechanisms and might interact with each other. This study examined the hypothesis that self‐reassurance serves as a buffer between self‐criticism and depressive symptoms in a way that self‐esteem, which is rooted in a different motivational system,...
Article
Studies in the Developmental Psychopathology framework have demonstrated the maladaptive influence of maternal depression on offspring emotional-behavioral functioning. Moreover, many Authors have suggested that the chronicity and timing of maternal depression can be crucial aspects predictive of specific maladaptive outcomes in children such as Ea...
Article
The present study aims to validate an Italian version of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ), which operationalizes the two-dimensional model of grandiose narcissism recently proposed by Back et al. (2013). The model differentiates between Admiration and Rivalry, two dimensions that entail the agentic and antagonistic aspec...
Poster
Background: Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy (NAC) is commonly recommended as a preoperative treatment for patients with locally advanced breast cancers (BC). However, several studies have shown that NAC can increase patients’ distress. A first aim of this study was to evaluate if BC patients treated with NAC show higher levels of distress as compared to...
Poster
Background: In the last decade, several studies have shown the role that integrative therapies (e.g. acupuncture, herbal medicine, body-mind practices) can play to relieve symptoms related to cancer and its mainstream treatment. However, conclusive evidence about the value of Plantar Reflexology (PR) on side effects management in breast cancer pati...
Article
The construct and criterion validity of an Implicit Association Test designed to rate the importance ascribed to Achievement-Benevolence oriented goals (AB-IAT) according to Schwartz’s model were investigated. In a first study (N =113), the AB-IAT and three other value-IATs (Power-Universalism, Security-Self-direction, Tradition-Stimulation) were a...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies were conducted with the aim of investigating whether the Big Five traits, as measured by the Implicit Association Test (IAT), predict supervisor ratings of job performance. Two incumbent groups composed respectively by 52 security guards (Study 1) and 71 semi-skilled workers (Study 2) completed a self-report measure of the Big-Five and...
Article
Objectives. The present study was aimed at investigating the factorial structure and the construct validity of the Italian translation of the Fears of Compassion (FC) Scales in a non clinical sample [i.e. Fear of Compassion From Others (FCFO), Fear of Compassion Towards Others (FCTO), and Fear of Self-Compassion (FSC)]. An exploratory factor analys...
Article
Recent theorists have argued that theistic cognitions are so deeply embedded in human cultures that nearly all people experience implicit religious thoughts, even those who consider themselves as atheists or agnostics. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of a Catholic Faith Single Category Implicit Association Test (CF_SC-IAT), the degree of...
Article
In the literature, self-report scales of Self-Esteem (SE) often showed a higher test-retest correlation and a lower situational variability compared to implicit measures. Moreover, several studies showed a close to zero implicit-explicit correlation. Applying a latent state-trait (LST) model on a sample of 95 participants (80 females, mean age: 22....
Article
. Positive orientation (PO) is a basic predisposition that consists in a positive outlook toward oneself, one’s life, and one’s future, which is associated to many desirable outcomes connected to health and to the general quality of life. We performed a lexical study for identifying a set of markers of PO, developed an Implicit Association Test (th...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents a tool – the Landscape Identity Implicit Association Test (LI-IAT) – devoted to measure the implicit identification with European and Mediterranean landscapes. To this aim, a series of prototypical landscapes was selected as stimulus, following an accurate multi-step procedure. Participants (N = 174), recruited in two Italian ci...
Article
Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is a key trans-diagnostic personality construct strongly associated with anxiety symptoms. Traditionally, IU is measured through self-report measures that are prone to bias effects due to impression management concerns and introspective difficulties. Moreover, self-report scales are not able to intercept the automati...
Article
Two studies were conducted with the aim of investigating whether the Big Five traits, as measured by the Implicit Association Test (IAT), predict supervisor ratings of job performance. Two incumbent groups composed respectively by 52 security guards (Study 1) and 71 semi-skilled workers (Study 2) completed a self-report measure of the Big-Five and...
Article
Full-text available
The construct and criterion validity of the Depression Implicit Association Test (Depression IAT) as a marker of an automatic negative self-schema was investigated. The Depression IAT and other measures were administered to a sample of 116 participants (72 females) aged 37.28 (SD = 15.69) that was composed by 56 patients with an history of suicide...
Article
Full-text available
Three new scoring categories for the Wartegg Drawing Completion Test (WDCT) were introduced. Each of them permits to assess specific personality characteristics: the Evocative Character (EC) that is related to social adjustment; Form Quality (FQ) that is connected to reality testing ability and Affective Quality, (AQ) that is linked to general mood...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of partners’ relationship can be influenced by the reciprocal respect of the other’s parenting role, especially when the couple breaks up. This study is aimed at investigating the implicit versus explicit self-serving biases in the evaluation of partners and exes as parents (or potential parents), exploring sex differences and possible...
Article
Full-text available
The hypothesis that parental narcissism is related to depression and anxiety of the young adult children and that this relationship is mediated by the parental rearing style as reported by the offspring was investigated. Subjects were 409 young adults (264 females), aged 22.85 (SD = 2.00) and their parents. Parental narcissism was measured with the...
Article
Full-text available
Factorial structure and criterion validity of an enlarged version of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI-E) were evaluated in a community sample of young adults. This enlarged version was obtained by adding parental favouritism (FAV) and put-down/shaming (PUT_D) to the original care and overprotection (OV) scales as recalled by the offspring. Fact...
Book
Full-text available
The cognition activities of humans are an integration of conscious and unconscious processes. The existence, universality and effectiveness of implicit cognition indicate that the cognitive process can be classified into explicit cognition and implicit cognition systems. They comprise two types of information processing systems with different natur...
Article
This study investigates the extent to which response distortion occur when implicit measures of personality traits are used in applied settings. Two groups composed of 58 security guards and 45 semiskilled workers, respectively, completed five Implicit Association Tests (IATs) for assessing the Big Five personality traits as a part of a personnel a...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper is aimed at illustrating the alternative model of personality disorders (PD), included in the DSM-5 system, with a series of possible implications for the expert report in the canon law field. In order to do this, the DSM-IV TR diagnostic system with its limits as well as the new criterions of DSM-5 alternative model of PD were sy...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews the studies that applied the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to assess the Big Five personality traits, focusing on issues related to measurement and validity. After a brief introduction on the implicit self-concept of personality, the following five issues are critically reviewed: (1) the experimental procedure of both classic...
Article
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Two studies investigated reciprocal effects of values and voting. Study 1 measured adults' basic values and core political values both before (n = 1379) and following (n = 1030) the 2006 Italian national election. Both types of values predicted voting. Voting choice influenced subsequent core political values but not basic values. The political val...
Article
Full-text available
Although considered a predominantly automatic social behaviour, gaze following (GF) is sensitive to complex social factors like political affiliation and ideology. The present study aimed to determine whether the differential proneness to in-group leaders' gaze is related to attitudes towards politicians as measured by other implicit procedures. A...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to provide a contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms intervening in the electoral choice. We examined the impact on voting behaviour of the participants’ attitudes toward voting for a given coalition and the traits they attributed to the respective leader, Prodi and Berlusconi. Findings from 120 voters underlined...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study explores the relations between parental rearing style, parental narcis-sism, and psychopathological vulnerability of the offspring in a non clinical sample. The hypothesis in the background is that narcissistic parents tend to adopt a dysfunctional rearing style characterized by affectionless control that may produce an enhan...
Article
Full-text available
The needs of the canonica! Process in relation to the psychological Assessment. 2. The complementarity between the descriptive/ nomothetic approach and the explanatory/idiographic o ne for the psychologìcul assessrnent. 3. The PDlvl and its pussibie use m ihe area of canon law. Conclusions.
Article
Recently, dual models of social cognition have distinguished the implicit (affective) and the explicit (propositional) levels of self-esteem. Many studies have found that implicit and explicit self-esteem are weakly or even not correlated. Concerning the moderating factors of such a relationship, other studies stressed the importance of emotional a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
INTRODUZIONE. Il presente lavoro esamina, in un campione non clinico, la relazione che sussiste fra il narcisismo e lo stile di accudimento dei genitori da un lato e la vulnerabilità all'ansia e alla depressione dei figli dall'altro. La principale ipotesi è che il narcisismo dei genitori influenza l'ansia e la depressione dei figli attraverso la me...
Article
Recent studies have stressed the importance of affective information in the translation of implicit/associative evaluations into an explicit/propositional format. Accordingly, we predicted that alexithymia (as an inability to process emotions explicitly) increases implicit vs. explicit self-esteem (SE) discordance. Subjects were 310 university stud...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduzione: recenti studi hanno chiarito il ruolo, che alcuni fattori legati alla consapevolezza delle proprie emozioni (e.g. Private Self-Consciousness and Mindfulness), svolgono nella traduzione delle valutazioni implicite/associative in formato esplicito/proposizionale (Hofmann, Gschwendner & Schmitt, 2005). L'intento del presente studio è dim...
Article
Full-text available
Nel corso degli ultimi decenni è stato sviluppato un considerevole numero di studi sui processi cognitivi non consapevoli. In questo lavoro sono descritti innanzitutto alcuni importanti modelli di elaborazione inconscia dell’informazione. Nello specifico è stato approfondito il concetto di sistema di controllo centrale inconscio (Dixon 1981). In se...

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