Francesco De Francesco

Francesco De Francesco
Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Ancona · SOSD Hand Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit

Bachelor of Medicine

About

87
Publications
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Introduction
Francesco De Francesco currently works at the SOSD Hand Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Ancona. Francesco does research in Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Stem Cells and Plastic-Reconstructive Surgery.

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
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The purpose of this study was to estimate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of the intra-articular treatment of autologous microfragmented adipose tissue in dogs with spontaneous osteoarthritis (OA) in comparison with hyaluronic acid (HA), the standard intra-articular treatment. Specifically, it clinically evaluated pain and lameness, the radio...
Article
Background and Objectives: Wound healing is commonly associated with critical bacterial colonization or bacterial infection, which induces prolonged inflammation, resulting in delayed re-epithelialization. An appropriate wound dressing requires a humid environment, which also functions as a barrier against bacterial contamination and will accelerat...
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Rectus muscles widened by pregnancy are han- dled in dramatically different ways in standard abdominoplasty and mesh abdominoplasty. Patients with significant abdominal wall laxity and/or umbilical hernia repair are treated with the use of retrorectus mesh place- ment. In these conditions the risk of damaging the blood supply to the umbilicus might...
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Complex trauma of the upper limb is a common consequence of involvement in serious accidents. Loss of substance including nerve, bone, tendons and vascular defects are challenging surgical issues. A 27- year-old male presented with complex upper limb trauma and loss of a proximal third of the posterior forearm structure as well as loss of active fi...
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Background: Wound bed preparation is an important concept in clinical practice and is related to adequate debridement. The use of proteolytic enzymes is an established method of enzymatic wound debridement, especially in hard-to-heal ulcers that are unresponsive to normal healing procedures and progress. The TIME framework (tissue, inflammation/in...
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(1) Background: Implantation of metal-based scaffolds is a common procedure for treating several diseases. However, the success of the long-term application is limited by an insufficient endothelialization of the material surface. Nanostructured modifications of metal scaffolds represent a promising approach to faster biomaterial osteointegration t...
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Background and objectives: The skin recently became the main focus of regenerative medicine and, in this context, skin substitutes are fully entering into the plastic surgeon’s armamentarium. Among the various types of skin substitutes, dermal substitutes (DSs) are the most used. Our study aims to retrospectively compare three renowned and extremel...
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Within the adult canine population, disabilities and symptoms including joint pain and functional impairment are commonly observed in articular cartilage lesions and present a challenging feat in the operating room. Clinical settings require less invasive and more minimally manipulated measures facilitated by innovative and advanced technology. Mes...
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Preoperative breast volume estimation is very important for the success of the breast surgery. In this study four different breast volume determination methods were compared. The end-point of this prospective study was to evaluate the concordance between different modalities of breast volume assessment (MRI, BREAST-V, mastectomy specimen weight, co...
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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic debilitating disorder causing pain and gradual degeneration of weight-bearing joints with detrimental effects on cartilage volume as well as cartilage damage, generating inflammation in the joint structure. The etiology of OA is multifactorial. Currently, therapies are mainly addressing the physical and occupational...
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Peritendinous adhesions are a frequent occurrence following tenolysis and present a major clinical challenge regarding prevention and management, with no recovery assured from conservative or surgical approaches. Herein, we investigated the effectiveness of Hyaloglide®, a hyaluronan gel-based product with a novel autocross-linked technology, in a r...
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In Europe, approximatively 100 000 to 500 000 tendon repairs are performed every year. These procedures are associated with a considerable rate of postoperative complications (from 6% to 11%). Autologous micro‐grafts (AAMG) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) have been shown to improve tendon healing in 60% to 70% of treated rodents. The purpose of...
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Background The objective of this clinical review is to provide an overview of the use of breast implants after capsular contracture (CC) surgical treatment, with a focus on type of implants used. Furthermore, our experience in this field is also reviewed. MethodsMEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, the Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar datab...
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In a Goldilocks mastectomy, breast tissue is removed, leaving a layer of fat under the skin and using the dermis from the lower part of the breast to fold inside, forming a breast mound. This technique is not suitable for all women: it was conceived as a safe, single-stage breast reconstruction for women with particularly large and/or droopy breast...
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Background and objectives: Complex limb traumas are commonly treated with microsurgical reconstruction and free flaps. However, complications are frequent in patients affected by a previous trauma or comorbidity, atheromasia and a single valid vessel. Free flap reconstruction is indeed a challenging procedure in complex injuries, which may increase...
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Background Implant rupture may be detected by physical examination, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); the majority of silicone implant ruptures are clinically undetectable. The absence of guidelines for behaviour in the face of a suspected implant rupture often entails sending these patients for prosthetic revision surgery rather than...
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Background: Complete extension of the thumb and activation of the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon are fundamental to ensure maximum function. Many EPL repair techniques are described in the literature. Methods: The authors present an alternative technique using the brachioradialis (BR) tendon. Thirty patients with injuries of the EPL tendo...
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Background: Distal Phalanx (DP) fractures are the most common hand injuries. Bone fixation associated with soft tissue reconstruction, is often required to ensure more effective outcomes. The aim of the present study is to compare functional outcomes of DP fractures surgically treated with crossed manual drilled 23 Gauge needles vs crossed Kirschn...
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Background and objectives: Complex limb wounds with multiple tissue involvement are commonly due to high energy trauma. Tissue damage is a dynamic entity and the exact extent of the injury is rarely instantly perceptible. Hence, reconstruction frequently involves a multi-stage procedure concluding with tissue replacement. Materials and Methods: A r...
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Objective Artificial dermal substitutes (DSs) are fundamental in physiological wound healing to ensure consistent and enduring wound closure and provide a suitable scaffold to repair tissue. We compared the clinical and histological features of two DSs, Pelnac and Integra, in the treatment of traumatic and iatrogenic skin defects. Methods This pro...
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Background and objectives: The metabolic response after exercise causes a significant increase in the muscle blood flow. While these effects are demonstrated for intra-muscular vessels, there is no evidence about the inter-muscular vessels, such as the septocutaneous perforators supplying the skin after they branch out from the deep source artery....
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Fibrosis is a condition that affects the connective tissue in an organ or tissue in the restorative or responsive phase as a result of injury. The consequences of excessive fibrotic tissue growth may lead to various physiological complications of deformity and impairment due to hypertrophic scars, keloids, and tendon adhesion without understating t...
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Background and objectives: Skin grafting is a method usually used in reconstructive surgery to accelerate skin regeneration. This method results frequently in unexpected scar formations. We previously showed that cutaneous wound-healing in normal mice is accelerated by a micrograft (MG) technique. Presently, clinical trials have been performed util...
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In this period of the Covid-19 pandemic, a protective mask has become a common object of use to contain virus transmission. The imminent need for masks has led many governments to produce them, including surgical masks with elastic loops or masks with side cuts at the ears. Among those on the market, surgical masks with elastic loops are the ones m...
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Lipofilling has recently gained popularity as a tool in primary treatment of breast cancer, and its association with two-stage implant breast reconstruction is considered as standard treatment in many centers. However, no data are available about the long-term results of the association of lipofilling in combination with expander-implant reconstruc...
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Autologous fat grafting is a surgical technique in which adipose tissue is transferred from one area of the body to another, in order to reconstruct or regenerate damaged or injured tissues. Before reinjection, adipose tissue needs to be purified from blood and cellular debris to avoid inflammation and preserve the graft viability. To perform this...
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: Background: Cellulite is a condition in which the skin has a dimpled lumpy appearance. The main causes of cellulite development, studied until now, comprehends modified sensitivity to estrogens, the damage of microvasculature present among dermis and hypodermis. The differences of adipose tissue architecture between male and female might make fem...
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Background: Perforator mapping has been well described in the literature. Once the suprafascial plane is reached, the course of perforators is considered constant. However, the surgeon must be aware of whether an anastomosis exists between perforators superficially to the fascia, in order to choose the best vessel upon which to base the reconstruc...
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Background The gastrocnemius and soleus muscle flaps are the most commonly used transfer flaps to treat lower limb severe lesions. The use of the muscle as coverage tissuemay incur in functionality loss and motor control deficits. The aim of this study is to assess whether functional deficits are present during gait, posture and heel rise test (HRT...
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The skin graft is a surgical technique commonly used in the reconstructive surgery of the limbs, in order to repair skin loss, as well as to repair the donor area of the flaps and cover the dermal substitutes after engraftment. The unavoidable side effect of this technique consists of unaesthetic scars. In order to achieve the healing of posttrauma...
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Background The objective of this clinical review is to provide an overview of the use of silicone gel-filled breast implants placed in the sub-muscular position, with a focus on complication rates reported for both smooth and textured implants. Furthermore, our experience in this field is also reviewed. Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Sco...
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Adipose-derived MSCs (ASCs) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) play an important role in regenerative medicine and in the treatment of osteoarthritis. ASCs extracted from lipoaspirates are a valuable cell source due to their abundance and accessibility. ASCs are retrieved from the aqueous fraction of the digested lipoaspirate. The aqueous fraction...
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Background: Radical resections of ethmoidal tumors with intracranial extension present highly complex surgical and reconstructive problems. The purpose of report is to describe the authors' use of adipofascial radial forearm free flaps following unsuccessful anterior cranial fossa oncological surgery. Methods: Adipofascial radial forearm free fl...
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Background Pathological scars are unattractive and may significantly impair the patient’s quality of life. Current treatments provide inconsistent results, and none may be regarded as definitive. Recently, an auto-cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) formulation, IAL-SYSTEM ACP, featuring a long residence time and an enhanced safety profile, has been...
Article
Peripheral nerve physiology and regeneration has been observed and investigated in literature but surgical applications to reconstruct and restore motor or sensory functions are still in a developmental phase. The peripheral nerve progresses slowly and incompletely compared with other tissues, it may provoke separations of the nerve stumps and the...
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Adipose tissue possesses phenotypic gene expression characteristics that are similar to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Nevertheless, the multilineage potential may be inhibited, and cells may not expand adequately to satisfy the requirements of Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP). An autologous hMSC-enriched fat product would fulfil the void...
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Background Tuberous breast deformity is a congenital anomaly affecting young women. Several surgical techniques have been developed, but in many cases, they have not led to the expected results or have led to significant complications. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of treating tuberous breast deformity with an innovative “sta...
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A micrograft technique, which minces tissue into micro-fragments >50 µm, has been recently developed. However, its pathophysiological mechanisms in wound healing are unclear yet. We thus performed a wound healing study using normal mice. A humanized mouse model of a skin wound with a splint was used. After total skin excision, tissue micro-fragment...
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Autologous fat grafting procedures in plastic surgery have been extensively used to reinforce soft tissue in congenital or acquired tissue impairments. With this background, the aim of this study is firstly to examine the impact of a selective centrifugation on existing adipose stem cells (ASCs) in terms of stemness profile maintenance and, secondl...
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Human Papilloma Virus infection is very frequent in humans and is mainly transmitted sexually. The majority of infections are transient and asymptomatic, however, if the infection persists, it can occur with a variety of injuries to skin and mucous membranes, depending on the type of HPV involved. Some types of HPV are classified as high oncogenic...
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Background The etiology of non-healing ulcers depends on both systemic and local factors. The introduction of advanced dressing, negative wound therapy and compression therapy have undoubtedly improved clinical outcomes. The principal aim of study was to demonstrate the efficacy of dermal micrografts in the treatment of ulcers with different etiolo...
Article
The mouse excisional dorsal full-thickness wound model with a silicon splint fixed on the skin has been widely used to mimic human wound healing. However, the method cannot accurately quantify dermal remodeling, since the initial point of epithelialization on the wound surface is unclear. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a novel mouse...
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Inflammatory bowel diseases are an increasing phenomenon in western countries and in growing populations. The physiopathology of these conditions is linked to intestinal stem cells homeostasis and regenerative potential in a chronic inflammatory microenvironment. Patients with IBD present an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), or...
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Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with an increased risk of colitis-associated colorectal carcinoma (CAC). CAC is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The aim of the present review was to discuss the most important signaling pathways and genetic alteratio...
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Background: Pathological scars occur following injuries and are often considered esthetically unattractive. Several strategies have been attempted to improve these types of scars using both surgical and nonsurgical methods. The most common treatments include cryotherapy, intralesional corticosteroid injections, 5-fluorouracil, bleomycin, interfero...
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Breast augmentation combined with mastopexy is associated with a significantly higher complication rate than augmentation alone. The combination of mastopexy and breast implants has revealed a moderate recurrence of breast ptosis in many patients particularly with use of medium to large implants. Ptosis is the "bottoming out" of the breast tissue w...
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Lipomas are the most common benign tumors of the adipose tissue and can be located in any region of the body. In most cases lipomas are small and asymptomatic, but they can at times reach considerable dimensions and, depending on their anatomic site, hinder movements, get inflamed, cause lymphedema, pain and/or a compression syndrome. We here repor...
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Lipomas are benign solid tumours that develop in soft tissues with origin in mesenchymal progenitors. Macroscopically, they appear as soft-elastic nodules, varying in volume from a few millimiters to several centimetres and can enlarge progressively. Although they are usually asymptomatic, they can cause symptoms due to nerve or vessel compression....
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Liver cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the second most frequent cause of cancer death in men worldwide. Amongst liver cancers, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the major histological subtype and it is one of the most common malignant human tumors worldwide. Research into the molecular biology of hepatocarcinogenes...
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Stem cell based therapies for repair and regeneration of different tissues are becoming more important in the treatment of several diseases. Adult stem cells currently symbolize the most availa-ble source of cell progenitors for tissue engineering and repair and can be harvested using minimal-ly invasive procedures. Moreover, mesenchymal stem cells...
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Fibro-osseous lesions (FOL) represent a heterogeneous group of lesions that exhibit a variety of clinic-pathological features. Recently, based on the new World Health Organization classification system, these lesions were reclassified as follows: (1) fibrous dysplasia (FD), (2) osseous dysplasia, and (3) ossifying fibroma. Nevertheless, the nosolog...