# Francesco CoghiNordic Institute for Theoretical Physics | Nordita

Francesco Coghi

Doctor of Philosophy

NORDITA Postdoctoral Fellow

## About

28

Publications

1,660

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133

Citations

Introduction

Additional affiliations

Education

October 2015 - July 2017

**Politecnico di Torino/UPMC/SISSA & ICTP**

Field of study

- Physics of complex systems

October 2012 - July 2015

October 2009 - July 2012

## Publications

Publications (28)

Although higher-order interactions are known to affect the typical state of dynamical processes giving rise to new collective behavior, how they drive the emergence of rare events and fluctuations is still an open problem. We investigate how fluctuations of a dynamical quantity of a random walk exploring a higher-order network arise over time. In t...

We investigate fluctuations in the average speed or current of a self-interacting diffusion (SID) on a ring, mimicking the non-Markovian behaviour of an agent influenced by its own path. We derive the SID's phase diagram, showing a delocalisation-localisation phase transition from self-repelling to self-attracting. Current fluctuations are analysed...

We analytically derive universal bounds that describe the tradeoff between thermodynamic cost and precision in a sequence of events related to some internal changes of an otherwise hidden physical system. The precision is quantified by the fluctuations in either the number of events counted over time or the waiting times between successive events....

In this work, we introduce a generalization of the Landauer bound for erasure processes that stems from absolutely irreversible dynamics. Assuming that the erasure process is carried out in an absolutely irreversible way so that the probability of observing some trajectories is zero in the forward process but finite in the reverse process, we deriv...

We study the appearance of first-order dynamical phase transitions (DPTs) as “intermittent” coexisting phases in the fluctuations of random walks on graphs. We show that the diverging timescale leading to critical behavior is the waiting time to jump from one phase to another. This timescale is crucial for observing the system's relaxation to stati...

We study the appearance of first-order dynamical phase transitions (DPTs) as `intermittent' co-existing phases in the fluctuations of random walks on graphs. We show that the diverging time scale leading to critical behaviour is the waiting time to jump from one phase to another. This time scale is crucial for observing the system's relaxation to s...

The integral fluctuation theorem (IFT) for entropy production is among the few equalities that are known to be valid for physical systems arbitrarily driven far from equilibrium. Microscopically, it can be understood as an inherent symmetry for the fluctuating entropy production rate implying the second law of thermodynamics. Here, we examine an IF...

We analytically derive universal bounds that describe the trade-off between thermodynamic cost and precision in a sequence of events related to some internal changes of an otherwise hidden physical system. The precision is quantified by the fluctuations in either the number of events counted over time or the times between successive events. Our res...

Although higher-order interactions are known to affect the typical state of dynamical processes giving rise to new collective behavior, how they drive the emergence of rare events and fluctuations is still an open problem. We investigate how fluctuations of a dynamical quantity of a random walk exploring a higher-order network arise over time. By f...

We study the performance of a stochastic algorithm based on the power method that adaptively learns the large deviation functions characterizing the fluctuations of additive functionals of Markov processes, used in physics to model nonequilibrium systems. This algorithm was introduced in the context of risk-sensitive control of Markov chains and wa...

We consider random walks evolving on two models of connected and undirected graphs and study the exact large deviations of a local dynamical observable. We prove, in the thermodynamic limit, that this observable undergoes a first-order dynamical phase transition (DPT). This is interpreted as a “coexistence” of paths in the fluctuations that visit t...

Maximum entropy random walks (MERWs) are maximally dispersing and play a key role in optimizing information spreading in various contexts. However, building MERWs comes at the cost of knowing beforehand the global structure of the network, a requirement that makes them totally inadequate in real-case scenarios. Here, we propose an adaptive random w...

The Integral Fluctuation Theorem for entropy production (IFT) is among the few equalities that are known to be valid for physical systems arbitrarily driven far from equilibrium. Microscopically, it can be understood as an inherent symmetry for the fluctuating entropy production rate implying the second law of thermodynamics. Here, we examine an IF...

We study the performance of a stochastic algorithm based on the power method that adaptively learns the large deviation functions characterizing the fluctuations of additive functionals of Markov processes, used in physics to model nonequilibrium systems. This algorithm was introduced in the context of risk-sensitive control of Markov chains and wa...

We consider discrete-time Markov chains and study large deviations of the pair empirical occupation measure, which is useful to compute fluctuations of pure-additive and jump-type observables. We provide an exact expression for the finite-time moment generating function, which is split in cycles and paths contributions, and scaled cumulant generati...

We consider random walks evolving on two models of connected and undirected graphs and study the exact large deviations of a local dynamical observable. We prove, in the thermodynamic limit, that this observable undergoes a first-order dynamical phase transition (DPT). This is interpreted as a `co-existence' of paths in the fluctuations that visit...

Random walks are the most versatile tool to explore a complex network. These include maximum entropy random walks (MERWs), which are maximally dispersing and therefore play a key role as they optimize information spreading. However, building a MERW comes at the cost of knowing beforehand the global structure of the network to be explored. Here, we...

We consider discrete-time Markov chains and study large deviations of the pair empirical occupation measure, which is useful to compute fluctuations of pure-additive and jump-type observables. We provide an exact expression for the finite-time moment generating function and scaled cumulant generating function of the pair empirical occupation measur...

In this thesis we study rare events in different nonequilibrium stochastic models -- both in discrete and continuous time -- by means of spectral and variational large deviation approaches. Large deviation theory is a branch of probability that concerns the asymptotic study of exponentially-distributed sums of random variables. As many of these sum...

It is known that the distribution of nonreversible Markov processes breaking the detailed balance condition converges faster to the stationary distribution compared to reversible processes having the same stationary distribution. This is used in practice to accelerate Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms that sample the Gibbs distribution by adding...

It is known that the distribution of nonreversible Markov processes breaking the detailed balance condition converges faster to the stationary distribution compared to reversible processes having the same stationary distribution. This is used in practice to accelerate Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms that sample the Gibbs distribution by adding...

We study large deviations of a ratio observable in discrete-time reset processes. The ratio takes the form of a current divided by the number of reset steps and as such it is not extensive in time. A large deviation rate function can be derived for this observable via contraction from the joint probability density function of current and number of...

We study large deviations of a ratio observable in discrete-time reset processes. The ratio takes the form of a current divided by the number of reset steps and as such it is not extensive in time. A large deviation rate function can be derived for this observable via contraction from the joint probability density function of current and number of...

We study the rare fluctuations or large deviations of time-integrated functionals or observables of an unbiased random walk evolving on Erdös-Rényi random graphs, and construct a modified, biased random walk that explains how these fluctuations arise in the long-time limit. Two observables are considered: the sum of the degrees visited by the rando...

We reveal large fluctuations in the response of real multiplex networks to random damage of nodes. These results indicate that the average response to random damage, traditionally considered in mean-field approaches to percolation, is a poor metric of system robustness. We show instead that a large-deviation approach to percolation provides a more...

We study using large deviation theory the fluctuations of time-integrated functionals or observables of the unbiased random walk evolving on Erd\"os-R\'enyi random graphs, and construct a modified, biased random walk that explains how these fluctuations arise in the long-time limit. Two observables are considered: the sum of the degrees visited by...

We reveal large fluctuations in the response of real multiplex networks to random damage of nodes. These results indicate that the average response to random damage, traditionally considered in mean-field approaches to percolation, is a poor metric of system robustness. We show instead that a large deviation approach to percolation provides a more...