Francesco Celani

Francesco Celani
INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare | INFN · Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati LNF

Laurea in Fisica Sperimentale, Istituto di Fisica "Guglielmo Marconi", Università "La Sapienza" Roma, 15 Dicembre 1975, Marks 110/110.

About

181
Publications
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January 1982 - present
INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Position
  • First Researcher
Description
  • 1 July 1976--31 Dec. 1981. Frascati and CERN (Geneve), Saclay, Fermilab (USA). 1 Jan. 1982-30 Jun 1987: Frascati, Univ. Salerno, Lab. Gran Sasso, Univ.Tubingen. 1 July 1987-31 Dec. 1991: Frascati, Univ. Salerno, Lab. Gran Sasso, Univ. Tokyo,
July 1976 - November 2015
INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Position
  • Researcher 1 July 1976 --30 June 1988, from 1 July 1988 First Researcher up to present

Publications

Publications (181)
Book
Unified Field Theory was an expression first used by Einstein in his attempt to unify general relativity with electromagnetism. Unified Field Theory and Occam's Razor attempts to provide real answers to foundational questions related to this unification and should be of high interest to innovative scientists. A diverse group of contributing authors...
Presentation
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One more 3-days Workshop, series ANV (Assisi Nel Vento), of Multidisciplinary Science (mainly: Energy, Medicine, Geology) was held in Assisi-Italy; part of the Workshop had even arguments related to Philosophy/History/Art/Religion. The reported event was the 8th edition (December 2021). One of the characteristics of such Workshop is that the time s...
Presentation
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The objective of this workshop was to explore compelling R&D opportunities in Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), in support of developing metrics for a potential ARPA-E R&D program in LENR.
Presentation
Full-text available
• Introduction. a) Sketch of reactor core: coiled constantan coil, with long and thin wire coated by Low Work Function (LWF) materials. Counter-electrode geometry . b) Hybrid glassy-Quartz/Alumina sheath, large surface area, LWF materials coated. c) Richardson equation and plot (i.e. electron emission at low pressures). d) Paschen plot (i.e. gas io...
Presentation
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This is a presentation held at the Committee on Nuclear Research and Innovative Reactors of the “Order of Engineers of the Province of Rome” on February the 9th 2021. It summarizes the main findings in the field of “Cold Fusion” occurred in the last 31 years with a focus to the research conducted at INFN-LNF. With respect to previous similar presen...
Presentation
Full-text available
This is a presentation held at the International LERN Workshop in memory of Dr. Mahadeva Srinivasan, Kanpur-India, on January 22-24, 2021. It is divided in two parts, the first describes a new experimental setup for enhancing LENR phenomena in Constantan wires and it is an extension of what presented already at the Workshop “Assisi Nel Vento 5” (AN...
Presentation
Full-text available
[Enriched version of the original presentation] This short presentation introduces an experimental design for the enhancement of the anomalous thermal phenomena (AHE) observed since 2011 in Constantan3 wires exposed to a deuterium or hydrogen atmosphere, and heated by direct current. In fact, the occurrence of AHE requires specific conditions such...
Preprint
Full-text available
A) General overview of INFN-LNF experiments using Constantan wires and motivations. Several of key points shown at ICCF22 (September 8-13, 2019, Assisi-Italy), [DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.26669.64485]. B) Experimental evidence of the role of the Deuterium gas flux and electrical excitations, by unbiased collection and analysis of (our) over 80 tests/expe...
Presentation
Full-text available
- Historical introduction with some key experiments, worldwide. - Some procedures to get AHE (INFN-LNF expertise). - Explanation of the role of the external FLUX of Hydrogen (and/or their isotopes) to induce “Anomalous Effects”, both thermal and/or nuclear, on specific materials (pure or alloys) properly loaded by Hydrogen itself, at the bulk or in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a summary and some deeper details about the experiments presented at the 22nd International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (ICCF22). It reports on the experimental study of LENR phenomena in Constantan (Cu55 Ni44 Mn1) from its inception in 2011 to the most recent experiments. Using an empirical approach we identi...
Article
Full-text available
Anomalous Heat Effects (AHE) have been observed in wires of Cu55Ni44Mn1 (Constantan) exposed to H2 and D2 in multiple experiments during the last eight years. Improvements in the magnitude and reproducibility of AHE, and improvements in wire preparation and reactor design were reported by the authors in the present and previous papers. The oxidatio...
Chapter
This chapter describes the last 20 years of research at the Frascati National Laboratories (INFN-LNF, Italy) on the Cold Fusion phenomena in wires under the influence of electrical currents or fields. We present the development of the experiments from their inception to the most recent setup, with attention to the material science approach that has...
Presentation
Full-text available
Our group has been studying LENR phenomena in Constantan (Cu55 Ni44 Mn1) since 2011. In fact, this alloy captured our attention since it promotes efficiently the dissociation of molecular Deuterium (D2) or Hydrogen (H2) to the atomic state, followed by a remarkable absorption capability. Under certain conditions, this absorption is associated with...
Article
Full-text available
In 2011, we introduced the use of constantan alloy in LENR, in the form of long and thin wires as a hydrogen dissociation promoter. We disclosed for the first time the reason for the choice of such material at IWAHLM-12 Workshop (2017), hypothesizing it was the initiator of the reaction in Andrea Rossi's experiment. We developed a specific treatmen...
Book
Full-text available
We introduce and use the space-time Clifford algebra, showing that only one fundamental physical entity is sufficient to describe the origin of electromagnetic fields, charges and currents: the electromagnetic four-potential. This simplified electromagnetic model turns out to be an improved understanding of electromagnetism. The obtained electromag...
Presentation
Full-text available
Anomalous Heat Effects (AHE) have been observed in wires of Cu55Ni44Mn1 (Constantan) exposed to H2 and D2 in multiple experiments along the last 8 years. Improvements in the magnitude and reproducibility of AHE were reported by the Authors of the present work in the past and related to wire preparation and reactor design. In facts, an oxidation of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the frame of LENR field, we introduced in 2011 the use of Constantan alloy (in the form of long and thin wires) as a Hydrogen dissociation promoter. We have disclosed for the first time the reason for the choice of such material at IWAHLM-12 Workshop, hypothesizing it was the initiator of the reaction in Andrea Rossi’s experiment. We developed a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Anomalous Heat Effects (AHE) have been observed in thin and long wires of Cu 55 Ni 44 Mn 1 (Constantan) exposed to H 2 and D 2 in multiple experiments along the last 8 years. Improvements in the magnitude and reproducibility of AHE were reported by the Authors of the present work in the past, and related to wire preparation and reactor design. In f...
Presentation
Full-text available
Will be shown main steps aimed to identify the key parameters needed to get AHE (Anomalous Heat Effects) at high temperatures (>300°C) during the absorption/storage and flux of Deuterium gas in a specific alloy ( Constantan: Cu55_Ni44_Mn1), thin and long wire shaped, with surface at sub-micrometric dimensionality. Constantan is also coated by Low...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper a straightforward application of Occam's razor principle to Maxwell's equation shows that only one entity, the electromagnetic four-potential, is at the origin of a plurality of concepts and entities in physics. The application of the so called "Lorenz gauge" in Maxwell's equations denies the status of real physical entity to a scalar...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a Zitterbewegung (ZBW) model of the electron by applying the principle of Occam's razor to Maxwell's equations and by introducing a scalar component in the electromagnetic field. The aim is to explain, by using simple and intuitive concepts, the origin of the electric charge and the electromagnetic nature of mass and inertia....
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a Zitterbewegung model of the electron by applying the principle of Occam's razor to the Maxwell's equations and by introducing a scalar component in the electromagnetic field. The aim is to explain, by using simple and intuitive concepts, the origin of the electric charge and the electromagnetic nature of mass and inertia. Th...
Presentation
Full-text available
The document is mostly in Italian Language and it is a Tutorial. It is a cross-link among: Energy production (even from ancient times); description of some key aspects of modern physics (”Standard Model” and their limits; Dark Matter and Energy); possiblity of NEW kind of physic thanks to studies on the LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Radiation) field, bo...
Presentation
Full-text available
An unconventional research program has been initiated in 2011 aiming to increase both the magnitude and reproducibility of Anomalous Heat Effects (AHE) in the field of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). The program focused on the study of Constantan, an alloy of Nickel and Copper (Cu55Ni44Mn1), instead of metals such as Pd, Ti, Ni that have been...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
OUTLINE  Overview (my opinions!) of experimental and theoretical activities on LENR field in: Japan (highly coordinated; documents mainly by Y. Iwamura); China (coordinated; documents mainly by Y. Iwamura); India (coordinated; documents by M. Srinivasan); USA (partially coordinated; documents by D. Nagel); Europe (mostly independent, several sourc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
] Since 2011, at INFN-LNF, we investigated the behavior of Constantan (Cst) alloy (Cu 55 Ni 44 Mn 1 ; ISOTAN44) as concerns Hydrogen and/or Deuterium (H 2 /D 2) absorption and generation of Anomalous Heat Excess (AHE) at High Temperatures (HT, i.e.>>200 °C). To further improve the intrinsic, excellent, catalytic proprieties of Cst toward H 2 2H di...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since 2011, we introduced into the LENR Research field, the use of a Constantan alloy to absorb and adsorb proper amounts of H2 or D2 (concentrated and/or mixed with noble gases of low thermal conductivity) and to generate thermal anomalies even at low temperatures (>200°C wire temperature). Based on this idea, we developed a reactor with a core of...
Article
Full-text available
the improvements on Constantan-related experiments, started in 2011, in order to study the feasibility of new Nickel based alloys that are able to absorb proper amounts of Hydrogen (H2) and/or Deuterium (D2) and that have, in principle, some possibility to generate anomalous thermal effects at temperatures >100°C. The interest in Ni comes in part b...
Article
At the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (Frascati National Laboratories), we focused, for over three years on methods to generate anomalous excess heat at temperatures (T) well over that allowed by unpressurised traditional electrolytic environments (by light or heavy water; T < 100°C). Our goal was to develop a device able to generate heat at...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental data of excess heat generation and nuclear transmutation obtained in Ni wire multiplly nano-coated with Pd and a compound of B, Sr, Ba and Th at up to 900 degC have been analyzed using the TNCF model. The Ni wire is 50 μm in diameter and 82 cm long. The coating is made of Pd and the compound about 50 times resulting in a surface layer...
Article
We presents some improvements on the reactor presented at ICCF14 (Washington D.C. August 2008): use of long-thin Pd wires with nano-coated surfaces by multi-layers of several elements, loading with D2 at pressure 500°C; Stainless Steel (SS) reactor wall temperature
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Experimental data of excess heat generation and nuclear transmutation obtained in Ni wire multiplly nano-coated with Pd and a compound of B, Sr, Ba and Th at up to 900 degC have been analyzed using the TNCF model. The Ni wire is 50 μm in diameter and 82 cm long. The coating is made of Pd and the compound about 50 times resulting in a surface layer...
Article
Full-text available
Large excess heat is measured in a Pd wire coated with nano-particles. A long (65 cm) and thin (50 m) Pd wire is coated with thin layers of Pd nano-particles, stabilized against self-sintering by the addition of selected chemical elements: the coating is adhered to the wire surface by heating it in air up to over 800°C. The wire is then heated wit...
Article
There were improved measurements on our reactor presented at ICCF14 (2008): longthin Pd wires with surfaces nano-coated by multi-layers of several elements, D2 at P<10bar; wires temp. <500°C; SS reactor wall temperature <100°C; longitudinal current density up to 45 kA/cm2 (voltage drop up to 70V); transversal electric field up to 700V/cm. Previous...
Article
Thin Pd wires (diameter 50 micrometers) surface oxidized through Joule heating have been loaded in a Hydrogen atmosphere at pressures in the range 1 - 10 bar. The atomic ratio H/Pd reached in the experimental conditions has been evaluated through its relationship with the electrical resistivity of Hydrogen loaded Pd. It was found that the loading r...
Article
Full-text available
As reported in previous papers, we performed many electrolytic loading tests using thin Pd wires, achieving loading ratios of H/Pd >= 0.95 (H/Pd over-loading). In particular, we defined a reproducible "loading protocol" suitable for achieving such an over-loading level, based on the use of very diluted acid electrolytic solutions (with additions of...
Article
Full-text available
The IJ Project proposes, as the first phase of research, that confirmation of the cold transmutation using radioactive isotopes such as 137Cs, 90Sr, and 135Cs to non-radioactive elements will be implemented based on the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) method. A theoretical background has been given by the TSC-induced nuclear reactions (Proc...
Article
In the framework of anomalous effects coming out because very close interaction of some specific gas [usually Deuterium (D), some times hydrogen (H)] with some specific solid materials [usually Palladium (Pd), some times Nickel or others] is an emerging evidence that the physical condition at the surface of the host element play a crucial role. It...
Book
This book is published for the Proceedings of ICCF-12 International Conference of Condensed Matter Nuclear Scince, 27 November - 2 December 2005, Yokohama, Japan. All papers were peer-reviewed and edited. Only first authors of each section papers are listed as authors above. The progress and scientific status of condensed matter nuclear science aro...
Article
Full-text available
We observed neutron emissions from pure deuterium gas after it was cooled in liquid nitrogen and placed in a magnetic field. Neutron emissions were observed in ten out of ten test cases. Neutron burst of 5.5counts/s were 1000 times higher than the background counts. These bursts occurred one or two times within a 300 s interval. The total neutron e...
Article
Full-text available
Hundreds of electrolytic loading tests of thin Pd wires in different experimental conditions have been performed in order to find out the best procedures for stable, high hydrogen overloading into the palladium lattice. In a very dilute acid solution thin Pd cathodes (50 or 100 mum in diameter) and thick Pt anodes (0.5 mm in diameter) were used in...
Article
In the framework of cold fusion studies one of the most important parameters is the deuterium (D) to palladium (Pd) ratio, D/Pd. It is well known that the value of this parameter is related to the normalised resistivity (R/R0) of the D-Pd system. When at high D/Pd ratios (i.e. at low R/R0 values) some excess heat occurs, the Pd wire temperature inc...
Article
Full-text available
Discussed in this paper is the evolution of work that started by using the M. Fleischmann and S. Pons method and ended by using thin palladium wires electrolyzed in an electrolyte consisting of slightly acidic heavy alcohol-water solution containing thorium (Th) and mercury (Hg) salts at micromolar concentrations. The resulting large and dynamic lo...
Article
We observed neutron emissions from pure deuterium gas after it was cooled in liquid nitrogen and placed in a magnetic field. Neutron emissions were observed in ten out of ten test cases. Neutron burst of 5.5counts/s were 1000 times higher than the background counts. These bursts occurred one or two times within a 300 s interval. The total neutron e...
Article
Hundreds of electrolytic loading tests of thin Pd wires in different experimental conditions have been performed in order to find out the best procedures for stable, high hydrogen overloading into the palladium lattice. In a very dilute acid solution thin Pd cathodes (50 or 100 μm in diameter) and thick Pt anodes (0.5 mm in diameter) were used in a...
Article
They were continued, at National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Frascati National Laboratories-Italy, the systematic studies about detection of new elements, some even with isotopic composition different from natural one, after prolonged electrolysis of Pd wires. The electrolytic solution adopted is the, unusual, used from our experimental group sin...
Article
As reported in previous papers, we performed many electrolytic loading tests using thin Pd wires, achieving loading ratios of H/Pd ≥ 0.95 (H/Pd over-loading). In particular, we defined a reproducible "loading protocol" suitable for achieving such an over-loading level, based on the use of very diluted acid electrolytic solutions (with additions of...
Article
Researches curried out to justify the strong pH variability of D2O utilized to overloading deuterium in palladium and to investigate the reason for the disappearance of mercury dispersed in the electrolytic solution to patch the microslit of palladium wires, leaded us to a discovery of a new bacterial species, we named: Ralstonia detusculanense e S...
Article
Discussed in this paper is the evolution of work that started, since March 1989, by using the M. Fleischmann and S. Pons method and ended by using thin palladium wires electrolyzed in an electrolyte consisting of slightly acidic heavy alcohol-water solution containing thorium (Th) and mercury (Hg) salts at micromolar concentrations. The resulting l...
Article
Full-text available
Taking in considerations the several effects of new kinds of bacteria living in heavy water (discovered by us in 1999), from the point of view of Deuterium (D) overloading inside Palladium (Pd), it was developed (since June 2001) a new kind of electrolyte based on mixture of alcohol and water (both heavy) with proper addition of Strontium (Sr) and...
Article
Measurements of Tritium have been performed, using a very low background and accurate instrumentation, on electrolytes before and after Deuterium absorption in Palladium wires. Tritium was always present in the electrolytic cells, having long and thin Palladium wires (carefully degassed) as cathode and Platinum wire as anode, because "normal contam...