Francesco Cacciatore

Francesco Cacciatore
AORN Ospedali dei Colli | AORN · UOSD cardiochirurgia dei trapianti

MD, PHD

About

180
Publications
25,847
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8,029
Citations
Citations since 2017
49 Research Items
4779 Citations
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (180)
Article
Full-text available
Background Findings from the T.O.S.CA. Registry recently reported that patients with concomitant chronic heart failure (CHF) and impairment of insulin axis (either insulin resistance—IR or diabetes mellitus—T2D) display increased morbidity and mortality. However, little information is available on the relative impact of IR and T2D on cardiac struct...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability in the world, especially in the older adults. A relevant proportion of patients admitted to Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) may suffer from frailty, a complex geriatric syndrome with multifactorial aetiology. Aims The hypothesis underlying the study is tha...
Article
Aims: In heart failure (HF), prognostic risk scores focus on all-cause mortality prediction. However, in advanced HF (AdHF) ambulatory patients awaiting heart transplantation (HTx), hospitalizations for acutely decompensated/worsening HF are relevant to clinical decision-making, but unpredicted by common risk functions. Methods: Among consecutiv...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Data from the “Trattamento Ormonale nello Scompenso CArdiaco” (T.O.S.CA) registry showed that heart failure (HF) represents a complex clinical syndrome with different hormonal alterations. Renal failure represents a frequent complication in HF. We evaluated the relationship between renal function and insuline-like growth factor-1 (IGF-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Findings from the T.O.S.CA. Registry recently reported that patients with concomitant chronic heart failure (CHF) and impairment of insulin axis (either insulin resistance- IR or diabetes mellitus- T2D) display increased morbidity and mortality. However, little information is available on the relative impact of IR and T2D on cardiac stru...
Article
Aims: The study assesses the reliability of fr-AGILE, a validated rapid tool used for the evaluation of multidimensional frailty in older adults hospitalized with COVID-19. Methods: Two different staff members independently assessed the presence of frailty in 144 patients aged ≥ 65 years affected by COVID-19 using the fr-AGILE tool. The internal...
Article
Aims Elevated maternal cholesterol during pregnancy (MCP) enhances atherogenesis in childhood, but its possible impact on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in adults is unknown. Methods and results We retrospectively evaluated 310 patients who were admitted to hospital and whose MCP data were retrievable. Eighty-nine AMI patients with typical ches...
Article
Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by typical symptoms and signs caused by a structural and/or functional cardiac abnormality, resulting in a reduced cardiac output and/or elevated intracardiac pressures at rest or during stress. Due to increasing incidence, prevalence and, most importantly mortality, HF is a healthcare burden...
Article
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Aims: Recent evidence supports the occurrence of multiple hormonal and metabolic deficiency syndrome (MHDS) in chronic heart failure (CHF). However, no large observational study has unequivocally demonstrated its impact on CHF progression and outcome. Methods and Results:The T.O.S.CA. (Trattamento Ormonale nello Scompenso CArdiaco; Hormone Treatme...
Article
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Background Several tools have been proposed and validated to operationally define frailty. Recently, the Italian Frailty index (IFi), an Italian modified version of Frailty index, has been validated but its use in clinical practice is limited by long time of administration. Therefore, the aim of this study was to create and validate a quick version...
Article
In the last months, the importance of identifying pathophysiological mechanisms for future therapies has emerged with the rapid spread of Covid‐19 pandemic. As matter of fact, several evidences suggest the critical role of Interleukin‐6 (IL‐6) in the cytokine storm induced by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV2) infection and...
Article
We read the recent retrospective study of Osorio‐Jaramillo et al.1 conducted on 1,167 cardiac transplant recipients between 1984 and 2016 among which typing at serological split antigen level was available in 312 recipients. The authors reported that patients with a higher HLA‐DR amino acid mismatch‐load (AAMM) had inferior 1‐year graft survival (h...
Article
Full-text available
Type 2 myocardial infarctions (T2-MI) is a type of necrosis that results from reduced oxygen supply and/or increased demand secondary to other causes unrelated to acute coronary atherothrombosis. The development and implementation of sensitive and high-sensitivity cardiac necrosis marker and the age-related increase of comorbidity lead to a boost o...
Article
Full-text available
Aims The assessment of frailty in older adults with heart failure (HF) is still debated. Here, we compare the predictive role and the diagnostic accuracy of physical vs. multidimensional frailty assessment on mortality, disability, and hospitalization in older adults with and without HF. Methods and results A total of 1077 elderly (≥65 years) outp...
Article
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Background Depression is highly prevalent in Heart Failure (HF). Treatment with sacubitril/valsartan improved quality of life and survival in HF patients. Aim of the study was to investigate prospectively the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on depression in advanced HF patients in waiting list for heart transplant (HT). Methods 37 consecutive patie...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to characterize both by flow cytometry analysis and immunohistochemistry cervix uteri cells of nulliparous women screened for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in comparison to a group without CIN by using mesenchymal stem cell-like and hematopoietic lineage markers. A significant expression for CD29, CD38, HLA-I an...
Article
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Background Early pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DMCM) may involve lipotoxicity of cardiomyocytes in the context of hyperglycemia. There are many preclinical studies of DMCM pathogenesis, but the human evidence is still poorly understood. Objectives By using a nondiabetic mellitus (non-DM) heart transplanted (HTX) in diabetes mellitus (DM...
Article
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Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively the effect of sacubitril/valsartan in advanced heart failure (HF) patients in waiting list for heart transplantation (HT) and the effect on physical frailty (PF). Methods and results: We treated 37 consecutive patients with advanced HF with sacubitril/valsartan. Patients were followed...
Article
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Modifications of lean mass are a frequent critical determinant in the pathophysiology and progression of heart failure (HF). Sarcopenia may be considered one of the most important causes of low physical performance and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness in older patients with HF. Sarcopenia is frequently misdiagnosed as cachexia. However, muscle was...
Article
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Aim of the present study was to assess the impact of gender on the relationship between long-term mortality and clinical frailty. In an observational, longitudinal study on 10-year mortality, we examined 1284 subjects. The Frailty Staging System was used to assess frailty. The Cox model was employed to assess variables independently associated with...
Article
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After earning medical degree, several residency programs are available to become a full specialist doctor in a discipline. The residents' work activity, under the constant supervision of senior tutors, is different according to which area of specialization has been chosen—non-surgical or surgical. Even if the medical doctor activity could be consid...
Article
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Selection of cancer patients for treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors remains a challenge due to tumour heterogeneity and variable biomarker detection. PD-L1 expression in 24 surgical chordoma specimen was determined immunohistochemically with antibodies 28-8 and E1L3N. The ability of patient-derived organoids to detect treatment effects of...
Article
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Adiponectin exerts positive effects on metabolic and inflammatory processes. Adiponectin levels and some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) seem to be associated with obesity. Here, we investigated the effects of a 4-week Hypocaloric diet and Physical exercise Program (HPP) on 268 young people with severe obesity. We evaluated the relationship...
Article
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Background and aim Permanent Atrial Fibrillation (pAF) is associated with increased risk of embolic complications. The relationship between pAF and pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been extensively investigated in elderly patients. Here, we aim at verifying whether pAF is associated to an increased risk of PE in a cohort of elderly patients with and...
Article
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Importance Although increasingly strong evidence suggests a role of maternal total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) levels during pregnancy as a risk factor for atherosclerotic disease in the offspring, the underlying mechanisms need to be clarified for future clinical applications. Objective To test whether epigenetic si...
Article
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Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on mortality of self-reported physical activity evaluated by the physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE) in elderly patients with advanced heart failure enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation unit after heart failure decompensation (NYHA class IIIB). Methods: The study prosp...
Article
Purpose: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classic major histocompatibility complex HLA class I molecule. HLA-G may have tolerogenic properties which are linked to epigenetic-sensitive pathways. There is a correlation of sHLA-G levels and graft acceptance in transplantation studies. There are previous data on correlation of sHLA-G with graf...
Article
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The traditional model of care is based on “disease-centered” management that requires the organization of the hospital in specialized wards, to which the patient is assigned for the main disease. The growing need to optimize economical and human resources and to promote a global approach to the patient has led to the setting up of the intensity of...
Article
In the last years, guidelines for the treatment of hypertension recommended individualized blood pressure goals for geriatric population because of elderly susceptibility to adverse outcomes and higher mortality rate deriving from the excessive blood pressure lowering, especially in “frail” elderly. Recent findings from the SPRINT study, which demo...
Article
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Cell therapy is a central issue of regenerative medicine and is raising a growing interest in the scientific community, but its full therapeutic potential in coronary heart disease (CHD) has not been reached yet. Several different methods, cell types, delivery routes, and supporting techniques have been attempted and improved to elicit cardiac rege...
Article
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Traditional risk factors of cardiovascular death in the general population, including body mass index (BMI), serum cholesterol, and blood pressure are also found to relate to outcomes in the geriatric population, but in a differing direction. A higher body mass index, hypercholesterolemia and hypertension are not harmful but even permit better surv...
Article
Background: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) has high prevalence in frail older adults. However, its effect on mortality, disability, and hospitalization in frail older adults is poorly investigated. Thus, we assessed the relationship between the prevalence of OH and its effect on mortality, disability, and hospitalization in noninstitutionalized olde...
Article
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Chronic heart failure and depressive disorders have a high prevalence and incidence in the elderly. Several studies have shown how depression tends to exacerbate coexisting chronic heart failure and its clinical outcomes and vice versa, especially in the elderly. The negative synergism between chronic heart failure and depression in the elderly may...
Article
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Life expectancy is increasing worldwide, with a resultant increase in the elderly population. Aging is characterized by the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength – a phenomenon called sarcopenia. Sarcopenia has a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, which involves not only age-related changes in neuromuscular function, muscle protei...
Article
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Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) are produced by several endogenous and exogenous processes, and their negative effects are neutralized by antioxidant defenses. Oxidative stress occurs from the imbalance between RONS production and these antioxidant defenses. Aging is a process characterized by the progressive loss of tissue and organ fu...
Article
Background: Malnutrition indices and muscle mass and strength in the elderly are poorly investigated. Moreover, malnutrition seems to be 1 of the more important factors in the cause of sarcopenia. The presence of sarcopenia and its relationship with malnutrition indices were studied in noninstitutionalized elderly people who underwent Comprehensiv...
Chapter
Cardiac rehabilitation for elderly patient is a growing need because as people age the prevalence of cardiovascular disease increases. A more vulnerable population is now present in cardiac rehabilitation because they are more likely to be frail. Frailty, a core geriatric concept, is considered highly prevalent in geriatric population and heterogen...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are associated with high rates of mortality in elderly subjects. Concurrent CHF and COPD frequently occur, especially in with advancing age. This study examines long-term mortality in community-dwelling elderly subjects affected by CHF alone, COPD alone, and c...
Article
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Background and aim: Several measurements were taken for frailty classification in geriatric population. "Frailty index" is based on "deficits in health," but it is still not available in Italian version. Thus, the aim of the present work was to validate a version of "frailty index" for the Italian geriatric community. Methods: The validation of...
Article
Background and purpose: Sarcopenia, a loss of muscle mass and strength accompanying aging, is common in older adults who are not physically active. Nevertheless, the association between physical activity and sarcopenia has not been extensively studied. Therefore, we examined the relationship of both muscle mass and muscle strength with physical ac...
Article
Objective: Cognitive frailty is a condition recently defined by operationalized criteria describing the simultaneous presence of physical frailty and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Two subtypes for this clinical construct have been proposed: "potentially reversible" cognitive frailty (physical frailty plus MCI) and "reversible" cognitive frailty...
Article
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Pneumonia in the elderly is a common and severe problem. In this review we analyze the state of the art for pneumonia in the elderly. Several aspects are discussed: i) how common is the disease; signs and symptoms in the elderly; ii) the elderly must always be hospitalized and which is the best place - Intensive Care Unit or medical ward?; iii) the...
Article
Elderly population is increasing rapidly together with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. The evaluation of total CV risk is necessary for prevention of CV events, but the most used assessment tools do not include the elderly population. Among CV risk factors, hypercholesterol-emia increases with the...
Article
Elderly people are characterized by a high prevalence of falls and sarcopenia. However, the relationship among Tinetti mobility test (TMT) score, a powerful tool to detect elderly people at risk of falls, and sarcopenia is still not thoroughly investigated. Thus, to determine the relationship between TMT score and muscle mass and strength, 337 elde...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: With the development of effective treatments and the resulting increase in life expectancy, bone mineral density (BMD) alteration has emerged as an important comorbidity in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals. The potential contributors to the pathogenesis of osteopenia/osteoporosis include a higher prevale...
Article
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Introduction. Cardiovascular diseases are very prevalent in the elderly population and characterized by high complexity, poor prognosis and comorbidity. Atrial fibrillation is common in elderly patients both in institutionalized in long-term care facilities and in community associated or not to congestive heart failure, but the management with anti...
Article
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RE-START is a multicenter, randomized, prospective, open, controlled trial aiming to evaluate the feasibility and the short- and medium-term effects of an earlystart AET program on functional capacity, symptoms and neurohormonal activation in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with recent acute hemodynamic decompensation. Study endpoints will be:...
Article
Acidosis is able to induce negative changes of different organs that increase progressively with aging. At present it is not known whether the levels of lactate may differently influence the prognosis of younger and older patients. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of lactate levels after admission of younger and older...
Article
To determine the relationship between Butyryl-cholinesterase (α-glycoprotein synthesized in the liver, b-CHE) and muscle mass and strength. Muscle mass by bioimpedentiometer and muscle strength by grip strength were evaluated in 337 elderly subjects (mean age: 76.2 ± 6.7 years) admitted to comprehensive geriatric assessment. b-CHE levels were lower...
Article
Full-text available
The most important goal in the treatment of patients with diabetes is to prevent the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the first cause of mortality in these subjects. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), a class of anti-diabetic drugs, act as insulin sensitizers increasing insulin-dependent glucose disposal, and reducing hepatic glucose output. TZDs inc...
Article
The aging population is increasing and, therefore, a higher prevalence of cardiac disease is emerging; including hypertension, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation and chronic heart failure. Large cohort studies have revealed a relationship among increased risk for cognitive impairment and dementia in cardiovascular diseases probably due to...
Article
Several markers have been associated with sarcopenia in the elderly, including bioelectrical indices. Phase angle (PhA) is an impedance parameter and it has been suggested as an indicator of cellular death. Thus, the relationship between PhA and muscle mass and strength was investigated in 207 consecutively elderly participants (mean age 76.2 ± 6.7...
Article
Full-text available
Screening assays are needed in order to guarantee safety of donated blood, but a significant number of safe donations are removed from blood supply because of reactive screening results. It is important to evaluate the positive predictive value (PPV) of screening assays in order to modulate confirmatory algorithm and implement an adequate counselin...
Article
RE-START is a multicenter, randomized, prospective, open, controlled trial aiming to evaluate the feasibility and the short- and medium-term effects of an early-start AET program on functional capacity, symptoms and neurohormonal activation in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with recent acute hemodynamic decompensation. Study endpoints will be...
Article
Full-text available
Several donor and recipient factors are known to be associated with graft loss in a kidney transplant. In this retrospective single-center study, we analyzed the effect of clinical and immunologic factors on kidney transplant outcomes in our region in Italy. The study included 245 transplanted recipients from deceased donors at Federico II Universi...
Article
Aim Recent evidences have shown that several host genetic factors influence susceptibility or protection to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. There are controversial data regarding the associations of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and clearance or progression of HCV. The aim of this study was to investigate whether particular HLA molecules were a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Elderly subjects are characterized by a high prevalence of OA and clinical frailty. This study aimed to examine the predictive role of clinical frailty on long-term mortality in elderly subjects with and without OA. Methods: Mortality was evaluated after a 12-year follow-up in 698 subjects with and 590 subjects without OA recruited in...
Article
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Elderly patients with cardiovascular events are characterized by high drug consumptions. Whether high drug consumptions are related to physical activity is not known. In order to examine whether physical activity is related to drug consumption in the elderly, patients older than 65 years (n = 250) with a recent cardiovascular event were studied. Ph...
Article
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Syncope in the elderly is an extremely prevalent clinical condition characterized by high mortality and presence of recurrences. The diagnosis of syncope in the elderly is sometimes difficult and multidimensional geriatric assessment should be carefully administered. Diagnostic algorithms should be applied with attention, although unknown syncope i...
Article
Recent evidences have shown that several host genetic factors influence susceptibility or protection to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. There are controversial data regarding the associations of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and the clearance or progression of HCV. The aim of this study was to investigate whether particular HLA molecules were a...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in industrialized countries for people older than 65 years of age. The reasons are still unclear. A reduction of endogenous mechanisms against ischemic insults has been proposed to explain this phenomenon. The "cerebral" ischemic preconditioning mechanism is characterized by a brief episode of ischemia t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The use of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) for Heart Failure (HF) is increasing. Renal dysfunction is a common condition associated with worse survival in patients with advanced HF. The study aims to elucidate the effect of renal function on survival in patients with heart failure...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Elevated Maternal Cholesterol during Pregnancy (MCP) enhances atherogenesis in childhood, but its impact on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in adults is unknown. Methods: 89 AMI patients meeting narrow criteria (born after 1945, typical chest pain, transmural infarction Q-waves, elevated creatinine kinase, no cerebrovascular or termin...
Article
Different desensitization strategies are available for treating patients with preformed human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies. A highly pr